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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Study on Degradation Characteristic of Plastic Artwork for Conservation
Yu, Ji A ; Cho, Ha Jin ; Han, Ye Bin ; Lee, Hyun Ju ; Lee, Sang Jin ; Chung, Yong Jae ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.01
Plastic artwork can be appeared crack, change of color and whitening event by various environment conditions. A large scale plastic artwork often exhibits in outside it will be directly degraded by physical and chemical degradation factor such as strong sunlight, high humidity and rainfall. We should know degradation characteristic of plastics to prevent these damages. In this study, we studied degradation characteristic of plastics (5 types of wide use plastics; polypropylene, polystyrene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polyurethane) depending on various artificial degradation conditions such as high temperature, ultraviolet and these complex conditions (high temperature and ultraviolet). As a result, polypropylene, polystyrene and polyethylene show the most visible change especially polypropylene, polystyrene. Polypropylene didn`t show a great change degree of tensile strength and contact angle, on the other hand polystyrene did. Polypropylene and polystyrene weakened by photo degradation, polyvinyl chloride and polyurethane had relatively good light stability. Also the high temperature and complex conditions were most degradation characteristic. High temperature worked for degradation catalyst because its energy can not enough worked for cut off binding energy of plastics while ultraviolet condition effected as directly degradation condition. Though following results, we expect it can be applied to investigation of degradation factor depending on plastic artwork materials and basic result of plastic artworks conservation.
Experimental Study of Desalting Methods Using Ethyl Alcohol for Archaeological Cast Iron Objects
Lee, Hye Youn ; Cho, Ju Hye ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 95~104
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.02
Excavated archaeological cast iron objects in improper storage are quickly corroded and disintegrated into block and powder finally. Hence desalination treatment which is a way of removing internal corrosive factors, especially chloride ion, is an important process. But desalination is often omitted or objects are dehydrated by alcohol because the destruction of objects could occur during desalting. Although current desalting methods mostly use an aqueous alkali solution,
ions of water could accelerate corrosion and broaden internal cracks cause of high surface tension. Therefore this study experimented desalting using ethyl alcohol, which is low surface tension, to investigate an effect of desalination. As a result, desalting using ethyl alcohol showed the similar or more effective results of desalting using water. In addition, as aspects of desalting safety, ethyl alcohol desalting method was smaller destruction of objects and extraction of Fe from the objects than the aqueous alkali solution. However, this study explored the possibility of desalting methods using organic solvent in fieldwork, so the results would provide basic date for making the safe and effective desalting method for archaeological cast iron objects through further experiments.
Study on the Development of Putty According to Epoxy Resin Hardener
Oh, Seung-Jun ; Cheong, Da-Som ; Park, Gi-Jung ; Wi, Koang-Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 105~114
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.03
In this study, an advanced epoxy putty which was as a multi-purpose restoration material being used to restore missing parts in the artifact preservation treatment process was developed. For the purpose of addressing the issues including the workability issue resulting from high strength, the drooping issue resulting from long hardening time during work process and the issue of contaminating the surface of artifact resulting from stained material on tools or gloves, a property comparison was conducted with existing materials to examine the properties of restoration materials in the form of epoxy putty currently being frequently used. For the purpose of addressing the issues of existing materials and allowing the developed epoxy putty to have similar properties, two types of hardeners with different properties were selected to conduct property experiments. As for the hardeners, mercaptan type hardener and aliphatic amine type hardeners in the total of two types were selected for the development. The result showed that the two types were both in the form of paste and their hardening time of 5-10 minutes were about 3-10 times shorter than that of existing materials, thereby improving the work convenience. In terms of abrasion rate to increase workability, it was improved by about 3 times to allow effective and convenient use. As for the issue of contaminating the artifact surface during the process, white micro-balloon was added as filler to address the issue to reduce the oil ingredient to develop multi-purpose restoration material with low shrinkage & high workability in coloring, light weight and cutting force.
A Study on Transparency and Characteristics of Natural Adhesives Made of Urushiol and Glue
Kim, Eun Kyung ; Ahn, Sun Ah ; Jang, Sungyoon ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 115~123
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.04
This study aims to increase the transparency of the natural adhesives made with lacquer and glue. For the purpose, samples were prepared by mixing urushiol with glue in varied proportion and the characteristics and adhesive properties were investigated. By adding glue on urushiol, IR spectra of the natural adhesives became similar to that of glue as the N-H band related with protein of glue increased, while that of methylene C-H bond related to urushiol decreased. Samples were dried within a day and maintained a bright color without blackening by oxidation during the curing process. The natural adhesives with urushiol and glue showed various range of viscosity and tensile shear strength as Cemedine C or Epoxy resin according to mixing ratio. In addition, the sample of mixing ratio of 6:4 showed bright and transparency in appearance and tensile shear strength similar to that of Araldite AY103-1/HY956 for earthenware layer.
A Study on Conservation Materials of the Lacquer Wares : the Tohoe and Goksu
Jang, Eun Jeong ; Park, Jung Hae ; Kim, Soo Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 125~130
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.05
Specific techniques and materials in conservation of traditional lacquer has not been transmitted. This study aims to compare the basic characteristics of the filler which used in the base layer of lacquer conservation. Tohoe(a mixture of lacquer and Clay) and the three kinds of additives which is mixed with Tohoe and Goksu(a mixture of lacquer, wood powder and rice starch) are estimated in drying rate, impact resistance, abrasion. Among those samples, the more amount of clay causes fast dryness speed and worse cracks on the surface. The impact resistance is weakened at high amount of clay. There is no significant differences of impact resistance between both additives that is mixed with the samples and additives. The samples that are mixed with Goksu and additives show high impact resistance. In the polishing test, the more amount of filling powders show higher grinding degree and the sample that are mixed with wood powder and charcoal show higher degree as well. The highest grinding degree is Maekchil and Goksu but the lowest one is the sample of the rooftile powder mixture.
Restoration of Earthenware & Porcelain Cultural Assets using 3D Printing
Lee, Hae Soon ; Wi, Koang Chul ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 131~145
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.06
Cultural assets restoration is being considered highly as a practical way to extend the lifespan of damaged cultural assets and re-highlight their value. However, restoration process has been mostly dependent on the manual work involving the experience and skill of a person performing restoration, thereby requiring much time and effort. In recent, it became possible to apply a method allowing restoration to be performed more accurately and easily according to the material characteristics and shape of cultural assets. Namely, it is to use a method of printing out the 3D shape data computed in computer as real object by using 3D printer for the restoration that has been performed manually. The missing part of a cultural asset is computed into computer data first and is printed out by using 3D printer to undergo a simple shaping process. The result of 3D printer application showed that repetitive output and shape and figure revision of digital data were possible, and it was possible to improve the degree of completedness of restoration through test output using various types of restoration materials using various materials. For the purpose of verifying the possibility of applying 3D printer to restore missing part of earthenware, two pieces of modern reproductions, namely, the Seven Treasure Incense Burner and Earthenware with Wagon Wheel Decoration, were artificially damaged. The restoration result showed that compared to manual work, it showed better effectiveness in curtailing work time and reproducing accurate shape. On the other hand, secondary manual work was slightly needed for detailed binding and to vividly express surface texture.
A Study on Making a Replica for Restoration of the Stone Lion Statue Excavated from Woljeong Bridge
Lee, Chan Young ; Han, Kyeong Soon ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 147~157
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.07
TExhibiting replicas of major artifacts is becoming common recently to raise their value and help the public to understand them. In Korea, more attention is paid only to appearance in creating replicas of artifacts. It is required to study reproduction technology minimizing damages to originals and applicable to massive artifacts like sculptures in the situation that replicas and artifact reproduction is increasing. To make a replica of the Stone Lion Statue excavated from Woljeong Bridge, a measured drawing and a cross section are produced based on art historical surveys using 3D scans. A non-contact reproduction method is selected. The strength of the non-contact reproduction method is that the output is detailed. Athough the non-contact method has known to be applicable only to small scale artifacts and require reprocess, it is discovered to be applicable to detailed statues like this lion statue. Therefore, this study may contribute to complement the historic authenticity of the statue as well as to raise its academic value. It also can be utilized as research material of similar artifacts`replicas and restoration.
Archaeological Scientific Characteristics of Patternless Pottery with Talc Temper: Baekseokdong Gojaemigol Site in Cheonan, Korea
Kim, Su Kyoung ; Lee, Chan Hee ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 31, issue 2, 2015, Pages 159~173
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2015.31.2.08
The patternless potteries excavated from the Baekseokdong Gojaemigol site in Cheonan, was subdivided into talc and non-talc (including amphibole) type pottery. The potteries showed black, reddish brown and yellowish brown colors, but represent to difference with occurrences and internal texture of raw materials and temper minerals. The all potteries and paleosoils are commonly high content of temper minerals with poorly sorting and roundness of particles, and the paleosoils composed mainly of quartz, plagioclase, mica, chlorite and kaolinite. Between the talc and non-talc type potteries are very similar with magnetic susceptibility, absorption ratio and specific gravity. Geochemical behaviors of major, minor, compatible and incompatible elements in talc pottery are very similar with amphibole, non-talc pottery and paleosoils, and well correspondence with enrichment and deficiency patterns of each element, and the talc and amphibole potteries are highly enriched patterns of MgO concentration. In paleosoils of Gojaemigol site, talc and amphibole are not detected, therefore, making the pottery of the site estimate the possible to artificial additions of the temper minerals of talc and amphibole used interbedded talc layer within gneiss complex near the Baekseokdong area. Based on the phase relations, differential thermal and thermal gravimetric analyses, the potteries could be classified into two groups by firing temperature. The one group of talc temper pottery fired from 800 to
and the other group of amphibole and non-talc temper pottery revealed of 900 to