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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Occupational Helth Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Nurse's Competency Empowerment and Boss' Job Competency Recognition Level on Work Performance
Kim, Hye Sook ; Min, Soon ; Im, Sun Im ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 75~82
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.75
Purpose: This study is to investigate the effect of nurse's competency empowerment and boss' job competency recognition on work performance. Methods: 216 nurses participated for data collection which was conducted from September 1, 2011 to September 10, 2011. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 16.0 and with frequency test, ANOVA, Scheff
test and Multiple regression. Results: Firstly, the work performance in accordance with subject's general characteristics was found to be significant in the 50s, graduate school or higher education, Roman Catholic, charge nurse and 21-years or older. Secondly, the correlation among nurse's competency empowerment, boss' competency recognition and work performance was found to be positively related (r=.501~.639, p<.001). Thirdly, competency empowerment was found to be the most effective factor for work performance, followed by boss' competency recognition and career year, and these factors accounted for 63.5%. Conclusion: As the results show that the work performance is highly affected by the nurse's competency empowerment, boss' competency recognition level and career level in clinical environment, effective education programs are required to provide an appropriate experience to both entry-level and experienced nurses, as well as to enhance boss' competency empowerment at the same time.
A Comparative Study on Job Stress and Satisfaction between Ward Nurses and Outpatient Nurses
Kim, Jong Hui ; Jo, Hyun Sook ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.83
Purpose: This study was to compare job stress and job satisfaction between ward nurses and outpatient nurses, and to identify the correlation between job stress and job satisfaction. Methods: The subjects of this study were 200 ward nurses and 85 outpatient nurses in G and I University Hospital in Incheon. The data were collected in March 2010 and analyzed with t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: There was no significant difference in overall job stress between two groups, but slightly higher stress level for ward nurses. In sub-area of job stress, 'nursing duty' was primary for both groups. And in 'nursing duty' (t=2.05, p=.041), 'conflict with patients' (t=2.73, p= .007), and 'working environment' (t=3.37, p<.001) ward nurses showed significant higher level of stress than outpatient nurses. For job satisfaction, outpatient nurses showed higher level significantly (t=-2.98, p=.003). And both groups of nurses' job satisfaction was negatively correlated with job stress significantly (r=-.31, p<.001). Conclusion: It will be possible to reduce job stress and promote job satisfaction level for both groups of nurses by adding staffs, and specifically for ward nurses by improving facilities for relax and appropriate supply, and for outpatient nurses by managing interpersonal stress and reducing side tasks.
Relationships among Burnout, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention to Resign in Hospital Nurses
Kim, Mi Ran ; Seomun, GyeongAe ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 93~101
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.93
Purpose: This study aims to find out ultimate forecasting factors of intention to resign by examining the degree of burnout, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention to resign in hospital nurses and to look into the differences among them according to general characteristics. Methods: This study used investigation of relationships to analyze relations among burnout, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention to resign in hospital nurses to find out factors influencing turnover intention to resign in hospital nurses. Results: This study revealed that the higher job dissatisfaction and burnout of hospital nurses, the higher turnover intention to resign. This study also showed that the higher burnout caused the lower job satisfaction which led to resignation and a forecasting factor that influenced turnover intention to resign was burnout. Conclusion: It is necessary to conduct continuous and systematic research and to seek ways that can prevent the resignation of nurses and improve job satisfaction in hospital nurses.
The Trends and Status of Work-related Musculoskeletal Diseases under Korean Worker's Compensation System
Kim, Kyung Ha ; Hwang, Rah Il ; Suk, Min Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 102~111
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.102
Purpose: This study was conducted to analyze the characteristics of work-related musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) and the factors for approving MSD by the parts of the body. Methods: The analysis was done using the data which were drawn from the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance that is operated by the Korea Worker's Compensation & Welfare Service. The data were composed of total cases related to the work-related diseases from 2006 to 2009. In addition, MSD data input by an investigator were collected. The factors associated with MSD were analyzed using
and multiple logistic regression. Results: MSD approved cases have increased since 2006 and the proportion of the approved work-related MSD cases in the workers with work-related diseases in 2009 were 33.4%. Spinal approved cases were the highest percentage and upper and lower extremities cases gradually increased. The factors for approving upper extremity were found to be age, company size, type of industry, working duration, and in the case of spine to be company size and heavy lifting. Conclusion: Work-related MSD have increased and the factors that affected MSD by the parts of the body varied. Management strategy must be established to prevent MSD by the parts of the body.
Influence of Interpersonal Attitude on Communication Competence in Care Workers for Frail Elderly
Lim, Seung Joo ; Yi, Yeo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 112~120
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.112
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of interpersonal attitude (I+, I-, U+, U-) on communication competence in care workers for frail elderly. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey. The data were collected from 153 care workers for frail elderly using a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. Results: The interpersonal attitude style of subjects was I+U+, and the score of communication competence was 3.53. There were significant differences in interpersonal attitude (I+, I-), and communication competence depending on age, education level, experience of personality type test (yes). Factors influencing on communication competence in care workers were interpersonal attitude (I+, I-, U+) and experience of personality type test with
value of 48.5% (F=23.47 p<.001). The most influencing factor was I+ (
=.36), followed by I- (
=-.22), U+ (
=.20), and experience of personality type test (yes) (
=.16). Conclusion: It is needed to maintain the interpersonal attitude style (I+U+) of care workers. Continuing education program is needed for increasing communication competence especially for those fifties and over, and experienced care workers. Giving an opportunity for personality test is helpful to increase communication competence in care workers.
A Study on Intention to Quit and Job Overload, Role Ambiguity, Burn out among Nurses in General Hospital
Kim, Kyung Sook ; Han, Yung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.121
Purpose: This study is designed to verify affecting variables to turnover intention of nurses in general hospital. Methods: The data were from the self-reported questionnaire responses of 168 nurses in five general hospitals 300-400 beds in Seoul and Gyungi province and analyzed by frequency and percentage, t-test, ANOVA and Sheffe's test and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The means of turnover intention were
, job overload,
, role ambiguity,
. A significant correlation was found among turnover intention and job overload (r=.24, p<.001), role ambiguity (r=.30, p<.001), and burn out (r=.58, p<.001). The factors that affect turnover intention from the result of multiple regression by the stepwise selection, were emotional exhaustion, role ambiguity, and diminished personal accomplishment. Conclusion: Based on the results, to reduce turnover intention of nurses, emotional support should be provided and also range of roles be clearly defined. In addition, it is needed to improve the working conditions for nurses to get a sense of accomplishment.
The Relationship among Job Overload, Self-efficacy, Emotional Exhaust and Turnover Intention in Clinical Nurses
Sung, Mi Hae ; Keum, Eun Jong ; Roh, Hyun Joo ; Song, Min Hee ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 130~139
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.130
Purpose: This study was to identify the relationship among clinical nurse's job overload, self-efficacy, emotional exhaust and turnover intention. Methods: The study was conducted through a survey on 537 clinical nurses in five general hospitals. The data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires and analysed by the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean score of turnover intention was 3.04. Turnover intention according to age, total career, job objective, and work off showed significant differences. The significant positive correlations between emotional exhaust and turnover intention (r=.531, p<.001), job overload and turnover intention (r=.514, p<.001) were found. The significant factors influencing turnover intention were emotional exhaust (
=.488, p<.001), career (
=.175, p<.001), job overload (
=.119, p= .003), and number of night (
=.117, p=.002), which accounted for 40.3% of the variance. Conclusion: Thought this result, nursing managers should analyze the reasons for high turnover intention, focusing on the main factors affecting turnover intention and consider the solutions to decrease the turnover intention.
Factors Affecting Turnover Intention of People with Mentally Disabilities Working in Manufacturing Industry
Byun, Eun-Kyung ; Jun, Seong-Sook ; Kim, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 140~148
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.140
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify turnover intentions in workers with mentally disabilities working in manufacturing industry. Methods: Participants were 147 workers with mentally disabled living in B-city and Y-city. The data were collected from September 1st to November 30th, 2011 using self-report questionnaires including measurements of turnover intentions, family support, work volition, working environment, job satisfaction and internalized stigma. Data analysis was done using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: The average score for turnover intention was
. Turnover intention was related to job satisfaction, working environment, family support and internalized stigma. The predicting factors for turnover intention were job satisfaction, internalized stigma and gender. Those factors accounted for 41.9% of turnover intention. Conclusion: The results imply that workers with mentally disabled need to reduce internalized stigma as well as to increase job satisfaction in order to decrease turnover intention.
Job Stress, Organizational Commitment, Way of Coping and Turnover Intention among Korean Visiting Nurses
Choi, In-Hee ; Chung, Young-Hae ; Park, In-Hyae ; Choi, Young-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 149~158
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.149
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify factors related to turnover intention among Korean visiting nurses. Methods: The data from 192 of 208 nurses working in southern part of Korea were collected for analysis during in-service education in May 19~20, 2011. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, ANOVA, and logistic regression analysis were performed using SPSS 19.0 program. Results: Among the general characteristic factors, young, married, university graduation, lower satisfaction with income and longer work experience as a nurse were associated with higher odds of turnover intention. Organizational commitment was associated with low turnover intention. Way of coping was not statistically significantly associated with turnover intension. Conclusion: Stress from the organizational system was found to be the most important variable that explains the turnover intention in this study. Use of sensible communication methods and introduction of effective conflict resolution system is suggested to reduce turnover intention. Further research is recommended to identify the job demands and organizational systems of visiting nurses.
Job Analysis with IPA (Importance-Performance Analysis) based on the Qualification of Occupational Health Managers Working in Manufacturing Work-sites
Yun, Jung-Ah ; Kim, Soon-Lae ; Jung, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 159~170
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.159
Purpose: To provide the data of health manager education program in order to improve the quality of work-sites health management with qualification based job analysis of health managers (Occupational Health Nursing, Industrial Hygienist, Environmental Engineer). Methods: A descriptive research on 132 health managers using IPA and SPSS/WIN. Results: The overall average of importance of health management job was 8.0 (10 being the maximum score). Nurses had significantly higher score in the level of importance per areas and health management jobs. The overall average of performance of health management job was 6.7 (10 being the maximum score). Nurses had higher score in the area of health management. IPA matrix distributions per health management job area showed the correlations in qualification backgrounds and all of 3 main areas. Conclusion: There was difference in the level of importance and performance on health management jobs based on the qualification backgrounds of health managers. To improve the health of workers, an integrated health management must be provided. And to provide this, it is necessary to offer the additional education to health managers with an institutional complementary plan.
Effect of Workplace Health Manager's Role Performance on Presenteeism in the Workers
Jung, Myung-Hee ; Jung, Hye-Sun ; Lee, Bok-Im ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 22, issue 2, 2013, Pages 171~178
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2013.22.2.171
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effect of the performance of Workplace Health Manager at the workplace on presenteeism in the workers. Methods: Three months before this study, between June 2010 and September 2010, a self-reporting survey of 316 employees in 136 workplaces in each of each hired a Workplace Health Manager was performed at their workplace with explanations of the purpose and methods of this study after their consent was obtained. Results: The average performance score of the Workplace Health Manager as graded by the employees was 3.8 out of 5 points. The duties of the Workplace Health Manager which received higher grades were posting of the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS), health education, and future management with respect to the results and procedure of health care-related work. According to the employees' survey, the score for presenteeism was evaluated as 14.3 out of 30 points. Based on the presenteeism analysis results, when (1) the employee was a male, (2) the workplace was established and managed by Industry Safety and Health Committee, (3) the employees were aware of the role of Workplace Health Managers, and (4) Workplace Health Manager fulfilled his/her role actively and successfully, presenteeism was observed to a lesser extent. Conclusion: According to the results of the study, presenteeism was observed to a lesser extent when the Workplace Health Manager actively performed his/her role.