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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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Journal DOI :
International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Oct 2011
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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An Analysis of the Changes in Bone Mineral Density in Long-Stay Patients of a Geriatric Hospital in Relation to Physical Therapy
Lee, Sang-Min ; Kim, Soon-Hee ; Kim, Ji-Sung ; Wang, Joong-San ; Kim, Sung-Won ; Kim, Nyeon-Jun ; Lee, Sook-Hee ; Min, Kyoung-Ok ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 267~273
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.267
The purpose of this study is to examine the changes in bone mineral density in long-stay patients of a geriatric hospital in relation to physical therapy, thereby providing basic data for preventing the onset or deterioration of osteoporosis in inpatients of geriatric hospitals or relevant facilities. The subjects of this study were 133 elderly patients who had been in H geriatric hospital in Yongin-si for more than four years. Their bone mineral density T-scores at admission and those after four years were measured to compare and analyze the changes in bone mineral density in relation to physical therapy. According to the results, the decrease in T-score for the group without physical therapy was greater by .40 than that for the group with physical therapy, indicating a statistically significant difference between the two groups(p<.01). Accordingly, physical therapy proved to be effective in preventing bone mineral density loss and maintaining the current density.
Repetitive Dorsi-Plantar Flexion Exercises in Ankle Joint have Effects on the Muscle Tones of Triceps, Vastus Medialis and Gastrocnemius
Moon, Sang-Eun ; Kim, Mi-Hwa ; Ko, Young-In ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 274~280
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.274
This study was designed to analyze repetitive dorsiflexion and plantarflexion exercises in ankles have effects on the muscle tones of triceps, vastus medialis and gastrocnemius. 25 healthy woman volunteers(ankle dorsiflexion exercise group: 13, ankle plantarflexion exercise group: 12) participated in the two ankle exercise models, which have performed 3 times a week for 3 weeks. Myotonometer was used to measure the muscle tones of the triceps, vastus medialis, gastrocnemius muscles, and measurements were performed before and after the application of the each exercise model. Repeated measured paired t-test and independent t-test was used to determine a statistical significance. The group of repetitive dorsiflexion exercise of the ankle have effects on the muscle tones of triceps, vastus medialis and gastrocnemius (p>.05). The group of repetitive plantarflexion exercise of the ankle have effects on the muscle tones of triceps, vastus medialis and gastrocnemius(p>.05). The groups of repetitive dorsiflexion and plantarflexion exercise of the ankle have effects on the muscle tones of triceps, vastus medialis and gastrocnemius(p>.05).
The Influence of the Application of NEES to GV20 and L14, on HSP27 and HSP70, after the Ischemic Brain Injury
Choi, Jung-Hyun ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 281~287
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.281
This research was attempted to seek for a positive approach within the framework of physical therapy instead of the drug treatment in the past, with regard to the ischemic brain injury in the early stage. Accordingly, the aim of this research is to observe the change of HSP27 and HSP70, the genes that are expressed in the early stage of brain injury and to investigate the effects of needle electrode electrical stimulation(NEES), upon applying NEES after ischemia. The experimental method is to give rise to global ischemia and apply NEES to 27 SD-Pat rats with the particulars of being eight-week-old, male, around 300g, and adapted to laboratory environment for more than a week, and divide them into three groups, that is, GV20 NEES group(n=9), L14 NEES group(n=9), no applied NEES global ischemia(GI) group(n=9), and then observe their changes of HSP27 and HSP70 at the time lapse of 6, 9 hr and 12 hr after ischemia, using immunohistochemistry methods. Upon observing through the immunohistochemistry method, it was noticed that there was a significant difference between the GV20 NEES group and the L14 NEES group as for HSP27 and there were significant differences among all groups as for HSP70(p<.05). Accordingly, it is supposed that the application of NEES after the outbreak of cerebral ischemia delay the apoptosis in the early ischemic part of forebrain or protect neurons against apoptosis.
Effects of Gait Training Using Functional Electrical Stimulation on Stroke Patients' Balance and Gait Velocity
Kang, Kwon-Young ; Choi, Wan-Suk ; An, Ho-Jung ; Koo, Ja-Pung ; Lee, Joon-Hee ; Yun, Young-Dae ; Lee, Jung-Sook ; Jung, Joung-Youl ; Lee, Sang-Bin ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 288~293
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.288
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of gait training using functional electrical stimulation on the improvement of hemiplegic patients' functions for balance and gait velocity. The subjects of the experiment were determined to be 10 each hemiplegic patients who had been diagnosed with stroke or brain damage six months or longer earlier assigned to an experimental group and a control group respectively. The subjects were evaluated before the experiment using Tetrax and 10M gait tests, received gait training five times a week for four weeks using functional electrical stimulation and were evaluated after the experiment in the same method as used in the evaluation before the experiment. In order to examine differences between the experimental group that received gait training using functional electrical stimulation and the control group that was treated by functional electrical stimulation and received gait training thereafter, differences between before and after the experiment were analyzed using paired sample t-tests and differences in changes after the experiment between the experimental group and the control group were analyzed using independent sample t-tests in order to compare the two groups with each other. Experimental results showed significant differences in weight bearing, balance and gait velocity between before and after the experiment in the experimental group(p<.05). In the control group, whereas weight bearing and gait velocity did not show any significant difference between before and after the experiment(p>.05), balance showed significant differences(p<.05). Weight bearing, balance and gait velocity change rates showed significant differences between the experimental group and the control group(p<.05). In conclusion, it was indicated that gait training using functional electrical stimulation is effective for enhancing stroke patients' weight bearing rates, balance abilities and gait velocity.
The Effect of Pelvic Inclination on Gait Elements and Weight Bearing of Healthy Adults
Cho, Sung-Hyoun ; Kim, Cheol-Yong ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 294~300
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.294
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the static pelvic inclination and declination in the static standing position on weight bearing rate and gait elements. Fourteen healthy adults in their twenties were participated. Two groups of healthy adults were allocated in this study: above and below the average of pelvic tilt. The correlation between the pelvic inclination, weight bearing rate and gait elements were measured. There was a statistical correlation between the pelvic tilt and step. Also, there was a statistical difference when we compared anterior declination with swing period and posterior declination with step. There was an asymmetric correlation between pelvic tilt and step. However, there was no statistical difference between the groups above and below the average of pelvic tilt. This result indicates that dipper pelvic inclination doesn't affect the asymmetry of step.
The Effect of Treadmill Training with Elastic Bands on the Chest Expansion and Pulmonary Functions of Young Adults
Lim, Sang-Wan ; Seo, Kyo-Chul ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 301~307
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.301
The purpose of this study was an determine whether elastic band on treadmill training might effect the chest expansion and pulmonary function of the 20's men. 40 subjects with experimental group(male: 20) and control group(male: 20) was participated in experiment. During four weeks, each group participated thirty minutes for three times per week. Subjects were assessed using pre-value and post-value measurement chest length(chest length for resting, chest expansion) and pulmonary function(forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume at one second, FEV1/FVC, peak expiratory flow, vital capacity, tidal volume, expiratory reserve volume, inspiratory reserve volume) by the CardioTouch 3000S(BIONET, USA). These findings suggest that experimental group can be used to improve chest expansion, pulmonary function than control group. In comparison of both groups, post-test was more improved in experimental group. In conclusion, experimental group helped improving function of pulmonary volume and respiratory muscle, and thus it indicates that the functions will be more improved through the continued respiratory exercise program.
The Effects of Handicraft Activities on Hand Promptness and Grasp in the Elderly
Lee, Jung-Sook ; Noh, Kyung-Ok ; Kim, Bo-Kyoung ; Choi, Wan-Suk ; Lee, Sang-Min ; Moon, Ok-Kon ; Park, Joo-Hyun ; Kim, Sung-Won ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 308~317
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.308
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of handicraft activities on hand promptness and grasp in the elderly. Subjects were comprised of 14 senior citizens between the ages of 70-85, with 7 subjects in the experiment group and 7 in the control group. Subjects in the experiment group practiced various handicrafts twice a day, while those in the control group did not participate in any special activity. The Jebsen Taylor Hand Function Test was used to evaluate the results, while a dynamometer and pinch gauge were used to measure hand promptness and grasp. The 7 senior citizens in the experiment group were able to increase their hand promptness and grasping skills. Conclusively, handicrafts can help improve hand promptness and grasp in the elderly. Furthermore, the development and improvement of such skills can have a positive influence on the daily lives of senior citizens. Such skills are expected to improve the overall neuro-function in the elderly population.
The Effect of Spinal Decompression Therapy on the Pain and Posture in the Patients with Low back Pain
Um, Ki-Mai ; Bae, Young-Sook ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 318~323
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.318
The purpose of this study identify that spinal decompression therapy effect on and pain, length Of leg distance(LLD), and muscle power and flexibility in patient with low back pain. The participants is 20 female and male with low back pain, and participant assign to decompression therapy group and control group at random. The decompression therapy apply to 20 minute 3 time for a week during 4 weeks. The Measurement items is pain, LLD, and muscle power, flexibility. The comparison between the before and after was Wilcoxon's U test, and 2 group after spinal decompression therapy application compared Mann-Whithney U test. Spinal decompression therapy reduced statistically significance the pain, LLD, and increased statistically significance the muscle power and flexibility increased the muscle power(p<.05). This study showed that spinal decompression therapy does affect pain, LLD, and muscle power and flexibility in patient with low back pain.
Comparison Analysis of Lower Extremities Activity while Walking Downhill according to the Height of Heel for Women in 20's
Kim, Hyeun-Ae ; Kim, Hee-Tak ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 324~328
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.324
The purpose of this study is to measure the effect of change in heel height on lower extremities activity of young women on high-heeled shoes that young women prefer from more kinetic and realistic perspective as this study changes the degree of slope on a treadmill. The study subjects are 15 young and healthy women who do not have any external injuries or problem with walking and understand the purpose of this study clearly. They wore three different height of heels(1cm, 7cm, 12cm) and walked on a treadmill at a constant speed of 3km/h. EMG value of four muscles (anterior tibial muscle, gastrocnemius muscle, straight muscle of thigh, and biceps muscle of thigh) were collected when walking and the change according to the height of heels were analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Multiple comparison analysis on anterior tibial muscle and heel height showed that the group with 12cm heel showed significantly high muscle activation compared to the groups with 1cm and 7cm heels. The result of this study can be used for various perspectives from inferring and mediating problems caused by wearing high heels on different ground slopes for a long time.
The Effect of Lumbar Muscle Strengthening Exercise Types on Balance and Walking Ability of Elderly
Choi, Yoo-Rim ; Kim, Jong-Woo ; Hwang, Byeong-Jun ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 329~338
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.329
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of stabilization, resistance exercise, and combined exercise for lumbar on balance and walking ability of elderly. This study selected 22 subjects of over 65 years old elderly women who satisfy the study condition from A, B and C Senior Citizen's Center, in Daegu. The subjects were divided into groups; 7 for resistance exercise group, 8 for stabilization exercise group, and 7 for combined exercise group(resistance and stabilization exercise). The exercises were conducted for 60min a day, three times a week for 12 weeks. Balance and walking ability were checked before the exercise, 6 weeks later, and 12 weeks later. First, all lumbar muscle strengthening exercises were effective for static balance which changed according to exercising period. In dynamic balance, the resistance exercise group showed significant improvement in sit to stand. Stabilization exercise group showed significant improvement in all factors. The combined exercise group showed significant improvement in sit to stand and timed up and go. There was no difference between the exercise types. Second, the resistance exercise group showed significant change in Cadence which changed according to exercising period. The combined exercise group showed significant improvement in all factors. Between the exercise types, combined exercise was a bit more effective than resistance exercise. According to the result of 12 weeks of lumbar muscle exercise, combined exercise is considered to be the most effective exercise to prevent fall as it helps balance and walking ability slightly more than other exercises. Therefore, this study can understand the risk factors for fall accidents that frequently occur among elderly and adopt the combined exercise to prevent fall which in turn will prevent secondary problems occur from fall accidents and improve quality of life of elderly.
The Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Forced Vital Capacity and Phonation Capabilities in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy
Ju, Joung-Youl ; Kang, Kwon-Young ; Shin, Hee-Joon ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 2, issue 2, 2011, Pages 339~343
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2011.2.2.339
The purpose of this study is to see the effect of functional electrical stimulation on forced vital capacity and alternating motion rate in children with spastic cerebral palsy. This study divided 20 children with spastic cerebral palsy into two groups; functional electrical stimulation treatment group and control group. Functional electrical stimulation treatment group had 20min per day treatment three times a week for four weeks and the control group did not have any treatment. Before and after intervention, this study measured forced vital capacity and alternate motion rate(/peo/,/teo/) for all children. Forced vital capacity showed statistically significant increase for the group with functional electrical stimulation(p<.05) while the control group did not show any significant increase(p>.05). Alternate motion rate showed statistically significant increase for the group with functional electrical stimulation(p<.05) while the control group did not show any significant increase(p>.05). This result shows that functional electrical stimulation affected the ability of the children with spastic cerebral palsy who have decreased breathing and phonation capability.