Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Earth and Exploration Geophysicists
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 4, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
A Case Study of Developing a Subsurface Information and Visualization System Using ArcView
Kim, Hyeon-Gyu ; Lee, Doo-Sung ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 4, issue 4, 2001, Pages 101~109
In order to develop a spatial information system that can efficiently manage various subsurface data and produce information in a proper form for a user, we established a database of the well cores and built 3-D shapes that visualize the subsurface objects such as wells, ore bodies, tunnels, and mine cavities. We also made analysis tools available for three-dimensional ore bodies constructed here, such as vertical cross-section generator and mass computing tool. This system was developed by coding Avenue, a scripting language incorporated in ArcView, which is a commercial GIS software. Using the system, it is expected that users can make fast and accurate analysis and interpretation through real-time queries and by contemplating various objects in 3-D perspective.
The Resistivity Survey of the Takaoi Area on Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Cho Jin-Dong ; Park In-Hwa ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 4, issue 4, 2001, Pages 110~114
In order to obtain the geological information of the shallow subsurface and the characteristics of resistivity curves to the lateral extent of the gold bearing gravel layer underlaid by a thick layer, electrical resistivity surveys had been carried out in the northern area of Takaoi village, Kalimantan, Indonesia from September 30th to October 27th in 1999. The Dipole-Dipole (Dp-Dp) resistivity survey was carried out with a electrode spacing of A=3m, 5m and electrode separation index n=10, and the vertical electrical sounding (VES) of the Schlumberger type was performed at 6 sites. The interpretation of the Dp-Dp data and VES curves by computer modeling indicates 5 classified layers as the horizontal structure. And the characteristics of VES curves shows us KH type.
Korea Offshore Seismic Data Processing for Gas Detection
Jang, Seong-Hyung ; Sunwoo, Don ; Yang, Dong-Woo ; Suh, Sang-Young ; Chung, Bu-Heung ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 4, issue 4, 2001, Pages 115~123
The bright spot is an indicator for natural gas on seismic stack sections, but it is also shown on layers where the acoustic impedance contrast is large. In order to distinguish sharply between gas and impedance contrast we need additional detailed data processing such as velocity analysis, AVO analysis and seismic complex analysis including measures of seismic amplitude, frequency, and phase. In this study, we performed detailed velocity analysis, complex analysis and DHI (Direct Hydrocarbon Indicator) analysis which is the result of amplitude variation according to the incident angles. The seismic complex analysis gives us the geological information which depends on geophysical properties at the interest layer. For the complex analysis, we computed several seismic attributes such as the instantaneous amplitude, the first and the second derivatives of the instantaneous amplitude, the instantaneous phase, the instantaneous frequency and weighted average instantaneous frequency. Then we applied these analysis techniques to a seismic data of Korea offshore which had been logged. From the result of this data analysis, it could be said that high possibility area for gas layer detection has amplitude anomalies in the instantaneous amplitude, the instantaneous frequency and the DHI section resulting from the AVO analysis. If there are not any other anomalies in detailed data processing, it will have low possibility for gas layer detection.
Investigation of fault in the Kyungju Kaekok-ri area by 2-D Electrical Resistivity Survey
Lee, Chi-Seop ; Kim, Hee-Joon ; Kong, Young-Sae ; Lee, Jung-Mo ; Chang, Tae-Woo ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 4, issue 4, 2001, Pages 124~132
Electrical resistivity survey has been conducted for delineating geological fault structure in Kaekok-ri near Kyungju. In general, electrical resistivity survey has an advantage of searching buried faults and its traces compared with other geophysical survey methods. Distribution of electrical conductivity in the ground is influenced by the ratio of pores, groundwater and clay minerals. These properties are evidenced indirectly to explain for weathering condition, faults and fracture Bones. Thus the electrical resistivity survey can be an effective method to find buried faults. We have carried out two dimensional (2-D) interpretation by means of smoothness-constrained least-squares and finite element method. Field data used in this paper was acquired at Kaekok-ri, Wuedong-eup, Kyungju-si, where is Ulsan Fault and is close to the region in which debatable quaternary fault traces were found recently. The dipole-dipole array resistivity survey which could show the 2-D subsurface electrical resistivity structure, was carried out in the area with three lines. The results showed good property of fault, fracture zone and fault traces which we estimated were congruous with the results. Through this study, 2-D electrical resistivity survey interpretation for fault is useful to apply.
High-Resolution Seismic Reflection Profiling on Land with Hydrophones Employed in the Stream-Water Driven Trench
Kim Ji-Soo ; Han Su-Hyung ; Kim Hak-Soo ; Choi Won-Suk ; Jung Chang-Ho ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 4, issue 4, 2001, Pages 133~144
An effective seismic reflection technique for mapping the cavities and bedrock surface in carbonate rocks is described. The high resolution seismic reflection images were successfully registered by using the hydrophones employed in the stream-water driven trench, and were effectively focused by applying optimal data processing sequences. The strategy included enhancement of the signal interfered with the large-amplitude scattering noise, through pre- and post stack processing such as time-variant filtering, bad-trace editing, residual statics, velocity analysis, and careful muting after NMO (normal moveout) correction. The major reflections including the bedrock surface were mapped with the desired resolution and were correlated to the seismic crosshole tomographic data. Shallow major reflectors could be identified and analyzed on the AGC (auto gain control)-applied field records. Three subhorizontal layers were identified with their distinct velocities; overburden (<3000 m/s), sediments (3000-4000 m/s), limestone bedrock (>4000 m/s). Taking into account of no diffraction effects in the field records, gravel-rich overburdens and sediments are considered to be well sorted. Based on the images mapped consistently on the whole survey line and seismic velocity increasing with depth, this area probably lacks in sizable cavities (if any, no air-filled cavities).