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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Occupational Helth Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Nov 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - May 2011
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Foot Bath Therapy on Post-operation Pain, Stress, HRV in Hand Replantation Patients
Yoon, Soon-Young ; Kwon, Myoung-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 105~112
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.105
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of foot bath therapy on post-operation pain, stress, HRV of hand replantation patients. Methods: Quasi-experimental study design and non-equivalent control group pre & post test repeated measure design were employed for this experiment. 47 subjects were selected for this study. 25 subjects of experimental group participated in foot bath program had foot bath 11 times for 2 weeks; 22 subjects of control group didn't have foot bath. Pain was digitized numerically by using Visual Analogue Scale, stress was measured by stress perception questionnaire, and HRV was measured by using Cnopy9 (IEMBIO). Results: The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS 17.0 Win program. (1) The difference between experimental group and control group was shown statistically significant in aspect of pain (p<.05). (2) The difference between experimental group and control group was shown statistically significant in aspect of stress (p<.05). (3) The difference between experimental group and control group was not shown statistically significant in aspect of HRV (p>.05). Conclusion: Foot bath program was an effective intervention for pain loss and perception of stress reduction. But it wasn't effective for HRV.
Effect of Smoking Cessation Program for Workers in Large Size Company -Using Motivational Enhancement Counseling-
Kim, Soon-Lae ; Lee, Jong-Eun ; Cho, Dong-Ran ; Kim, Jung-Im ; Kim, Young-Long ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 113~118
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.113
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine effects of smoking cessation program in large size company using motivational enhancement counseling. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was conducted. 72 workers in intervention group and 65 workers in control group participated in 7 large size companies. Smoking cessation program consisted of a campaign, smoking cessation education, and 6 weeks motivational enhancement counseling. The motivational enhancement counseling was tailored to the individual's stage of change. Stages of smoking behavior, smoking cessation rate, nicotine dependence, and confidence of smoking cessation were assessed after intervention. Results: The results showed that intervention had a significant impact on improving stages of smoking behavior and smoking cessation rate, and impact on decreasing nicotine dependence, compared to those of a control group. Conclusion: The effects and feasibility of smoking cessation program including motivational enhancement counseling were revealed in the large size company. These results might provide information that can be used in improving cultures of smoking cessation for workers.
Association between Psychosocial Work Environments and Problem Drinking: Age Differences in Korean Male Workers
Jeon, Gyeong-Suk ; Choi, Eun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 119~129
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.119
Purpose: This study firstly examined the pattern and prevalence of drinking. Secondly, we investigated the association between various psychosocial work environment and problem drinking among Korean male workers in different age groups. Methods: The study sample was a weighted population of 3,289 (3,289 survey samples) men aged 20 to 64 years who responded to the 2006 Korean Working Condition Survey. Social support from colleague and supervisor, work autonomy, psychological wellbeing at work, and intellectual and emotional work demand were assessed. Results: After considering sociodemographic factors, smoking, occupational characteristics and other psychosocial work environment factors, problem drinking was associated with "intellectual work demand" for the 20~34 year old group. Social support from colleague and supervisor was significantly associated with problem drinking in the 35~49 year old group. For the 50~64 year old group, problem drinking was associated with 'work autonomy'. Conclusion: The present study clarified that certain psychosocial work environmental factors relate to problem drinking, and the association varies among different age groups.
The Relationship of Emotional Labor, Empowerment, Job Burnout and Turnover Intention of Clinical Nurses
Lee, Keum-Jae ; Lee, Eliza ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 130~142
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.130
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among emotional labor, empowerment, job burnout, and turnover intention. Methods: The design of this study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The subjects of this study were 358 nurses working for over 6 months in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The data were collected from 4th to 30th of September, 2009 through one-to-one interviews. Survey data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression. Results: We find the positive correlation of turnover intention with emotional labor and with job burnout, but the negative correlation of empowerment with job burnout and with turnover intention. The nurses' turnover intention scores were relatively low with 1.30. Job burnout, shift work, and frequency of turnover were predictors of turnover intention. The most powerful predictor variable was job burnout (
=.420, p<.001). We find that emotional labor and empowerment as determinants of turnover intention are not significant. Conclusion: These results suggest that manager should consider shift work of nurses and job burnout in order to manage nurse organization and resource effectively.
Effects of Fatigue on Health Promotion Behavior and Mental Health of Automotive Manufacturing Workers
Lee, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 143~152
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.143
Purpose: This study investigated to relationship of fatigue, health promotion behavior and mental health in automotive manufacturing workers. Methods: As a descriptive research design, the data were collected from 198 workers in a city. It was analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0. Results: The level of fatigue was beyond moderate, health promotion behavior was low, mental health was slightly unhealthy. The fatigue was significantly correlated with health promotion behavior. The global fatigue, job satisfaction and drinking explained 22.3% of health promotion behavior. Conclusion: It is necessary for the automotive manufacturing workers and their companies to reduce level of fatigue and mental health and to increase level of health promotion behavior.
The Factors Influencing Empowerment of 119 Emergency Medical Technicians
Choo, Sung-Joo ; Park, Ok-Im ; Kang, Hee-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 153~162
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.153
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of job stress, self-efficacy and empowerment of 119 Emergency medical technicians in Jeollanam-do. Methods: This study used the data collected from 346 respondents working for first aid in a fire station. To answer research questions, this study employed frequency analysis, reliability test, F (t)-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' post-hoc test, and multiple-regression analysis. Results: In terms of demographic characteristics, marital status and age had significant impact on job stress, but sex and education did not. In terms of job characteristics, first placement, rank, and tenure made significant difference on job stress, whereas certificate, department, and area did not. These results address that general characteristics, self-efficacy and job stress are critical variables on empowerment. Conclusion: From the research findings, it is concluded that fire fighters' job stress can be reduced if professional development programs are given to them, which is likely to provide better public services such as first aids and welfare, as well as to increase job satisfaction.
Job Stress and Presenteeism of Clinical Nurses
Gun, Mi-Sook ; Choi, Yeon-Hee ; Park, Kum-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 163~171
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.163
Purpose: This study is to investigate the job stress and presenteeism of nurses with work shift. Methods: The data were collected through questionnaires from 281 clinical nurses working for a university hospital located in D city from 13 to 28 of February, 2009. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe verification test, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression using SPSS/WIN 16.0. Results: The mean score of job stress was 3.47. Work overload and psychological burden scored the highest point as the sub-category of work stress factor. Work performance loss out of presenteeism showed 26.89 and perceived productivity, 79.79. Also 94.7% of respondents answered they had health problems. A significantly positive correlation was found among job stress, work performance loss and health issue. To determine the factors affecting presenteeism, work performance loss was associated with work overload and perceived productivity with interpersonal relationship conflict. Conclusion: Based on the findings of the study, job stress is positively correlated with work performance loss, and health problems. Therefore, health problems of nurses with work shift need to be considered and plans to manage their job stress affecting presenteeism need to be developed at an earlier stage.
A Study on Types of Municipal Sanitation Workers' Occupational Accident by Work Type
Choi, Eun-Sook ; Sohn, Shin-Young ; Yi, Kwan-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 172~184
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.172
Purpose: The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics of occupational accidents by work type among municipal sanitation workers. Methods: The original data of occupational accidents in 2009 by Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency were analyzed by frequency and percentage using the SAS Version 9.1. Results: The types of occupational accident were as follows: slips and trips, falls, musculoskeletal disorders, traffic accident, collision, amputation, cut & puncture, crush injuries, strenuous movement and drop/fly. Slips and trips occurred most frequently in domestic waste collection and street sweeping. The traffic accident showed the highest incidence in food waste collection. Falls occurred most frequently in recycling waste collection. Musculoskeletal disorders showed the highest incidence in large waste collection. Conclusion: Depending on the work type, types of occupational accident were different. The results of this study can provide the information for the development of the occupational accident prevention programs of municipal sanitation workers.
Ageing Experiences of Nurses with Overseas Employment: Focusing on the Korean Nurses Dispatched to Germany in the 1960s and 1970s
Kim, Hack-Sun ; Hong, Sun-Woo ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ; Lee, Ae-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 185~194
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.185
Purpose: Global shortages in nursing and strong demand for nursing services provided Korean nurses with more overseas employment opportunities, especially in the developed countries such as the United States and Canada. The purpose of this study was to explore the ageing experiences of the Korean nurses dispatched to Germany in the 1960s and 1970s. Methods: The researcher interviewed 10 Korean nurses living in four cities in Germany. Interviews were performed twice in January and July, 2010, and the data, in the form of field notes and interview transcripts, were analyzed using the Agar's (1980) ethnographic method. Results: The ageing experiences of the participants can be summarized into three theme stages: coming upon old age, reluctantly realizing getting old, and finally accepting being old. The first stage is characterized by 'wiring money to homeland all throughout youth', second 'still feeling like a stranger anywhere', and finally 'burying homeland in heart'. Conclusion: The research findings not only suggest crucial materials for training prospective nurses overseas for their successful settlement, but also shed lights on related problems and solutions with ageing experience in overseas employment.
Trends of Occupational Health Nursing Research in Korea
Kim, Young-Im ; Lee, Bok-Im ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 195~203
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.195
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the trends of occupational health nursing research by analyzing the Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing for the last 20 years. Methods: A total of 268 published papers during the 20 year period were analyzed with structured analysis forms. Results: Most of the articles were descriptive, but the number of experimental studies increased. Fifty-five percents of the subjects were healthy workers. Most common selection of subjects appeared to be based on convenience. Sixty-eight percent of research instruments were questionnaires and the reliability and the validity of instruments were described in approximately half of the studies. Parametric statistics were the main methods of data analysis, but some advanced statistics were often used rather than simple descriptive statistics. Mainly "health" has been studied (47.9%) among four meta-paradigms of nursing science. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop more rigorous and various research methodology such as longitudinal design, experimental study, or randomized controlled trial. Also, special attention must be paid to studying the environment of workers.
A Study on Occupational Satisfaction and Stress of Visiting Nurses at District Health Centers in Chungnam Province
Kim, Hyun ; Kim, Hyun-Li ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 204~211
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.204
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify visiting nurses' occupational satisfaction and their stress who are working at district health centers in Chungnam province. Methods: The subjects of the study were 109 visiting nurses of 16 district health centers in Chungnam province. The data were collected by self report questionnaires from March 1 to 31, 2010. The data were analyzed by Cronbach's
, t-test, ANOVA (Sheffe's test), and correlation coefficient using the SPSS program. Results: The results of this study were as follows. The occupational stress level of the subjects was 46.7 and the level of subjects' occupational satisfaction was 2.46. There was a significant negative correlation between occupational satisfaction and occupational stress (r=-.627). Conclusion: The occupational stress level of the subjects, and stress levels of 'work environment', 'job insecurity' and 'organizational structure' were higher than those of the Korean women workers' standard. The level of subjects' occupational satisfaction was lower than that of the nurse practitioners. There was a significant correlation among occupational stress and 'burden of workload' and 'visiting nurse career'. The study showed that occupational stress was correlated with occupational satisfaction. The results suggest that further follow-up study on visiting nurse is necessary to relieve their occupational stress and increase occupational satisfaction.
The Experiences of Workplace Violence toward Nurses in Hospitals in Jeju Province, South Korea
Park, Eun-Ok ; Kim, Jeong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 212~220
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.212
Purpose: This study was to investigate the prevalence & types of workplace violence toward nurses in hospitals, and to understand nurse's coping response, cause of violence and prevention strategy. Methods: The data were collected from 254 nurses working in 9 hospitals in Jeju Province by the self-report from June to August 2010. Results: The respondents experienced unpleasant or insulting words (89.8%), verbal threat (38.2%), physical threat (67.7%), physical injury (32.7%), severe physical injury (2.8%), and sexual harassment (26.4%) during the last one year. The frequent offenders were patients, patients' family and physicians in order. The causes of violence which nurses perceived were personality of offenders (76.4%), lack of assessment of aggressive patients or care givers (42.1%), and lack of explanation to patients or caregivers (33.5%). They reported that coping strategies for workplace violence were 'established reporting system (63.4%)', 'building a cooperative circumstances within team members (58.3%)', and 'formulation of hospital policies for violence prevention and coping (54.3%)'. Conclusion: These findings showed nurses are at considerable risk for workplace violence, and they experience various types of violence from patients, caregivers, and physicians. We suggest that hospitals formulate appropriate policies, guidelines and programs to prevent and cope with workplace violence in hospitals.
A Study on the Relationship between Family Stress and Health Promoting Behavior of the Dual Earner Couples
Joo, Ae-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 221~229
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2011.20.2.221
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between family stress and health promoting behavior (HPB) of the dual earner couples. Methods: The subjects were 312 dual earner couples selected from G city by convenient sampling. The data were collected from October 1 to November 10, 2009, and analyzed using frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with the SPSS/WIN 17.0. Results: The mean score of family stress and HPB on the subjects were 2.98 and 3.29 respectively. Family stress showed a significant difference according to monthly income. HPB showed a significant difference according to exercise, smoking, and drinking. HPB had a significantly positive correlation with family stress. Conclusion: This study suggested that we should develop programs to increase regular exercise and to quit drinking and smoking for the dual earner couples in occupational health nursing.