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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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Korean Society For Library And Information Science
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Volume 13 - Dec 1986
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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF FORMATION OF LETTERS AS COMMUNICATION MEDIA IN LIBRARY CIRCUMSTANCES
KIM Se-Ick ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 13, 1986, Pages 3~37
The language is one of the most important inventions in the human society, and it can be preserved as a form of book which is printed or written by letters. So, the language and letter can be basic factors in the library as communication media. Moreover, when we regard all of library activities as a communication, the study of the language and letter which is the origin of communication media can be a good research method of library history. For this reason, the present study deals with formation of three representative ancient letters, i.e. Hieroglyph, Cuneiform Script, and Chinese character with their relations.
Theory and practice of the interlibrary loan service
Chun Myung Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 13, 1986, Pages 39~71
Interlibrary loan has been a very common library service in the developed countries but it is yet to be actualized formerly in Korea. As Korea is moving toward an information society where all the individual user's request in the library should be met, we need to understand, in detail, the theory and practice of interlibrary loan service. As various information technology has been applied to the libraries, the libraries became the open system. Thus, the libraries become more cooperative, form networks, and make interlibrary loan service available. This study is based on the following three hypothesis formulated from the systems theory. 1. If libraries cooperate each other and form some kind of networks by mail, computers or telecommunications, they become the open system. 2. If a library develops as the open system, interlibrary loan becomes available in the library. 3. If the interlibrary loan system works, the role of the librarians will be changed. The research was carried out by analyzing the various studies about interlibrary loan service and by examining the interlibrary loan systerns presently working in the U.S.. The conclusions are reached deductively from the data. Some of the terminology used are defined as follows: System: a network of interrelated procedures that are joined together to perform an activity or to accomplish a specific objective. It is, in effect, all the ingredient which make up the whole. Cooperation: Working together to benefit participant libraries. Network: a much more structured type of cooperation in which definite regions or areas are connected by electronic or other means to promote interlibrary loaning of materials, in-service traing & other sharing of resources. Interlibrary loan: the lending of books between libraries. The model of cooperation or networks was used to be (1) a star type, (2) a hieranchical type, (3) a distributed type or (4) the combination of aforementioned three. However, the development of the telecommunications and computers enables all kinds of libraires cooperate together. Interlibrary loan service starts with the needs of user's information. The information have to be logically accessed through bibliographies, computers, electronic mails and satellite communications. And the logical access requires the information technology and the libraries become cooperative. The physical access to the information follows next but only traditional method of mail and some commercial service are currently available for this purpose. Therefore, researches are needed to develop this physical access. If the libraries form networks, the microaspect of library changes accordingly as the macroaspect changes. If the libraries . cooperate to become one large world library, the librarians plan, organize, control library operations and report the results. And the librarians work inside and outside of the library to cooperate with other libraries. Only the cooperation of the libraries will enhance interlibrary loan and the Korean librarians have to be prepared to accept the new role of librarianship for the interlibrary loan service.
Trends in Information Services: Implications to Korean Libraries
Noh Ock-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 13, 1986, Pages 73~94
The purpose of this article is to take a look into the past twenty years and to evaluate the changes in the organization of the library and the information function during this time period. Academic and special libraries are the ones that have made an impressive progress and innovations to keep pace with a changing environment. New technologies and ideas have brought strong supporters of offering various specialized information services to the library users. The different approaches and experiments to better perform this professional role in the library and in turn, the efforts in the educational institutions to meet the challenges were reviewed through the literature. Much of the literature available regarding the reference and information function deals mainly with the trends in the u. s. libraries. The implications of these trends to Korean libraries and library education are sought in view of our social, economic, and educational circumstances as well as our user behavior.
An Evaluation for Effectiveness of Information Services by Reference Librarians at College and University Libraries in Korea
Han Sang Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 13, 1986, Pages 95~119
The objective of this study is to search for a theoretical and practical solution to the question of what is the most effective and qualitative method of information service for the college and university libraries in Korea. Assuming the maximum service or total service theory in information services, therefore, it appears natural that the subject specialist who is highly knowledgeable in his subject is indispensable in raising the quality of information librarians. The procedure of this research was as follows: There was no college and university library employing any full-time subject spceialist in Korea. This research, however, was proceeded on the assumption that subject specialists are already employed in all of the college and university libraries after the subject specialist system is established. The least qualification of subject specialist is limited, based on the criteria given by the foreign literature, to those who have master's degree in Library Science and bachelor's degree in any other subject area, those who have bacholor's degree in Library Science and master's degree in any other subject area, or those who have both bacholor's and master's degrees in Library Science with minor in any subject field . To prove the research hypothesis that the subject specialist will perform his role more efficiently than the generalist in effectively providing information service based on both accuracy and speed, this research as an obtrusive testing method analyzed the effectiveness by presenting information questions to the generalists and subject specialists who are information librarians in college and university libraries. For this study 20 librarians working at 12 university libraries were tested for performance levels of information services. The result showed
an absolute performance rate and
an adjust performance rate. Compared to Thomas Childer's 1970 study in which he used the unobtrusive testing method, these results were
higher in the absolute performance rate and
higher in the adjust performance rate. In comparing the generalist with the subject specialist in efficiency of information service, while the absolute performance rate was
and the adjust performance rate was
in the case of the generalist, the absolute rate was
and the adjust rate was
in the case of specialist, therefore, the efficiency of the subject specialist was
higher in the absolute performance rate and
higher in the adjust performance rate than that of generalist. But the factor of speediness was excluded from the analysis because of the difference between the time the interviewers recorded and the time the interviewee recorded. On the basis of the result of this research, it should be desirable to educate subject specialists and employ them as information librarians and for them to function as efficient subject specialists in order to improve the effectiveness of information services, the nucleus of the raison d'etre of college and university libraries.
LA SIGNIFICATION DE LA CULTURE DU LIVER IMP RIME AU DEBUT DE LA DYNASTIE DE CHOSON
LEE HEE-JAE ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 13, 1986, Pages 121~142
Au debut de la dynastie de Choson, qui represente une periode de la regne des rois T'aejo et T'aejong, il fallait etablir et codifier la .nouvelle politique nationale, et c'est dans ce contexte que les caracteres kyemi, qui ont joue Ie role tres important dans l'histoire de la typographie mondiale, furent crees. Le sujet de ce memoire n'est qu'une enumeration des faits historiques de l'edition ou de l'imprimerie dans cet epoque, mais une recherche sur la vraie signification de la culture du livre imprime. Done, on peut etudier ici; d'abord, less activites de l'imprimerie a l'epoque du roi T'aejo et du roi T'aejong, et enfin, la signification et le bilan synthetique de ces activites, surtout des caracteres kyemi sur le point de l'histoire de la civilisation mondiale.
A Strategy for selectivity in research and development information: practical applications of the information analysis center concept
Koo Jayoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 13, 1986, Pages 143~181
The present study aims at figuring out the potential benefits occured from the practical pplications of the information analysis center concept in Korea. The R&D requirements in Korea at the moment is such that the highly specialized and sophisticated information services are essential. With the general information infrastructure still embryonic the best possible answer is sought in a specialized tried-out method, namely, the information analysis center which is to be planned and serviced as an integral part of a specific research project. The article examines the information exchange activities of scientists; the backgrounds of the development of the information analysis center concept into 'a technical institute'; the processess of information analyses and evaluations; the effects and values of an analysis center; and the applicabilities of the information analysis center concept with a special regard to the developing country's needs. The conclusion confirms of the potential benefits of the information analysis center type facilities for the current needs of the Korean research and development environments.