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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 40, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Chemical Composition and Rheological Properties of Deproteinated Porphyran
Koo, Jae-Geun ; Park, Byung-Chun ; Kim, Byung-Gi ; Kim, Hyun-Ae ; Ryu, Chung-Hee ; Kim, Sun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.001
The chemical and rheological properties of deproteinated porphyrans from laver Porphyra yezoensis were investigated to obtain basic data for the production of food materials with biological functionality. Deproteinated porphyran was prepared by acid extraction (pH 4.0,
, 4 hr) and successive hydrolysis with 0.5% Alcalase and 0.5% Flavourzyme. The porphyran constituted 10.7% of the dry laver and consisted of 0.6% protein, 14.8% ester sulfate, 3.2% 6-O-methyl galactose, 16.0% 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose, and 67.3% galactose. The effects of concentration and temperature on the apparent viscosity were examined by applying the power law and Arrhenius equations. The porphyran solution showed the typical behavior of a pseudoplastic liquid and the flow behavior index decreased with increasing concentration. The activation energy of the deproteinated porphyran solution at a 1,000 L/s shear rate also increased from
mol with the concentration.
Selecting the Optimal Microalgal Species for Culturing the Brackish Water Copepod Paracyclopina nana
Min, Byeong-Hee ; Park, Heum-Gi ; Lee, Kyun-Woo ; Hur, Sung-Bum ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 8~15
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.008
This study selected the optimal microalgal species for mass culture of a brackish water copepod Paracyclopina nana. Fifteen microalgal species were tested to examine nauplius production and the survival and maturation of brood females. Total and daily nauplius production were highest in P. nana fed Tetraselmis suecica followed Isochrysis galbana, Dunaliella tertiolecta, and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. With a monospecific microalgal diet, the total density was highest with P. nana fed I. galbana, at 63.3 inds./mL. With a mixed microalgal diet, the total density of P. nana fed T. suecica+I. galbana was higher than that fed other mixed diets, although there was no difference between a monospecific diet of I. galbana and a mixed diet of T. suecica+I. galbana. Examining the fatty acid composition of P. nana, the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) was highest in P. nana fed T. suecica at 5.4% while the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content was highest I. galbana diet at 31.9%. Although no DHA was detected in T. suecica, P. nana fed this microalgal species had a high DHA composition of 24.3%. We suggest that the optimal microalgal species for the mass culture of P. nana is T. suecica which is easy to culture on masse and has a high linolenic acid content.
Risk Assessment of Nonylphenol using Sex Ratio, Sexual Maturation, Intersex and Lipofuscin Accumulation of the Equilateral Venus Gomphina veneriformis (Bivalvia: Veneridae)
Lee, Jung-Sick ; Park, Jung-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 16~23
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.016
Nonylphenol (NP) is an estrogen-mimicking compound or xenoestrogen. This study investigated the effects of nonylphenol on the reproductive status of the equilateral venus Gomphina veneriformis. The experiment lasted 24 weeks, Experimental groups consisted of a control and three nonylphenol exposures (
). Mortality did not differ significantly between the control and the exposure groups. The sex ratio (F:M) was 1:1 in nature and 1:1.03 in the control group. However, it changed to 1:3.5 with
exposure. Gonad maturity in females was higher in the nonylphenol exposure groups than in the control group. By contrast, in males, it was lower in the nonylphenol exposure groups. Intersex individuals constituted 0% in nature, 3.08% in the control group, and 23.6% in the group exposed to nonylphenol, with female characteristics more prevalent than male. As the concentration of nonylphenol increased, the accumulation of lipofuscin increased in the mid-gut gland.
Fish Reproduction Potential Indices in the Coastal and Offshore Ecosystems in Korea
Lee, Sun-Kil ; Lee, Jae-Bong ; Zhang, Chang-Ik ; Lee, Dong-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 24~30
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.024
We developed an ecosystem indicator (EI) for the coastal and offshore areas of Korean waters. One of the major scientific challenges of this undertaking was to translate broad policy statements for ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) into practical terms. Fish reproduction potential (FRP) was defined as an EI to describe the reproductive probability of adult fisheries resources in Korean waters. The FRP was estimated as the ratio of adult fish composition to total catch, catches (in metric tons) by species and by ecosystem, and fishery effort (in horse power per metric ton). The FRP indices of the East/japan Sea Ecosystem (EJSE), Yellow Sea Ecosystem (YSE), and East China Sea Ecosystem (ECSE) began to decrease after the mid-1980s, and the current indices have decreased further, at 0.63 (EJSE), 1.22 (YSE), and 0.68 (ECSE) index points compared to the indices of 1975, when similar catch amounts were recorded. Lower FRPs in the Korean marine ecosystems were the result of higher proportion of immature fisheries resources in the total catch. Because this kind of ecosystem-level indicator is thought to reflect scientific approaches to EBFM and to provide an important tool for assessing the current status of marine ecosystems with respect to both quantity and quality, more EIs should be developed for Korean waters.
Numerical Analysis of the Flow Field around Artificial Reefs
Jeong, Chil-Hoon ; Kim, Heon-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.031
This study investigated the fluid force acting on an artificial reef and the scour pattern at the bottom of the artificial reef in a steady-flow field using the finite difference method (Flow-3D). The structure was tetragonal in shape, like similar objects found in nature. The numerical analysis showed that the hydrodynamic characteristics and incipient scouring pattern matched natural phenomena. The velocity distribution around the tetragon was symmetric and wake occurred inside the tetragon and behind the bottom of the tetragon. The length of the recirculation flow behind the tetragon for each velocity was about 4-5 cm and the magnitude of the recirculation flow inside the tetragon generally increased with the Reynolds' number, although it decreased slightly for Reynolds' numbers from 11,000 to 12,000. In addition, the total fluid force acting on the tetragon increased with the inflow velocity, although the increment was smaller when the velocity exceed 18 cm/sec. The incipient pattern for the scouring of sediment matched the natural phenomenon.
Use of n Mathematical Model to Assess the Effects of Dissolved Organic Phosphorus on Species Competition Among the Dinoflagellates Alexandrium tamarense and Gymnodinium catenatum and the Diatom Skeletonema costatum
Oh, Seok-Jin ; Yang, Han-Soeb ; Yamamoto, Tamiji ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.039
Species competition among the toxic dinoflagellates Alexandrium tamarense and Gymnodinium catenatum and the diatom Skeletonema costatum was simulated using a mathematical model. Prior to the model simulation competition experiments using the three species were conducted to obtain data for validation by the simulation model. S. costatum dominated at a density of
compared to the other species in the medium with dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP). The growth of S. costatum was also stimulated by the addition of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP), such as uridine-5-monophosphate (UMP) or glycerophosphate (Glycero-P), although this species is unable to take up DOP. This implies that the growth of S. costatum may be supported by DIP, which is hydrolyzed by alkaline phosphatase produced from A. tamarense and G. catenatum. The species competition model was run assuming the environmental conditions of northern Hiroshima Bay, Japan, during spring and summer. G. catenatum increased in cell density and neared the level of S. costatum at the end of the calculation. In the sensitivity analyses by means of doubling and halving parameters, depleted DIP had little effect on the cell density of G. catenatum. However the growth of A. tamarense and S. costatum was significantly affected by changes in the parameter values. These results indicate that if DIP depletion is ongoing, species that have a large phosphate pool in their cells, such as G. catenatum, will predominate in the community.
Growth Estimation of 0-Aged Blue Spot Mudskipper Boleophthalmus pectinirostris Using Length Frequency Data
Kim, Jin-Koo ; Jeong, Sun-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 50~52
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.050
The growth of young-of-the-year blue spot mudskipper, Boleophthalmus pectinirostris, was investigated using length-frequency data for 395 individuals collected from a mud flat in southwestern Korea between August and October 2001. Three cohorts were separated by the Bhattacharya method. In October, individuals of cohort-I reached 98 mm in total length, whereas those of cohort-III reached just 66 mm. Each cohort reached hibernation in November, that could be related to the ring formation in the following year.
Seasonal Variation in Shrimp Communities in the Southern Coast of Korea
Kim, Jong-Bin ; Cnoi, Jung-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 40, issue 1, 2007, Pages 53~57
DOI : 10.5657/kfas.2007.40.1.053
We examined seasonal variation In the abundance and species composition of shrimp communities in Doam Bay and around Naro-do, Korea. Samples were collected monthly from March 2001 to February 2002 (Doam Bay) and from December 2000 to November 2001 (Naro-do) usinga beam trawl. A total of 19 shrimp species representing eight families were collected from Doam Bay. The dominant species were Exopalaemon carinicauda, Trachysalambria curvirostris, Parapenaeopsis tenella and Crangon hakodatei, which accounted for 92.6% of individuals and 92.8% of biomass. In the Naro-do area, a total of 18 shrimp species representing eight families were collected. The dominant species were C. hakodatei and P. tenella, which accounted for 78.6% of individuals. Exopalaemon carinicauda, T. curvirostris, P. tenella, C. hakodatei and Metapenaeus joyneri accounted for 89.6% of biomass. In each season, the pattern of species appearances differed in the two areas.