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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Conservation Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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Archaeomagnetic Study on Roof Tile Kilns of Goryeo Period in Gyeonggi Region
Sung, Hyong Mi ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.01
At the archaeological site, there are a variety of fired soil remains with which archaeomagnetic dating is measured, and there are also different kinds of kilns equipped with favorable plasticity conditions, so quality data can be gained. Among them, roof tile kilns indicate fairly great results of archaeomagnetic measuring. This should be associated with the properties of soil consisting of the kilns. With a lot of experimental results, it has been found that the fired soil samples of roof tile kilns have formed very stable residual magnetization. This author conducted archaeomagnetic research to present archaeomagnetic results of measuring about roof tile kilns from Goryeo in Gyeonggi. With the archaeomagnetic data of measuring 21 samples, this researcher tried to estimate the archaeomagnetic dating of roof tile kilns from Goryeo in Gyeonggi and divided them into three groups, group A (A.D.900~1150), group B (A.D.1150~1250), and group C (A.D.1300~1400) to figure out their relative order and arrange them in order. Through this kind of archaeomagnetic research, it will be possible to identify the dating of 21 roof tile kilns from Goryeo in Gyeonggi and also contribute considerably to chronological research on roof tile kilns from Goryeo. In the body, the remains and kilns belonging to each group are presented in detail.
Scientific Study for Seungja Chongtong in the Central Museum of Kyunghee University
Oh, Il Whan ; Jeong, Youn Joong ; Cho, Nam Chul ; Kang, Hyung Tae ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.02
Seungja Chongtong is a small korean tubular arm that made by particular arm-making way imitating a chinese arm. This study organizes scientific analysis results with results of inscriptions reading of Seungja Chongtong in the Central museum of Kyunghee University. Three of Seungja Chongtongs are made with Cu-Sn-Pb ternary alloy which is not much differ in contents and the results of microstructure analysis of Seungja Chongtong 1 which could investigate a microstructure among the Chongtongs were found out that Seungja Chongtong is made by general casting, with no evidences of an additional heat-treatment and tempering. Furthermore, in results of lead isotope ratio analysis to find out a source of lead using during the production of Seungja Chongtong, It seems that Seungja Chongtong is made with a lead ore from northern Gyeongsangbuk-do Province and southern Gangwon-do Province called Korea southern zone 2 area.
Confirming Animal Glue in Dancheong Sample by Pyrolysis/GC/MS
Park, Jong Seo ; Kim, Mi Jeong ; Kim, Soon Kwan ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 21~32
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.03
Animal glue is a traditional material used extensively as adhesive and binder in mother-of-pearl, wooden structure, traditional painting, etc. Analysis of animal glue is usually performed with IR(infrared spectroscopy) based on the IR absorption of functional group. But, it has a limitation in confirming animal glue when a sample consists of several materials because of overlapping of the absorption band. Py/GC/MS(pyrolysis/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) is a useful tool in analyzing the constituent of polymeric materials like animal glue by identifying their pyrolysate with very small amount of sample. In this study, confirmation of animal glue in a Dancheong sample was tried with this method. Characteristic pyrolytic compounds of animal glue and tung oil used in Dancheong were identified. Dancheong sample painted with Noerok as a coloring material, animal glue and tung oil was prepared and it was possible to find characteristic peaks of animal glue after thermal degradation and artificial weathering experiment. From this, we found that animal glue can be detected using py/GC/MS in cultural heritage samples consisting of several materials and in different condition. IR was also tried to analyze Dancheong sample and the results were compared with those of py/GC/MS for the detection of animal glue.
Study on Material Characteristic of Modern Cultural Heritage Rickshaw
Kim, Soo Chul ; Choi, Jae Wan ; Lee, Jee Eun ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.04
Modern cultural heritage were made with various materials. But there are no certain analysis for modern cultural heritage. Analysis on rickshaw from National Museum of Korean Contemporary History were carried out using P-XRF, species identification, paint film analysis, FT-IR and microscope observation. As a result Copper and Zinc were measured in metal parts. Nickel alloys were first used in the modern era for rickshaw. Wooden parts, Oak(Quercus spp.), bamboo(Phyllostachys spp.) and Hinoki cypress(Chamaecyparis spp.) were identified. Outer films were painted by 5 layers and inner films were painted by 3 layers. More simple painting process were performed on the inner part. Cotton and wool were identified by FT-IR. Also, cowhide were identified. Authenticity conservation and restoration could be carried out with the results.
Study of Characteristics for Red Adhesive in Traditional Gold Thread
Kim, Ji Eun ; Yu, Ji A ; Han, Ye Bin ; Chung, Yong Jae ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 43~49
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.05
Gold threads mean thread made by metal, it is composed various material to gold leaf, adhesive and media. The making technique and using materials of Gold threads are different from region, it can be used to distinguish country of origin. So this study finds characteristics and making techniques for flat gold threads of relics. Standard samples are made of animal glue, lacquer, red lacquer and etc. This materials are based on the scientific investigation of cultural gold threads properties. Then traditional techniques were estimated by comparison and analysis of actual cultural properties and standard samples. As a result of investigating cultural properties, it is similar to the standard sample which are mixed with red soil additives. After analysis of SEM-EDS, it is detected to Al, Si, Fe. So it is to the conclusion that traditional gold thread is made of adhesive mixed with red soil to improve gold color better. And this ways are similar with china that uses animal glue and red soil to adhesive and different from japan that uses lacquer to adhesive. Through this study, it will be used to data and reference for reappearance and making techniques of traditional gold threads.
A Study on the Shape of the Portrait of King Taejo Using Digital Restoration
Kwak, Eun Gyung ; Sohn, Theo ; Yi, Hyeon Ju ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 51~61
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.06
'Eojin', king's portraits, had been produced during the Joseon dynasty. The portrait of King Taejo, the founder of the Joseon dynasty, remain at National Palace Museum of Korea and Gyeonggijeon portrait hall in Jeonju and Junwonjeon portrait hall in North Korea that has been recorded in original glass plate photo in 1911. Many replica of Eojin have been made since it is important to preserve and protect original one. In this study, the portrait of King Taejo, which is possessed by National Palace Museum of Korea, was researched for making replication standard version of the original form. It was focused on derivations of each artefacts and drawing lines those had been described on the picture including comparison among three portraits of King Taejo. Producing the replication standard version of King Taejo's portrait, the digital restoration techniques by the method of partition area scanning was applied. Accurate and precise detail result that is taken by digital imaging technique gives additional information regarding the relations among three portraits of King Taejo.
Compositions and Characteristics on the Glass Beads from Jeongjang?ri Site in Geochang, Korea
Yun, Ji Hyeon ; Kim, Gyu Ho ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.07
This study defined material and characteristics of 24 glass fragments and 26 whole glass beads. The feature of glass beads shape are divided into 5 types following color, size, weathering condition and manufacturing techniques. Through the chemical composition, the first and second type is soda glass, the third type is potash glass, the fourth and fifth type is lead barium glass. This site showed the aspect that the chemical composition is changed according to the feature of glass shape and was found that various chemical compositions. Looking at the flow of glass culture, the tomb that are lead barium glass IItype and potash glass I, IItype is relatively preceding period and the tomb that are soda glass and lead barium glass IIItype is following period.
Study on Material Characterization of Earthen Wall of Buddhist Mural Paintings in Joseon Dynasty
Lee, Hwa Soo ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 75~88
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.08
In this study, 5 mural paintings in the Buddhist temples of Joseon era were researched for component analysis on the soil contained in the walls. The results of particle size analysis showed that the ratio of particle contents were different in each layer. In the finishing layer, the distribution of the middle sand fraction is higher than that of the middle layer. The results of XRD analysis showed that quartz, feldspar, and clay mineral are the main components of sand, suggesting similar mineral composition to that of ordinary soil component. It seems weathered rocks were used for construction of the walls. The main chemical components detected from EDX analysis were Si, Al, Fe, and K. Also the SEM images showed sand or clay sized minerals. In conclusion, the walls of the buddhist mural paintings in Joseon Dynasty had been constructed by using the loess, and had been produced by using mixture of clay and sand particles of different sizes for each layer. This study identified the characteristics of the materials and the manufacturing technologies used on the walls of mural paintings of Buddhist temples in Joseon era.
Comparison of Painting Characteristics on Portraits by Nondestructive Analysis of Joseon Dynasty in 18
Century - Focusing on Yu Eon-ho's Portrait -
Song, You Na ; Lee, Han Hyeong ; Chung, Yong Jae ; Lee, Hye Yoon ;
Journal of Conservation Science, volume 32, issue 1, 2016, Pages 89~100
DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.1.09
We estimated pigments and painting techniques with nondestructive analysis for Yu Eonho's portrait made in the eighteenth century, then compared with 11 portraits and painting characteristics at that time. The pigments used to Yu Eon-ho's portrait include lead white, yellow dye, cinnabar, minium, and pink dye, malachite, azurite, iron oxide red and brown dye, blue and pink dye for purple. In the result compared with painted pigments of 11 portraits, iron oxide red without cinnabar was used on the face part and organic green dye only was used instead of inorganic pigments on the other side of clothing after Yu Eonho's portraits portrait. This study is show the painting techniques on the portraits in the late
century. We expect to use as useful referencing data for the study on the coloring technique of a portrait in the late Joseon Dynasty.