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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on Corrosion Inhibitors for applying to Iron objects
Kim, Hye Sun ; Hur, Yoon Hyun ; Kim, Soo Ki ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.01
Stabilization of iron artifacts is focused on desalination than corrosion inhibitors. However artifacts are not condition of desalination treatment must be applied to corrosion inhibitors. But iron artifacts is not representative of inhibitors which drug is most effective qualities have not been identified. Therefore in this study validates the effectiveness of existing inhibitors and its purpose is to suggest corrosion inhibitors for iron artifacts. In this study, Comparative experiment of corrosion inhibitors is selected BTA, DAN and MEA, TEA. This study was studied using Corrosion resistance test, Contact angle, XPS. As a result, all the samples treated with corrosion inhibitors was formed hydrophobic coating and was rising corrosion resistance. Also, the concentration of corrosion inhibitors was 3% better than 0.3%. BTA in the XPS experiment, the corrosive material to block the CH bond of the peak concentration was highly. This is considered corrosion potential is very high to see out the effect in the polarization experiment. Ethanolamine was superior to the MEA rather than in the TEA. MEA is likely to be appropriate in an outdoor iron artifacts seem to be suitable as corrosion inhibitors.
A Consideration of Pigments name on Ceremonial writing of Youngsan Ritual Ceremony Buddhist Painting, BongJeongsa
Song, You Na ; Kim, Gyu Ho ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~25
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.02
This study interpreted the chemicals of the pigments and the coloring techniques employed on Youngsan Ritual Ceremony Buddhist Painting through a nondestructive analysis method and a microscopic observation. Based on the interpretation, this study closely examined the chemical properties of the names of the coloring materials specified on the ceremonial writing of the Buddhist painting. It is estimated that lead white was used for the white pigments, orpiment and organic pigment for the yellow pigment, cinnabar/vermilion, minium, red ochre, and red dyes for the red pigments, malachite or atacamite for the green pigments, azurite and indigo for the blue pigments, and ink stick for the black pigments. The pigment names specified on the ceremonial writing are juhong, jungcheong, hayeop, whangdan, and whanggeum, and it was verified that juhong is cinnabar or vermilion, jungcheong is azurite, hayeop is malachite or atacamite, whangdan is minium, and whanggeum is a gold foil.
Conservation of stapled books: Rebinding using colored iron cores
Ha, Hyojin ; Choi, Jungeun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 27~32
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.03
The sample book was printed in 1935. Since the books in the early twentieth century were printed using acidic paper, the color of the paper would change to brown over time due to iron corrosion. In addition to corroding iron cores, the acidity of the paper (pH 3.2) also made the paper brown and fragile, as was true in the case of the sample book. To clean the paper of the sample book and to make it strong, we replaced the iron core and performed wet cleaning on the paper to remove contaminants. Then we pressed the sample book dry, and subsequently linening every page with Minoshi(
). Generally, book conservator rebinding the book using wires or threads: however we have devised a new method to rebind the book using colored iron cores. To color the iron core brown, they were dipped in an aqueous coloring solution (
); subsequently, a 20% paraloid B-72 was applied to protect the colored iron cores from corrosion.
Analysis of adhesive material for joining pottery fragments excavated from Duurlig Nars, Mongolia
Yun, Eunyoung ; Kang, Hyungtae ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 33~38
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.04
The adhesive material was found for joining pottery fragments from Duurlig Nars, Mongolia estimated in AD 1C. In this study, analysis of natural substance for joining fragments of pottery was performed using gas chromatograph and mass spectrometer. As a result, it was identified triterpenoid substances, such as lupeol and betulin which were known to constituents of birch bark tar. It was suggested that Mongolian used adhesives made by birch bark tar for joining pottery fragments. Therefore if organic materials of ancient objects are systematically researched, it can provide significant evidence related to the way of life of ancient people.
A study in pigment analysis and original mounting of the decorative painting at court
Ahn, Ji Yoon ; Kim, Soo Yeon ; Cheon, Ju Hyun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 39~53
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.05
The decorative painting at court was practical and functional role by decorated the inside and outside of palace. Especially, the type of the Painting of sun, moon and five peaks and Heavenly peach were the one of representative decorative paintings, produced for authority of king and longevity wish. However, there are not clarify verification of production period and installation place in the Painting of sun, moon and five peaks and Heavenly peach, that made before
century, in present. Therefore, this study has a meaning on find production period, installation place and techniques of paint through conservation scientific research of the Painting of sun, moon and five peaks and Heavenly peach that introduced the first time in National Museum of Korea. Double side paintings in two-panel folding screen style and tortoise shell shape of window is the first time research in the decorative painting at court. This study also explain that they were installed in Hamin Jeong from ChanggyeongGungyeonggeon Dogam Uigwe(1834) through research of the original measurement, contrast of palace in present and Uigwe record. It will be contributed to a study of the Painting of sun, moon and five peaks and Heavenly peach in the early
Study on the Material Characteristic of Baekeuikwaneum (the White-Robed Buddhist Goddess of Mercy) Wall-Painting of Bogwangmyungjun in Wibongsa, Wanju
Kim, Young Sun ; Lee, Sang Jin ; Choi, In Sook ; Jin, Byung Hyuk ; Lee, Hwa Soo ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 55~65
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.06
On this studyed, the Wibongsa BoGwangMyungJun BaekEuiKwanEum wall-painting was conservation of Scientific research ahead. This study carried out Grain size analysis, SEM-EDS, XRD, P-XRF, FT-IR and ultrasonic exploration for wall-painting. As a result, walls layer used to mineral particles size was mixing the medium-texture and fine texture. painting layers pigments used to base paintings was ocher, white pigments was hobun, red pigments was suckganju, green pigments was suckruk. Also BackuiKannon wall-painting walls damage reason of that was long-term physical shocks. painting layers damage was include detachment or powders. it is affected by temperature and humidity. Therefore in the future conservation of wall-paintings through scientific analysis based on such data, conservation processing is performed through the preservation and enhance the stability of the paintings as a basis for the conservation of management can be utilized.
A Scientific Study on the Composition Analysis and Microstructure of the Yucheon-ri Goryeo Whiteware
Lee, Taejin ; Koh, Minjeong ; Lim, Sookyung ; Yun, Eunyoung ; Hwang, Hyunsung ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 67~80
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.07
This study examined the chemical characteristics and the microstructure of Goryeo whiteware which was excavated in the kiln site Yucheon-ri, Gangwon-do, the southern part of South Korea. this area is considered to be used in the middle of the time of Goryeo Dynasty. We analyzed the chemical characteristics comparing Goryeo Whiteware from Seo-ri, Jungam-ri, Bangsan-dong and The temple site of Beopcheon. Based on the analysis, we confirmed the properties of raw material for making pottery. It is featured that body composition of Goryeo Whiteware from Yucheon-ri contains high silica and low solvent. However, the contents of the glaze are vice versa. Goryeo whiteware tends to contain larger part of oxide than that of titanium oxide, which applies to Goryeo Celadon. the whitewares during the early days of Goryeo Dynasty varies in components depending on kilns, whereas it does not mean that chronological changes happened in components. The whiteware shards from Yuchoen-ri have a similar aspect. The whiteware shard from the temple of Beopchen differ in composition, Thus they are estimated to have been produces and shipped from various sites. In conclusion, we judged that the component difference among Goryeo whitewares stems from production environment and origin of raw materials rather than chronological changers.
Consideration of Making Techniques and Deterioration Assessment using Radiography for the Iron Buddha Statues
Han, Na Ra ; Lee, Chan Hee ; Yi, Jeong Eun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 81~93
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.08
As the Seated Iron Buddha Statues, Vairocana Buddha of Dopiansa Temple in Cheolwon, Nosana Buddha of Samhwasa Temple in Donghae and Sakyamuni of Mangisa Temple in Pyeongtaek were made during Unified Silla to Koryo Dynasty. These are damaged degradation which are crack, break-out, peel off and various pollutant. As a result of deterioration evaluation using radiography, crack, gap, break-out, pore space and restoration material are confirmed inside in the Buddha Statues. Based on iron strength, the Buddha Statues will be maintain current state as long as a high external impact is not applied. Also, iron core and nails used for fixing of internal and external framework were observed in the Buddha Statues. According to prominent line of surface, embossed inscription, hands cast separately and combined, the Buddha Statues were made by using division casting.
Experimental study for removing silver sulfide from silver objects by Nd:YAG laser cleaning
Lee, Hyeyoun ; Cho, Namchul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 95~101
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.09
Silver objects tarnish with black from reaction with sulfurous acid or hydrogen sulfide of atmospheric. Blackening of silver objects results from formation of silver sulfide(
) on the surface. Silver sulfide usually is usually removed by conservation treatment. There are several cleaning methods such as chemical, electrochemical and micro-abrasion cleaning, but all of them consume silver. This study investigated the safe and effective parameter of laser cleaning by test on silver coupons. Laser cleaning is a selective process for the removal of specific substances. At first, laser cleaning applied to plain silver coupons, which were not corroded, to find out the safe range of laser energy density. From results, plain silver coupons were not changed at 1064nm below
and at 532nm below
. The corrosion layer(silver sulfide) of artifical corroded silver coupons was removed at 1064nm with
by 5~10 pulses and at 532nm with
by 5~10 pulses. The removal thickness of corrosion layer was about 13-25nm per a laser pulse using AES analysis. In addition, laser cleaning tested the tarnish silver rings based on the results of silver coupons. As a result of test, the black surface were clean successfully and gave luster of silver, which showed the application possibility of laser cleaning for silver objects.
A study on the development and the physical properties of Epoxy Putty for earthenware restoration
Bae, Jin Soo ; Cheong, Da Som ; Kim, Woo Hyun ; Kang, Seok In ; Wi, Koang Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 103~109
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2014.30.1.10
This study aimed to develop materials to compensate for problems of restoration for lost parts and material problems in the conservation treatment. First, there are several problems with existing materials as follows: secondary damage due to the high shrinkage rate and low adhesive strength, sense of difference due to the severe yellowing, remelting due to irreversibility of materials, processability due to the high strength, sag due to the prolonged setting time in the work process and surface contamination of artifacts due to tools or gloves. In order to solve these problems, this study set developmental goals after understanding the types and physical properties based on epoxy resin among the currently used restoration materials of pottery and earthenware. The developed epoxy resin is epoxy putty, which is cured within 5 minutes, for earthenware restoration. In the earthenware restoration method, the epoxy putty enhanced the workability by quickly curing in paste form and compensated disadvantages such as surface contamination. In addition, the use of white micro-balloon for the epoxy stock solution made coloring easier and weight lighter, and a restoration material with low shrinkage and superior processability was developed.