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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 1978
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 1978
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 1978
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 1978
Selecting the target year
CHEMICAL OCEANOGRAPHIC ASPECT OF THE COLE WATER MASS IN OFFSHORE OF THE EAST COAST OF KOREA
PARK Chung Kil ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 49~54
The cold water mass appeared in offshore of the east coast of Korea in summer season was studied in aspect of chemical oceanography. Such a typical relationship between phosphate and dissolved oxygen as shown in the upwelling regions could not be found in the east coast except around the Kampo coast, southern part of the east coast. It is possible to isolate the North Korean Cold Water from tile proper water of tile Japan Sea by using
diagram. The origin of the cold water mass in offshore of the east coast of Korea in summer is not mainly due to the development of upwelling of the proper water of the Japan Sea but thesouthwardflolvingoftheNorthKoreanCold Water.
Seasonal Variation in Carragreenan Content and its Chemical Composition of Chandrus occellatus
KIM Soon-Seon ; PARK Yeung-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 55~64
The present investigations were carried out for the purpose of making clear the fundamental features of the seasonal variations in carrageenan content and its chemical composition. The samples, Chondrus ocellatus, were collected every month from the same locality on the coast of Haewundae from March, 1975 to February, 1976, and analyzed monthly to determine their carrageenan content, sulphate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose over a year period. En addition, some chemical characteristics were also tested on the fractions separated by the different concentrations of potassium chloride. In seasonal variation, the maximum carrageenan content occurred from summer through autumn, and the minimum in winter, especially in February. It is noted in the seasonal variations of the sulphate content of total carrageenan and three fractions that the maximums appreared in October and minimums in february. With seasonal variations of percent 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose of total carrageenan and three fractions, maximum values occur in June and minimum values in December. Seasonal variations in sulphate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose contents of the three fractions were on the whole similar in mode of variation, and there could be no substancial differences. Seeing seasonal variations in the sulphate and 3,6-anhydro-D-galactose contents of three fractions, carrageenan extracted from the algae gathered in spring shelved higher portion of fraction I than that gathered in autumn. In these respects, it seems that a more weakly gelling k-carrageenan exists in the spring than in the autumn.
THE TASTE COMPOUNDS OF BROILED DRIED SEA MUSSELS
RYU Byeong-Ho ; LEE Eung-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 65~83
This study was attempted to evaluate the taste of broiled-dried sea mussel which is a traditional dried Sea food in Korea. The contents of such compounds as free amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds, TMAO, betaine, and nonvolatile organic acids were analysed. From the results of analysis of nucleotides, the contents of AMP and ADP in broiled-dried Mytilus coruscus and Mytilus edulis appeared higher than other nucleotides and tended to increase slightly after cooking, drying, and storage which might be due to both their stability and the addition of degradation of nucleic acids during cooking. In the free amino acid composition of fresh samples abundant amino were taurine, glycine, serine, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, threonine, tyrosine, lysine and valine in order. Such amino acids as histidine, leucine, methionine and isoleucine were poor and both proline and phenylalanine were merely trace. The free amino acid composition in the extract of Mytilus corucus and Mytilus edulis after broil-drying was not changed. These amino acids, taurine, glycine, feline, glutamic acid, alanine and arginine were abundant in dried samples as well as in the fresh. The total free amino acid was greatly reduced after cooking and drying ranging from
loss to that of tile fresh. The content of betaine shelved the same tendency as in total free amino acid while TMA slightly increased relating to TMAO decrease during broil-frying. Such nonvolatile organic acids as succinic, lactic, malic and fumaric acid were abundant in both fresh and broiled-dried samples whereas oxalic and pyruvic acid were poor. It is found that the taste compounds of broiled-dried Mytilus coruscus and Mytilus edulis were composed of amino acids as glycine, serine, alanine, glutamic acid, arginine, and betaine, TMAO, ADP, AMP, and organic acids such as succinic acid, lactic acid, malic acid and fumaric acid. No significant differences in the taste compounds between male and female as well as between Mytilus coruscus and Mytilus edulis was not observed.
STUDIES ON THE EXTRACTION OF SEA WEED PROTEINS 3. Extraction of NaOH Soluble Proteins
LEE Kang-Ho ; WOO Soon-Im ; RYU Hong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 85~90
In present study, the effect of various factors including the solvent concentration, extraction time, extraction temperature and the ratio of sample vs extraction solvent(w/v) upon the extractability of the NaOH soluble proteins of marine algae were investigated. Seven species of sun-dried algae, the major ones in consumption as food, namely Porphyra suborbiculata, Undaria pinnatifida(natural and cultivated), Sargassum fulvellum, Sargassum kjellmanianum, Ulva pertusa, Enteromorpha linza and Codium coarctatum were used for the extraction of the NaOH soluble protein. The frozen and masceratd samples were prepared by the same mettled described in previous paper(Lee, 1977). In case of the TCA insoluble protein, all samples reached maxima at 0.025M NaOH solution while the 0.05M for extractable total nitrogen. Variation of the ratio of sample vs solvent gave slight effect upon the extractability, 100 ml solvent added to 1 g dried sample was effective. The effect of extraction time on the extractability differed from species. The extractabilty of Enteromorpha linza, Ulva pertusa and Codium coarctatum reached maxima within 1 hour extraction and 2 hours for the cultivated Undaria pinnatifida while 3 flours for the natural Undaria pinnatifida, Sargassum fulvellum, Sargassum kjellmanianum and Porphyra suborbiculata. The most effective extraction temperature was
for all samples.
STUDIES ON FREEZING OF THE ABALONE 2. Histological Changes by Freezing
SONG Dae-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 91~95
Histological changes of the abalone muscle occurring in the process of freezing as well as thawing were investigated, and its results were compared to the histological structure of fresh muscle. The muscles of the abalone were mainly composed of smooth muscle fibres, and its morphological structures is similar to those of the top shell. Mechanical damgage of the muscle fibres caused by freezing were not observed while a number of small ice crystals were found between the muscle fibres. The damage by thawing was not much remakable compare to the destruction of muscle fibres of fish.
The Sterol Composition of Styela clava
JOH Yong Goe ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 97~101
SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF CHLORIDE, CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM ION CONCENTRATIONS IN NAGDONG RIVER WATER AT MUL GEUM INTAKE STATION OF BUSAN CITY WATER FROM MARCH 1974 TO MARCH 1975
WON Jong Hun ; YANG Han Serb ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 103~109
The contents of chloride ion, calcium and magnesium in Nagdong River water were determined at Mul Geum where the intake station for Busan city water is located. Samples were taken in spring and neap tides of every month from March 1914 to March 1975. The range and mean values of the chloride ion and total hardness were 5.12-39.4ppm, 11.9ppm; 27.8-70.8ppm, 49.5ppm respectively from March 1974 to January 1975. The highest values were found in the period of the widest tidal range of a year, from February 9 to March 9 in 1975, such as tile ranges and means of chloride ion and total hardness were 10.8-876 ppm, 89.8ppm : 48.0-407ppm, 89.9ppm. On several days of this period those concentrations were over the criteria of drinking water, 150 ppm in chloride and 300ppm in total hardness. Chloride ion concentration was increased with increasing of water level of the Nagdong River at Mul Geum. The patterns of the variations of tide level were similar to that of water level with delay of 2.5 hours in spring tides and 3 hours in neap tides.
ON THE GONYAULAX RED TIDE IN JINHAE BAY
CHO Chang Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 111~114
The red tide that occurred in Jinhae Bay in the middle of July, 1977 was caused by the microscopic dinoflagellate, Gonyaulax sp. , which is very similar to G. catenella. The cell is round, dorsoventrally flat and transdiameter is about
. Many cells are chained. Dark brown, band and streak-like patches were formed in the surface water. A great deal of jelly fishes, Chrysaora quinquecirrha and Aurelia aurita, appeared in the red tide area and its surrounding waters. The number of cells was high, being
and among them Gonyaulax sp., predominant species, was
in maximum. Transparency was less than 1 m in patches. In the surface water, temperature was
and dissolved oxygen
during daytime. Red tide stayed for a week. Some oysters were found damaged after the extinction of the red tide but their interrelationship was not found.
BIOASSAY STUDY OF EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF MACTRA CHINENSIS PHILIPPI FOR THE WATER QUALITY EVALUATION OF THE COASTAL WATERS OF BUSAN
LEE Taek Yuil ; SON Young Won ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 11, issue 2, 1978, Pages 115~121
Early developmental stages of Mactra chinensis were bioassayied to determin the water quality of the costal waters of Busan. The water samples were obtained at 12 stations from July 12 to July 17, 1977. Water quality evaluation was made in terms of the rates of normal development to abnormal development in three indicatory states, i. e. fertilization membrane formation, morula and trochophore larvae. The pollution degree of the waters brought from five swimming beaches was found to be highest at Haewundae followed by Songdo, Kwang-anri, Songjeong and Dadaepo with decreasing order. The highest value of the water at Haewundae was mainly due to the accidental oil spill from an oil tanker which happened on July 7, 1977. At Dongsamdong the rate of total abnormal development was
. This result is apparently attributable to fish byproducts discarded from a number of restaurants. At Chungmudong where a large fish-market is located, the rate of total abnormal development was
. At Suyeng Bay and Yongho Bay the rates of total abnormal development were
respectively. At these bays the drainage presumably contains a large amount of chemical pollutants from the industrial areas. This result shows that no organisms can normally breed in these regions.