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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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Korean Society For Library And Information Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25 - Dec 1993
Volume 24 - Jun 1993
Selecting the target year
중국의 도서관과 문헌정보학교육 동향
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 15~50
Newspaper Thesaurus Construction in Theory and Practice
Chung Young-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 51~82
Effective indexing systems are required to enhance the performance of full-text retrieval systems. The result of the analysis of index terms selected by human indexers without a newspaper thesaurus indicates that controlled indexing language is necessary for effective and consistent indexing of newspaper articles. In this paper, basic principles are established for keyword selection from Korean newspapers and significant problems identified in the process of developing a newspaper thesaurus are discussed in depth.
A Pilot Study on the Practical Model of Nonverbal Communication for the Effective Information Services
Han Sang-Wan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 83~150
Traditionally, the emphasis of the information services had been placed on the information provider's knowledge of information sources or information systems. However, in view of the increasing complexity of the information environment. and changes taking place in information professions the evaluation of the information services has callded for further research in interpersonal communication aspects of the librarian user interface especially that which links to user satisfaction. This experimental study was carried out for the purpose of exploring the implications of nonverbal behaviors in measuring user satisfaction in the light of the fact that the meaning of nonverbal clues includes more than verbal communication especially in dealing with variable barriers even though they operate at low levels of awareness. In this sense, among the wide range of nonverbal communication areas in particular kinesics, artifacts and the proximics were examined to suggest alternative model which can be applied effectively in our specific set of information work environment. Two major university libraries and two research libraries in Korea were chosen and visited for the anlysis and per each refernce/information interview the librarian's nonverbal behaviors were checked on the observer's checklist and the qustionnaires completed by the user at a time. On the basis of these data firstly, the relation of user satisfaction concerned with the librarian's nonverbal communication to user satisfaction with information services was analyzed and the possible communication barriers were investigated. In addition, the effect of training the information librarian with positive nonverbal communication skills on the user's satisfaction was analyzed in a SAS computer program in the area of kinesics. On the other hand, the effect of other nonverbal behaviors such as proximics and artifacts known very important clues to improving a complex human interaction was discussed along with their experimental results. In conclusion, it was found that most of users were not sensitive to the importance of nonverbal behaviors exposed by the information librarian, but it was proved that the ultimate user satisfaction and the satisfaction of the librarian's nonverbal behaviors are correlated positively, Moreover, nonverbal behaviors displayed by the trained librarian toward the user had a considerable effect on the user's evalution of information services compared with those by the untrained. These findings imply that in order to control the librarian's nonverbal behaviors and to help the user overcome his barriers the information librarian as a specialist needs to assure and modify willilingly his communication behavior. Without making effective use of such nonverbal communication, information librarian could not expect to meet the user's information needs either. However, when these positive nonverbal behaviors are applied it would be highly desirable to be aware of cultural and contextual differences. With regard to increasing information services success the applicable nonverbal communication model for library management and education can be suggested as below.
Library Management in Information Society
Chun Myung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 151~183
As many Korean libraries has begun to be automated and become a part of the worldwide, open library system, they need a new management. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explore the library management in automated libraries and to establish a theory of the library management in information society, The automated libraries could be well explained by the systems theory and the environment of the libraries could be well explained by the contingency theory, The following hypothesis were set to direct this research. 1. As the libraries are automated and become a part of one big, worldwide library system, the libraries interact closely with the environment so that the library and the environment become one. 2. As the libraries are automated and become a part of one big, worldwide library system, the librarians need to work in the environment for the library networks, standardization of cataloging, or government information policy making. 3. As the libraries are automated and become a part of one big, worldwide library system, the librarians only manage the library, The various other library staffs take over the traditional library services directly related to books. The data were gathered from the research done previously, Also the date were collected from the American and Japanese libraries. The findings were as follows: The environment of the library integrated all types of the library services such as school library, university library, etc. And it also integrated all the services of the media centers and the press centers, etc. to library services. And the new library services began in the environment. Librarians worked for these new services. In the library, the librarians distingushed the library system from the environment by planning : mission, goal, objectives, policy, procedures and rules. Library organization became temporary such as forming task forces or matrix or free form. The environment controlled the library. Staffs were controlled by plans or computers. And the professional librarians were controlled by their ability to solve problems raised outside the libraries. Library leaders brought in the technology to the library from its environment. The librarians led the formal and informal organizations so that the staffs cooperated well in their work. And librarians tought the library procedures to the partime workers or the temporary staffs. Participative management and management by objectives were the means of motivating staffs. Budget was based on the ever changing environment. The zero based budget method was applied. Therfore, in the information society, the professional librarians become the able managers in the library and global librarians in the environment.
The History of Library Classification before Dewey in Western library
Kim Myung-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 185~213
This study is on the history of classification in Western library from ancient to Harris(1870), before Dewey. It looks into the classification systems of librarians, bibliographers, booksellers and libraries of that time. One of the earliest was the classification of the clay tablets in the Assyrian library of Assurbanipal. But the earliest recorded system in the papyrus is that which Callimachus(B.C. 310-240) devised for the library at Alexandria. In the medival, the monastry libraries used many classifications. but their libraries were very small. Gesner, Naude, Brunet, Jefferson, Edwards, Harris etc. tried to make a good classification for bibliographies and libraries. Especially Brunet made the scheme based on the French system, and it used on bibliographical classification and shelf classification in the many libraries. In 1859, Edwards made the classification scheme for the public library in the Great Britain. In 1870, Harris made the famous inverted Baconian classification and it strongly influenced the Dewey Decimal Classification.
The Development Program of the Collection for Korean Classical Materials in the University Library - With emphasis on the library of Pusan National University
Song Jung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 215~232
The Long-Term Development Plan of the Pusan National University(PNU) has announced on 1991 in order to reach its roles and levels as an University with international standards, a Graduate School research-oriented and a core university in its community through accomplishment of this Plan. University libraries would be planned to support their universities' goals. Therefore the Library of PNU is facing on the task for supporting the Plan. The Collection for Korean Classical Materials (CKCM) is not limited in Korean Literature, Korean History, Korean Philosophy fields but covered the academic fields except a hightech science : Humanities, social science. pure science, applied science and arts etc. However, the Library of PNU does not have the organization, special librarian and budget for CKCM. Under this notion organization, budget and librarian for the collection would be followed. The CKCM contains the original editions, photography editions, copied issues. microform reproductions with comprehensive subjects in the fields of studies. Especially for the collection of treasure books the role of the Library of PNU induce to open individuals' collections or families' collections to public through the Library. The equipments for preserving rare books and treasure books are the conditioners for humidity and temperature, automatic extinguishment system. The reference materials, copy machine and reading room are requested for the user service of CKCM. The materials would be one of the most important thing in study and research. Therefore the Library of PNU need to pay attention to develop and preserve CKCM.
A Study on the Non-Authority Control System
Choi Suk-Doo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 233~264
The authorized form is called the heading must be unique and consistent. Without both uniqueness and cosistency, retrieval from the bibliographic database will not be optimal and in some cases may even be impossible. But the authority control is extremely expensive, because it is labour-intensive and dependent on professional investigation and judgement. In fact, it is by far the most expensive function in all of bibliographic control. The processes used to determine the form of access points. maintain. use. and evaluate very accurate authority records reduce the efficiency to generate or merge bibliographic items without modification from any national level bibliographic utilities as well as individual library. In this paper non-authority control system was suggested to solve the disadvantages of authority work. The apparent advantages of the non-authority control system are it is easy to determine the heading, input the bibliographic data. integrate the access points into an existing file, and generate and merge bibliographic data without modification. In addition, non-authority control system can be transmitted into online information retrieval system conducted with a mixture of controlled vocabularies and natural language.
Conservation of information I -deacidification of paper materials-
Chung Sung-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 265~294
At the present. one of the very important functions of the information center or library is to provide information service on time and to the right person. But it is impossible if the shape of the material is not complete. So it is important to keep the material of information complete. This study is on deacidification of paper materials for enhancing useful life of information. This study can be summerized as follews; The material needs deacidification is all of machine-made paper except neutral paper, and hand made paper which are below pH 6.5. The best way for the deacidification for the small amount of materals is to use aqueous deacidifiers such as Calcium Carbonate, Magnesuim Carbonate and Borax. For mass deacidification process, Methoxy Magnesuim Methyle Carbonate and Magnesuim Oxide, called
Information Technology and Social Science Information Services
Jeong Dong-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 295~324
Experimental Method in Library and Information Science Research
Chang Hye-Rhan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 325~341
The experimental method, when carried out properly, is the most powerful way of seeking answers to research questions. The purpose of this study is to provide practical and theoretical insights as well as to discuss technical skills needed to design and implement the experimental research in library and information science. The levels of empirical research methods, the logic and types of the experimental designs, the application status of the experimental methods through content analysis of the published papers, and strategies to plan the research and to collect and analyze data are examined. This study also brings suggestions how experimental research can be made more meaningful and puts emphasis on the need of the research method education in library and information science field.
A Study on the Technical and Administrative Innovation of Library Organization in the Perspective of the Contingency Theory
Hong Hyun-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 343~388
The ability of any organization to innovate itself in a rapid change of environment means the existence of the organization. Innovative activity is achieved in different ways according to the objectives of organization. the characteristics of external environmental factors. and various attributes in organization. In the present study. all the existing approaches to the innovative nature of organization were synthetically compared to each other and evaluated: then. for a more rational approach. a research model was built and suggested by establishing the inclusive variables of the innovative nature of library organization and categorizing the types of such nature. Additionally. an empirical. analytical study on such a model was done. That is. paying regard to the fact that innovation has basically a close relation with the circumstantial factors of organization. synthetic, circumstantial relations were clarified. considering the external environmental factors and internal characteristics of organization. In the study. the innovation of library organization was seen in two parts i.e .. the feasible degree of technical innovation and the feasible degree of administrative innovation. Regarding the types of innovative implementation. according to the feasible degree of innovation, four types such as a stationary type. technic-oriented type, organization-oriented type. and technical-socio systematic type were classified. There were nine independent variables-i.e., the scale of organization. available resources of the organization, formalization, differentiation, specialization. decentralization, recognizant degree of the technical attribute. degree of response to the change of technical environment, and professional activities. There were three subordinate variables - i.e., technical innovation, administrative innovation. and the performance of organization. Through establishment of such variables, the factors which might influence the innovation of library organization were understood, and with the types of the innovative implementation of library organization being classified according to the feasible degree of innovation. the characteristics of library organization were reviewed in the light of each type. Also. the performance of library organization according to the types of the innovative implementation of library organization was analyzed. and the relations between the types of innovative implementation according to circumstantial variables and the performance of library organization were clarified. In order to clarify the adequacy of the research model in the methodology of empirical study, data were collected from 72 university libraries and 38 special libraries. and for a hypothetical test of the research model. an analysis of correlations, a stepwise regression analysis. and One Way ANOVA were utilized. The following are the major results or findings from the study 1) It appeared there is a trend that the bigger the scale of organization and available resources are, the more active the professional activity of the managerial class is, and the higher the recognizant degree of technical environment (recognizant degree of technical attributes and the degree of response t9 the change of technical environment) is, the higher the feasible degree of innovation becomes. 2) It appeared that among the variables influencing the feasible degree of technical innovation, the order from the variable influencing most was first, the recognizant degree of technical innovation: second, the available resources of organization: and third, professional activity. Regarding the variables influencing the feasible degree of administrative innovation from the most influential variable, it appeared they were the available resources of organization, the differentiation of organization. and the degree of response to the change of technical environment. 3) It appeared that the higher the educational level of the managerial class is, the more active the professional activity becomes. It seemed there is a trend that the group of library managers whose experience as a librarian was at the middle level(three years to six years of experience) was more active in research activity than the group of library managers whose experience as a librarian was at a higher level(more than ten years). Also, it appeared there is a trend that the lower the age of library managers is, the higher the recognizant degree of technical attributes becomes. and the group of library managers whose experience as a librarian was at the middle level (three years to six years of experience) recognized more affirmatively the technical aspect than the group of library managers whose experience as a librarian was at a higher level(more than 10 years). Also, it appeared that, when the activity of the professional association and research activity are active, the recognizant degree of technology becomes higher, and as a result. it influences the innovative nature of organization(the feasible degree of technical innovation and the feasible degree of administrative innovation). 4) As a result of the comparison and analysis of the characteristics of library organization according to the types of innovative implementation of library organization. it was indicated there is a trend that the larger the available resources of library organization, the higher the organic nature of organization such as differentiation. decentralization, etc., and the higher the level of the operation of system development, the more the type of the innovative implementation of library organization becomes the technical-socio systematic type which is higher both in the practical degrees of technical innovation and administrative innovation. 5) As a result of the comparison and analysis of the relations between the types of innovative implementation and the performance of organization, it appeared that the order from the highest performance of organization is the technical-socio systematic type, then the technic-oriented type, the organizationoriented type, and finally the stationary type which is lowest in such performance. That is, it demonstrated that, since the performance of library organization is highest in the library of the technical-socio systematic type while it is lowest in the library whose practical degrees in both technical innovation and administrative innovation are low, the performance of library organization differs significantly according to the types of innovative implementation of library organization. The present study has extracted the factors influencing innovation, classified systematically the types of innovative implementation, and inferred the synthetical, circumstantial correlations between the types and the performance of organization, and empirically inspected those factors. However, due to the present study's restrictive matters and the limit of the research design, results from the study should be more prudently interpreted. Also, the present study, as an investigative study of the types of innovative implementation, with few preceding studies, requires more complete hypothetical inference based on the results of the present study. In other words, if more systematical studies are given to understanding the relations, it will devote the suggestion and demonstration of a more useful theory.
The Information Seeking Behavior of Koreans in the United States
Yoon Cheong-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 389~413
This study was inspired by the growing importance of information as a resource for improving the quality of life, the lack of systematic research about the information environment of Koreans in the United States and the lack of understanding of the relationships between individual characteristics and information seeking behavior. During 1990 and 1991, 204 Koreans, 18 years old and more, residing in the City of Los Angeles, were interviewed. Generally the information seeking behavior of Koreans appeared to be similar to that of the socioeconomically advantaged segment of the general public. They are relatively well aware of their information needs. capable of articulating them, and willing to pursue information to meet their needs. Major findings include: (1) the dominance of educational information needs: (2) positive feelings of hope, curiosity. and interest associated with information needs: (3) the tendency to pursue information with the expectation of potential rather than immediate rewards: (4) the expertise of information sources and their ability to provide information directly relevant to a need as criteria for selecting an information source: (5) the generally heavy reliance on informal interpersonal information sources and the high ranking of professionals as the starting point for information seeking and in judgements of usefulness: and (6) the dominant use of Korean ethnic information sources. Statistically significant correlations found at the 0.05 level relate (1) level of education, age, and gender with type of information need, the feelings associated with an information need, motivations to seek information, and the use of information sources, (2) proficiency in English and length of residence in the United States with the extent to which ethnic information sources are used, and (3) pattern of daily use of media with the use of media in seeking information.
A Study of Chiyou Park's Bang-kak-bon Bul-jeon and Master Backpa's pil-sak-ki
Kim Yoon-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 415~444
Chiyou Park(박치유) published Bang-kak-bon(방각본) at Taein(태인) between 1799-1806 with Ichae Jun( 전이채). They published Sa-yo-chwi-sun(사요취선) and Sa-moon-you-chwi-cho(사문류취초) in 1799. Between 1800-1806 they published Taemyongyoolsi(대명율시). Kongjatongki(공자통기). Hyokyongtaei(효경대의), Tongjaseup(동자습), Komoonchunchip(고문전집), Kongjakao(공자가어), Nongkachipsung(농가집성), and Koohwangcharlyo(구황촬요) until they departed each other in publication of Bang-kak-bon(방각본), In 1823 Chiyou Park(박치유) published again Sayochwisun(사요취선) at Kookockchae (구곡제). He published Taeseungkisinronsopilsacki(대승기신논소필삭기) and Chackpupkwikam(작법구감) between 1815-1827 with Backpataesa(백파대사) who was a Buddhism Monk of Woonmoon-am(운문암) in Backyang Mountain(백양산), Backpataesa(백파대사) was born in 1767, became a monk in 1784 and died in 1851. Backpa(백파) was a famous Budhism scholar who disputed the truth of Zen (선) with Choosa, Chunghee Kim We (추사김정희). He rewrote Taeseungk.isinronso-pilsacki(대승기신논소필삭기), Chackpupkwikam (작법구감), and Zenmoonsookyong (신문수경). Chasun (자선) of Songdynasty (송조) rewrote Pilsakcki(필삭기) before Backpa(백파), which was published at Myouduck-am(묘덕암) of Myongdynasty(명조). It was republshed in Korea several times which are called Sankyesa Copy(쌍계사본) of Back-am(백암), Suckwangsa Copy(석왕사본) of Hamwol(함월), Bongchungsa Copy(봉정사본) of Hoeun(호은), Woonmoon-am Copy(운문암본) of Backpa(백파). Chackpupkwikam(작법구감) is a book of Buddism worsip form which was made of Chaepanmoon (제반문), Paneumchip(범음집), Chineunchip진음집). As a Bangkakbon(방각본) publisher, Chiyou Park believed in Buddhism so heartily that be published Bangkakbon(방각본) and Amkakbon(암각본) which are saved until today.
A study on the Sabu-Songyu-Mongnok(사부송유목록), or a Classified Catalogue for Recitation and Appreciation of Classics
Lee Sang-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, volume 25, 1993, Pages 445~476
This paper is written to clarify the specific details of the Sabu-SongyuMongnok(사부송유목록). which is a reading list for recitation and appreciation of Chinese classics edited by Hong Suk-Chu(1774-1842) when he was 56 years old for the stimulation of his younger brother Hyun-Ju (1793-1865)'s reading life. In this study the catalogue's title interpretation. the time of the editing, the motive for the editing and the analysis of the contents are revealed as what they actually are. The main details are as followings. There is no date written on the Sabu-Songyu-Mongnok but the writer estimate it to be around 1829. After Hong Suk-Chu recognized the fact that although his younger brother Hyun-Ju was interested in reading but felt that he was a little too old to begin to read all the books of the whole classes. he selected the classic works from whole subjects, i.e. history, philosophy and anthology, that he thought which would best represent each subject. From these selected works he then picked out the most important chapters or parts of the works. Another motivation of the editing was for the stimulation of the reading life for Hong Suk-chu himself and for people like himself who were getting old and losing their vitality. The Sabu-Songyu-Mongnok consists of four categories. i.e. classics category, history category, philosophy category and anthology category, and in the catalogue, 26 different works are entered. The classics category has ten, the history category has six, the philosophy category has six and the anthology category has four. Each of the works are entered under the title of the book, and hen the chapter heading. The Sabu-Songyu-Mongnok was edited 19 years later than Hong-ssi toksorok(홍씨독서록) or an Annotated Bibliography of Korean and Chinese Books. Comparing each category of the catalogue with the Hong-ssi toksorok, the writer could catch the following characteristics. 1. Although there was no indication of the class heading, the sequence of the arrangement of the entries in the classics categories was the same as the sequence of the classes in the Hong-ssi toksorok. 2. The Zuo-shi Chun-qiu-zhuan(좌씨춘추전) is recorded in the class of Chunqiu of the classics category in the Hong-ssi toksorok, but in the Sabu-SongyuMongnok, it belongs to the history category. 3. In the philosophy category of the catalogue, Chuangtzu(장자) writings are included because it is so well written. 4. Unlike the categories of classics, history and anthology, the philosophy category is recorded under the author's name. This is fascinating because it unites with the conventional cataloguing practice of the west. 5. In the anthology category, the writings with the best styles from the Chuci(초사) or the poems of Chou, Wen-xuan(문선), wen-yuan-ying-hua(문여영화) are selected and classified into four parts: (1) poems, (2) proses of Han, Wei and Pre-Qin dynasties. (3) Si-liu-pian-li-wen(사육병려문), (4) classic style of writings of Tang and Song dynasties (당송고문). 6. There was an unusually large number of Han Yu's writings selected from the great eight poets of Tang and Song dynasty writings. (20 categories out of
After comparing the entries of the Sabu-Songyu-Mongnok, it can be concluded that all the entries were also included in the Hong-ssi tokrorok. The fact that the sequence of the entries in the classics category and that the literary works were sequenced under the same subject by the year of editing or writing like as the Hong-ssi toksorok Also it is unusual that there was not even one literary work of a Korean in the catalogue. Anyhow this catalogue is the first recitation catalogue in our country that was edited for the people in the prime of life as well as for old people and is the only one existing today.