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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Occupational Helth Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Nov 2009
Volume 18, Issue 1 - May 2009
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Health Status of Migrant Workers in Korea
Lee, Hyang-Yeon ; Stephania, Sr. ; Cho, Young-Im ; Choi, Eun-Young ; Park, Jung-Ae ; Park, Young-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 5~13
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate health problems of migrant workers in Korea. Methods: The data were collected from the records of the medical history of 2,233 migrant workers who visited the community health clinic in Ansan city, Gyeonggi province from Jan. 2005 to Jan. 2007. The data were analyzed by SPSS. Results: Men accounted for 56.4% of the total who participated in the study. Most of them were Chinese, Russian, and Bangladesh people. The 590 people out of all the migrant workers were employed in manufacturing industries and they comprised the largest percentage. The most commonly complained health problems were musculoskeletal (31.7%), digestive (20.7%), respiratory (12.5%), dermatologic (6.5%), cardiovascular (5.5%) and dental disorder (5.2%). The 1,853 (36.0%) workers were assumed to have hypertensive disorder and 1310 (11.1%) workers, some diseases due to high cholesterol level. Conclusions: It is necessary to establish a public health care system to improve health and welfare of migrant workers. Furthermore, the communities need to draw their attention to this matter. And it is also necessary to make accurate research on their health and medical service.
The Effect of Shift Work on the Diurnal Rhythm of Blood Pressure in Nurses
Lee, An-Saeng ; Rhee, Sang-Jae ; Kim, Nam-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 14~21
Purpose: This study was performed to investigate the effect of shift work on diurnal blood pressure (BP) pattern in nurses. Method: We studied 20 healthy nurses engaged in 3 shift work. 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed to each nurse two times during the day and night shift. Five nurses were excluded because of inadequate BP measurement. Results: All subjects were female. The mean age was 27.4 years (range: 23-33 years) and mean body mass index was 19.7 Kg/
(range: 18.0-21.2 Kg/
). The changes of systolic BP (
, p=0.031), diastolic BP (
, p=0.061), and heart rate (
, p=0.001) during the sleeping period were decreased after a night shift compared with day shift. The non-dipper group significantly increased from 20% to 40% after a night shift (p=0.018). Conclusion: Working night shift is significantly associated with non-dipper status in nurses.
Analysis on Female Workers' Job Stress in Sales and Retail Industries
Yi, Yun-Jeong ; Jung, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 22~32
Purpose: This study was conducted to measure job stress and to explore risk factors of female workers in the retail and sales industries in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Incheon. Methods: A total of 321 participants responded to a self-administered questionnaire that included 24 items of the KOSS(Korean Occupational Stress Scale) and sociodemographic characteristics. The 240 questionnaires were collected from January to March 2007 and analyzed. Results: The mean scores of female workers' job stress in the retail and sales industries ranged in Q50~74 compared with the average scores of female Koreans. The level of job insecurity was significantly high, and ranged in Q75~. However, the level of insufficient job control ranged in Q~24. Multiple regression analysis was used to explain the risk factors of female workers: monthly salary and insufficient sleep were of statistical significance. Conclusion: High level of job stress suggested that appropriate stress management programs be implemented for female workers in the retail and sales industries.
A Study on Health Status and Health Related Quality of Life by Job Characteristics in Korean Adult Women
Sohn, Shin-Young ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 33~43
Purpose: This study was aimed to identify the health related quality of life(HRQoL) by job characteristics and its predictors in Korean adult women. Methods: This study used data from cross-sectional surveys conducted for the 2005 National Health and Nutrition Survey, which was performed by using a face-to-face interview method. The data were analyzed by ANOVA, t-test and multiple regression using the SPSS program. Demographic characteristics, subject health state, EQ-5D were included in the study instruments. Results: The mean HRQoL index in the subjects was
. There were significant statistical differences on HRQoL among job characteristics. The health related quality of life of non-physical workers was the highest. The significant predictors of the HRQoL of all subjects were the subjective health status, the present health status compared to the previous year, education, age, marital status and income. The factors accounted for 22.1% of variance in the health related quality of life and the predictors of the HRQoL among job characteristics were different. Conclusion: These results may contribute to development of nursing strategy to improve female health related quality of life. The health related quality of life program for adult women by job characteristics is advised based on results of the study.
Effects of Obesity on the Physiological Levels of Adiponectin, Leptin and Diagnostic Indices of Metabolic Syndrome in Male Workers
Heo, Kyung-Hwa ; Won, Yong-Lim ; Ko, Kyung-Sun ; Kim, Ki-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 44~54
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of obesity on the physiological levels of adiponectin, leptin and components of metabolic syndrome (MS) in male workers, aged 30-40 years. Methods: Body mass index (BMI) was measured with Anthropometric equipment. Blood pressure and serum parameters were measured with an automatic digital sphygmomanometer and autochemical analyzer, respectively. Adiponectin and leptin were analysed by ELISA kits and MS was defined based on the NCEP-ATP III. Results: Body fat mass of waist and hip, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher, as expected, in the BMI>25kg/
in comparison with the
. While fasting glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR and leptin in the BMI>25kg/
were also significantly higher compared with
, HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin were significantly higher in
. On multiple logistic regression analysis for the components of MS, exercise, adiponectin and leptin were an only independent factor for MS in non-obese male workers(
) after adjustment for age, cigarette smoking and drinking habits. Conclusion: These results suggested that the obesity in men was associated with physiological levels of adiponectin and leptin contributing to feedback control of MS and that dysfunction and/or declination in feedback control system associated with changes in physiological levels of neurptrophics: adiponectin and leptin might ultimately induce MS.
The Effect of Non-Smoking Campaign for Subway Workers on Their Health Behavior
Choi, Suk-Kyong ; Han, Suk-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 55~70
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the effect of non-smoking campaign for subway workers on their health behavior such as smoking, drinking, and exercise. Method: The study was done on the subjects of 112 male employees for 3 years from 2003 to 2005 working at the Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation. However, the subjects decreased to 105 in 2004 and 111 in 2005 due to work transfer. The data were obtained through administering questionnaires. The non-smoking campaign was done with health education using various strategies and methods by an administrator-in-charge assisted by the community health center. Results: Smoking rate and cigarette consumption decreased but there was no statistical significance. Smokers' frequency of drinking and exercise were higher than that of non-smokers, but there was no statistical significance. Conclusion: The result indicated the program was not effective to change the subjects' health behavior; therefore, tailored program considering the subjects is recommended.
Comparison of Health Problems, Conditions, ＆ Health Promoting Behavior and Risky Environment among Various Industrial Workers
Kim, Eun-Joo ; Park, Jeong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 71~83
Objective: This study was conducted to compare health conditions and problems, health promoting behavior, and risky environment of industrial workers. Methods: The subjects of this study were 1,075 workers in 40 factories, located in Daegu, Korea. Survey data were collected from April 17th, 2006 to April 28th, 2006. CMI (Cornell Medical Index) Health Checklist was used to assess the health problems, Health Rating Scale for health status, HPLP II for health promoting behavior, and environmental risk assessment tool for risky environment. The data were analyzed by One-way ANOVA and Pearson Correlation Coefficient using SPSS 12.0 for windows. Results: The results indicated a significant difference in health problems (F=4.70, p=.000), health conditions (F=2.47, p=.022), health promoting behavior (F=5.67, p=.000), and risky environment (F=14.75, p=.000) among these industrial workers. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that there is a need to develop customized health care programs for each company to provide differentiated health care to different types of work places. Further studies are required to assess differences in work environment among different types of work places for measures to reduce harmful factors to the environment.
On-the-Job Experiences of Medical Aid Managers
Oh, Jin-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 84~97
Purpose: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand the job experiences of the medical aid client managers Method: The data were collected through an in-depth interview from twelve medical aid client managers. It was analyzed using the phenomenological method proposed by Colaizzi (1978). Their feedback was categorized into five items such as 'settlement in the unknown place,' 'exhaustion from work,' 'difficulties in dealing with people,' 'achievement of professionalism and accomplishment,' and 'vision on the new aspect.' Conclusion: Medical aid client managers played diverse roles and they had a role conflict due to unstable position amid feeling proud with new vision on their roles. The results of this study suggested that systematic development of job training programs and description on the duty are needed. Moreover, appropriate legal basis for the duty of medical aid client managers is to be established. Finally, based on this research, more acknowledgement from the Korean nursing society is needed for the new emerging professional job.
Analysis on the Prevention Measures and Factors of Alcohol-related Accident in the Construction Industry
Lee, Na-Kyeong ; Jung, Hye-Sun ; Yi, Yun-Jeong ; Jhang, Won-Gi ; Kim, Ji-Yun ; Yi, Kwan-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 98~105
Purpose: This study was to analyze the current preventive measures on alcohol-involved accident and the factors that affect such preventive measures in the construction industry. Method: The survey was administered to examine how the preventive measures on alcohol-involved accident were executed using the data of '2005 Occupational Safety and Health Survey' conducted in 2005 by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute. For this study, we analyzed 944 work places in the construction industry. Result: The preventive measures on alcohol-involved accident were being executed in 62.1% of construction companies. As for the number of actual preventive measures on alcohol-involved accident, work places in Jeolla-do executed 2.63 times more frequently than those in Chungcheong-do, and work places with the Occupational Safety and Health Conference executed 2.22 times more frequently than those without such a measure. Conclusion: Joining the Occupational Safety and Health Conference was to be one of the most influential ways of preventive measures on alcohol-involved accident in the construction industry. Accordingly, if workers and employers look for active measures and administer them through the Occupational Safety and Health Conference, it will reduce alcohol-involved accident in the construction industry and contribute to the better preventive measures on alcohol-involved accident in the construction and other industries.
Occupational Stress and Related Factors among Aged Security Guards
Choi, Eun-Sook ; Shin, Dong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 106~115
Purpose: Occupational stress is a determinant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and work disability. This study aims to describe occupational stress and identify its related factors among aged security guards. Methods: A random sample of 76 aged security guards were interviewed by three research assistants. The criteria of the subjects were as follows : 50 or older male with 40 or more working hours a week working with colleagues ranged from 3 to 50. The data were collected in September, 2007 and analyzed by multiple regression using SAS Version 9.1. Results: The mean score of occupational stress among aged security guards was 47.2. The mean scores of its sub-scales were 31.3(physical environment), 33.8(occupational demand), 80.8occupational control), 44.6(interpersonal conflict), 51.3 (occupational insecurity), 53.6(occupational system), 57.5(lack of reward), and 30.3(work environment). The scores of occupational control, interpersonal conflict, and occupational insecurity were higher than the scores of Korean average occupational stress sub-scales. Significant variables affecting occupational stress and its sub-scales were work place, work type, and employment type. Conclusion: In order to reduce occupational stress among security guards, sufficient occupational control and interpersonal conflict control, appropriate reward, and employment stability should be considered. Also long working hours and work shift should be improved.
Family Nursing Phenomena and Characteristics of Women Workers at Medical Institutions
Kim, Young-Im ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2009, Pages 116~127
Purpose: This study was intended to understand relevant factors by observing phenomena and characteristics of family nursing based on ICNP. Methods: The subjects of this study were nurses and 80 reports were prepared by 680 students for the data. Results: The results are as follows: The average number of the family problems the subjects were faced with was 3.5, while the majority (70%) had 3 problems. The most frequently occurred family problem was 'lack of or improper communication,' followed by 'inappropriate family coping,' 'unhealthy life style,' 'inadequate care management of sick members,' and 'wrong parental role.' Married women showed high APGAR score in the family function. The problems they were experiencing were 'lack of or improper communication,' 'inadequate care management of sick members,' and 'wrong parental role.' Conclusion: As a conclusion, the following is advised. First, intervention strategies are required for the women workers at medical institutions as their family problems revealed to have occurred frequently. Second, in order to alleviate family problems of married working women with various tasks and roles they play, necessary measures and concern in the aspect of industrial nursing are needed.