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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Occupational Helth Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Nov 2008
Volume 17, Issue 1 - May 2008
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Survey of ADL of Industrial Accident Disabled and the Caregiver Satisfaction Degree
Choi, Jeong Myung ; Oh, Jin Joo ; Kim, Chun Mi ; Lee, Hyun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 5~13
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify Activities of Daily Living(ADL) of industrial accident disabled with a caregiver and to evaluate the degree of satisfaction with services according to kinds of caregiver, professional or non-professional. Method: Data was collected from 178 patients in three workers' accident medical corporations of H, A and D cities from July to August, 2006. Five inspectors interviewed with the disabled by visiting the hospital. Collected data was analyzed for the frequency, percentages, t-test, etc. Results: The average score of ADL which ranged from 1 to 7 was 3.6. The 51.5 percent of caregivers for industrial accident disabled were non-professional and the 48.5 percent of caregivers were professional. 50.9 percent of the reason for the family caregivers was because of economical one. The caregiver satisfaction degree was 3.7 out of 4. The satisfaction degree with the professional caregivers was significantly higher than that with non-professional family caregivers for their excellent knowledge and techniques. Conclusion: A nursing expenses for the industrial accident disabled was intended to provide appropriate nursing services for the patient and so, it should not be a kind of income. So, the system for caring services should be investigated and the qualification of caregivers should be classified according to the health condition of the patient or ADL.
The Relationships between Knowledge, Attitude and Prevention Behaviors to AIDS in Nurses
Sung, Mi-Hae ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 14~22
Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the knowledge, attitudes and prevention behavior to AIDS of nurses. Method: The subject of this study were 217 nurses in Busan. Data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and Scheffe's test. Results: Total knowledge of AIDS(mean score was 6.71 out of 12) was average. Total attitudes of AIDS(mean score was 13.16 out of 25)was average. Prevention behaviors were above average(mean score was 57.63 out of 75). According to the results of analyzing the difference between general characteristics of the subject and AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and prevention behaviors, a significant difference was present with religion(p<.05) in attitudes score; with age(p<.001), marital status(p<.001), education level(p<.05), position(p<.05) and clinical experience(p<.05) in prevention behaviors. According to the results of analyzing the difference between AIDS related characteristics of the subject and AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and perceived behaviors, a significant difference was present with experience in taking care of HIV/AIDS patients(t=2.19, p<.05) in attitudes score; and experience in HIV positive after care(t=-2.64, p<.01) and general nursing training about AIDS(t=2.23, p<.01). There was a positive correlation among knowledge score and attitudes score(r=.170, p<.05). Conclusion: These findings suggested that AIDS education and training programs should be developed and run for nurses. Expecially, health education related with AIDS is needed in young and less experienced nurses. In following such a program, there will be greater compliance with prevention behaviors. Furthermore, it is necessary to provide work-related guidelines regarding AIDS for nurses.
Cognition and Attitudes toward Psychological Problems among Middle Managers in Small and Medium-sized Workplaces
Yang, Sun Im ; Yim, Hyeon Woo ; Jo, Sun-Jin ; Ji, Yu Na ; Jung, Hye-Sun ; Kim, Bo Kyoung ; Lee, Kang-Sook ; Lee, Won Chul ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 23~33
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify attitudes of middle managers toward employees with psychological problems and to determine factors affecting their attitudes. Methods: A questionnaire with Community Attitudes Toward Mentally Ill (CAMI) scales was administered to 161 middle managers working in small and medium-sized enterprises based in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Results: There are four separate subscales on the CAMI. Mean score for authoritarianism was
, social restrictiveness
and community mental health ideology
According to multiple regression analysis, middle managers with no experience of learning mental illness through mass media or higher levels of depression symptom were more authoritative and less benevolent towards employees with psychological problems. The experience of meeting a patient with mental problem contribute to positive attitudes toward people with mental illnesses in social restrictiveness subscale and community mental health ideology subscale among CAMI. Conclusion: This study suggests that experience of having patients with mental problems and information on psychological problems will have great influence on attitudes of middle managers toward employees with psychological problems. It might be important to help middle manager manage their depression because their depression also affects their attitudes toward employees with psychological problems.
Effects of Self-efficacy on Job Stress Symptoms and Coping Strategies among Workers in a Manufacturing Company
Kwon, Su Young ; Jung, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 34~44
Purpose: This study was conducted to find out the effects of self-efficacy on job stress symptoms and coping strategies depending on perceived job stress. Method: The subjects were 447 workers employed in a manufacturing company. Demographic characteristics, self-efficacy, job stress, job stress symptoms and coping strategies were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. Each envelope to keep the secret sealed completed questionnaires. Result: Job stress and job stress symptoms in workers with a high level of self-efficacy were lower than those of a low level of self-efficacy. Active coping strategies in workers with a high level of self-efficacy group were higher than those of a low level of self-efficacy. In multiple regression analysis, job stress symptoms were significantly higher in increasing job stress, increasing self-efficacy, office workers, manager group and increasing age. Active coping strategies were significantly higher in increasing self-efficacy, increasing career, males and decreasing job stress. Whereas passive coping strategies were significantly higher in females, increasing job stress and increasing self-efficacy. Conclusion: This study suggests that self-efficacy is a significant factor on job stress, job stress symptoms and coping strategies. Therefore, developing a job stress management program to increase self-efficacy and verifying its effects are needed.
Comparison of Health Status and Sleep Patterns between Shift Workers and Non-shift Workers in Manufacturing Plants
Kim, Eun Joo ; Kim, Myung Ae ; Kyeun, kyeng ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 45~54
Purpose: This study was conducted to compare and estimate sleep patterns and health status of the shift and non-shift factory workers. Methods: The subjects of this study were 290 male workers in 13 companies, which manufacture automobile parts in Daegu, Korea. Survey data were collected from March 5th, 2007 to April 5th, 2007. PSQI was scored to check the quality of sleep, ESS for excessive daytime sleep disorder, ISI for insomnia, and SF-36 for health status. The data were analyzed by
and t-test using SPSS 12.0 for windows. Results: There was a difference in quality of sleep patterns between shift and non-shift workers (p=.033). A difference in the pattern of excessive daytime sleep (P=.005) and in the degree of insomnia (p=.030) were observed between the two groups. However, there were no significant difference in health status between the two groups. Conclusion: Based on these results, shift workers are in need of careful and continuous monitoring regarding sleep disorders and we need to develop health promotion programs including sleep hygiene for shift workers.
The Effect of Job Stress on Work Impairment
Lee, Young-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 55~63
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of job stress on work impairment. Method: 354 workers' data from Seoul and the Gyeonggi area were collected between February 1 and March 30 2006 by structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was meant to determine demographic data, job stress, and work impairment questionnaire. Data analyzed by SPSS 12.0 and AMOS 5.0 program. Results: Job stress was ranked job demand, insufficient job control, organizational system, lack of reward, job insecurity, interpersonal conflict, and occupational climate. The work impairment of completing work was increased when the stress of insufficient job control, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate were increasing. The work impairment of avoiding distraction was increased when the stress of job demand, insufficient job control, organizational system, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate were increasing. The stress of job demand, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate had an effect on avoiding distraction. The stress of lack of reward and occupational climate had an effect on completing work. Conclusion: If employers manage job stress of job demand, lack of reward, job insecurity, and occupational climate, their business will benefit.
Analysis of PCAs' Activity Classification System and Time of Personal Care Attendants(PCAs) Who Works in Wamco(Workers Accident Medical Corporation)
Kim, Chunmi ; Oh, Jin Joo ; Choi, Jeong Myung ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 64~75
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze of PCAs' activity classification system and time of PCAs who worked in Wamco. Method: The data were collected from 2 WAMCO and 308 subjects between February and August, 2007, by questionnaire and 24 time survey. The data were processed with SPSS Win 12.0. Result: In activity analysis, PCAs' activities were classified into 20 domains and 76 activities, which were hygiene, bathing, feeding & nutrition, elimination, respiration, skin care, exercise & transfer, problematic behavior control, communication, observation & measurement comfort, medication, assisting test & treatment, reporting, environment management, patient belongings care, education attendance, indirect caregiving weekly/monthly PCAs' activity. And the PCAs' time analysis showed the average of 24hrs PCAs' time were 798.8 minutes, in which 46.8% were used in day-duty, 33.6% in evening-duty, and 19.6% in night-duty. There were no statistically significant difference in total PCAs time according to the type of industrial accidents and PCAs' type and qualification. But there were statistically significant difference in total PCAs time according to the type of PCAs (day-duty/all-night vigil. Conclusion: The results of this study can be utilized usefully and reasonally in deciding of PCAs staffing and PCAs' type and grade in WAMCO.
Violence Experiences of Clinical Nurses and Nurse Aids in Hospitals
Kim, Souk Young ; Ahn, Hye Young ; Kim, Hyeon Suk ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 76~85
Purpose: The purpose of this study were to explore workplace violence experiences and to analyze differences of violence experiences based on the department and harmers to nurses in hospitals. Method: Data were collected from the self-reported survey of 496 nurses and nurse aids in three hospitals in D area in Korea from April to May in 2007. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis using SPSS Win 12.0. Result: The nurses in hospitals experienced offensive verbal abuse (88.4%), verbal threat (36.5%), physical violence (24.5%), serious physical violence (2.2%), and sexual harrassment (25.7%) during last one year in hospitals. Nursing staffs in hospital demonstrated different violent experiences by age and service areas. Conclusion: These findings revealed high rates of violence experiences of nursing staffs in hospital. Thus, hospitals should develop policies, guidelines, and programs for preventing and managing workplace violence.
The Comprehensive Management Indexes and Their Application Strategies for Appropriate Medical Care in Primary Care Clinics Under Workers' Compensation Insurance
Bang, Eun Ju ; Choi, Eun Sook ; Ko, Young ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 86~95
Purpose: The objectives for this study are to produce the comprehensive management indexes and find their application strategies for appropriate medical care in primary care clinics under workers' compensation insurance. Method: Data of this study was workers' compensation insurance medical fees claim's data from July 2006 to June 2007. Data were analyzed using SAS 9.1 version by applying descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation. The indexes such as costliness index(CI), standard medical fee were calculated based on the fourth revision of korean classification of diseases(KCD-4.). Results: The CI, visiting index(VI), outliers index(OI), and medical review adjustment percentage were positively correlated in the both inpatient and outpatient medical fees in primary care clinics under workers' compensation insurance. The major medical specialities were neurological surgery, general medicine, general surgery, rehabitational medicine, and orthopedic surgery. The CIs were slightly high in rehabitational medicine among major medical specialities. The CIs were mostly high in diagnosis, test, anesthesia, and rehabitational assistive device fees among major medical specialities. The CIs were slightly high in Kwangju, Daegu, Daejeon, and Busan districts among district management centers of Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service. Conclusions: We suggest the continuous development of appropriate disease classification system and medical care quality indicators to successfully take root the comprehensive management for appropriate medical care under workers' compensation.
Analysis of Alcohol Drinking Cessation Programs on Worksites
Kim, Young Im ; Kim, Hyeon Suk ; Kim, Souk Young ; Choi, Eun Sook ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 96~105
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze alcohol drinking cessation programs to promote health status for workers on worksites. Method: Data were collected from the excellent 10 cases which were selected from "competition of health promotion programs on worksites" from 1999 to 2007 held by Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency. Result: There were three main alcohol drinking cessation programs on worksites: health education, individual health services to change life style, and formation of supportive environments. Health education and individual health services were intervened in nine worksites. Building supportive environments for alcohol drinking cessation were implemented in 10 worksites. The most popular indicators for program evaluation were health diagnosis and percentage of alcohol drinkers. Problems to implement alcohol drinking cessation programs were low voluntary participation of labors, difficulty of applying programs to labors that had a shift duty, and complexity to evaluate the effectiveness of alcohol cessation programs due to deficits of standard instruments. Conclusion: These findings suggest that many worksites did not have alcohol drinking cessation programs and also these programs were not implemented effectively. Thus, employers, professionals and policy makers of occupational health should develop and support effective alcohol drinking cessation programs for l workers on worksites.