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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24 - Dec 2008
Volume 23 - Sep 2008
Volume 22 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Measurement of Crack Depth and Weathering Degree Using Ultrasonic Velocity and Deterioration Evaluation of the Unhyungung Stone Water Container
Chun, Yu-Gun ; Lee, Chan-Hee ; Jo, Seung-Nam ; Jo, Yeong-Hoon ; Park, Gi-Jung ; Yang, Pil-Seung ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 1~11
The Unhyungung Water Container in the possession of the Seoul Museum of History in Korea is consisted of a calcareous marble developed laminated bedding and numerous argillaceous veinlets. This monument should need to conservation treatment because of black discoloration and seriously numerous cracks. Vertical and horizontal cracks in the monument are developed following stratification and argillaceous veinlets that are relatively low coherence between the rock materials. We have proved that the material inducing discoloration on the surface is carbon which is formed by deposited organic matters. As the result of the ultrasonic measurements, although highly surface weathering degree, the physical properties of the Unhyungung Water Container is confirmed slightly weathered state. The depths of cracks in the monument are calculated at maximum 60mm in some cracks completely penetrating into the wall and at minimum 9mm in the other crack. The cracks, developed following veinlet, are revealed that there penetrate from an outer wall to an inside wall for the monument. And most depths of cracks, developed following stratification, are calculated 20 to 30mm. This result will offer a significant data for conservation of the Unhyungung Water Container.
Identification and Physical Characteristics of the Ancient Charcoals Excavated from Chudong-ri Site, Korea
Kim, Myung-Jin ; Lee, Jong-Shin ; Park, Soon-Bal ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 13~22
The identification of species, hygroscopic property, and ability of ethylene gas absorption of 23 ancient charcoals excavated from wooden coffin burials and roof-tile kilns of Chudong-ri cultural site were investigated. All of the 12 charcoals excavated from wooden coffin burials were broad-leaved trees. Among the total 12 samples, 9 samples were Lepidobalanus and others were Celtis spp.. On the other hand, other 11 charcoals from roof-tile kilns were needle-leaved tree, Pinus spp.(hard pine). The broad-leaved tree charcoals from wooden coffin burials showed a higher moisture absorption capacity than needle-leaved tree charcoals from roof-tile kilns. The ethylene gas absorption was greater in the Lepidobalanus charcoal than that of Celtis spp. and Pinus spp. (hard pine) charcoal. The broad-leaved tree charcoal having high absorption ability of substances was due to a large microporous and specific surface area. Therefore, it was estimated that broad-leaved tree charcoals were filled in order to make favorable condition in tomb. The wood quality of pine is soft and easy to burn because of low specific gravity, as well as high calorific value by resin in wood. We could assume that the pine wood was used as fuel for roof-tile kilns because of easy control of heating and thermal power.
Material Characteristics and Deterioration Assessment of the Stone Buddhas and Shrine in Unjusa Temple, Hwasun, Korea
Park, Sung-Mi ; Lee, Myeong-Seong ; Choi, Seok-Won ; Lee, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 23~36
The stone Buddhas and Shrine of Unjusa temple (Korea Treasure No. 797) in Hwasun formed in Koryo Dynasty are unique style which the Buddha faces each other the back parts of south and north within the stone Shrine. The stone Buddhas and Shrine are highly evaluated in historical, artistic and academic respects. But, the stone properties have been exposed in the open system various aspects of degradations weathered for a long time without specific protective facilities. The rock materials of the stone Buddhas and Shrine are about 47 blocks, and total press load is about 56.6 metric ton. The host rocks composed mainly of white grey hyaline lithic tuff and rhyolitic tuff breccia. In addition, biotite granite used as part during the restoration works. The chemical index of alteration for host tuffaceous rocks and the replacement granites range from 52.1 to 59.4 and 50.0 to 51.0, respectively. Weathering types for the stone Buddhas and Shrine were largely divided with physical, chemical and biological weathering to make a synthetic deterioration map according to aspects of damage, and estimate share as compared with surface area. Whole deterioration degrees are represented that physical weathering appeared exfoliation. Chemical weathering is black coloration and biological weathering of grey lichen, which show each lighly deterioration degrees. According to deterioration degree by direction of stone Buddhas and Shrine, physical weathering mostly appeared by 39.1% on the sorthern part, and chemical weathering is 61.2% high share on the western part. Biological weathering showed 38.3% the largest distribution on the southern part. Therefore, it is necessary to try hardening for the parts with serious cracks or exfoliations, remove secondary contaminants and organisms through regular cleaning. Also necessary to make a plan to remove moisture of the ground which causes weathering, and estimate that need established and scientific processing through clinical demonstration of conservation plan that chooses suitable treatment.
Study on the Peel off Style Low Viscosity Epoxy and Separation Media for a Moving Historic Sites
Han, Won-Sik ; Hong, Tae-Kee ; Park, Gi-Jung ; Lim, Sung-Jin ; Wi, Koang-Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 37~42
Stability of the moving historic sites have something to do with the degree of easiness of work as well as physical property of polymer product. These agents should be able to use without the effect of outer environments like water or low temperature and must have stability during progress of working the peel off Urethane pre-product from Epoxy surface. So, we synthesized low viscosity epoxy resin and hardener with best physical quality and separation media for the moving of historical sites. These products have very good tension strength, adhesion strength, low viscosity and various physical properties that the users want. Particularly, separation media products have good separation of Urethane pre-products surface and Epoxy final product surface.
A Study on Properties by Various Solvents of Acrylic Resin for Iron Artifact Conservation
Cho, Hyun-Kyung ; Cho, Nam-Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 43~56
When we consolidate the iron artifacts, only we used VM&P Naphtha as solvent of paraloid NAD10. After consolidating the iron artifacts using paraloid NAD10, artifacts were too glossy to exhibit and see. We choose the solvent YK-VMP as solvent of paraloid NAD10 for complementing this defect and examined characterizations of paraloid NAD10 films in each solvent. As a result of evaluation by several surface analysis such as optical microscope, measuring film thickness, adhesive strength, gloss of surface, contact angle, yellowing test and EIS, it is possible to use YK-VMP instead of VM&P Naphtha as solvent of paraloid NAD10, because YK-VMP lowered surface gloss and did not change the effect of consolidation.
A Study on Conservation Treatment for Excavated Carbonization Wooden Object : Comparative Experiment on the PEG Method and Sugar Alcohol Method
Lee, Hyun-Hye ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 57~66
It is reported that excavated carbonized wooden objects tend to have more peeling and deformation stemming from the coexisting of different types of parts of objects. However, there is little research results on this. In this experiment, the sugar alcohol method was used and then compared with the results of the PEG4000 method which widely uses. This research targets: prediction of strength by weight increase, investigation of the dimensional stabilization effects by measuring the rate of shrinkage change, condition of drug penetration and change of wood texture by using a scanning electron microscope. As the results, the PEG4000 method needs a phased approach over 80% impregnation. On the other hand, the S A method remains steady from over 40% impregnation. The Deformation of carbonized wooden objects used in this experiment is considered as the phenomenon by shrinkage of non-carbonized parts. The PEG4000 method is verified the shrinkage in the samples treated with 20%, 40% and 60%; the S A method is verified the shrinkage in the samples treated with 20%.
Changes of the Properties According to Time in Cotton Fabrics Sized with Fermented Wheat Starch
Baek, Young-Mee ; Kwon, Young-Suk ; Lee, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 67~74
The objective of this study was to investigate stability of traditional starch sizes according to time. The properties of wheat flour and fermented whole-wheat flour were studied. And comparison of stiffness, tensile strength, air permeability, whiteness, and surface observation of cotton fabrics sized with wheat flour and fermented whole-wheat flour before and after 12-years were examined. The amylograph data indicated that ISF-W(Isolated starch flour- white) have good pasting properties than NWF(Natural wheat flour) and ISF-B(Isolated starch flour- light brown). The cotton fabrics sized with ISF-W had higher tensile strength and whiteness, and lower stiffness and air permeability than those of NWF as the time takes 12 years. We identified the stability of traditional starch size using scanning electronic micrograph.
Analysis on Antifungal Activity of Paulownia-Wood Storage Box and Application of Natural Biocide for the Activity Enhancement
Chung, Yong-Jae ; Kang, So-Yeong ; Choi, Yun-A ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 24, 2008, Pages 75~83
In order to assess antifungal activity of a wooden storage box, which was made of Paulownia tomentosa and used for keeping ancient documents, antifungal activity of volatile organic compounds emitted from the box was investigated along with qualitative analysis on major substances of the compounds. After collecting floating microorganisms inside air tester, the fungal activity was assessed by counting the number of colonies growing on TSA media. Compared to the control which collected 85 colonies from outdoor, 72 colonies were observed showing reduction rate of 14.82%. Through GC/MS and TDS system analysis, limonene was detected from the volatile organic compounds as characteristic features. When the fungal activity was assessed through fumigation by adding natural biocide BI and BII containing eugenol and anethole as major substances, both biocides showed a strong fungal activity with respectively 92.6%(inside the box) and 99.9%(outdoor) of reduction rate. Although these results didn't clarify antifungal activity of the volatile organic compounds emitted from the Paulownia-wood storage box and their functional components, it was at least confirmed that there is application possibility of natural biocide to use for preservation of ancient documents with increased efficiency in controlling pests of wooden storage boxes.