Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Material Characteristics and Clay Source Interpretation of Crucibles in Baekje Kingdom Excavated from the Ssangbukri Site in Buyeo, Korea
Kim, Ji-Young ; Park, Jin-Young ; Park, Dae-Sun ; Lee, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~12
The crucibles of Baekje Kingdom from the Ssangbukri Site which were used for glass and metal melting had light brown, grayish blue and grayish brown colored bodies. In thin section, the crucibles contained numerous quartz grains and pottery fragments. The surface was covered with fine grained quartz for thermal resistance. Based on decomposition of mica group minerals and formation of mullite detected by X-ray diffraction analysis, it was inferred that all crucibles have been fired over
. It was also found that firing temperature has exceeded
in some crucibles because feldspar was not detected. The maximum temperature was assumed at
. The magnetic susceptibility values and geochemical characteristics sorted out the crucibles into two groups that differed from the characteristics of the local soils. This reflected geological setting of the site where the alluvium was formed from two kinds of surrounding rock masses, granite gneiss and biotite granite. However, the local soils had similarities with the crucibles in weathering degree and geochemical behavior of major elements. In consequence, it was considered that the raw clay of the crucibles was supplied from the local area of the site.
A Study on Handiwork Technique of Filigree Artifacts Excavated from Neungsan-ri Temple Site in Buyeo, Korea
Lee, Sun-Myung ; Kung, Seung-Nam ; Kim, Yeon-Mi ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 13~24
This study examined each handiwork method of 4 filigree artifacts from Neungsan-ri temple site in Buyeo, Korea through material characteristic and microstructure analysis. As a result, it was indicated that all of the artifacts have comparatively higher purity than 22.7K and some of filigree artifacts showed that gold is alloyed with silver at a certain ratio. Gold thread that decorates surface showed thickness of 0.2~0.8mm and displayed various forms of section. Gold granule indicated that 2 or 3 granules are adhered together and they are 0.3~0.8mm in diameter. Trace of soldering was observed from gold thread and gold granule joints on surface and it confirmed a possibility of being soldering using gold solder through componential analysis. Also, it reveals a surface decorated with pigments such as cinnabar(HgS) and black.
Study on the Chemically Method of Epoxy Restoration Material in Antic Ceramics and Stabilization of Their Materials
Han, Won-Sik ; Bae, Jin-Soo ; Park, Gi-Jung ; Hong, Tae-Kee ; Wi, Koang-Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~32
The yellowing is always occurred phenomena in epoxy restoration material of antic-ceramics. For re-restoration of remains with epoxy restoration material, the epoxy elimination step is the first one in all course of restoration In this paper, the chemically elimination treatments methods of epoxy in various antic-ceramics were discussed. We fabricated the epoxy elimination material for antic-ceramics restoration which were made up Dichloromethane and Dichlormethane based Dimethylformamide solution. Dichloromethane and Dichloromethane + Dimethylformamide mixture were applied to epoxy in various antic-ceramic sample. Particularly, Dichloromethane + Dimethylformamide solution had the best result in variation of color change, gloss, vending strength, weight, exfoliation time test after deposition in this solution. Dichloromrthane had the volume increase characteristics for epoxy material and Dimethylformamide had the mollification ones. So, Dichloromathane increased exfoliation in approximal surface of the epoxy material and antic ceramic, and Dimethylformamide decreased the surface hardness of epoxy. In this result, epoxy material even inside of ceramic that have very weak inside bonding is adaptable and stable eliminated. And in order to show the perfect elimination of this material, we successfully dissolve the epoxy restoration material in one antic pottery that is in one university museum's possession using this mixture. So, there is guarantee in the eternity and stabilization of restoration for antic-ceramics.
Deterioration Degree and Material Research of Metal Archival Objects
Park, Hyung-Ho ; Cho, Nam-Chul ; Na, Mi-Sun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 33~41
The archival objects are tangible evidence reflecting public work as forming archives which are administrative, historic, symbolic, cultural and artistic value. They are produced from the various countries so that they have different material and manufacture techniques. However there are difficulties in conservation and management because the material investigation and conservation management system are not established. Therefore this research presents fundamental data for the efficient conservation management by material investigation and condition check metal archival objects. Among the public official presents made of metal, 12 pieces which are discoloration, oxidation, loss or crack are chosen for this research. In order to examine extensive condition of metal archival objects, the condition check card used from the domestic museum and the national museum in Japan are collected and then the new check card is produced. X-ray is used to know the making technique, binding means between different material. Portable-XRF is also used for the chemical composition analysis of metal archival objects, and then classifying respectively according to their material. As a result of condition check, it is possible to investgate the appearance character, deteriorated parts and weak parts of structure. Also P-XRF could find out the composition of metal archival objects which is different from existing condition check card. Therefore the research results can be used as fundamental data for further conservation and management as well as long-term conservation.
Making Techniques and Provenance Interpretation for Molding Clay of Four-Guardian Statues in Songgwangsa Temple, Suncheon, Korea
Jo, Young-Hoon ; Jo, Seung-Nam ; Lee, Chan-Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 43~60
This study was investigated quantitative and objective making techniques for molding clay of Four-guardian statues in Songgwangsa temple. Also, basic data about the provenance of molding clay was acquired for the restoration using same materials when the conservation treatment is carried out. As a result, molding clay used the Four-guardian statues was identified the very similar soil regardless of layers and objects. But molding clay differed in particle sizes and contents of organic matters according to the first layer to finish layer in relatively thick parts. Also, it was used one kind of soil without the layer distinction in thin parts. The restoration soil was applied to genetically similar soil as molding clay of the Four-guardian statues, and showed a difference of careful selection degree according to the layers. As a result of the provenance interpretation, the soil distributing presumed provenance was confirmed the same origin as molding clay. Therefore, the soil is appropriate for the materials of conservation treatment. This result will contribute inorganic material research and conservation treatment for the clay molded Four-guardian statues in Korea.
The Study on the Weathering Characteristics about Epoxy Adhesive for the Adhesion and Restoration of Metallic Cultural Assets
Lee, Ji-Hyun ; Wi, Koang-Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 61~67
After selecting five types of adhesive epoxy resin for metallic cultural assets such as
AW106+HV953 which had already been studied, this paper approached more closely the problem of yellowing and the signal of aging with time passing by connecting the problems with the safety of metallic cultural assets. The change of physical properties according to the change of state of epoxy adhesives was investigated through the change of flexural strength and the change of surface hardness by artificially providing the possible environmental change factors such as ultra-violet ray, and acid base, and how the epoxy chemically changes in its ingredients by the environment was analyzed through FT-IR. As a result of the experiment, for the most part of adhesives brought about the physical change of flexural strength, the change of surface hardness, and the chemical change of chemical ingredients as the product of alcohol, which were respectively different according to the time of ultraviolet irradiation, and acid base change. Under most of the conditions, SV427+HV427 and
520 were fairly stabilized under each condition of weatherability, but it seems that they should be refrained from being applied in case that the area to restore is thin and wide because the degree of flexural strength of themselves is low. Also, it is found that the preservation environment is very important not only for artifacts but also for the preservation of resins sused for preservation treatment.
The Modern Cultural Heritage Value and Conservation of Documentary Art Records
Kang, Dai-Ill ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 69~76
As the tangible evidence, documentary art records are permanent records to reflect the historical, symbolical, cultural and artistic value. Also, documentary art records are related with mission fulfillment of public institution and it is documentary with administrative, cultural and artistic values as the works of documentary production and application of the administrative image. "The public records management law" was the first time that administration documents were incorporated and in the act No. 3 of administrative records management, the preservation and management system of documentary art records became legislated. The management of documentary art records are difficult to categorize only by the reflect of characteristics or materials. Because documentary art records are collected in many ways and made with materials. It needs to be collected with many informations on basic materials and with the appropriate conservation and management category. Documentary art records do not have lots of demands but the level of consciousness is improving and the possibility of opening to public is increasing for improvement with the right to know. In near future, the documentary art records will be used for the interpretation of historical and cultural preservation and modern cultural heritage could have the value as it is expected. Primarily to prevent deterioration on documentary art records the standard survey card should be made to categorize the damage rate and to check the status on each documentary art records. In addition, establishing a systematic management plan for various documentary art records are needed with the training of professionals for the conservation of documentary art records.
Study on the Adaption Technique for Detection of Termites using Microwave
Kim, Dae-Woon ; Jeong, Seon-Hye ; Lee, Sang-Hwan ; Chung, Yong-Jae ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 77~83
The damage from the underground termite cannot be discovered with peculiar appearance of building but hollow phenomenon will occur. But there is no case in Korea as a non-destructive measurement of termite activation. Therefore, this research constructs non-destructive diagnostic techniques for wooden cultural properties using microwave detector (Termatrac, Australia). Result of maximun distance were measured 16cm (Pine tree, sensitivity 5, 6), 17cm (Zelkova and Douglas fir, sensitivity 5, 6). These results are expected that can be applied in the field. Result of field test using microwave detector, 33.8% of the wooden cultural properties were damaged by termites, and until now 7.8% (18 buildings) are being damaged in nationwide (total 231 buildings). Based on the above results, microwave detector will be able to be utilized effectively for detecting termite, preventing intrusion in wooden structure, and making full use of monitoring system periodically. In addition, it could be of great worth in preventing insect and microorganism in wooden structure.
Development of Epoxy Adhesives Containing Mixed POSSs for Stone Conservation
Yoon, Il-Nyoung ; Kang, Doc-Ki ; Min, Jung-Sik ; Won, Jong-Ok ; Kim, Min-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Jin ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 85~94
Color stable hydrogenated bisphenol-A (HBA) epoxy adhesives containing organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites were prepared and investigated the properties. Isophorone-diamine (IPDA) was used as a hardener and polyhedral organomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS; EP0408 and EP0409) having epoxy function groups were used to tailor adhesives in the nanoscale range. The dependence of the concentration of different nano materials were studied since the large surface area of the nanosized particles can cause significant changes in properties of adhesives. HBA-IPDA adhesives containing different amount of nanomaterials have been applied to the fresh Namsan granite and compared with those of commercial adhesives, which have problems of color change as well as a high viscosity. The mechanical properties of HBA-IPDA containing POSSs are consistent with those of commercial adhesives in addition to the low viscosity.
Usefulness of Biochemical Analysis for Human Skeletal Remains Assigned to the Joseon Dynasty in Oknam-ri Site in Seocheon, Korea
Kang, So-Yeong ; Kwon, Eun-Sil ; Moon, Eun-Jung ; Cho, Eun-Min ; Seo, Min-Seok ; Kim, Yun-Ji ; Jee, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 26, issue 1, 2010, Pages 95~107
Biochemical research was carried out on 4 human skeletal remains from historical lime-layered tombs assigned to the Joseon Dynasty in Oknam-ri, Seocheon. The preservation of femur was evaluated by stereoscopic microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Most of specimens showed good histological preservation. The histological results proved to be a good potentiality for biochemical analysis using bio-molecules. The amelogenin gene and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analyses revealed that three specimens perhaps have maternal consanguinity due to sharing with mtDNA haplogroup D4b1, and two specimens buried in the same tomb were a couple in Gatjaegol site. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis indicated that four deads diet were built around C3 plant as rice, barley, wheat and bean. In this study we characterized genetic and diet features from the social stratum who could make lime-layered tombs during period of the Joseon Dynasty. The results suggest that biochemical research using the human skeletal remains from the Joseon Dynasty has the great potential and reasonable value for archaeology, anthropology, and population genetics.