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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1974
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1974
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1974
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1974
Selecting the target year
STUDIES ON THE VARIATION OF MICROFLORA DURING THE FERMENTATION OF ANCHOVY, ENGRAULIS JAPONICA
LEE Jong-Gap ; CHOE Wi-Kyune ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 7, issue 3, 1974, Pages 105~114
Identification and change of microflora during the fermentation of anchovy Engraulis japonica, under the halophilic circumstance were investigated. The change of salinity and pH in meat and juice which decide the environment for microorganism and decomposition of nitrogenous compound which functions as a nutrient source were also discussed by measuring the content of total-N, amino-N, nonprotein-N, TMA and VBN, The fresh anchovy was mixed with rock salt (20 percent w/w) and stocked for six months. Through the fermentation lag phase of viable cells extended for 20 days that was obviously larger compared with other circumstances, hereafter increased to reach the maximum value of
total count per gram at 35 day stock. The stationary phase proceeded for 25 days. 540 strains were isolated and among them 11 genus of bacteria, 3 genus of yeasts, were identified and other 2 yeast strains of unidentified. At the initial stage of fermentation, Pseudomonas, and Helobacterium prevalently grew, at the middle stage, they disappeared rapidly and Pediococcus and yeasts completely dominated, where they are assumed to get directly involved with fermentation of fish, The PH value tended to decrease in the progress of fermentation and at 100 day stock it showed the minimum value of 5.5 to 5.6 in both meat and juice. The highest salinity of meat decreased to 18 percent, while in juice it decreased to 28 percent since 50 days stock. The content of total-N in meat gradually decreased to 2.8 percent, while in juice it increased to 2.3 percent at 100 day stock, However nonprotein-N was 1.8 percent and amino-N was 1.1 Percent. Since 100 days stock, the increasing rate of amino-M is too low it could be judged to entered the final stage of fermentation, In the first 20 days stock, the increase of VBN and TMA can be explained by the growth of putrefactive bacteria such as pseudomonas on the meat before salts penetrate into the fish meat, while reincrement after 100 days stock, is explained by decomposition of free amino acid due to the reactions of bacteria and enzymes.
CHANGES OE DIMETHYLAMINE (DMA) CONTENT IN FISH MUSCLE DURING HEAT PROCESSING
Ryu Byeong-Ho ; LEE Jong-Chul ; LEE Eung-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 7, issue 3, 1974, Pages 115~120
Secondary amines are known as one of the precursors of nitrosamines which are potent carcinogenic compounds of man and animals. Nitrosamines are formed when both secondary amines and nitrite are present. The nitrites are occurred naturally in vegetables, fruits and many others, and frequently used in fish product as a color fixative or a preservative. In this paper, to know the formation of nitrosamines in fish meat, the changes of dimethylamine (DMA) content during the heat treatment such as drying, roasting and fish cake processing are discussed. The results showed that generally DMA increased considerably during heat processing. During drying, DMA in cuttle fish increased 16 times higher, while in Alaska pollack doubled than the fresh. In the roasted mackerel, the DMA content appeared 6 times higher than the fresh, while 9 times higher in canning. In fish cake from yellow corvenia, DMA increased 4 times higher than the fresh. On the contrary diethylamine and diphenylamine were not found in this experiment.
ON THE EXTERMINATION OF POLYCLADS -Calcium hypochlorite(
) treatment in the period of high water temperature-
YANG Han-Choon ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 7, issue 3, 1974, Pages 121~125
Polyclads (Stylochus ijimai and Pseudostylochus obscurus) which damage oyster were treated with calcium hypochlorite to determine the TLm concentration. In this experiment the TLm and the extermination density as well as the growth of the oyster after the treatment were checked with following results: The higher the temperature and the longer the period of the treatment is, the lower the TLm is. The greater the concentration of sea water is, the higher TLm is because of the weakened action of calcium hypochlorite. When the oyster is treated by calcium hypochlorite at the oyster farm, its extermination concentration is 2.4-7.1 times higher than that of TLm in fresh water. The growth rate was not affected after the treatment.
MORPHOLOGICAL VIEW ON BIG INDIVIDUALS APPEARED IN THE SAME AGE GROUP OF ZOEA LARVA, MACROBRACHIUM JAPONICUM (DE HAAN)
KWON Chin Soo ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 7, issue 3, 1974, Pages 126~144
Adult female prawn, Macrobrachium japonicum, which used for this work were collected at the river Simanto, Shikoku in Japan, and removed in the laboratory. Newly hatched larvae from an adult reared in circulation-filtered aquaria, which is controlled under the conditions of water temperature
Cl, pH 8.0-8.1, illumination 3000 lux, and fed on Artemia salina nauplius sufficielltly For a period of rearing of zoea larvae, big individuals-individual varying bodies, comparing with standard bodies in the same aged individual group, are occasionally appeared from fifth zoea larva stage, and occurence of it be tempted to relate with the factor of trophic condition. This paper was dealt with a comparative morphological view on big individuals, comparing with standard type in the same aged group, to solve the problem on (1). the existence or nonexistence of stages which it is easier to occurence of big individuals, (2). the rate of development in several appendages of an individual, and (3). a happening of skipping whether it certainly occur or not, during newly hatched zoea larvae develop to post larva stage. The results of the above are as follow: (1). the stages which is easier to occur of big individuals are fifth and seventh stage in this species, (2). even same individual, development of several appendages differs more or less on the rate of growth in accordance with its parts, (3). Evidence which skipping phenomenon is occured, during development through zoea larvae to post larvae, couldn't confirm.
SANITARY SURVEY OF SHELLFISH GROWING AREA ON WEST FOWL RIVER ESTUARY, MOBILE, ALABAMA
KIM Seong Jun ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 7, issue 3, 1974, Pages 145~162
DEGRADATION OF NUCLEOTIDES IN THE MUSCLE OF SEA MUSSEL DURING DRYING
PARK Yeung-Ho ; PARK Hwa-Sool ; LEE Eung-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 7, issue 3, 1974, Pages 163~168
The present paper deals with the degradation of nucleotides in the muscle of sea mussel, Mytilus edulis, during drying. Three kinds of samples, raw, hot-air dried, and steamed-and-hot air dried were prepared and the contents of nucleotides were determined by ion exchange chromatography on columns of Dowex 1, X8. ATP and ADP were dominant in the raw muscle showed about
, dry basis, respectively. The rate of degadation of ATP was very slow during drying compared with those of fish. The accumulation of ADP and AMP were observed during drying and the amount of total nucleotides (ATP+ADP+AMP) were not decreased remarkably by drying process. IMP was not detected in the all of the samples examined, however, the contents of inosine and hypoxanthine were increased during drying. In case of inosine contents, the hot-air dried sample marked an exceedingly high value equivalent to 8 times of the raw sample whereas steamed-and-hot air dried sample showed 2 times of raw samples.
CONCENTRATIONS OF MERCURY, CADMIUM, LEAD AND CUPPER IN THE SURROUNDING SEAWATER AND IN SEAWEEDS, UNDARIA PINNNATIFIDA AND SARGASSUM FULVELLUM, FROM SUYEONG BAY IN BUSAN
KIM Chang Yang ; WON Jong Hun ;
Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, volume 7, issue 3, 1974, Pages 169~178
Concentrations of mercury, cadmium, lead and copper are determined in the surrounding seawater and in seaweeds, Undarta pinnatifida and Sargassun fulvellum, from Suyeong Bay in Busan in the spring tide and neap tide from January to April 1974. The range and mean of the heavy metal concentrations in the surrounding seawater are as follows : mercury 0.00-0.39 ppb, 0. 16ppb; cadmium 0.00-0.46 ppb, 0.18 ppb, lead 0.00-0.94 ppb, 0.26 ppb : copper 0.00-0.86 ppb, 0.25 ppb respectively, and the concentrations varied slightly according to the tide. The mean values of concentration rate of Hg, Cd, Pb and Cu in air dry base were
in the Undaria pinnatifida, and
in the Sargassun fulvellum. The concentration rate of Hg, Cd and Pb of the Undaria pinnatifida was almost twice as much as that of the Sargassun fulvellum but the concentration rate of copper of the former was slightly smaller than of the latter.