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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
3D Image Analysis for Digital Restoration and Structural Stability Evaluation of Stone Cultural Heritage: Five-storied Magoksa Temple Stone Pagoda
Jo, Young-Hoon ; Lee, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 115~130
This study was focused on digital restoration and structural stability evaluation applying 3D scanning system of five-storied Magoksa temple stone pagoda in Gongju. For these, the digital restoration of the pagoda was completed using laser scan data which is measured 16 directions and data processing program of 7 stages. As a result of digital restoration, the overall height and width of stone properties showed a little difference in directions and the width of roof stones appeared very high difference of each floor. The width of pagoda body become smaller to the fifth floor, but gradual decrease rate showed irregular characteristics. Also, as result of 3D image analysis for structural stability evaluation, the displacement occurred toward northwest in second body stone to upper final stone except for central axis of the first body stone which inclines toward southwest. Such 3D image analysis is required quantification of survey method and should be applied to various field such as quantitative damage maps in order to utilize a conservation of stone cultural heritages, continuously.
Petrological Characteristics and Deterioration Aspect of the Goryeong Yangjeondong Petroglyph
Choi, Gi-Ju ; Lee, Sang-Hun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 131~145
Goryeong Yangjeondong Petroglyph on the joint face of the bedrock (6m in width, 3m in height) composed of the green sandstone has circles and shield pattern sculptures. The rock is mainly composed of quartz, feldspar, chlorite, illite and calcite with the clay minerals. These clay minerals occur as pore lining, replacement of component and pore fillings. Investigated the weathering aspects including the connection between soluble salt and rock weathering and the stability of the bedrock with petroglyphs. The Major deterioration aspect are grain peel-off, surface exfoliation, cracks and damage. And the bedrock where the joints and cracks advance is interpreted with the fact that has the possibility of the falling rock. For conservation, adhesive need to cover crack and damage and consolidation is necessary in the surface which becomes weak.
Study on the Change of Strength and Water Vapour Diffusion Resistant of Stone by Soluble Salt
Lim, Kwon-Woong ; Do, Jin-Young ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 147~154
The change of strength and water vapour diffusion resistant by soluble salts was investigated in the tuff and granite used in many stone monuments of Gyeongju area. With
were treated the rock samples to understand the difference of solubility. The densities of the tested rocks were increased by the impregnation of
. The flexural strength was increased in the tuff samples but decreased in the granite as the salts increased in the pore. In the tuff, the uniaxial compressive strength was increased by
, but decreased by
. In the granite, it was decreased slightly by
, but increased by
. The water vapour diffusion resistant was increased by the salts in both rocks. As results, it was cleared that the mechanical strength colud be increased in early stage of weathering by the accumulation of salt and water vapour diffusion resistant.
Study on the Physical Property of Epoxy Polymer Related with Degree of Permeation to Soil for Moving Historical Site
Wi, Koang-Chul ; Seo, Jeong-Ho ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 155~160
This study is designed to optimize the method of using SE-101 for strengthening the durability and the stabilization of moving historical site. The permeability and the shear strength of The epoxy SE-101 with low viscosity were measured on different particle sizes and moisture content of soil. Like it can be expected from the data of viscosity, as the soil particle size was increased, the permeability was also increased, while the shear strength was decreased. And especially, it is noted that the deviation of permeability can be more extreme according to the different hardening speed of macromolecule and mineral additives. As the rate of moisture content in soil sample is increased, the deviation between permeability and shear strength is also increased. Even though among the same soil sample, some parts of it can be weaker than others, which cause the breakages of epoxy products. Thus, it is necessary that the soil should be dried over 50% of permeation depth of SE-101 before use.
Aging Characteristics of Marketing Korean Paper(Hanji)
Park, Seong-Cheol ; Choi, Mi-Sook ; Lim, Hyun-A ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 161~169
The objective of this study was to investigate stability of Korean Paper(Hanji) which is being sold in the Korean markets according to aging treatment. In order to know the aging characteristics, the optical and mechanical properties of before and after wet and dry-heat aging treatment were examined. The optical and mechanical properties were shown higher reduction in the dry-heat aging treatment compared to the wet-heat aging treatment. The Soonji (pure mulberry Hanji) made from black mulberry bast pulp was shown a great reduction of the brightness and whiteness, and increase of the opacity in the aging treatment. On the other hand, in case of mechanical properties, the breaking length of Soonji made from white mulberry bast pulp was significantly higher than that of the others, and the tensile strength was shown drastic reduction in according to Soonji made from black mulberry bast pulp in the aging treatment. The burst strength of Soonji made from black and white mulberry bast pulp was shown the similar value in the wet-heat aging treatment. The folding endurance of Soonji made from white mulberry bast pulp was significantly higher than that of others before and after aging treatment. Consequently, Hanji was affected sensitive in the temperature compared to the humidity. Meanwhile, the density and color of the chinese ink was no significant changes before and after wet and dry-heat aging treatment.
Development of the Water-borne Separation Media Polymer for a Moving Historic Sites
Han, Won-Sik ; Hong, Tae-Kee ; Lim, Sung-Jin ; Wi, Koang-Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 171~178
When we considered the superior ability of the semi-water soluble urethane 1st transcription and final epoxy products, the stability for moving historic sites depend on physical properties and the peel off state of separation media. In this paper, we synthesised three type of water-borne epoxy solution without using a surfactant, and investigated the peel off state, physical properties, and the state between urethane surface and epoxy surface after exfoliation. The life time of water-borne separation media is over the 60 days. When it is used the 30% solution of water-borne separation media, it made good separation of urethane pre-products surface and epoxy final product surface and no color change. The separation tension pressure is about 15~50 kg/
and there is no surface whitewash phenomenon. We suggest that this water-borne epoxy will be best material as separation media of low viscosity type.
Deterioration and Microclimate in the Shelter for the Gaetaesajiseokbulibsang (Standing Triad Buddha Statues in Gaetaesaji Temple Site), Nonsan, Korea
Kim, Ji-Young ; Park, Sun-Mi ; Lee, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 179~196
The Gaetaesajiseokbulibsang (Treasure No. 219) consists of light gray and coarse to medium-grained granodiorite with feldspar phenocrysts in part. Magnetic susceptibility of the rock material was measured as 12.06(
SI unit), being different from the granite(
SI unit) in the Mt. Cheonho. This indicates the raw material has been supplied from the outside. As a result of deterioration assessment, exfoliation of the Right Buddha, cement and dust of the Main Buddha were estimated as 35.2%, 21.1% and 25.0%. The ultrasonic velocity was measured as 2850.2m/s(Main Buddha), 2648.4m/s(Left Buddha) and 2644.5m/s(Right Buddha). The compressive strength calculated from the velocity showed low in the Right Buddha among three and the all pedestal parts which corresponds to the result of deterioration assessment. The indoor mean temperature and relative humidity of the shelter were
and 79.0%. It is evaluated that the indoor microclimate was stable and the shelter functioned to reduce climatic fluctuation of the outdoor. However, water condensation was occurred on the surface of the pedestal part during spring and summer, and freezing in winter season might also be done. These factors were probable to be a main cause of the surface exfoliation of the Triad Buddha Statues. Therefore, dehumidification and heating system in the shelter should be applied to prevent further deterioration.
A Study on the Characteristics of Natural Preservative Agent-treated Fabrics for Textile Cultural Properties Preservation
Baek, Young-Mee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 197~206
Natural preservative agents are generally made of antibiotic substances that are extracted from plants. They are used mainly to keep in an original good state food, natural cosmetic goods and medicines which are likely to get rotten. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether natural preservative agents can be applied to fabrics for the preservation of textile cultural properties. For the purpose, this researcher experimented with a certain natural preservative agent which was developed to preserve natural cosmetic goods. The study found that when treated with the foresaid natural preservative agent whose ratio to water was 1%, fabrics showed little changes in color and tensile strength, almost neutral pH, high antibiosis and anti-fungus and high resistance to Bacillus cereus that is much detrimental to silk fabrics. As a part of the study, a preliminary test on the possibility of using natural preservative agents to preserve textile cultural properties, found that when kept covered up with the 1% natural preservative agent-treated fabrics for 72 hours, excavated textile relics showed a dramatic decrease in microbial growth.
Restoration and Scientific Analysis of Casting Bronze Type in Joseon Dynasty
Yun, Yong-Hyun ; Cho, Nam-Chul ; Lee, Seung-Cheol ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 207~217
After replicating 10 bronze types such as Gyemija, Gyeongjaja, Eulhaeja, etc. before the Imjin war, we studied the change of microstructure from each casting process, method, and alloy ratio by Gyechukja replicated from "Donggukyeojiseungnam". We selected the average of compositions of Eulhaeja in the National Museum of Korea as the standard(Cu 86.7%, Sn: 9.7%, Pb: 2.3%) of bronze types, so we decided on the alloy's composition of Cu 87%, Sn 15%, Pb 8% added to 5% Sn and Pb contents because of evaporating the Sn and the Pb. Before replicating major metal types, we made master-alloy first, melting it again, and then replicated metal types. The composition of the 1'st replicated Gyechukja showed the range of Cu 85.81~87.63%, Sn 9.27~10.51%, Pb 3.05~3.19%. The 2'nd replicated Gyechukja made using the branch metal left after casting the 1st replica. The 2nd replicated Gyechukja showed the composition range of Cu 87.21~88.09%, Sn 9.06~9.36%, Pb 2.80~3.05%. This result decreases a little contents of Sn and Pb as compared with metal types of the 1st replica. However, it's almost the same as the Eulhaeja's average composition ratio in the National Museum of Korea. As a result of observing the microstructure of restored Gyechukja, it showed the dendrite structure of the typical casting structure and the segregation of Pb. There is no big difference of microstructure between the 1st and the 2nd restored metal types, even though the 2nd restored types partially decreases the eutectoid region in comparison with the 1st types. The systematic and scientific restoration experiment of metal types using Joseon period will be showed the casting method and alloy ratio, and this will be of great help to the study of restoration metal types in the future.
The Cleaning of Costumes of Yeosan Song's Family Excavated at Mokdal-dong in Daejeon
Baek, Young-Mee ; Kwon, Young-Suk ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 25, issue 2, 2009, Pages 219~231
The purpose of this study is to provide basic information necessary for the cleaning of excavated costumes. For the purpose, these researchers reviewed previous records of the actual cleaning of excavated costumes and then implemented and documented the processes of cleaning the Yeosan Song's costumes excavated at Mokdal-dong, Daejeon, which could date back to the early and mid periods of Choseon Dynasty. The excavated clothes of the family provide good examples for comparing men's costume of the 15th century with men's and women's of the mid and late 16th century. The total quantity of excavated remains were 184 and textiles were cotton, silk, hemp, ramie, and union cloth. The clothing remains were processed through wet or dry cleaning in accordance with their fabric condition and the extent to which they were worn or polluted. In detail, the excavated costumes of the Yeosan Song family were cleaned in two stages. For wet cleaning, both anionic(LAS) and nonionic(Triton X-100) surfactants were respectively used as cleaning agents and for dry cleaning, a mixture of n-hexane and n-decane(the ratio of 4 to 6) and petrolic dry cleaning solvent were used. After first cleaning, some cotton, ramie and hemp which had still the stains were processed bleaching and silk which were good condition was processed dry cleaning with the organic solvent again.