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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Occupational Helth Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Nov 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - May 2010
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Factors Affecting the Preparation for Later Life According to Age in Production Workers
Kim, Hyun-Mi ; Choi, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 117~127
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that influenced the preparation for later life of the age group of 30s, 40s, and 50s in production workers. Methods: The participants for this study were 320 men working in 2 workspaces of Ulsan city. The data was collected from May to July, 2010 using structured questionnaires. Chi-square, One way ANOVA, Duncan test, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and multiple regression with the SPSS WIN 17.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results: There were statistically significant differences among 30s, 40s, and 50s workers regarding the preparation for later life, health promoting behavior, knowledge and attitude of cerebrocardiovascular (CVD) diseases. 50s workers were significantly more higher than 30s and 40s regarding the preparation for later life, health promoting behavior, cognition and attitude of CVD diseases. The model including variables related to the preparation for later life explained variance of 42.3% of 30s, 36.0% of 40s, and 28.5% of 50s workers. Finally, cognition of CVD diseases and social support were predictors in explaining the level of the preparation for later life among production workers. Conclusion: Based on the findings of the study, nursing interventions should be developed to improve the preparation for later life of production workers according to age differences.
Work Experiences of Nurses Working as 119 Paramedics
Jung, Hee-Young ; Lee, Hae-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 128~139
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the work experiences of nurses working as 119 paramedics and to provide basic information to develop administrative and institutional support system for the nurses. Method: The data were collected from December, 2007 to July, 2008 and analyzed using the phenomenological method provided by Munhall and Boyd. Participants of this study were 7 nurses currently working as 119 paramedics and who were willing to fully express their experiences. The grand mal question used in this study was "How is your work experience as an 119 paramedic?" Result: Narratives of the participants were analyzed and divided into 3 categories such as 'recognizing', 'withdrawal', and 'confrontation'. Conclusion: The results showed even if the participants think of their tasks fulfilling and be proud, they have some difficulties due to restrictions of tasks and work environment. Based on the findings, we suggest developing educational programs to improve their task abilities, establishing safety policy and compensatory reward system according to their accomplishments, and providing counseling opportunities for their traumatic experiences with difficult emotion.
The Coping Process of Chief Executive Nurses(CENs) Who Had Experienced Unexpected Dismissal
Yun, Soon-Nyung ; Suh, Eun-Young ; Kim, Chun-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 140~149
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the coping process of chief Executive Nurses(CENs) Who Had Experienced Unexpected Dismissal.The research question was "would you tell me about your experience of sudden dismissal?" Method: The methodology of collecting and analyzing data used in this study followed the ground theory of Strauss and Corbin (1998). Data were collected through in-depth interviews with open-ended questions about the subjects' coping experiences, which were audio-taped and transcribed. The survey was conducted between April and May, 2007. The subjects of this study were 5 CENs. Result: The results of the study are as follows. Core category of This Study was "Battling unsupported against the overwhelming reality." The participants had to face the most unexpected reality of being laid off. Their emotional/psychological response were betrayal, powerlessness, lonesomeness, sorrow, and hopelessness. They felt like a general who is facing overwhelming enemy in a war. The coping process was found to have four stages: shocked stage, resisting stage, negotiating stage and reflecting and transcending stage. Conclusion: The result of this study suggested that ceaseless exertion and cooperation at organizational and individual levels are needed to establish stable status and power of nursing departments and CENs in hospitals.
Affecting Factors on Nurses' Stress-Coping in Schoolwork
Kim, Young-Im ; Lee, Bok-Im ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 150~158
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate stress-coping level and to determine the significant predictor of nurses' stress-coping in schoolwork. Methods: This study was based on the questionnaire survey carried out among 340 nurses in schoolwork at Korea National Open University. The questionnaire included the general factor, schoolwork related factor, health related factor, work related factor, stress level and stress-coping level. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean score of stress-coping level was 2.23 (SD=0.27). Time for study, exercise, and work as well as stress on daily life and job stress were significant predictors of nurses' stress-coping level in schoolwork. Conclusion: Findings of this study can be an important resource to improve stress-coping strategies of nurses in schoolwork.
The Job Stress and Presenteeism of Occupational Health Nurses in Workplace in Korea
Kwon, Min ; Kim, Soon-Lae ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 159~169
Purpose: This is a descriptive study to provide basic material that enables to prevent industrial hospital nurses from occupational stress, health problems and work impairment by understanding their work environment, stress, Presenteeism and correlation among them. Method: The subjects for this study consists of 272 industrial hospital nurses who have attended the training conducted by KAOHN from October to December 2009 and recognized the purpose of this study and agreed to participate. The questionnaire included Korean Version of Occupational Stress questionnaire developed by S.J. Chang and Stanford Presenteeism Scale questionnaire translated by Y.M. Lee. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff
test and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS/WIN 17.0. Result: The industrial hospital nurses get much more stress than the average in three fields of occupational stress: interpersonal conflict, job insecurity and occupational climate. The study shows in particular, the age group of twenties with one to three year work experience having higher than any other groups in occupational stress, work impairment and perceived productivity of Presenteeism. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop management for these groups of nurses. In addition, institutional support and policy should be rendered to secure job conditions so that occupational stress can be relieved from these nurses and to prevent work impairment in advance as occupational stress has substantial correlation with health problems, work impairment and perceived productivity of Presenteeism.
Health Beliefs, Self-efficacy and Medical Care Utilization of Korean Nurses
Hong, Seong-Mee ; Kim, Mi-Han ; Suh, Soon-Rim ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 170~179
Purpose: It was to identify the relationship with the health beliefs, self-efficacy and medical care utilization in nurses in order to provide basic data for program development to actively help nurses' health practice. Methods: The subjects were 360 hospital nurses in P city, K Province. Instruments were health belief developed by Walker, Sechrist & Pender (1987), self-efficacy by Sherer, Maddux & Mercandante(1982), and medical care utilization by Korean National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey(2006). The data were analyzed as descriptive statistics, Chi-square, t-test, and ANOVA using SPSS 11.5. Results: There were significant differences in medical care utilization depending on age(p=.008), marital status(p=.019), education level(p=.005), types of work(p=.017), nursing units(p=.018), and period of work(p=.001). Use of outpatient clinic was significantly different depending on perceived susceptibility(F=2.463, p=.045). Nurses who consulted to doctor in other hospital had higher perceived severity(F=2.759, p=.028). Nurses who used complementary medicine had higher perceived barrier(F=2.278, p=.047). The score of self-efficacy was significantly different in medical care service frequency (F=3.030, p=.018) and to whom their health problems consulted(F=3.092, p=.010). Conclusion: Medical service utilization was different depending on the demographic characteristics, perceived susceptibility, severity, and barrier, and self efficacy. It is needed to give health promotion program considering these factors for nurses.
Survey on the Occupational Disabled Status using Functional Assessment Tools
Choi, Jeong-Myung ; Oh, Jin-Joo ; Kim, Chun-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 180~189
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual condition of the disabled due to Occupational accidents based on the functional evaluation tool. Method: The data were collected from 2 Workers Accident Medical Corporation, 311 subjects between February and August, 2007. The tool comprised of six components including physical function, cognitive function, communication, emotional and disturbing behavior, nursing skills and rehabilitation needs. Results: Among the disabled, the average point of physical function of 5 was found in 61.92% and to express and understand were evaluated as normal in 36.69% and 33.44%, respectively. Also, hearing and vision were evaluated as normal in 53.50% and 37.98%, respectively. 19.01% of the disabled had emotional problems and 13.78% had disturbing behavior. Most disabled were in need of nursing skills with 97.73% ROM and activities. The 78.18% and 76.90% of disabled were in need of rehabilitation because of right and left leg in full movement disorders, respectively. Conclusion: The evaluation score for the disabled caused by Occupational accidents was diverse showing 10 to 19 points and 140 to 150 points. The result means the care cost should be determined depending on the care needs of the disabled because there is such a diverse range of care needs for them.
Job Characteristic and Musculoskeletal Symptom Prevalence in Hotel Employee
Kim, Ji-Eun ; Moon, Deog-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 190~204
Purpose: This study was conducted to obtain the fundamental data on prevention and management of musculoskeletal symptoms, and to assess the prevalence, risk factors and job characteristics of musculoskeletal symptoms in hotel employees. Methods: The work sampling analysis was carried out by OWAS, and the prevalence was surveyed in term of NIOSH diagnostic criteria and work related risk factors on 263 hotel employees in Busan, Korea, using structured self-administered questionnaire from Jan. 20 to Feb. 26, 2010. The collected data were analysed by the SPSS 18.0. Results: 1) The prevailing rate of musculoskeletal symptoms by NIOSH diagnostic criteria was 43.80% for total subjects and 27.91% for shoulders, 12.79% for neck, and 11.24% for back/waist, respectively. 2) Factors affecting the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms were examined and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. As a result, women, having a burden of musculoskeletal work, increased work time in case of a higher risk of the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (P<0.1). 3) The body parts and the department with the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms showed a significant difference (P<0.05) compared with symptoms on shoulders, arms/elbows, and ankles/feet. Conclusion: The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms by NIOSH diagnostic criteria in hotel employees was relatively high showing 43.80% for total subjects and higher in departments of laundry, reservations, cooking, food&beverage, dishwashing, and room cleaning than others.
The Relationship among Pain, Body Image and Satisfaction in Hand-injured Workers
Yoon, Soon-Young ; Kim, Min-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 205~216
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore relationship among pain, body image and satisfaction in hand-injured workers. Methods: Using a sample of 96 out-patient workers with hand injuries, pain, body image and satisfaction were measured by VAS and Modified Jung Keum-hee's Tennesee Self Concept Scale. Repeated measured ANOVA and a Bonferroni correction for multiple statistical testing during post hoc analyses were conducted to evaluate relationship among pain, body image and satisfaction in hand-injured workers. Result: Functional satisfaction(r=.46, p<.001) and appearance satisfaction(r=.55, p<.001) significantly increased by treatment satisfaction. Functional satisfaction(r=.35, p=.001) and appearance satisfaction(r=.31, p=.002) increased by body image. But treatment satisfaction(r=-.20, p=.049), functional satisfaction (r=-.34, p=.001) and appearance satisfaction (r=-.39, p<.001) significantly decreased by pain. Conclusion: Poor pain management was related to bad body image and treatment satisfaction. Therefore, interventions targeting at pain management are needed for hand-injured workers.
Accuracy of References in Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
Yi, Yun-Jeong ; Lee, Bok-Im ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 217~222
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of references in articles published in Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing. Methods: All references in articles from 2007 to 2009 were compared with PubMed for authors, years, titles, journals, volume, and page accuracy. Four hundred twenty six references were reviewed. Errors were classified either major or minor. Results: Overall rate of inaccurate reference was 46.5%. 34.5% were major errors and 18.8% were minor errors. Most common major errors occurred in the authors, whereas most common minor errors occurred in the titles. Conclusion: It is necessary that authors, reviewers, and editorial committees make more efforts to enhance the reference accuracy.
Job Stress and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Symptoms of 119 Emergency Medical Technicians
Hong, Sun-Woo ; Uhm, Dong-Choon ; Jun, Myung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 223~235
Purpose: This study was done to investigate the prevalence of job stress and musculoskeletal symptoms, and to identify the factors that affect work-related musculoskeletal symptoms of the 119 Emergency medical technicians (EMT). Method: From August 26 to September 10, 2010, the data were obtained from 456 EMT working in Daejeon city or Choongnam province. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression were performed using SAS version 9.1. Results: Physical environment, job demand, interpersonal conflict, and occupational climate were stressful to 119 EMT. The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms of female EMT was higher than those of the male EMT's. After gender and age were adjusted, there ware significant relationships between musculoskeletal symptoms and some risk factors including occupational class, hours of intensive musculoskeletal use, previous injury or work-related injury, physical burden, and job stress. Overall, a higher degree of job stress increased musculoskeletal symptoms. Conclusion: Job stress is a major cause of musculoskeletal symptoms. To prevent and manage musculoskeletal disease of 119 EMT, there is a need to develop a management program for musculoskeletal symptoms to reduce occupational stress, considering gender differences.
A Study of Psychosocial distress, Intention to Quit and Nursing Performance in General Ward Nurses
Lee, Seon-Hye ; Yoo, In-Young ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 236~245
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of psychosocial distress, intention to quit and nursing performance. Methods: The data were collected through structured questionnaires from 210 registered nurses in a general hospital. They were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression with the SPSS WIN program. Results: The results of the analysis showed that the mean of the psychosocial distress was
, intention to quit was
, and nursing performance was
. In the correlation analysis, the nursing performance had negative correlation with psychosocial distress(r=-.371, p=.000) and intention to quit(r=-.211, p=.002). There were statistically significant differences in nursing performance depending on age, marital status, position and work experience. The psychosocial distress and age explained 15.1% of nursing performance. Conclusion: This study showed psychosocial distress and intention to quit affects the nursing performance. Therefore, nursing executives and unit managers need to concern on the significance of the stress management programs so that these can be organizational support.
Workplace Hazards, Work Environment, and Physical-Affective Health of Taxi Drivers
Ko, Chung-Mee ; Koh, Chin-Kang ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 246~257
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors related to physical and affective well-being of taxi drivers. The main factors of interests were workplace hazards and work environment. Method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. A convenience sampling method was utilized. 181 taxi drivers in Seoul metropolitan area completed survey questionnaires. Result: In bivariate analysis, payment system, workplace hazards, and work environment were associated with physical health of taxi drivers. Multiple regression analysis revealed payment system and workplace hazards were significant predictors of physical health. On the other hand, age and workplace hazards, and work environment were significantly associated with affective health in the bivariate analysis. Moreover, workplace hazards and environment were significant predictors of affective health in the multiple regression analysis. Conclusion: To improve taxi drivers' health status, it is critical to reform payment system to monthly payment, establish prevention policies of workplace hazards, and encourage employers and taxi drivers to make efforts for better work environment.
The Effects of Case Management Program for Diabetic Patients - Focused on Medium-sized Industrial Workers -
Hwang, Hyun-Jung ; Jung, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 258~267
Purpose: This paper studies the influence of the case-management program on the change of blood sugar, lifestyle, and knowledge level of diabetes mellitus (DM) for medium-sized-enterprise employees suffering from DM. Method: Subjects, divided into experimental and control groups, are 59 workers with FBS higher than 126mg/
or under DM medication treatment in the medium-sized enterprises, being managed by two distinct university hospital group occupational health management service teams. The case management program for DM patients consists of 6 different processes in which each subject is treated. Result: FBS decreased in the experimental group after the program, while that of the control group increased significantly. In the experimental group, the amount of smoking, the frequency of drinking and the amount of drinking per week decreased. Also, the knowledge level for DM and the change of nutrition management showed significant increase. In the control group, the amount of smoking increased and the frequency of drinking, the amount of drinking and nutrition level did not change significantly. And the knowledge level for DM decreased. Conclusion: We expect that taking this case management program for DM management may significantly improve diabetic patients' overall health.
A Study of Occupational Satisfaction, Stress and Customer Orientation of Upper-scale General Hospital Nurses
Kang, Hyun-Lim ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 268~277
Purpose: To examine the relations among occupational satisfaction, stress, and customer orientation of upper-scale general hospital nurses. Method: We studied with structured questionnaires with total 66 questions for 218 nurses working at university hospitals in Gangwon-do from February 2 to 22, 2010. Result: Occupational satisfaction and customer-oriented character increased when nurses' ages and career experiences were higher, married, working in daytime without shift and in higher positions. Occupational stress increased when nurses were younger, not married, with three shifts, and when they were general nurses. However, there was no statistical difference. Customer-oriented character had positive correlation with occupational satisfaction and stress while occupational satisfaction had negative correlation(r=-0.358) with occupational stress. Conclusion: As occupational stress and satisfaction of nurses in university hospitals showed significant relations with customer-oriented character, t is necessary to reduce occupational stress of nurses, and strengthen occupational satisfaction of them.