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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Earth and Exploration Geophysicists
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Nov 1998
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Aug 1998
Volume 1, Issue 1 - May 1998
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Application of Electromagnetic and Electrical Survey for Soil Contamination in Land-Fill Area
Chang Hyun-Sam ; Lim Hae-Ryong ; Hong Jae-Ho ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 1, issue 2, 1998, Pages 87~91
Geophysical survey techniques, such as electromagnetic(EM), GPR, and electrical method, have been tested in the landfill area to evaluate the applicability of these methods to soil contamination measurement. The EM method has proven to be excellent on mapping the areal distribution of contaminants and the migration path for leachate. Since the field operation of EM technique is simple as well as fast, we think the EM method must be the first choice for these purposes. Electrical survey techniques have proven to be very effective on mapping sectional distribution of contaminants. Generally, the GPR method is very good on high resolution survey of shallow depth, and field data acquisition is simple, too. But the resistivity method gives better information on deep area, for example, deeper than the depth of 20 m.
Investigations of Faults using array CSAMT Method
Lee Sang Kyu ; Hwang Se Ho ; Lee Dong Young ; Lee Jin-Soo ; Hwang Hak Soo ; Park In Hwa ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 1, issue 2, 1998, Pages 92~100
Array CSAMT surveys were conducted in two areas where it was not easy to identify the presence of faults only with geological survey because of thick overburden. The purpose of these surveys were to locate the faults and to delineate the deep resistivity structures around the faults. The steep dip lineaments having high contrast in resistivity laterally and the low resistive zones having some width in the resistivity sections were interpreted as faults and fracture zones associated with faults, respectively, The good applicability of array CSAMT to the investigation of fault was recognized owing to the agreement between the interpretation results of array CSAMT and the conclusive evidences collected by the following geological survey. The evidences includes the recent exposure of fault and the trajectory of fault evidences of the survey line. A comparison of the applicabilities of array CSAMT method and the resistivity method using dipole-dipole array was presented with the results of both methods along a same traverse line.
Aeromagnetic Characteristics of the Samryangjin Caldera Area
Koo Sung-Bon ; Lee Tai-Sup ; Park Yeong-Sue ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 1, issue 2, 1998, Pages 101~109
Using airborne magnetic data, magnetic characteristics were studied at the Samryangjin caldera area developed in the volcanics of the Yuchon sub-basin, the south eastern part of the Gyeongsang basin. Residual magnetics, reduction to the pole, horizontal derivative, and vertical derivative maps are prepared. Using these maps, the magnetic lithofaces are zoned and the geological structures such as caldera and faults were qualitatively interpreted. In addition, the two quantitative interpretations were performed. Firstly, the forward modelling were done to the 14.5 line km crossing the caldera area to the northeast-southwest direction. Applying the 3-D Euler deconvolution method to the whole study area, the depth extent and the characteristics of the magnetic anomalous bodies were studied. According to the results, the magnetic lithofaces of the area are zoned by 4 units. In general, these are well matched with the geological distributions. But the biotite granites intruded in the northern boundary of the Samryangjin caldera show the high magnetic intensity, while the biotite granites of the other areas show the low magnetic intensity and the different magnetic lithofaces. Thus, we interpreted that the biotite granites are closely related with the volcanic activity of the Samryngjin caldera, and are intruded in the fracture zones developed along the caldera rim. The Samryangjin caldera and fault structures of the area can be easily recognized by the distinct magnetic structures from the various magnetic anomaly maps. Also the topographic characteristics well reflect these structures. The results of the forward modelling show that the magnetic basement depth of the Gyeongsang sedimentary basin is on the average about 6 km and in maximum 10 km. And the depth becomes shallower toward the caldera boundary due to the shallow intrusion of the volcanics. The results of the 3-D Euler method also show the caldera and fault structures. And the relatively shallow magnetic anomalous bodies which are related with the volcanics are generally developed to the east-west and northeast directions, while the deep magnetic anomalous bodies to the northwest direction.
Electrical and VLF EM Responses for Conductive Dipping Dyke
Yoo In-Kol ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 1, issue 2, 1998, Pages 110~115
Self-potential, VLF-EM and dipole-dipole resistivity methods have been widely used for exploration of conductive sulfide ore deposit, because of the convenience and low cost of field work and the reliability of their results. The geophysical responses for vein-type sulfide outcrop of Changkoom mine located in Bukwi-Myon, Jinan-Gun, Chollabuk-Do were investigated and compared with its drilling results. The geology around the survey area is composed of acidic volcanics and sediments of Yuchon Group. And sulfides bearing pyrite, pyrrotite, galena etc. are deposited in disseminated or vein type within acidic volcanics. Typical geophysical responses were detected from the above vein type ore body, respectively. From the shape and extent of S.P. anomaly, ore body is dipping westward and extending about 50 m. It is detected that the VLF EM response matching the outline of ore zone is considered as indication of dyke dipping westward. And also resistivity response indicating conductive dipping dyke is detected. From drilling results for outcrop and geophysical anomalies, the shape of ore body is vein type dipping about
and extending about 50 m.
Datuming by Wavefield Depth Extrapolation
Ji Jun ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 1, issue 2, 1998, Pages 116~126
I present a datuming scheme for poststack data that uses wavefield depth extrapolation. The method I have developed allows the use of any depth extrapolation technique, such as phase-shift, split-step, and finite-difference extrapolation. I derive the datuming algorithms by transposing and taking the complex conjugate (i.e. taking adjoint) of the corresponding forward modeling operator, which does upward extrapolation from a flat surface to an irregular surface. The exact adjoint relation between the forward modeling operator and the datuming operator is demonstrated algebraically. Testing the poststack datuming algorithms with synthetic data, using several depth extrapolation algorithms, has shown that the method works well.
Crosshole EM 2.5D Modeling by the Extended Born Approximation
Cho, In-Ky ; Suh, Jung-Hee ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 1, issue 2, 1998, Pages 127~135
The Born approximation is widely used for solving the complex scattering problems in electromagnetics. Approximating total internal electric field by the background field is reasonable for small material contrasts as long as scatterer is not too large and the frequency is not too high. However in many geophysical applications, moderate and high conductivity contrasts cause both real and imaginary part of internal electric field to differ greatly from background. In the extended Born approximation, which can improve the accuracy of Born approximation dramatically, the total electric field in the integral over the scattering volume is approximated by the background electric field projected to a depolarization tensor. The finite difference and elements methods are usually used in EM scattering problems with a 2D model and a 3D source, due to their capability for simulating complex subsurface conductivity distributions. The price paid for a 3D source is that many wavenumber domain solutions and their inverse Fourier transform must be computed. In these differential equation methods, all the area including homogeneous region should be discretized, which increases the number of nodes and matrix size. Therefore, the differential equation methods need a lot of computing time and large memory. In this study, EM modeling program for a 2D model and a 3D source is developed, which is based on the extended Born approximation. The solution is very fast and stable. Using the program, crosshole EM responses with a vertical magnetic dipole source are obtained and the results are compared with those of 3D integral equation solutions. The agreement between the integral equation solution and extended Born approximation is remarkable within the entire frequency range, but degrades with the increase of conductivity contrast between anomalous body and background medium. The extended Born approximation is accurate in the case conductivity contrast is lower than 1:10. Therefore, the location and conductivity of the anomalous body can be estimated effectively by the extended Born approximation although the quantitative estimate of conductivity is difficult for the case conductivity contrast is too high.