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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academic Society of Occupational Helth Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 24, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Affecting Factors of Hospital Nurses' Emotional Labor and Social Support on Organizational Commitment
Hong, Seongsuk ; Kwon, Myung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 259~269
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.259
Purpose: The study is to identify a correlation among hospital nurses' emotional labor, social support and organizational commitment and to analyze the effects on organizational commitment. Methods: The participants are 300 nurses working at two general hospitals located in Gyeonggi-do, who agreed to join the study. Data collection were done from July to September in 2014. The collected data are analyzed a descriptive statistic, t-test, ANOVA,
test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression and SPSS/WIN 15.0 Program was used in the process. Results: Organizational commitment was negatively correlated with emotional works but it was positively correlated with social support. The factors affecting organizational commitment were informational support and evaluative support which were sub-domain of social support as well as level of emotional expression which was a sub-domain of emotional works, their positions and level of education. Conclusion: To increase the level of an organizational commitment, a method of coping in difficult situations and information relating to private assessments is recommended. Also, the organization should prepare a plan that members can properly manage their emotions face-to-face with clients.
Influence on Health Promotion Behavior among Government-funded Research Institute's Employee according to Perceptive Health Status and Social Support
Kim, Ji Hyun ; Park, Sook Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 270~280
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.270
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among perceived health status and social support to identify the influencing factors of health promotion behavior in government-funded research institute's employee. Methods: The participants were 222 employees in three government-funded research institute. Questionnaires were used to measure the levels of the perceived health status, social support and health promotion behavior. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression, and the IBM SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Results: The predicting factors for health promotion behavior were age, smoking, perceived health status and social support. The variables explained the health promotion behavior by 34.3%. Conclusion: A survey of the various influencing factors of health promotion behavior will be required and social support system for government-funded research institute's employee is needed.
The Effects of Individual Counseling for Bus-drivers to Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Secondary Data Analysis
Jung, Hye-Sun ; Eum, Mi-Jung ; Jang, Insun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 281~289
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.281
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects of individual counseling for bus-drivers on cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease prevention. Methods: The one-group pretest-posttest design was used. This study presents a secondary analysis of data collected in 'contents of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease prevention program for bus-drivers in one workplace in Seoul, Korea. The data were collected from 56 bus drivers, using questionnaires from September 10th to November 20th, 2014. The analysis was conducted with
test and paired samples t-test using SPSS/Win 21.0. Results: After the intervention, the participants showed a significant decrease in the level of systolic blood pressure (p=.003) and a significant increase in the total cholesterol level (p=.030). The distribution of cardiovascular risk groups changed after the intervention: 5.3% decreased in the high risk group, 16.1% decreased in the medium risk group, and 3.5% decreased in the low risk group, while 25.0% increased in the normal group. Conclusion: The comprehensive individual counseling including simple screening, tailored education and counseling is effective to manage their lifestyle risk factors, resulting in better maintenance of their health as well as preventing cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease.
The Effects of Emotional Labor and Job Involvement on Turnover Intention of Nurses in Long-term Care Hospitals
Kang, Su-Jeong ; Kwon, Suhye ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 290~301
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.290
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on turnover intention of nurses in long-term care hospitals. Methods: Data were collected from 210 nurses in 11 long-term care hospitals in B city. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and Stepwise multiple regression. Results: Turnover intention was significantly correlated with emotional labor(r=.35, p<.001) and job involvement (r=-.38, p<.001). In a multiple regression, emotional labor (
, p<.001), age (
, p<.001), job satisfaction (
, p<.001), job involvement (
, p<.001), and number of patients assigned(
, p=.009) were associated with turnover intention. These factors attributed to 41.2% of the total variance in turnover intention. Conclusion: Considering the results of this study, proactive educational and/or human resource management interventions need to be developed especially for those younger nurses in order to reduce emotional labor as well as to promote job satisfaction and job involvement of nurses in long-term care hospitals.
Influencing Factors on Presenteeism of Clinical Nurses
Yeom, Eun Yi ; Jeong, Gye Seon ; Kim, Kyoung Ah ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 302~312
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.302
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the influencing factors of job stress, self-efficacy, and organizational culture to presenteeism in clinical nurses. Methods: A descriptive correlation research design was used for the this study. The subjects were 245 nurses working at the hospital in S, A and C City, from August
2014. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA,
test, stepwise multiple regression by SPSS 21.0 program. Results: Job impairment indicated a significant positive relationship to job stress (p=.009), health problem (p<.001), and indicated significant negative relationship to self-efficacy (p<.001), innovative-oriented (p<.001), affiliative-oriented (p=.002), task-oriented (p=.026) in organizational culture. Significant factors of influencing to presenteeism were self-efficacy (p<.001,
), culture of task-oriented (p<.001,
) in organizational culture, and health problem (p=.002,
). Conclusion: Self-efficacy was defined as a variable to influence on presenteeism, and developing of strategies and program to strengthen self-efficacy and task-oriented of organizational culture in nursing is helpful to reduce the presenteeism of clinical nurses.
A Phenomenological Study on the Turnover Experience of Novice Nurses Working in General Hospital
Im, Bo-Mi ; Park, Jong-Min ; Kim, Mi-Jin ; Kim, Su-Yeon ; Maeng, Jeong-Ho ; Lee, Lu-Li ; Kang, Kyung-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 313~322
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.313
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify novice nurses' experience of turnover. Methods: Data were collected from June to August, 2014 through in-depth interview and E-mail. Twelve novice nurses with turnover experiences were selected through snowball sampling method. All interviews were recorded with MP3 recorder and transcribed for analyzing by Van Kaam method of phenomenology. Results: The results were divided into 4 categories, 20 themes, and 119 formulated meaning related to turnover experience. These four categories were 'Excessively heavy working environment', 'Relationship problem', 'Physical/emotional withdrawal', and 'Realizing the absence of goal in job'. Conclusion: The result of this study will offer anticipatory information to understand of novice nurses' difficulties and to prevent their turnover. And these findings can be used for nursing administrators to design a turnover prevention program more effectively for nurses.
Job Stress, Coping Type, and Job Satisfaction in Firefighters
Kim, Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 323~330
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.323
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate job stress, coping type, and job satisfaction in firefighters. Methods: It was a descriptive study, and 114 subjects were recruited during July to August, 2014. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA (Sheffe's test), and Pearson's correlation coefficient using SPSS/WIN 22.0. Results: The job stress level of subjects was 47.45, coping type was 2.38 and the level of subjects' job satisfaction was 2.97. The job satisfaction was very closely negatively correlated with the job stress (r=-.66, p<.001). Conclusion: These results may contribute to better understanding of stress degree, coping type, and job satisfaction in firefighters. Further follow-up study on firefighters is necessary to relieve their job stress and increase active coping type.
The Moderating Effects of Social Support between Emotional Labor and Job Satisfaction in Clinical Nurses
Han, Hye-Yul ; Lee, Ji-Young ; Jang, Insun ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 331~339
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.331
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effects of social support between emotional labor and job satisfaction in clinical nurses. Methods: Participants were 311 clinical nurses and data were collected from July 11th to 18th, 2014. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS 21.0. Results: The job satisfaction indicated a significant relationship to surface-acting (r=-.191, p=.001), deep-acting (r=.179, p=.002) and social support (r=.342, p<.001) respectively. Emotional labor significantly affected job satisfaction (F=11.592, p<.001), and explained 5.4% of the variance in job satisfaction. The social support acted as a moderator on the relationship between emotional labor and job satisfaction at significant level (F=11.416, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that it is important to develop social support promoting and stress relief program for clinical nurses to improve job satisfaction.
Analysis on Job Competencies of HIV Counseling Nurses
Han, Hye Ja ; Han, Jong Sook ; Lee, Mi Young ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 340~351
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.340
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the job competencies of HIV counseling nurses and to figure out the importance, level of difficulty, and performance frequency of the competencies. Methods: The job competencies were drawn from 22 HIV counseling nurses by developing new models and utilizing specialist groups. The importance, level of difficulty, and performance frequency of the competencies were analyzed using the average and deviation. Results: The results of this study identified 6 job competencies such as counseling performance, expertise utilization, cooperation, support, administration, and self-development, 28 sub-competencies, and 48 job descriptions. Out of the 6 job competencies, counseling performance recorded high levels in the importance, level of difficulty, and performance frequency. Conclusion: The study results will be used as the basic data of the training programs for strengthening the job competencies of HIV counseling nurses. Furthermore, it is expected that the results will contribute to the prevention of HIV/AIDS transmission, the core of the national HIV/AIDS control programmes, and the improved health and quality of life in people living with HIV.
Effects of Job Stress and Supervisory Support on Depression of Care Givers in Elderly Care Facilities
Hwang, Ju Hee ; Choi, Sungyeau ; Park, Hyunju ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 352~362
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.352
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of job stress and support from supervisors on depression of care givers in elderly care facilities. Methods: Subjects were 191 care givers working in elderly care facilities in K-Province in Korea. Data were collected from self-administered questionnaires. Descriptive statistics,
test, t-test, F-test, Pearson's and Spearman's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple logistic regression with dummy variables were used for statistical analysis of data. Results: Job stress measured with Korean Occupational Stress Scale was
. Emotional and instrumental support from supervisors were
, respectively. After controlling for general characteristics, job stress was significantly related to depression (OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.01~1.14). However, job stress became non-significant in the model that included instrumental support from supervisors. Not emotional but instrumental support from supervisors was significantly related to depression of care givers (OR: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.88~0.99). Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that job stress has negative effects and instrumental support from supervisors has protective effects on depression of care givers in elderly care facilities. Therefore, measures to increase instrumental support by supervisors should be developed to improve psychological health of care givers in elderly care facilities.
Influencing Factors on Health Promoting Lifestyle of Urban Bus Drivers in Small-sized Companies
Kim, Miju ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 363~371
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.363
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing health promoting lifestyle of urban bus driver in small-sized companies. Methods: This study included 118 urban bus drivers who completed questionnaires. The data were collected from 6 small-sized bus companies located in a metropolitan city, from January to February 2015. Analyses were done using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. SPSS/Win 18.0 was used. Results: The scores of HPLP of urban bus drivers were 2.7 (on a 4-point scale). Mean of HPLP sub-scores were self-fulfillment (
), interpersonal relationship (
), physical activity (
), health responsibility (
), healthy diet (
), and stress management (
). Among independent variables, job satisfaction and presence of religion were significantly related to health promoting lifestyle (explained 39.2%). Conclusions: This study revealed that there is a need to strengthen job satisfaction for urban bus drivers' health promoting lifestyle.
A Study on the Relationship between Fatigue Level, Job Stress and Quality of Life for Workers
Kim, Yunyoung ; Hyun, Hye-Sun ; Yoo, Jong Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 372~380
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.372
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to seek ways to improve the quality of life of workers by separating workers into the low fatigue group and the severe fatigue group depending on the level of fatigue level, and analyzing and understanding the difference between quality of life and job stress according to the fatigue level. Methods: For the 'Development of Mibyeong management system which was a consumer-directed health care service', the data of job stress, fatigue and quality of life was collected from 115 workers who visited the oriental hospitals located in J city and C city from Jul, 2012 to Dec, 2012. Results: The severe fatigue group showed significantly higher job stress than the low fatigue group in physical environment (p=.004), job demand (p<.001), interpersonal conflict (p=.012), lack of reward (p=.062). The severe fatigue group showed lower degrees both in physical component summary (PCS) (p<.001) and mental component summary (MCS) (p<.001) measured by SF-12 and the quality of life (p<.001) measured by EQ5D than the lower fatigue group. A relatively strong negative correlation was found in the item of mental component summary (MCS) measured by SF-12. Conclusion: Considering our results that high fatigue level show negative impact on quality of life and job stress, we suggest to provide a variety of health promotion strategies to improve the quality of life through the prevention and relief of fatigue for workers.
Intervention Model Development of Health Promotion for Women Workers in Traditional Marketplaces: Using Community based Participatory Action Research
Kim, Hee-Gerl ; Lee, Ryoun-Sook ; Hwang, Won Ju ;
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, volume 24, issue 4, 2015, Pages 381~391
DOI : 10.5807/kjohn.2015.24.4.381
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the intervention model development of health promotion for women workers working in the traditional marketplace, using community capacity building framework. Methods: Need assessment of the target population, work-related environment investigation, social network group building, and setting health management in the marketplace were performed. Then the interventions including cardiovascular health, musculoskeletal health, and psychological health were conducted. The results were evaluated using NCEP-ATP III(National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III), OWAS, and CES-D. Results: It was found that the intervention program for the vulnerable group in marketplace was appropriate, promoting the improvement of metabolic syndrome and the reduction of pain complaints. Therefore, the intervention framework for health promotion of women workers in the marketplace was developed. Work-related environment assessment also was included in the framework development. Several community capacity building strategies, including developing community resources and promoting partnership, making small social network group, and promoting program participation. Conclusion: It is suggested that occupational health nurses and professionals consider the appropriateness of intervention framework development after identifying the needs of women workers' work-related environmental problems.