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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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Journal DOI :
International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Oct 2014
Volume 5, Issue 1 - May 2014
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The Effects of Balance Exercise on an Unstable Platform and a Stable Platform on Static Balance
Kim, Nyeon Jun ; Yoo, Kyung Tae ; An, Ho Jung ; Shin, Hee Joon ; Koo, Ja Pung ; Kim, Bo Kyoung ; Kim, Hong Rae ; Choi, Jung Hyun ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 641~646
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.641
The purpose of this study is to observe how balance exercise on an unstable platform and on a stable platform affects balance ability. The subjects were 35 adults in their 20s and were randomly assigned to a stable platform group and an unstable platform group. They performed balance exercise three times per week for six weeks. Balance exercise introduced by previous research was modified and complemented for use in this study. Balance ability of the subjects was measured through center of pressure(COP) area, medial-lateral displacement, and anterior-posterior displacement using a portable balance platform BT4. There was significant difference in the COP area between the unstable platform exercise group and the stable platform exercise group. In comparison in differences between the unstable platform exercise group and the stable platform exercise group after the exercise, there was significant difference in anterior-posterior movement. Therefore, exercise on an unstable platform is more effective than exercise on a stable platform in strengthening balance ability.
Effect of Myofacial Release and Cryotherapy in Acute Whiplash Injury
Park, Si Eun ; Lee, Joon Hee ; Wang, Jung San ; Choi, Yoo Rim ; Park, Joo Hyun ; Lee, Ju Hwan ; Choi, Young Duk ; Hwang, Hyun Sook ; Kim, Soon Hee ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 647~651
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.647
The purpose of this study is to provide the case of influence of myofacial release(MFR) and cryotherapy in acute whiplash injury. The subjects were consisted of 3 adults(2 males, 1 female) who had been diagnosed with whiplash injury. The performance period was 1 weeks, 6 times and 1 time is 40min(MFR: 20min, cryotherapy: 20min). We measured neck pain(Visual analogue scale, VAS) and cervical alignment(cervical curvature & line of gravity). All measurements of each subject were measured at pre-treatment and post-treatment. The results are listed below. The neck pain(VAS) index decreased from 7.54cm to 4.11cm. The cervical curvature increased from
. The line of gravity decreased from 8.03mm to 3.66mm. Based on the results, it can be suggested that both MFR and cryotherapy can be used to neck pain and alignment in acute whiplash injury.
The Effects of Somatosensory Stimulation of the Hands on the Hand Functions and Visuomotor Coordination Function of Children with Developmental Disabilities
Kong, Nam Ho ; Lee, Jun Cheol ; Lee, Han Ki ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 652~660
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.652
In the present study, to examine the effects of somatosensory stimulation of the hands on the hand functions and visuomotor coordination of children with developmental disabilities, a total of 24 sessions of experiments were conducted with three children with developmental disabilities for 60 minutes per session, three sessions per week from January 7, 2013 to March 11, 2013. To examine the effects of somatosensory stimulation of the hands on grasping and visuomotor coordination which are sub-areas of PDMS-2, the A-B study design was used which is a single case study method out of single-subject experimental research designs. Somatosensory stimulation of the hands was shown to be effective in improving the hand functions of children with developmental disabilities. Somatosensory stimulation of the hands showed positive effects on the raw scores and standardized scores of grasping and visuomotor coordination in all the three subject children. Visuomotor coordination functions showed higher scores in post-hoc tests in all three children. In particular, ring throws showed high scores at right
, center, left
, and left
among visual directions. In the present study conducted with children with developmental disabilities, ring throws were performed to examine visuomotor coordination. In particular, the numbers of successes of ring throws on the front, left, and right were shown to be high. Therefore, somatosensory stimulation of the hands was effective on the hand functions and visuomotor coordination functions of children with developmental disabilities.
Pain, Depression, Body Mass Index in Conscripts with Chronic Low Back Pain in South Korea
Lee, Ju Hwan ; Um, Ki Mai ; Wang, Jung San ; Lee, Sa Gyeom ; Park, Joo Hyun ; Koo, Ja Pung ; Kim, Jung Hee ; Lee, Suk Hee ; Moon, Ok Kon ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 661~667
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.661
This study is a cross-sectional study for conscripts with chronic low back pain, where it is designed to investigate general characteristics that conscripts with chronic low back pain carry, and it is also aimed to analyze the correlation as well as discrepancy within pain, depression and body mass index depending on their ranks. In this study, 90 Korean conscripts with chronic low back pain participated. And in order to analyze general characteristics as well as pain, depression and body mass index of the subjects, this study adopted a survey questionnaire upon general characteristics, and it also employed Visual Analogue Scacle(VAS) and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression(CES-D) Scale which have proven their credibility, where BMI values for the subjects were calculated based on 'Asian Pacific standard' Body Mass Index(BMI). From the general characteristics exhibited by the subjects through this study, average age and average height of the subjects were
respectively; and corporals displayed the highest ratio of 42% with the chronic low back pain while 40% of the total subjects experienced the duration of the illness less than 6 to 9 months. Moreover, 57.8% of all subjects were reportedly suffering moderate pain, and 48% exhibited depression while 49% carried BMI value between 18.5 and
(normal range). Based on the analysis of correlation among pain, depression, discrepancy of BMI depending on the ranks and each independent variable, it appears that there is no significant difference amongst the ranks, and there is no correlation between independent variables; however, it was obvious that all groups divided by the ranks had a moderate pain(45-74mm), depression(
) and BMI value in normal range(18.5-22.9).
The Effects of Proprioceptor Training and Vestibular Organ Training on Balance Ability of Adults
Lee, Sang Bin ; Moon, Ok Kon ; Choi, Jung Hyun ; An, Ho Jung ; Shin, Hee Joon ; Kim, Nyeon Jun ; Park, Si Eun ; Song, Young Hwa ; Min, Kyung Ok ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 668~674
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.668
The purpose of this study was to analysis of the effect of proprioceptor training and vestibular organ training for balance ability. The subjects was consist of two different subjects group, proprioceptor training group and vestibular organ training group. Proprioceptor training group consisted of 10 subjects and vestibular organ training group consisted of 10 subjects. Training was performed 3 times per week, 30 minutes per day, for 3 weeks. Balance ability analysis was performed using Romberg's one leg standing test and BT4 when opened eyes and closed eyes. The analysis results were as follows. There was no significant differences in balance after the training in both groups when they opened their eyes(p<.05). But there was significant differences in balance after the training in both groups when they closed their eyes(p<.05). And there was no significant difference in balance after the training between the proprioceptor training group and the vestibular organ training group when they closed their eyes(p<.05). Given the above results, proprioceptor training and vestibular organ training enhanced balance but there was no significant difference between the two methods.
The Effects of Auditory Biofeedback Training and Kicking Training on Walking Speeds in Patients with Hemiplegia
Jun, Hyun Ju ; Lee, Jin Su ; Kim, Ki Jong ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 675~682
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.675
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of auditory biofeedback training and kicking training on walking times in patients with hemiplegia to determine if the effects of such training would be maintained even after stopping the intervention. Thirty hemiplegia patients were selected and randomly assigned to a control group of 10 patients to receive general exercise treatment; an auditory biofeedback training group of 10 patients to receive auditory biofeedback training, along with general exercise; and a kicking training group to receive kicking training, along with general exercise. All the patients received their respective training 12 times in total, three times per week for four weeks. In addition, all those in the control and experimental groups received the same general exercise treatment 12 times in total, three times per week for four weeks, and underwent follow-up tests thereafter. The patients' 10m walking times were measured using a stopwatch. The significance was analyzed using repeated-ANOVAs. In cases where there were interactions between measuring times and groups, in each group were examined using repeated-ANOVAs. In cases where there were differences, post-hoc tests were conducted using repeated of contrast test. The 10m walking times of the control and experimental groups were significant differences in 10m walking times were shown between measurement times(p<.05), and significant differences in the interactions between measuring times and groups were shown between the groups(p <.05). However, no significant differences in 10m walking times were shown between the groups(p>.05). The auditory biofeedback training group showed significant decreases in walking times four weeks after the beginning of the intervention(p<.05) and significant increases eight weeks after the beginning of the intervention(p<.05). The kicking training group showed significant decreases in walking time four weeks after the beginning of the intervention(p<.05) and maintained the walking times without showing any significant differences eight weeks after the beginning of the intervention(p>.05). The walking speeds of only the kicking training group were maintained until eight weeks after the beginning of the intervention.
The Effect of Therapeutic Intervention Using Motivation on Chronic Stroke Patients' Balance
Kim, Yeon Ju ; Choi, Yoo Rim ; Choi, Wan Suk ; Kim, Bo Kyung ; Oh, Hyun Ju ; Kim, Hong Rae ; Hwang, Byeong Jun ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 683~690
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.683
This study purposed to provide a scientific base for understanding the effect of therapeutic intervention using motivation on chronic stroke patients' balance and determining whether it is applicable as a new therapeutic intervention. For this study, we sampled 38 chronic stroke patients, and divided them randomly into a motivation training group(n=20) and a control group(n=18). To the control group was applied neurological physiotherapy 5 times a week, and 30 minutes each time, and to the motivation training group was applied neurological physiotherapy and then, additionally, a Nintendo Wii-Fit program 3 times a week, and 30 minutes each time. Before and after the experiment, the subjects' dynamic balance was measured with functional reach test(FRT), timed up & go test(TUG), and 10m gait test, and their static balance was measured with the Romberger Test. When dynamic balance ability was compared between before and after the experiment and between the motivation training group and the control group, significant difference was observed in the results of FRT, TUG, and 10m walking test between before and after the intervention(p<.05). As to static balance, in addition, body balance movement distance was not significantly different. Therapeutic intervention using dynamic motivation was found to be more effective than the control group in improving dynamic balance.
The Effect of Swiss Ball Program on Lower Extremity Function of Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment
Lee, Yu Jin ; Park, Jae Young ; Park, Hyun Jeong ; Shin, Hee Joon ; Choi, Duk Kyu ; Shin, Hyung Soo ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 691~695
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.691
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of swiss ball program training on lower extremity function of old elderly with mild cognitive impairment. The subjects were 30 mild cognitive impairment eldrly people aged between 65 and 80, who were divided into the swiss ball program training group(n=15) and the control group(n=15). The swiss ball program training group engaged in a 50-minute exercise session using. Lower extremity function scale of the two groups were measured before and after the intervention. The results are as follows. According to the swiss ball program training conducted to examine the effects of the training on lower extremity function, Moreover, the two groups showed significant differences in lower extremity function. These results indicate that virtual reality training is effective in improving lower extremity function. To conclusion, swiss ball program was found to have a positive effect on elderly lower extremity function. Swiss ball program training can be proposed as a form of fall prevention exercise for the mild cognitive impairment. Swiss ball program may be helpful to reduce the incidence of dementia and behavioral complications.
The Influence of Physical Therapy on the Changes in Clinical Dementia Rating Scale in Long-stay Elderly Patients
Kim, Ji Sung ;
Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research , volume 5, issue 1, 2014, Pages 696~700
DOI : 10.5854/JIAPTR.2014.03.31.696
This study was carried out to identify the influence of continuous physical therapy on long-stay elderly patients. This study classified 92 patients who had been hospitalized for one year into experimental group who continued to perform physical therapy and control group who did not conduct physical therapy and these two groups were classified into 0.5 point-questionable group, 1 point-mild dementia group, and 2 point-moderate dementia group based on the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale(CDR) when they were hospitalized in order to analyze the changes at the early stage of hospitalization and after one year has passed. As a result, it was appeared that both in CDR 0.5-point subgroup of questionable group and in CDR 1-point subgroup of mild dementia group, CDR was statistically significantly reduced in the experimental group whose physical therapy was continuously performed than in the control group whose physical therapy was not performed(p<.05) and that there was no significant difference in changes in the CDR between experimental group and control group in CDR 2-point group, which is a moderate dementia group.