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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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Korean Society For Library And Information Science
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Volume 15 - Dec 1988
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A Study on the Comparision over an Educational Effectiveness with the Orienting Methods by University Libraries -with an Emphasis on Lecture, Slide-Tape and Video-Tape-
Kang Mia Hye ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 7~44
The purpose of this paper is to in vestigate a relative effectiveness of instruction among such three orienting methods as lecture, slide-tape and video-tape which the library of Duk Sung Women's University has applied for orienting the freshmen for the last three years. This research also carried out a sample survey by distributing uniform questinnaire to the three different groups of the students. Each group was oriented with lecture, slide-tape and Video-tape respectively. Finally, the empirical findings of this research are as follows: 1. All three orienting methods were useful for students to improve knowledge as to how to use the library, 2. There were a wide difference in effectiveness among three instructional methods, obviously, the slide-tape method was more effective in the orientation than the lecture method and, furthermore, the video-tape was more effective than the slide-tape one, Therefore, it seem safe to conclude that the media utilization effective in orientation program should be encouraged by the university libraries of Korea.
The Principles of the Composition of Library Science Curriculum
Koo Bon-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 45~72
A study has been made prior to the emphatic research to see how the curriculum of the Library Science Departments, in general, has developed to date. In the principles of the composition of the curriculum of library science, research has been conducted to determine what decisions will be the most appropriate for the changing trend of the society, regarding the matters of general specialization versus subject specialization education, the definition, change and operation of the core subject, the expansion of the elective specialized subjects and the composition of the curriculum by types of the library, and the curriculum composition in terms of subject specilization. The curriculum should consist of a unified series of courses and other educational experiences, designed to meet specific program objectives. Principles and concepts should be emphasized, over routines and techniques. All students should study certain fundamental 'core' subjects, as well as more specialized electives. General education (studies outside of librarianship) should be a major component of the total education of the librarian. Fundamental core subjects should be treated as introductory courses covering deep studies that can provide the most inclusive information related to the library science field. They should be offered as pre-requisites required of all the students entering the Department of Library Science. Specialized subjects and interdisciplinary courses comprising subject concentration should be offered as electives at the advanced level.
Citation Analysis on the Information Sources of Korean Social Scientists
Kim Young Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 73~94
The main purpose of the present study is to investigate the citation habit of Korean social scientists by making use of citation analysis and content analysis, and to assess the nature of interdisciplinary flow of information in Korea in terms of the citation dependency on other disciplines, the types of channels used in formal scientific communication, the countries published the literatures of other disciplines cited in the source articles, and the languages used in the literatures of other disciplines. The major findings and conclusions reached at this study are summarised as follows: 1. Korean social scientists mainly cite the literatures of economics, sociology, politics, and history when they cite the literature of other disciplines. 2. The citation dependency on other disciplines of the economists, polictial scientists, and sociologists are 6 percents, 14 percents, and 19 percents, respectively. 3. The citation dependency on history of the economists is 25 percents, the dependency on sociology of the political scientists is 34.9 percents, and the dependency on economics of the sociologists is 50. 19 percents. 4. The types of channels used in formal scientific communication in social sciences are firmly book and journal. 5. The countries published the literatures of other disciplines .cited in the source articles are Korea and the U. S. firmly. 6. The languages used in the literatures of other disciplines cited in the source articles are Korean and English overwhelmingly.
A Study on Bureaucratic System of Library Organization
Kim Jung Soh ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 95~117
The purpose of this research is to analyze the characteristics of bureaucracy on library structure and then to review typologies and parthological phenomena, their following aspects of securities of library. The most important characteristics of library bureaucracy is its strong speciality and needs regurality and its hierarchic power systems. We can separate its systems from machine bureaucracy and professional bureaucracy. and the bureaucratic systems are attended with controls, observance of rules, and pathological phenomena by entrusting sombody with power, etc. To revise these pathological phenomena of the library structure, the following items must be included. First, librarians should be given with professional authority. Second, all librarians should participate in decision-making. Thirdly, it is desirable that the communication should upward communication and lateral communication much more preferable than downward communication. Fourthly, professional. librarians must be maintained with compensation systems. Fifthly, they must be 'PROACTIVE LIBRARIAN' who cope with any given circumstances.
A Study on the Medium Designator In Non-book Materials
Nam Tae Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 119~140
This paper is the study on the Medium Designator in Non-book materials. Main contents of this study were as follows; 1. The medium designator serves to indicate the class of material to which an item belongs. This is used to give an 'early warning' ;to the catalogue user. 2. This medium designator may be further divided into two elements ; a general material designation (GMD), for example video-recording, and a specific material designation (SMD), for example, videodisc. 3. GMD: In cataloging, a term indicating the broad class of material to which a bibliographic item belongs, such as 'motion picture', and SMD : In descriptive cataloging, a term indicating the special class of material (usually the class of physical object) to which a biblographic item belongs, such as videocassette. 4. Locating the medium designator after the title proper was not prescribed until ISBD(G) and AACR2. In pre-ISBD(G) codes, the ,early, warning type of medium designator was placed after all title information. But in AACR2, the medium designator is placed after the title proper, but before parellel title and other title information. 5. In Terminology, Two separate lists of designations are given in AACR2, l.1C1, one for British and one for North American use. The British list contains fewer terms, and uses generic categories to group together some of the North American list. 6. The problem of where to place the medium designator might be circumvented by using some kind of early alerting device other than a formal element of biblliographic description. Various alternatives have been suggested. A more popular device is the provision of symbols or 'media code' which are part of the call number and indicate the porticular medium type. 'Colour-coding' the use of used by some libraries but is now longly discouraged. 7. According to Frost. The medium designatorhas been generally reeognized as serving three functions; 1) as a statement of the nature or basic format of the item cataloged and thus as a meant of informing the user as to the type of material at hand; 2) as a description of the physical charaetistics of medium and as a means of alerting the user to equipment needed to make use of the item. 3) as a device to distinguish different physical formats which share the same title. 8. AACR2 raises some problems which decision makers have neet had to face preriously It provides a GMD for every item in the collection including books and it makes the application of any or all GMD's optional.
A Study on the Applicability of the Conjoint Analylis for the Reference Evaluation
Bae Soon Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 141~173
The focuses and methods in Library science have been changed abreast with the development af library facilities and with the expansion and diversification of its functions. One of current trends in Library science is focussed on the social functions of library: its relations to the public, effective service for the users. and efficieniencies of the management policies, and so. on. To. deal with these issues, we need to borrow methodology from other disciplines such as management, marketing, statistics, etc. This paper is mainly concerned with how we approach to the measurement af services and thus provide tentative standard for evaluating library services. To do. this work properly, we'd better consider the users' needs and expectations. But it is not an easy work since too many factors are involved in the study of the users' needs. Users' needs and expectations are so. varying that it is difficult to find out some general and objective data. That is the reason why although many scholars have urged time after time the necessity of library's effectiveness measurement, few studies demonstrated substantial method for measuring the effectiveness of service. In this paper I propose a device for measuring service: i. e, Conjoint Analysis. Conjoint Analysis, which has originally been developed and applied in marketing research, is used to measure the priorities and preferences of purchasers on the new item. So far as Conjoint Analysis, concerning users' physical and psychological necessities, can numeralize people's needs, it may also be applied to measure service provided by nonprofit organization like library. If this approach prove to be sucessful, I hope this study to make any contribution to the appropriate direction on improving library facilities based on the result from a concret reference evaluation.
Use Studies of Library Collections
Yoo Chae-Ock ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 175~195
Use studies of library collections have been conducted as a method of evaluating collections in a library. The main purpose of use studies is to evaluate the quality of a library collection in terms of extent and mode of its use. In addition to use studies, both quantitative and qualitative methods could be utilized in order to evaluate a library collection. However, the quantitative and qualitative collection evaluation methods are more concerned with the collection itself than with its use. Use studies have been conducted in large academic libraries for the following specific purposes: 1) They attempt to identify little used portion of collections that can be retired less accessible and less expensive storage area. 2) They try to identify core collections to satisfy some degree of circulation demands in the near future. 3) They try to identify use patterns of selected subject areas or type of books that can be used to adjusting collection development practices or fund allocations. 4) They try to assess the document delivery capability of a library to improve their availability. A number of methodologies employed for these specific purposes fall into four major categories; 1) circulation analysis method, 2) last circulation method, 3) relative use method, and 4) document delivery test. Each method is briefly reviewed with its limitations.
The Study of Kernels in Information Retrieval
Jeon Jun Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 197~224
The kernel technique in game theory is introduced and modified in the notion of super kernel, which creates searching maps through the hierarchic clustering technique. The results show more Improved retrieval efficiency in terms of precision and recall.
Function of the Korean String Indexing System for the Subject Catalog
Yoon Kooho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 225~266
Various theories and techniques for the subject catalog have been developed since Charles Ammi Cutter first tried to formulate rules for the construction of subject headings in 1876. However, they do not seem to be appropriate to Korean language because the syntax and semantics of Korean language are different from those of English and other European languages. This study therefore attempts to develop a new Korean subject indexing system, namely Korean String Indexing System(KOSIS), in order to increase the use of subject catalogs. For this purpose, advantages and disadvantages between the classed subject catalog nd the alphabetical subject catalog, which are typical subject ca-alogs in libraries, are investigated, and most of remarkable subject indexing systems, in particular the PRECIS developed by the British National Bibliography, are reviewed and analysed. KOSIS is a string indexing based on purely the syntax and semantics of Korean language, even though considerable principles of PRECIS are applied to it. The outlines of KOSIS are as follows: 1) KOSIS is based on the fundamentals of natural language and an ingenious conjunction of human indexing skills and computer capabilities. 2) KOSIS is. 3 string indexing based on the 'principle of context-dependency.' A string of terms organized accoding to his principle shows remarkable affinity with certain patterns of words in ordinary discourse. From that point onward, natural language rather than classificatory terms become the basic model for indexing schemes. 3) KOSIS uses 24 role operators. One or more operators should be allocated to the index string, which is organized manually by the indexer's intellectual work, in order to establish the most explicit syntactic relationship of index terms. 4) Traditionally, a single -line entry format is used in which a subject heading or index entry is presented as a single sequence of words, consisting of the entry terms, plus, in some cases, an extra qualifying term or phrase. But KOSIS employs a two-line entry format which contains three basic positions for the production of index entries. The 'lead' serves as the user's access point, the 'display' contains those terms which are themselves context dependent on the lead, 'qualifier' sets the lead term into its wider context. 5) Each of the KOSIS entries is co-extensive with the initial subject statement prepared by the indexer, since it displays all the subject specificities. Compound terms are always presented in their natural language order. Inverted headings are not produced in KOSIS. Consequently, the precision ratio of information retrieval can be increased. 6) KOSIS uses 5 relational codes for the system of references among semantically related terms. Semantically related terms are handled by a different set of routines, leading to the production of 'See' and 'See also' references. 7) KOSIS was riginally developed for a classified catalog system which requires a subject index, that is an index -which 'trans-lates' subject index, that is, an index which 'translates' subjects expressed in natural language into the appropriate classification numbers. However, KOSIS can also be us d for a dictionary catalog system. Accordingly, KOSIS strings can be manipulated to produce either appropriate subject indexes for a classified catalog system, or acceptable subject headings for a dictionary catalog system. 8) KOSIS is able to maintain a constistency of index entries and cross references by means of a routine identification of the established index strings and reference system. For this purpose, an individual Subject Indicator Number and Reference Indicator Number is allocated to each new index strings and new index terms, respectively. can produce all the index entries, cross references, and authority cards by means of either manual or mechanical methods. Thus, detailed algorithms for the machine-production of various outputs are provided for the institutions which can use computer facilities.
On the Recarved Edition of priest Nanmingchuan's Chengtao-ko, printed with Metal Type in the Koryo Dynasty
Chon Hye Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 15, 1988, Pages 267~280
After the Koryo government moved to Kanghwado Island to escape the invading Mongols, Ch'oe I who was the government irstman ordered in 1239 the recarving of Nanmingchuan Huoshangsung Chengtao-ko (남명천화상송증도가) widely used by an adherent of Son Buddhism to gain a greater understanding of Son principles. Ch'oe I's postscript indicate that the original edition printed with metal type was no longer available and woodblocks were carved to produce facsimiles of that edition. It is assumed that the copies of the original edition were limited in number due to the primitiveness of printing skills and had either not been taken to Kanghwado Island in the flurry of evacuation or were almost all used up. Demand for the book seemed to have surged sharply due to need for spiritual solace during the period of invasion. It is believed that the original edition of Chengtao-ko was published with metal type in Kaegyong(개경), the capitial, before the government took refuge on Kanghwado Island. Two copies of the recarved woodblocks were recently found in the collectiion of Kim Chong-gyu(김종규). and Park Tong-sop (박동섭). It is presumed that one of the copies was recarved again the other one some time, But the carving of the woodblocks were very sophisticated and faithfully reproduced the characteristics of the original metal type edition; first, there were many slanted characters; second, the lines of the main text were not straight but wavy; third, no bottom stroke of any character overlaps the upper stroke of the following character; and fourth, the characters are relatively uniform in size and shape. The printing techniques reflected in the woodblock reproduction were much better than that at the end of the Koryo dynasty and the beginning of the Yi dynasty. It can be assumed that printing with official type had reached a high level of skill before the transfer to Kanghwado Island.