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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Earth and Exploration Geophysicists
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Nov 2003
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 6, Issue 2 - May 2003
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
A Geophysical Data Management System using GIS
Kim Ji-Young ; Choi Eun-Young ; Kim Tae-Hyun ; Choi Sun-Young ; Go Wa-Ra ; Yoon Wang-Jung ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~6
As a consequence of geophysical surveys for large-scale constructions and ground investigations, huge amount of geophysical data are collected. However, due to the lack of the systematic management of such data, most of them are used temporarily and kept in dead storage, which in turn leads the abuse of social properties. To propose the solution of this kind of problem, geophysical data are kept in database using geographical information system (GIS). The introduction of GIS in geophysical data management allows the efficiency in data management and user-friendliness in data access. This data management system is especially appropriate for the many geological companies and the government organizations in systematic data management and sharing so that the time ,md financial expenses are greatly reduced. This system even provides the basic data services for the efficient development and conservation of the surface and underground spaces.
A Development of Enhanced Automatic Lineament Extraction Algorithm and its Application
Choi Eun-Young ; Choi Dong-Seok ; Choi Hyoun-Seok ; Lim Tae-Geun ; Jung Lae-Chul ; Yoon Wang-Jung ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 7~12
The lineament extraction from satellite images is important in the geologic studies including groundwater and mineral exploration, groundwater survey, natural hazard analysis, and many others. The lineaments in remote sensing images are identified by the difference of pixel values or brightness. Since the visual interpretation is apt to be influenced by the knowledges and experiences, many of the automatic lineament detection algorithms are developed to ensure the objectives and efficient outputs. DSTA (dynamic segment tracing algorithm) is one of such algorithms, which can be applied to not only mountainous area but also alluvial area. However, when the alluvial area is wider than mountain region, somewhat severe noises are generated. To reduce such noises, AERA (alluvial effect reducing algorithm) is proposed and tested for the image which contains mountains, cultivated land and urban area. Upon the application of AERA, alluvial effects in lineament extraction from satellite image are substantially reduced.
2 Dimensional TSP Modeling Using Finite Element Method
Lee, Hong ; Suh, Jung-Hee ; Shin, Chang-Soo ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 13~22
TSP (Tunnel Seismic Profiling) survey is a technique for imaging and characterizing geological structures ahead of a tunnel face. The seismic modeling algorithm and the synthetic data could be helpful for TSP surveys. However, there is few algorithm to describe the propagation of the elastic waves around the tunnel. In this study, existing 2-dimensional seismic modeling algorithm using finite element method was modified to make a suitable algorithm for TSP modeling. Using this algorithm, TSP modeling was practiced in some models. And the synthetic data was analyzed to examine the propagation characteristics of the elastic waves. First of all, the modeling for the homogeneous tunnel model was practiced to examine the propagation characteristics of the direct waves in the vicinity of the tunnel. And the algorithm was applied to some models having reflector which is perpendicular or parallel to the excavation direction. From these, the propagation characteristics of the reflected waves were examined. Furthermore, two source-receiver arrays were used in respective models to investigate the properties of the two arrays. These modeling algorithm and synthetic data could be helpful in interpreting TSP survey data, developing inversion algorithm and designing new source-receiver arrays.
A Magnetic Survey on the Lake for the Detection of the Unexploded Ordnances
Jo Churl-hyun ; Jung Yong Hyun ; Lee Hyo Jin ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 23~27
A magnetic survey on the lake war carried out to explore the possible UXO (unexploded ordnance) under the water. A magnetic gradiometer with 2 magnetometer sensors was used, which measures total magnetic intensity. For the positioning of the measurement points on the water, RTK (real time kinematic) survey system was used. The theoretical responses were calculated assumming the dimension and the material of the UXO so that the detectability could be investigated. Since the areal size of the survey vessel was rather small, the influence from the magnetic material of the vessel and the other equipments such as a laptop computer was not negligible, and the influence did not remain constant during the survey due to the change of survey direction. These effects were reduced remarkably using moving average technique. The result reveals the lineament of a pipe line laid on the bottom of the lake, which can be regarded as an indirect proof of detectability of the method.
High Resolution Shallow Seismic Reflection Survey for the Investigation of Ground Disturbance Area
Ko, Kwang-Beom ; Lee, Doo-Sung ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 28~34
A problem of ground subsidence has been a focus of our research over the past 3 years. The purpose of this study is to investigate the disturbed stratigraphic structure by mining and to separate the possible ground subsidence area using shallow seismic reflection survey and processing. To overcome the problems such as the distortion and attenuation of seismic signal caused by ground disturbance and to acquire the high frequency data, an array with short spacing (0.3m) for both the shot and receivers, yielding near-offset (<30m) and CMP spacing of 0.15m was implemented. Data were acquired along the survey line with length of about 43m by fixed receiver array. By considering statics caused by the ground disturbance and offset distribution of data, careful processing steps such as muting and residual statics correction were applied for successful shallow reflection imaging. By correlating the ground subsidence data and stack section, possible subsidence zone could be interpreted quantitatively.
Development of a PC-based 3-D Seismic Visualization Software
Kim, Hyeon-Gyu ; Lee, Doo-Sung ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 35~39
A software to visualize and analyse 3-D seismic data is developed using OpenGL, one of the most popular 3-D graphic library, under the PC and Windows platform. The software can visualize the data as volume and slices, whose color distribution is specified by a special dialog box that can pick a color in RGB or HSV format. The dialog box can also designate opacity values so that several 3-D objects can be displayed superimposed each other. Horizon picking is implemented very easily with this software thanks to the guided picking method. The picked points from a horizon will compose a set of points, mesh, and a surface, which can be viewed and analysed in three dimensions.
Crustal Structure of the Continental Margin of Korea in the East Sea: Results From Deep Seismic Sounding
Kim Han-Joon ; Cho Hyun-Moo ; Jou Hyeong-Tae ; Hong Jong-Kuk ; Yoo Hai-Soo ; Baag Chang-Eop ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 1, 2003, Pages 40~52
Despite the various opening models of the southwestern part of the East Sea (Japan Sea) between the Korean Peninsula and the Japan Arc, the continental margin of the Korean Peninsula remains unknown in crustal structure. As a result, continental rifting and subsequent seafloor spreading processes to explain the opening of the East Sea have not been adequately addressed. We investigated crustal and sedimentary velocity structures across the Korean margin into the adjacent Ulleung Basin from multichannel seismic reflection and ocean bottom seismometer data. The Ulleung Basin shows crustal velocity structure typical of oceanic although its crustal thickness of about 10 km is greater than normal. The continental margin documents rapid transition from continental to oceanic crust, exhibiting a remarkable decrease in crustal thickness accompanied by shallowing of Moho over a distance of about 50 km. The crustal model of the margin is characterized by a high-velocity (up to 7.4 km/s) lower crustal (HVLC) layer that is thicker than 10 km under the slope base and pinches out seawards. The HVLC layer is interpreted as magmatic underplating emplaced during continental rifting In response to high upper mantle temperature. The acoustic basement of the slope base shows an igneous stratigraphy developed by massive volcanic eruption. These features suggest that the evolution of the Korean margin can be explained by the processes occurring at volcanic rifted margins. Global earthquake tomography supports our interpretation by defining the abnormally hot upper mantle across the Korean margin and in the Ulleung Basin.