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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Nondestructive Deterioration Diagnosis for Wooden Ksitigarbha Triad Statues of Shinhungsa Temple in Sokcho, Korea
Han, Na Ra ; Lee, Chan Hee ; Yi, Jeong Eun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 93~102
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.01
The wooden Ksitigarbha Triad Statues (Treasure No. 1749) of Shinhungsa temple in Sokcho are enshrined in the inside of the Myeonbujeon Hall. The Statues are highly damaged physical weathering which are crack and exfoliation. Also, the Statues were deteriorated by chemical and biological weathering. This study carried out nondestructive method as deterioration map, ultrasonic measurement, X-ray and endoscopy survey for deterioration evaluation and conservation plan. As a result, Ksitigarbha Statue coated by dust and various pollutants. And gold-gilt of Statue's surface has peeled off. Head part of Mudokguiwang Statue was discolored from water leak in Myeongbujeon Hall. Domyeongjonja Statue is highly damaged by insects. Result of endoscopy, there were bee hives in the inside of the Statue. Therefore, we suggest that these Statues have need to do conservation treatment on the basis of diagnostic results.
Research for Investigation on the Browning of Paper due to the Corrosion of the Staples Used
Choi, Jungeun ; Ha, Hyojin ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 103~110
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.02
Since its development in the United Kingdom, the stapler has been used extensively to bind books. Staples comprising almost entirely of iron, first made in the early 1900s, are used to staple the cores of books. These staples change the colour of paper to brown and this browned paper ultimately crumbles. Basic research is being performed on solutions to prevent the deterioration in the quality of paper in the area around the staples. In this study, the cause of this browning of paper in the area was investigated. SEM-EDS, optical microscopy and FT-IR were used to analyze a browned area of three paper samples. It was found that the browned area had shortened fibres. In addition, iron was detected in this area. The corrosion of this iron led to this area of the paper being partially covered by iron(III) oxide, the product of the corrosion, as determined by FT-IR spectroscopy.
Archaeometric Interpretation and Quantitative Analysis of Pottery from Proto-Three Kingdom to Baekje Kingdom Period of the Balanri Site in Hwaseong, Korea
Han, Lee Hyeon ; Lee, Chan Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 111~125
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.03
This study focused on making technique and usage of potteries from Proto-Three Kingdom to Baekje Kingdom in Balanri Site. The potteries were divided into four groups, Jungdo type I, Jungdo type II, Tanalanmun type and the Baekje type on the basis of the shape and physical properties. The Jungdo type potteries were used as kitchen wares, showing mostly yellowish brown color. The Tanalanmun type potteries were used as storages, showing gray green color. Firing temperature of the Jungdo type and the Baekje type potteries were presumed to be fired at 900 to
, whereas the Tanalmun type potteries were fired at around 900 to
. This is indicated that the firing condition was adjusted according to the purposes of the potteries. On the one hand, the Balanri potteries were made of paleo-soil which was collected in very near place from the site based on geochemical characteristics of the pottery clays and the soil.
Preservation Values and Effects on Cleaning and Adhesive Agents for Plastic Artifacts
Chung, Yong Jae ; Yu, Ji A ; Kang, Dai Ill ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 127~138
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.04
Plastic, widely used as a material for contemporary art, get damaged as directly exposed to temperature, humidity, ultra violet, etc. And it is very quickly damaged in early time, once damaged, it can't recover into original state. But like this characteristics, there is a few advanced research in Korea. So this study deal with a rising value of plastic artifacts in other country, United Kingdom and France, current conservation state, identification and cleaning method. Also 5 types of cleaners(distilled water, ethanol, acetone, eraser) and adhesives(cyanoacrylate, epoxy, acrylic, chloroprene rubber) were evaluated by produced plastics(PVC, PE, PP, PS, PU). As a result of experiment, ethanol and acetone that were previous evaluated in other research performed in other country are the best cleaner. Result of degradation after adhesive, cyanoacrylate and epoxy resin showed better performance and stability. As a basic research, this study is expected that can be used in future researches.
Scientific Analysis of Slags and Furnace Wall collected from Iron Production Site at Suryong-ri Wonmorongi in Chungju
Cho, Hyun-Kyung ; Cho, Nam-Chul ; Kang, Dai Ill ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 139~147
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.05
This study focused on iron making related information through analyzing slags and furnace wall collected from iron production site of Suryong-ri Wonmorongi, Chungju. Total Fe content of slags were from 36.98% to 44.47% and this range was general recovery rate of iron in ancient. Compounds of calcium included slags was supposed to add intentionally during smelting process as deoxidation agent in order that these helped to separate iron from impurities. Furnace wall didn't make of high alumina clay because of low
. Microstructure and main components of slags show that No. 1 to 3 slags with fayalite and wustite were products of iron ore smelting. However, No.4 slag is more likely to smelt by iron sand because of ulvospinel with
in No. 4 slag. Therefore, iron ore were not only used but iron sand in smelting and furnace wall made of general clay with low
content in this area.
Conservation and Analysis of Pigments and Techniques for Crown Prince Munhyo Boyangcheong Folding Screen Painting
Ahn, Ji Yoon ; Cheon, Ju Hyun ; Kim, Hyo Jee ; Jee, Joo Yeon ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 149~159
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.06
The painted folding screen of Crown Prince Munhyo at Boyangcheong, Munhyo-seja Boyangcheonggyebyung, was made to record the court ceremony where Crown Prince Munhyo(1782-1786), the firstborn son of King Jeongjo, met his first teacher called Boyanggwan for the first time at Boyangcheong, a government agency specifically founded to provide education for a crown prince, in January 1784. Having never been treated before, this 8-fold screen is still in its original presentation of Joseon Dynasty screen paintings of court ceremonies in the 18th century. The mountings of folding screens in Joseon Dynasty has been researched through the study of the mounting of the Boyangcheong screen and the conservation treatment of the screen has been based on this research. The result of the pigment analysis shows the use of lead white, red lead, vermilion(cinnabar), azurite, malachite, litharge(massicot), carbon black(Chinese ink). The microscopic observation has proved that the painting was painted on verso in most areas and finished on recto to highlight the details or to produce subtle hues by applying light colors.
A Study on the Restoration Methods of the Excavated Costume: Focus on Excavated Costumes of Yeosan Song's Family at Mokdal-dong in Daejeon
Ha, Shinhye ; Kwon, Youngsuk ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 161~170
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.07
The purpose of this study is to find the reasonable plan for the restoration method through the practical repair of excavated costume. The minimal repair only without adding the physical force as far as possible after investigating the state of excavated costume has been progressed in case of excavated costume since it is already degraded and weak due to the characteristics of organic matter at the moment when it is excavated. Moreover, it has been restored as the following course; The restoration has been applied according to the state of excavated costume with the maximum stability by classifying items capable of being restored considering the fabric state of excavated costume. The drawn thread from the weak in strength and the refined thread of the Juasa(simple gauze) or the light degraded silk thread has been used in case of thread for restoration. The cotton fabrics has been used in the fabric of cellulose system, the Juasa or the silk has been used in the silk depending on the kind of fabric in connection with the support fabric, some parts have been dyed with Alnus firma fruit and the persimmon, has been repaired by using the dyed fabric with the clove for the purpose of mothproof-antibacterial treatment. The method to repair has been carried out by classifying according to the state of damage and the way of formation of costume. The needlework method suitable for the part and state of damage by using the basting, the broad-stitching, backstitch, the blind stitch and the hemming stitch in connection with the needlework method for restoration.
Clay Source Interpretation and Making Characteristics of Proto-Three Kingdoms Period Potteries from Cheonan and Asan in Korea: Focusing on the Bakjimeure Site
Kim, Ran Hee ; Jung, Jewon ; Lee, Chan Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 171~185
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.08
The purpose of this study were to interpret making characteristics and clay sources for Proto-Three Kingdoms period potteries which were excavated from Bakjimeure site in Tangjeong, Asan, Korea, on the basis of shape types. The pottery samples of the studied included deep bowl pottery, cylinder shaped pottery, duck shaped pottery and rounded based jar with short neck. And the last jar was dominant among them. This is supported in nearby Yongduri Jinter site, Galmaeri site and Baekseokdong site. They vary in terms of color of clay, absorption ratio and mineral classification. Based on the fact that their absorption ratio range was 4.50 to 25.19% and firing temperature range was 850 to
, they were thought to be widely used. The equivalence of cylinder shaped pottery, duck shaped pottery and deep bowl pottery was high in terms of material characteristics and their firing temperature range was 850 to
. However, the deep bowl pottery, compared to other pottery shapes, contained great amount of coarse grained quartz and feldspar, and was different from others in terms of function. For soil sample collected from relative plains (area 3) in the southernmost part of the site, their mineralogical and geochemical characteristics were the most similar to those of the potteries excavated from the Bakjimeure site and even most of the potteries collected from different sites.
Study of Corrosion Characteristics of Corroded Iron Objects from Underwater by Sulfides
Kim, Taek Joon ; Wi, Koang Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 187~196
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2013.29.2.09
This study is on the corrosion of iron objects caused by sulfides in undersea environment. The corrosion state of objects in seawater and their damage state after underwater and left in highly humid air were studied. The samples of this study were four iron objects which had been taken out from undersea mud layer located in Taean Mado, Chungcheongnamdo. SEM-EDS and XRD analyse on the objects to check whether they have sulfides or not. The result of analysis suggested that the major component of corrosion product generated in undersea deposit soil is sulfur(S) and iron sulfide(FeS) is formed as sulfide. However, there was no clear corrosion on the surface of objects which was exposed to sea water because of the impact of concretion which covered the surface. In order to check the damage status of iron objects after they had been taken out of sea water, exposure tests in high humidity environment and dehumidified environment were done on the corrosion products. The result of the test suggested that the oxidization of iron sulfide corrosion product makes iron sulfate (
) and sulfuric acid (
) and they can cause secondary corrosion of iron objects. Therefore, it is believed that the iron sulfide corrosion product of iron objects taken out from underwater environment should be removed by all means and the keeping environment of the iron objects should also maintain dehumidified state.