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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 3_4 - Dec 1973
Volume 6, Issue 1_2 - Jun 1973
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BACTERIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON MARKET SEA FOODS 1. Sanitary Indicative Bacteria in Sundried Sea Foods.
CHANG Dong-Suck ; CHOE Wi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 6, issue 3_4, 1973, Pages 87~91
This study was conducted to evaluate the sanitary quality of sun dried sea foods being distributed in the markets located in Busan city. Twenty one kinds of sun dried sea foods, 9 kinds of fish and shellfish, 5 kinds of mollusca and 7 kinds of seaweed were examined during the Period from September to December in 1970. For the evaluation of sanitary contents of sanitary indicative bacteria such as coliform group, fecal coliform, fecal streptococci and enterococci, and plate counts were determined. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Through out all the samples examined, the numbers of fecal streptococci and enterocccci were much greater than those of coliform group and fecal coliform. 2. Generally, the contents of enterococci exceeded MPN of 1,000 per 100 grams through all samples examined, while fecal coliform MPN'S were less than 18. 3. The median value of coliform group MPN was 78 and those of fecal streptococci MPN was 3,300 per 100 grams, The median value of the plate counts was
per gram, 4. Bacterial densities of the foods which had many chances to come into contact with hands were much higher than those of other foods which had not. 5. The bacterial contamination rate of seaweed was much lower than those of fish and shellfish. 6. No correlation between the numbers of sanitary indicative bacteria and plate counts was observed.
BACTERIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON MARKET SEA FOODS 2. Sanitary Indicative Bacteria in Slices of Raw Fish
CHANG Dong-Suck ; CHOE Wi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 6, issue 3_4, 1973, Pages 92~96
This examination was carried out to evaluate the sanitary quality of slices of raw fish being served in the restaurants. Twenty five kinds of slices of raw fish collected from various restaurants in Busan Korea were examined during the period from March to May in 1971. As the evaluation factors of sanitary quality, the contents of sanitary indicative bacteria such as coliform group, fecal coliform, feral streptococci and enterococci and plate counts were determined. The results obtained are as in below: 1. The numbers of fecal streptococci and enterococci MPN were much greater than those of coliform group and fecal coliform. 2. The median value of coliform group MPN was 3,300 per 100 grams of the sample examined and those of enterococci was 5,400. The median value of plate counts was
per gram. 3. Fifty-two percent of the samples examined were exceeded fecal coliform MPN 930 per 100 grams. 4. As a sanitary indicative bacteria fecal coliform MPN was more reasonable than enterococci 5. The grade of restaurants was not correlated with the bacterial quality of the foods served. 6. No correlation between the numbers of sanitary indicative bacteria ana plate counts was observed.
NON-ENZYMATIC BROWNING REACTIONS IN DRIED SQUID STORED AT DIFFERENT WATER ACTIVITIES
CHOI Ho-Yeon ; KIM Mu-Nam ; LEE Kang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 6, issue 3_4, 1973, Pages 97~100
In the previous work(Kim et al, 1973), the quality of sun-dried Alaska pollack, Theragra chalch-ogramma, was discussed in the aspect of non-enzymatic discoloration as a function of relative humidity during storage at room temperature(
). In this paper, sun-dried squid, Ommastrephes steam pacificus was investigated at the same aspect mentioned above. Fresh squid from the whole sale market was dressed, filleted, dried for 48 hours in the open air and finally stored in the humidistat chamber. Lipid oxidation ana development of non-enzymatic browning were tested by the same methods described in the previous paper. The TBA value showed a maximum peak on 30 day storage, hereafter tended to decrease gradually. The rate of browning, however, in water soluble fraction as well as in chloroform-methanol fraction was lower at 0.34 to 0.45 water activity than at any other case, and propagation of lipid oxidation was also diminished at the above level of water activity. From the results, it is recognized that storage at Aw=0.34 to 0.45 provides higher quality stability for sun-dried squid.
STUDIES ON FREEZING OF ABALONE (1) Effects of Freezing Rate on the Qualify of Frozen Abalone
SONG Dae-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 6, issue 3_4, 1973, Pages 101~111
To study the effect of freezing rate on the duality of frozen abalone(Haliotis gigantea, GMELIN) liquid nitrogen spray freezing, air blast freezing, semi-air blast freezing, and still air freezing were carried out. The rheological change, protein denaturation, and free water content of frozen and thawed abalone were examined at the period of 0, 1, 2, and 3 month during cold Storage at
. The results are summarized as follows : 1. The onset and duration of rigor mortis of fresh abalone was faster and shorter as compared to that of fishes. 2. There was no difference in compression value and shear value between freezing methods but they varied with a slight decrease in storage period. 3. Gradual decrease in extractibility of salt soluble protein was observed in all samples except those frozen with liquid nitrogen. 4. The free water of the foot muscle remained constant during the storage while that of the adductor muscle tended to increase. 5. A significant correlation was observed among the changes of panel texture and free water (P< 0.01), protein denaturation (P<0.05), and compression value (P<0.01).
LIFE CYCLE AND CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC CONTROL OF A FILARIAN WORM, PHILOMETROIDES CARASSII PARASITIC IN CARASSIUS AURATUS
OUK Dae-Han ; CHUN Seh-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 6, issue 3_4, 1973, Pages 112~122
Philometroides carassii (ISHII, 1931) is a parasitic nematode of Carassius auratus and gold fish. Recently a large number of parasitized fishes by this nematode have been reported by fish farmers in Korea. The present investigation was aimed to find out the life cycles of the parasites and effects of chemotherapeutic medicines on the emerged larvae from the adult parasites. Results of the study are summarized as follows : 1. Intermediate host of p. cararsii is a freshwater copepod, Cyclops sp. and the invaded lavae in the body cavity of copepod are capable for parasitizing the fish host after 3 hours of invasion. 2. The lavae eaten directly by the fish host are digested or excreted. 3. The larvae invaded in the fish intestine through the intermediate host pass into the body cavity in 1 to 10 days, and become subadult stage. After 18 to 20 months the subadults parasitic in the body cavity of the Carassius auratus, penetrate through muscle fissile into tile caudal fin where they become adults. Whereas those parasitic in the body cavity of the gold fish, 7 to 8 months the sutadults penetrate through muscle tissue into the caudal fin where they become adults. 1. Male subadults found in the body cavity of the Carassius auratus and gold fish, were larger than females, This is the first record of male subadults occurring in the fish host. 5. Among four different :drugs tested, most of all larvae died in 4 ppm of dipterex in 5 days. But no adults were harmed even in 6 ppm dipterex in 11 days.
SOME BENTHIC POLYCHAETOUS ANNELIDS FROM THE YELLOW SEA
PAIK Eui-In ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 6, issue 3_4, 1973, Pages 123~131