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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Earth and Exploration Geophysicists
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 4 - Nov 1999
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 2, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
240 channel Marine Seismic Data Acquisition by Tamhae II
Park Keun-Pil ; Lee Ho-Young ; Koo Nam-Hyung ; Kim Kyeong-O ; Kang Moo-Hee ; Jang Seong-Hyung ; Kim Young-Gun ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 2, issue 2, 1999, Pages 77~85
The 3-D seismic research vessel, Tamhae II, was built to raise up the probability of the hydrocarbon discovery in the Korean continental shelf and the first test survey was completed in the East Sea. During the survey, the 240 channel 2-D marine seismic data were acquired by the Korean flag vessel for the first time. Tamhae II has been equipped with source, receiver, recording equipment, and navigation equipment as well as an onboard processing system. The source is composed of four subarrays and each subarray has six airguns. Total airgun volume is 4578
. The receiver consists of two sets of 3 km long 240 channel streamer. In the first survey, the successful acquisition of 2-D seismic data was accomplished. From the result of the data processing, we confirmed that the high quality seismic data were acquired. For the high quality data acquisition, technology of survey design and planning, operation of vessel and equipments and systematic quality control should be developed.
Three-dimensional Cross-hole EM Modeling using the Extended Born Approximation
Lee, Seong-Kon ; Kim, Hee-Joon ; Suh, Jung-Hee ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 2, issue 2, 1999, Pages 86~95
This paper presents an efficient three-dimensional (3-D) modeling algorithm using the extended approximation to an electric field integral equation. Numerical evaluations of Green's tensor integral are performed in the spatial wavenumber domain. This approach makes it possible to reduce computing time, to handle smoothly varying conductivity model and to remove singularity problems encountered in the integration of Green's tensor at a source point. The responses obtained by 3-D modeling algorithm developed in this study are compared with those by the full integral equation for a thin-sheet EM scattering. The extensive analyses on the performance of modeling algorithm are made with the conductivity contrasts and source frequencies. These results show that the modeling algorithm are accurate up to the conductivity contrast of 1:16 and the frequency range of 100 Hz-100 kHz. The extended Born approximation, however, may produce inaccurate results for some source and model configurations in which the electric field is discontinuous across the conductivity boundary. We performed the modeling of a composite model of which conductivity varies continuously and this shows the modeling algorithm developed in this study is efficient for 3-D EM modeling. For a cross-hole source-receiver configuration a composite model of which conductivity varies continuously can be successfully simulated using this algorithm.
Geophysical and Geochemical Studies for the Saline Water Intrusion under the Paddy Field in Kyoung-gi area, Korea
Lee Sang-Ho ; Kim Kyoung-Woong ; Lee Sang-Kyu ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 2, issue 2, 1999, Pages 96~103
Most of saline water inousions have been diagnosed by geophysical or geochemical approach independently. The objective of this study is to provide the effective method to detect the saline water intrusion on the ground water in the vicinity of seashore using these two methods. Schulumberger sounding, frequency domain electromagnetic sounding and geochemical analysis of ground water were carried out to explore saline water intrusion. Schulumberger sounding was implemented in dry surface condition before irrigation water was introduced into the field, while electromagnetic sounding was carried out in wet ground condition after the irrigation. The purpose of duplicated measurements on the equivalent spot at different times was to investigate the variation of anomaly zone depending on the amount of ground water. It was possible to discriminate the anomalous zone due to high water saturation from the low electric resistivity zone by high salt concentrations through this way. For the verification of the geophysical result, the ground water samples in the study area were collected and analysed at the 23 points near the measuring spots. The groundwater at the spot nearest to the sea water intrusion identified by geophysical method indicates higher salinity than the standard limit concentration for agricultural irrigation water (250 mg/1). Isotope analysis of
and PCA analysis were used to discriminate the anthropogenic pollution from those of high salinity from sea water intrusion.
Effect of Borehole Fluid and Casing on the Borehole Electromagnetic Responses
Cho Seong-Jun ; Kim Jung-Ho ; Yi Myeong-Jong ; Chung Seung-Hwan ; Song Yoonho ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 2, issue 2, 1999, Pages 104~111
As a practical developing step of electromagnetic (EM) tomography technique, we quantitatively analyzed the effects of borehole fluid and casing on the borehole EM responses. The EM response turns out to have nothing to do with the property of the borehole fluid except in the close vicinity of the transmitter, which shows the wide perspective of the application of borehole EM. Single-hole responses in the presence of the steel casing throughly reflect those of the casing itself since its extremely high induction number or shallow skin depth. EM responses through steel casing do show the information of the host medium. In the near field region which corresponds to low frequency or the vicinity of the borehole, however, we can not separate the signal containing the information of the host from that of casing. Otherwise, the severe attenuation of energy in the casing at high frequencies renders the signal undetectable. The optimum frequency is, therefore, to be chosen to extract the information of the host considering both the property of the casing and the skin depth of the medium and the practical technique to determine the casing property through single-hole measurements is required.
Review on the inversion Analysis of Geophysical Data
Kim Hee Joon ; Chung Seung-Hwan ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 2, issue 2, 1999, Pages 112~121
This article reviews the development of geophysical inverse theory. In a series of articles published in 1967, 1968, and 1979, G. Backus and F. Gilbert a trade-off between model resolution and estimation errors in geophysical inverse problems, and gave a criterion to compromise the reciprocal relation. Although the criterion was not clear in the physical point of view, it had been extensively used in the interpretation of geophysical date in the 1970s. This was the starting point of the fruitful development of inverse theory in geophysics. A reasonable criterion to compromise the reciprocal relation was derived to solve linear problems by D. D. jackson in 1979, introducing the concept of a priori information about unknown model parameters. This Jackson's approach was extended to solve nonlinear problems on the basis o probabilistic approach to the inverse problems formulated by A. Tarantola and B. Vallete in 1982. At the end of 1980s ABIC (Akaike Bayesian Information Criterion) was introduced for selecting a more reasonable model in geophysics. Now the date inversion is regarded as the process of extracting new information from observed data, combining in with a priori information about model parameters, and constructing a more clear image of model.