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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study of Production Techniques of the Handles of Swords with Round Pommel Excavated from Jeollabuk-do Made in Before 6 Century
Lee, Young-Beom ; Seo, Jeong-Ho ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~16
Jeollabuk-do is bounded by the sea, and Mahan Baekje culture have been established around a wide plain. Also, in southeastern, it was closed by Gaya kingdom where iron culture was prosperous at that time, a variety of the handles of swords with round pommel is excavated at present. The handles of swords with round pommel is the best amount of excavated objects among the swords with round pommel and producted object for the time. It supposes them to become the foundation of making the decorated swords with round pommel. But, the handles of swords with round pommel that don't have a pattern in handle is indifferent to study because the production method is simple in spite of that the value of archaeological data is sufficient. Therefore, in this study, it examined changed production techniques with the change of times concerning the handles of swords with round pommel of Mahan Baekje Gaya period(before 6C) excavated from Jeollabukdo through using X-rays in order to clarify a variety of production techniques of the handles of swords with round pommel correctly in accordance with a period of production and excavated place. As a result, identified production techniques using X-rays of the handles of swords with round pommel excavated around remains of Mahan Baekje Gaya period shows that production progress improved in order of all-in-one shape, hammer welding shape of the handle of round pommel, and two in body formation in accordance with age. Especially, in two in body shape, it products the handle of round pommel separately, after that it welds the handle of swords and then links the sword blade like a riveting or bottleneck and so on. Despite of improved hammer welding technique, the reason why it didn't utilize is it regards as inlay or gilt will be damaged. And it is judged by using riveting or bottleneck. Also, it appears to techniques of metal craft such as decoration of the handle, decoration of point of sword, inlay, and silver-plating in the period of appearing two in body shape. As clarifying correctly, it provides fundamental database of scientific research about a study of production techniques of handle of swords with round pommel.
Preparation and Properties of Geopolymer for Cultural Asset Restoration
Hwang, Yeon ; Hwang, Sun-Do ; Kang, Dae-Sik ; Park, Mi-Hye ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 17~24
The feasibility of the geopolymer as a cultural asset restoration material was studied by investigating compressive strength and chromaticity change. Metakaolin that was synthesized by calcination of the kaolin at
for 6 hours was used as a geopolymeric starting material. Kaolin lost its crystallinity and changed into non-crystalline phase during calcination. NaOH solution and water glass were used as an initiator for the geopolymeric reaction. As the concentration of NaOH solution and water glass increased the compressive strength increased. When alumina was substituted with metakaolin, the compressive strength decreased at a small amount of alumina, but increased at a large substitution. For the most composition of geopolymers, the change of chroma values remained within the limit of slight variation after exposure to sunlight for 8 and 100 days. However, even small amount of organic pigment addition increased chroma values of metakaoline. It was shown that geopolymer had excellent chroma value change over epoxy resins.
Quantitative Deterioration Assessment and Microclimatic Analysis of the Gyeongju Seokbinggo (Ice-storing Stone Warehouse), Korea
Kim, Ji-Young ; Lee, Chan-Hee ; Lee, Myeong-Seong ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 25~38
The Gyeongju Seokbinggo (Treasure No. 66) is an ice-storing stone warehouse, consisting mainly of alkaligranite which shows milky white color and medium-grained textures with drusy cavities. As results of deterioration assessment, the deterioration rates were determined as crack (12.5%), disjoining (6.7%), breaking-out (25.1%), exfoliation (20.9%), efflorescence (6.5%), brown discoloration (9.8%), darkgray discoloration (2.0%) and biological discoloration (36.5%). Comprehensive physical deterioration rate and discoloration rate were calculated as 43.7% and 68.7%, respectively, that indicates the Seokbinggo has been severely weathered. Indoor relative humidity was above 90% except in winter season. Indoor microclimate was hardly fluctuating although indoor microclimate was dependent on the outdoor climate. The main cause of deterioration was high relative humidity and a long time of wetness due to penetration of rain, underground water and condensation. It was identified that the water brought out biological discoloration, dissolution of minerals, structural movement and efflorescence, and the dust from the ground soil in front of the entrance accelerated brown and dark gray discoloration on the stone surface.
Effect of the Fermentation Time of the Fermented Wheat Starch and Paste on the Properties for Pasting
Baek, Young-Mee ; Cho, Kyoung-Sil ; Lee, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 39~47
This paper reports a study on physical properties of the traditional adhesives for developing natural adhesives. This is to certify that the superiority of tradition through systematic surveys and experiments as well. We used three kinds of starches differing fermentation time(7 years, 4 years 8 months, and 2 years 8 months) which are fermented from wheat flour starches. The amylose contents, total sugar contents, crystallinity, particle size and shape, viscosity, pH, and adhesive strength were examined. The effect of fermentation time on physical properties of fermented wheat flour were studied. It was found that fermentation time effect various physical properties such as total sugar contents, amylose contents, crystallinity, viscosity, and so on.
A Study on Desalination Methods for Application of Outdoor Iron Artefacts
Lee, Hye-Youn ; Cho, Nam-Chul ; Kim, Woo-Hyun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 49~60
Outdoor iron artefacts are easily corroded by salts, especially
ion, from environmental pollutants and acid rain because of their location, so that they need conservational treatments such as stabilization. However the conservation of outdoor iron artefacts are limited to be consolidated for the present and there are a few the studies for the desalinization. The general desalinization method is that objects are immersed in reagent such as alkaline corrosion inhibiting solutions targeting on buried iron artefacts, thus they are not available for outdoor iron artefacts. In this study, concerning those difficulties, the different desalting method is experimented that materials soaked in alkaline solutions attach to objects and they are packed by waterproof to avoid evaporation. This paper experiment burial iron artefacts at first in order to fine out an adaptable method for outdoor iron artefacts. The soaking materials are Korean traditional paper, gauze, cotton wipers, spill pads and the desalting regent is NaOH 0.1M. Additionally the exiting desalinization method which is to immerse objects in solution is performed to compare. The analyses are microscopes, SEM-EDS, X-ray diffraction, pH meter and Ion chromatography. The result is that spill pads show the best desalting effect out of other materials similar to immersing desalting method.
Material Analysis and Provenance Interpretation for Rock Properties of the Gwangjueupseong (Gwangju Town Wall), Korea
Lee, Myeong-Seong ; Chun, Yu-Gun ; Seo, Jeong-Seog ; Lee, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 61~76
Gwangjueupseong (Gwangju Town Wall) has been found in the site of the Asian Culture Complex (former Provincial Government of Jeonnam) by archaeological field survey. The length of the remaining wall is 85.1m, and the Town Wall consists of ten kinds of rock type. The major rock types are dacite (41.1%) and andesite (35.7%). Dacite composes main rock blocks of the wall, and andesite is used to fill the cavity between main rock blocks. These rocks look very similar to basement rocks of the Mudeung Mountain on the basis of occurrence features, magnetic susceptibility, petrological, mineralogical and geochemical properties. Also, quarrying traces were found on the southwestern slope of the mountain along the Jeungsimsa Temple valley. Thus, it is probable that the rock materials of the Gwangju Town Wall were supplied from the Mudeung Mountain and that they were transported along the Gwangju river.
Effect of Talc Content on the Physical Properties of the Epoxy Resins in Conservation Treatment of Stone Monument
Kim, Da-Ram ; Do, Jin-Young ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 77~86
The physical properties of the epoxy resins were studied with an addition of filler content and the application of artificial weathering test. When talc as a filler was added to the epoxy resin (L-30), the water resistance seemed to be increased because of the results of the reducing of water absorption rate and the increasing of contact angle. Although the adhesive strength of epoxy resins was not affected by the increasing amount of talc, its compressive strength was reduced. The physical properties of the epoxy resins had different trends according to the site environments. The artificial weathering test with the change of temperature and humidity showed that the changes of water absorption rate and colour differences of the epoxy resins containing talc were lower than the pure epoxy resin itself. However, the contact angle was higher. The artificial weathering test with ultraviolet irradiations showed the opposite result; the damage of epoxy resins was increased with the increasing of talc content. These mean the site environment of the stone monuments should be considered to determine the content of talc added to increase the durability of epoxy resin.
Field Experiments of Consolidant and Filler for Stone Cultural Heritage: Primary Verification Using Ultrasonic Velocity
Song, Chi-Young ; Jun, Byung-Kyu ; Han, Min-Su ; Lee, Jang-Jon ; Kim, Sa-Dug ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 87~100
We carried out the effect verification of conservation treatment focusing on basement rock of alkali granite at the Yukjonbul (two-pairs of Buddha Triads) carved on rock cliff of Samneung valley in Namsan mountain of Gyeongju. The conservation treatments were used to ethylsilicate-type rock consolidant and epoxy-type resin. It is treatment method that the epoxy-type resin have been applied one time into the exfoliation area, after rock consolidation treatment have been worked for three times. As the result of measuring ultrasonic velocity, P-wave velocity of the exfoliation area was relatively increased after applied the conservation treatments. The ultrasonic velocity of all area was increased as 27.8%. This result has been proved with consolidation effects by consolidant and filler for stone cultural heritages. The treatment method should be worked about three time to consolidate sufficiently for rocks.
Interpretation of Material Provenance and Production Techniques of Pottery and Kilns from Gundong and Majeon Sites in the 3rd Century at Yeonggwang, Korea
Jang, Sung-Yoon ; Lee, Gi-Gil ; Moon, Hee-Soo ; Lee, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 1, 2009, Pages 101~114
Potsherds and kilns of the AD 3th century excavated from Gundong and Majeon sites, Korea were studied to investigate the production techniques and provenance of potsherds and kilns on the pastes. For potsherds, kilns blocks and in-situ paleo-soils, provenance of raw materials were estimated through mineralogy and geochemistry, while production technique and thermal feature of kilns were investigated through observation of textures and compositions as well as firing experiment on paleo-soils. As a result of study, potsherds and kilns were found to have similar mineralogical compositions as the neighboring paleo-soils and to have same evolution path with that of geochemistry. The potsherds were divided into 3 groups according to firing temperature and production technique. Group 1 consists of reddish stamped pattern pottery with loose textures, which has many pores and contains many iron oxides. Its temper is less than about 0.5mm, and was probably fired between 700 to
. Group 2 contains ash to grayish blue stamped pattern pottery, which has vitrified texture and few pores. Its temper is less than about 0.5mm, and was probably fired from 900 to
. However, some potsherd belongs to the group 2 in terms of features for temper and pastes, but it was probably fired over
. Group 3 contains reddish and grayish stamped pattern pottery. It has vitrified matrix, few pores and temper consists of polycrystalline quartz and feldspar over 2mm, and it was probably fired around
. The kiln had experienced temperature from 600 to
on the wall, from 900 to
on the bottom, suggesting the function of high temperature firing.