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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 1968
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1968
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MICROSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS OF FAT TRANSLOCATION IN THE TISSUE OF YELLOW CORVENIA DURING SALTING AND DRYING
PYEUN Jae-Hyeung ; LEE Eung-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 63~71
Salted and dried yellow corvenia(Pseudosciaena manchurica), so called 'Gul-bi', is one of nation-widely consuming fish foo::ls. It is suitable for a long term preservation and its pro-duce is also a great deal on sea food processing in this country. The texture of 'Gul-bi', however, have often appeared to be a delicate factor for the quality of the product. The loss or dislocation of fat in the tissue of the fish resulted by salting and drying is believed to profoundly relate to the texture of product. In this paper, the tissue of yellow corvenia and movement of fat were microscopically observed before salting, immediately after salting, and after drying and the results observed in the tissues dry salted, brine salted, and brine salted with the addition of BHA were compared. The cross section of yellow corvenia muscle showed that a distinctive border by connective tissue between white and red muscle could not be seen in general, and red muscle was surrounded by hypodermic fatty tissues. In the tissue of fresh yellow corvenia, the fat was mainly distributed in hypodermic fat layer which located under the corium while rarely distributed in white muscle. It was found that some parts of the fat in the tissue were permeated into intermuscular tissue passing through the connective tissues during salting. The result Was the same in both dry-salting and brine-salting tissue. However, the fat translocated into intermuscular tissues disappeared during drying process in the salted without BHA tissues whereas in BHA added tissue. This result suggested that BHA may take a role of multiple effect in translocation of fat in tissues as well as in retarding oxidation. In an advanced stage of salted and dehydration, the muscle fibers were ajoined together and then limits between muscle fibers already became indistinguishable. And the migrated fat into intermuscular tissue aggregated around the connective tissue and are apt to gradually to flow out from the muscular system through these tissues.
THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHIC SEPARATION OF LEAF XANTHOPHYLLS
LEE Kang Ho ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 73~79
The resolving capacities of xanthophyll pigments on thin-layers of Silica Gel, Hyflo super-Cel, and Micro-Cel C with varying concentrations of acetone in petroleum ether as the developing solvent were compared. The results showed that the resolving capacity of Micro-Cel C thin-layer was superior to others and satisfactory for the separation of leaf carotenoids in clearly separated six bands; carotenes, lutein-zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin, violaxanthin, an unidentified band, and neoxanthin, when it was developed with
acetone-petroleum ether solution for 15 to 20minutes in an unsaturated chamber. Adhension of Micro-Cel C to glass was adequate without binder. Calcium sulfate used as a binder appeared to inactivate the resolving capacity of Micro-Cel C. Removing an about 0.2cm-wide layer on bo side of thin-layer slide helped to prevent 'edge effect' which gave tailing and faster solvent ascending along the side than the center. An adequate thickness of thin-layer was obtained when a 3 ml aliquot of the suspension in which l0g powdered Micro-Cel C was suspended in 75 ml distilled water was coated on a
THE MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSAY OF TRYPTOPHAN IN RED PORGY, PAGROSOMUS MAJOR
KIM Chang Yang ; LEE Hyun Ki ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 81~86
A porgy was divided into eight parts. After drying at low temperature and pulberizing it, the sample was hydrolyzed by
, under the pressure of
for 8 hours. Tryptophan was determined by means of microbiological assay, using Lactoba-cillus arabinosus 17-5. The result of experiments was as follows: The content of nitrogen of eight parts of the body amounted
in muscle being the highest of all,
in gill, and
in fin which was the lowest of the parts tested. The content of tryptophan per 1 gram nitrogen was 11.79mg in liver, which was the highest of all, 10.11mg in heart, 9.76mg in eyeball, 8.77mg in intestine, 6.28mg in muscle, 5.72mg in head, 4.03mg in gill 2.64mg in fin, and in that order.
A STUDY ON THE RAW MATERIAL OF FISH PASTE USING SHARK MEATS
PARK Dong Kun ; LEE Sang Kwan ; LEE Jae Byung ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 87~96
As the raw material of fish paste, the experiment on shark meats was conducted from July to December 1967 at the Fisheries Research and Development Agency, Pusan, Korea. The result and the conclusion obtained by the experiment are as follows. 1. Much salt-soluble protein was found in the shark meat comparing with to the other fish. 2. Deodorization of shark meat, using less than
of acetic acid was most preferable for the elasticity and flexibility of its product. 3. Keeping raw material at low temperature was necessary in maintaining its elasticity. 4. In setting shark fish paste, keeping the raw material at
for 40-70 minutes was the most desirable condition. 5. The best temperature and the duration of heating were 40-60 minutes at
, Meanwhile, heating at high temperature was preferable for the storage for a long period, but the elasticity and quality has decreased a little accordingly. 6. For the increase of its palatability, adding
of yellow corvenia meat or
sea eel meat were more preferable. 7. Pre ervation of the product for 20 days at
or 50 days at
was possible by adding
potassium sorbinate to the product as antiseptic.
ON THE VARIATION IN THE NUMBER OP VERTEBRAE OF ANCHOVY, ENGRAULIS JAPONICUS TEMMINCK ET SCHLEGEL, FROM THE SOUTH COAST OF KOREA
CHUN Chan-il ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 97~104
Some considerations were made concerning the variation in the number of vertebrae (except urostyle) of anchovies sampled from the south coast of Korea, mainly off the city of Chungmu. The some seasonal difference was evinced in the mean value of vertebrae of small sized fish only, and no other significant differences were observed such as for locality or fishing gears. It was concluded that the anchovies from the south coast of Korea might be devided into spring and summer hatching populations and that the seasonal variation in the number of vertebrae might be caused by the difference of water temperature during the spawning season.
AN OBSERVATION ON THE ROCK METHOD OYSTER CULTURE
CHOE Kyu Jung ; KOH Nam Pyo ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 105~113
The following experiments were carried out at rock method oyster field at Uduri, Dolsan-myon, Yeocheon-gun, Jeon-nam, Korea, in 1966. In this experiment, the settling rate of oyster at each exposure level and their growth rate were checked. 1. The settling rate of oyster spats was highest at 4 hour exposure level in the day-time during spring tide, and the growth rate became greater the lower stratum until 3 hours and 30 minutes exposure level. 2. Rocks applied at the place higher than 5 to 6 hour exposure level which amount 26 percents of applied rocks, were not utilized properly because the settling rate of spats and their growth rate were very bad. 3. For the future application of rocks for oyster culture, effort should be paid to instruct the oyster farmers to apply all rocks at proper exposure Ie el with bottom leveling and the rocks should be spaced properly for better barvest.
AN ATTEMPT TO IMPROVE TIDELANDS FOR MARINE BIVALVES (1) Soil textures and chemical properties of tidelands in Kyunggi Bay
LEE Choonkoo ; CHANG Nam Kee ; LEE Jung Jae ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 115~119
1. The basic investigations on soil textures, water holding capacity, pH, exchangeable calcium, and organic matter contents in four species bed were conducted in order to improve the natural flat for the bivalve beds. 2. It was statistically significant that there were differences in the soil textures among all beds of four species, D. japonica, C. sinensis, M. veneriformis, and T. philippin-arum. 3. There was no significant difference in water holding capacity, pH, and exchange-able calcium contents among different bivalve beds statistically, 4. It was highly significant that there were diffences in soil organic matter content among all groups of beds except that of D. japonica - C. sinensis. 5. It is considered that that soil textures and soil organic matter contents are most important factors to restrict the distribution of each species bivalve within a certain limited area of tidelands.
A STUDY ON THE FOOD EFFECT OF NON-EDIBLE MARINE ALGAE(Part 1: Test on the Food Value for Chicken)
PARK Won Ki ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 121~127
This research has been dealt with the nutritional component analysis of two kinds of non-edible marine algae, Sargassum herneri (Turner) C. Ag. and Zostera marina Linne which grow abundantly around the southern coast of Korea, These marine algae were mixed in several kinds of samples rates with the combined feed for poultry sold in the market. These were given to 35 chicken in seven test divisions respectively. We have experimented with 35 chicken grown up for two weeks after hatchout. The combined food for poultry obtained from the market was set up as control divisions. The experiments were as follows: 1) The average weight increase in each test division during feeding (Table 5, Fig.2). 2) Food conversion rate and food efficiency in each test division (Table 7). 3) The comparison of digestive rate of crude protein during feeding (Table 8), The results were as follows: 1) The weight increasing rate of the test animal stock fed the food containing
of Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Ag. powder was higher than the rate of those fed only market food for poultry. 2) The stock given food containing
Zostera marine powder showed lower growth than the control divison. 3) No apparent trouble owing to salt component involved in the marine algae was found. 4) The stock given food containing sodium glutaminate and Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Ag. had better result than that without sodium glutaminate.
COMPARISON OF INDICATING NET SHAPING
KO Kwan Soh ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 129~133
The writer reviewed the cutting method of webbing practiced in major countries. Cutting rhythm Bar cutting to Point Cutting) should be chosen to approach as straight as possible, therefore the knot cuttings or the side cuttings should be 1, if possile. According to calculation, an arbitrary solution to a mixed cutting was undertaken, while another cutting method, of calculation 5 and 6, was taken by a prepared table. In no case, it was consequently possible to use an unmixed cutting rhythm. Sometimes, the cutting calculated from approximate value differs from desired result, tut this defference should not be taken too significant in practice.
SELF-PREPARATION OF BATHYTHERMOGRAPH SMOKED-GLASS SLIDE
HUE Jong Soo ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 1, issue 2, 1968, Pages 135~137
Bathythermograph (B. T) has been coumonly used to obtain a records of water temperature in the depth of 270m from the surface. We have, however, experienced some difficulties in obtaining smoked or coated glass which is used for the bathythermograph in this region, Therefore I introduce a easy method of preparing the smoked-glass slide. Preparing method is as follows. 1. Glass slides must be cleaned by dipping into the concentrated solution of sodium hydroxide ana hydrochloric acid then rinsing with hot water and polishing with a clean gauge. 2. The cleaned slide is immersed in the wax solution for coating, and dried on the filter paper. The Wax solution is prepared as follow : 1g of white wax is dissolved in 200CC of benzol or 1g of lard is dissolved in 300CC of gasoline. 3. A slide held in a fingertip is smoked on the flame of alcohol lamp, or Meter burner. When alcohol lamp is used the fuel alcohol must contain 1/5 of benzol, and when Meker burner is used, the air intake must be blocked up. The smoking on the glass slide should be light and uniform, after smoking the slide is cooled down. 4. The smoked glass slide is again dipped into the wax solution using a fingertip and the excessive wax solution on the slide is absorbed on the filter paper and drain off. 5. Thus prepared smoked slide can be used for B.T.