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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Occupational Helth Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Nov 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - May 2011
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A Comparative Study on Nurses' Organizational Culture and Job Satisfaction according to the Hospital Size Differences
Jang, In-Sun ; Park, Seung-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.001
Purpose: This study was conducted to compare the characteristics of organizational structure and occupational satisfaction among nurses in general hospital and small to medium-sized hospital and to investigate the affecting factors on their occupational satisfaction. Methods: The study was based on the cross-sectional descriptive survey. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect data from 343 nurses between June and July, 2010. Data were analyzed by
-test, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression using the SPSS/WIN 14.0 program. Results: Hierarchical structure was dominant in general hospital whereas relationship was highly valued in small to medium-sized hospital. Occupational satisfaction was positively correlated with work environment built on relationship, innovation and tasks. Factors significantly influencing on occupational satisfaction in general hospital included innovative work environment, nurses' income and their health status (
=40.3%). For the small to medium-sized hospital, they included innovative work environment, satisfaction in life, tasks and professionalism (
=40.4%). Conclusion: Organizational structure, especially innovative work environment and relationship-oriented attitude had a significant influence on nurses' occupational satisfaction. Therefore, nursing administrators have to develop and consider organizational structure to improve occupational satisfaction.
A Study of Nurses' Resilience, Occupational Stress and Satisfaction
Kim, Bu-Nam ; Oh, Hyun-Sook ; Park, Yong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 14~23
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.014
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the clinical nurses' resilience, occupational stress, and occupational satisfaction and to identify the correlations among them. Methods: Structured questionnaires were administered with total 75 questions for 433 nurses working at a university hospital in Jin-ju from July 19 to 30, 2010. Data from the completed questionnaires were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN program. Results: The resilience had a significant difference according to the age, marital status, religion, education level, annual income, motive of choosing the nursing science, clinical career, position, and workplace. Resilience had a negative correlation with occupational stress (r=-.405), and had a positive correlation with occupational satisfaction (r=.380). Occupational stress had a negative correlation with occupational satisfaction (r=-.637). Conclusion: The higher their resilience was, the lower their occupational stress and the higher the occupational satisfaction. It is recommended that intervention program be developed that can enhance personal resilience in nurse.
Factors Associated with Burnout for Nurses Working in Hematology-oncology Wards
Kim, Jeong-Suk ; Kim, Gwang-Suk ; Choi, Mo-Na ; Lee, Hyeon-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 24~34
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.024
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine factors related to burnout of nurses at hemato-oncology wards. Methods: The participants were 134 nurses working at hematology-oncology wards in three tertiary general hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that consisted of personal characteristics, occupational stress, satisfaction and burnout. Using a SPSS/WIN 12.0 program, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression procedures were employed. Results: The mean score of burnout reported by the participants was
(range 1~5), showing the highest scores in the area of physical burnout (
). The satisfaction with nursing profession was found to be the most impact on the burnout of the hematology-oncology ward nurses (
=-.533), followed by occupational stress (
=.351) and years of clinical experiences (
=-.154). Conclusion: Given the findings, the sorts of strategies to increase the satisfaction with nursing profession and decrease their occupational stress are required, particularly for newly employed nurses.
A Predictive Model of Workers' Quality of Life
Lee, Bok-Im ; Jung, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 35~45
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.035
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to propose and to test a predictive model that could explain the workers' quality of life. Methods: Data were collected using self-report questionnaires from 901 workers in Daejeon, Korea. The questionnaires included nine measured variables (safety culture, self-efficacy, activity of occupational health provider, knowledge in occupational health, age, health promotion behavior, workplace environment, health level, and quality of life), as revised PRECEDE model has suggested. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 15 and AMOS 6.01 version. Results: Based on the constructed model, behavior, environment, and health were found to have significant direct effect on quality of life. Indirect factors were perceived biological, predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling. The proposed model was concise and extensive in predicting quality of life of the participants. The final modified model yielded GFI=.85, AGFI=.89, NFI=.79, and RMSEA=.11 and exhibited good fit indices. Conclusion: Findings of this study may contribute to development of effective nursing interventions for promoting quality of life in workers.
Employers Attitude for Mentally Disabled People
Kim, Mi-Young ; Jun, Seong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 46~54
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.046
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate employer's attitude towards mentally disabled people. Methods: The Lee (1996)'s questionnaire of community people's attitude on perception for mentally disabled people was used to collect data from 208 employers in Busan City.
-test and t-test were used to explore related factors of employer's attitude. Results: Employers having experience of hiring physically or mentally disabled people showed higher CAMI scores (p=.002). Especially, employers having experience of hiring mentally disabled people showed higher scores in four components of authoritarianism, benevolence, social restrictiveness, and community mental health ideology than any other groups. In addition, we found differences in employers' attitude on authoritarianism and benevolence according to types of industries and the number of employees. Conclusion: We could suggest that employers experience of employing disabled and mentally disabled people could improve their positive attitude. Therefore, we call for various efforts and programs development to encourage employers to hire mentally disabled people.
Comparison of Emotional Labor and Job Stress of Hospital Nursing Staff
Han, Suk-Jung ; Yoon, Oh-Soon ; Kwon, Myung-Soon ; Song, Myung-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 55~64
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.055
Purpose: This study was to investigate the relationship between the level of emotional labor and occupational job stress of hospital nursing staff. Methods: The survey was conducted from Mar. to Oct. 2009 to collect data from clinical nurses (N=496). Results: The study showed that nurses without religion and those working in big-sized hospitals had higher scores in emotional labor, and those of 26~30 years old felt the highest stress in the occupational role. The same applied to the married, more work experienced, atheist and those working in big-sized hospitals. Unmarried, under educated nurses with less work experience working in the big-sized hospitals showed higher scores in personal strain. The scores of the personal resources depended on religion, work experience, marital status and position of their jobs. Emotional labor was positively correlated with an occupational role and personal strain, respectively, but the emotional labor, occupational role and personal strain were negatively correlated with personal resources respectively. Conclusion: Intervention program is required to reduce overload of nurse's role and to relieve physical and psychological strains of the under-30-age-group. Also, social support and rational/cognitive coping must be reinforced.
Relationships among Nurses' Internal Marketing, Occupational Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment
Oh, Suk-Hee ; Moon, Seung-Tae ; Kang, Hee-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 65~73
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.065
Purpose: This study investigates nurses' organizational commitment, internal marketing, and occupational satisfaction depending on their age, martial status, clinical experience and income. Methods: The subjects of this study were 350 nurses from six hospitals in Jeolla-do. The t-tests were used to analyze the differences in internal marketing, occupational satisfaction, and organizational commitment depending on their age, marital status, career, and income. The relationships among internal marketing, occupational satisfaction, and organizational commitment were analyzed by the path analysis. Results: The results of this study showed that organizational commitment was correlated with age, clinical experiences, and income, but not significantly associated with martial status. Education and training policy, benefit system, and fairness of the internal marketing were influencing factors on occupational satisfaction. These factors were correlated with organizational commitment through occupational satisfaction. Conclusion: This study addressed the relationships among nurses' internal marketing, occupational satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Based on the results, it is suggested that hospital organizations introduce more diverse incentive policies to enhance nurses' occupational satisfaction and organizational commitment.
Effect of Shiftwork Nurses' Fatigue on Job Stress and Turnover Intention - Mediating Role of Job Stress -
Lee, Kyung-Hee ; Kim, Ji-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 74~82
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.074
Purpose: This study investigated how shift work nurses' fatigue influences job stress and turnover intention, and how job stress mediates the relationship between fatigue and turnover intention. Methods: As a descriptive research design, the data were collected from 203 shift work nurses in a city. It was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 14.0 and AMOS 5.0. Results: fatigue and job stress in shift work nurses influenced turnover intention. Job stress worked as a partial mediation between fatigue and turnover intention. Conclusion: It is necessary to reduce fatigue and job stress for reducing turnover intention in strategies of hospital manpower.
The Effect of Korean Occupational Health Nurses' Work Conditions on their Performance
Kwon, Min ; Kim, Soon-Lae ; Jung, Hye-Sun ; Kim, Hee-Girl ; Kim, Kyung-Lim ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.083
Purpose: This is a descriptive study that provides basic material to improve occupational health nurses' work conditions and industrial performance status. Methods: The 955 nurses who participated in the training program to understand the purpose of this study from January 2009 to December 2010 conducted by the Korean Association of Occupational Health Nurses agreed to be subjects for the study. The questionnaire included the general characteristics, work conditions and performance of occupational health management. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. Results: Occupational health management performance of the subjects averaged 3.11 points and detailed area by health management 3.64 points, environment management 2.91 points and occupational management 2.77 points. Health management performance of those factors affecting the duration of occupational health nurse (
=.199), type of industry (
=.126), average annual income (
=-.277) to 11.4% (F=3.175, p<.001) were found to be a significant determinant. Conclusion: Occupational health nurses are the core workforce of occupational health through the prevention of occupational disease and industrial accidents. Findings of this study can be an important resource to increase appropriate occupational health nurses' work conditions and performance of occupational health management.
The Actual State of Industrial Accidents in Small-medium Manufacturing Industries
Hong, Seong-Ja ; Jeon, Man-Joong ; Kim, Chang-Yoon ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 1, 2011, Pages 93~103
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.1.093
Purpose: This study was conducted to assess reported industrial accidents and non-reported industrial accidents that took place in 63 small and medium sized manufacturing industries located in Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do in the year of 2009. Methods: During the period from January to December 2009, the number of industrial accidents that happened each month was examined according to the characteristics of industry, industrial accidents, workers with industrial accidents, treatment, as well as causes and treatment of the non-reported. Results: The total incidence rate of industrial accidents was 3.48%, of which only 0.31% reported. The incidence rate in packing and distribution among manufacturing workplace, and in the industry with 50~99 employees, was higher than the other groups. Of the non-reported, over 80% in required under 10 days of medical treatment, and 56% in required cost of less than 100,000 won. Kappa values were 0.771 concurrence in opinions for causes of non-reported, and 0.571 concurrence in opinions for management termination of non-reported between the employees and employer. Conclusion: It is suggested that more supportive policy and precise, nationwide survey on the actual state of industrial accidents, including non-reported cases, be implemented to efficiently manage industrial accidents.