Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Earth and Exploration Geophysicists
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Nov 2003
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 6, Issue 2 - May 2003
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on Topographic Effects in 2D Resistivity Survey by Numerical and Physical Scale Modeling
Kim Gun-Soo ; Cho In-Ky ; Kim Ki-Ju ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 165~170
Recently, resistivity surveys have been frequently carried out over the irregular terrain such as mountainous area. Such an irregular terrain itself can produce significant anomalies which may lead to misinterpretations. In this study, topographic effects in resistivity survey were studied using the physical scale modeling as well as the numerical one adopting finite element method. The scale modeling was conducted at a pond, so that we could avoid the edge effect, the inherent problem of the scale modeling conducted in a water tank in laboratory. The modeling experiments for two topographic features, a ridge and a valley with various slope angles, confirmed that the results by the two different modeling techniques coincide with each other fairly well for all the terrain models. These experiments adopting dipole-dipole array showed the distinctive terrain effects, such that a ridge produces a high apparent resistivity anomaly at the ridge center flanked by zones of lower apparent resistivity. On the other hand, a valley produces the opposite anomaly pattern, a central low flanked by highs. As the slope of a terrain model becomes steeper, the terrain-induced anomalies become stronger, and moreover, apparent resistivity can become even negative for the model with extremely high slope angle. All the modeling results led us to the conclusion that terrain effects should be included in the numerical modeling and/or the inversion process to interpret data acquired at the rugged terrain area.
Applying Spitz Trace Interpolation Algorithm for Seismic Data
Yang Jung Ah ; Suh Jung-Hee ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 171~179
In land and marine seismic survey, we generally set receivers with equal interval suppose that sampling interval Is too narrow. But the cost of seismic data acquisition and that of data processing are much higher, therefore we should design proper receiver interval. Spatial aliasing can be occurred on seismic data when sampling interval is too coarse. If we Process spatial aliasing data, we can not obtain a good imaging result. Trace interpolation is used to improve the quality of multichannel seismic data processing. In this study, we applied the Spitz algorithm which is widely used in seismic data processing. This algorithm works well regardless of dip information of the complex underground structure. Using prediction filter and original traces with linear event we interpolated in f-x domain. We confirm our algorithm by examining for some synthetic data and marine data. After interpolation, we could find that receiver intervals get more narrow and the number of receiver is increased. We also could see that continuity of traces is more linear than before Applying this interpolation algorithm on seismic data with spatial aliasing, we may obtain a better migration imaging.
One-dimensional Inversion of Electromagnetic Frequency Sounding Data
Cho In-Ky ; Lim Jin-Taik ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 180~186
We have developed an one-dimensional (ID) inversion program that can invert multiple frequency small-loop EM data from horizontal coplanar (HCP) and vertical coplanar (VCP) configurations. The inverse problem is solved using least-squares method with active constraint balancing (ACB) method and Jacobian matrix is calculated analytically. Tests using synthetic data from simple ID models indicate that conductivity and depth of each layer can be estimated properly when both real and imaginary data are used together.
Subsurface Imaging by a Small-loop EM Survey
Lim Jin-Taik ; Cho In-Ky ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 187~194
A small-loop electromagnetic (EM) system using multiple frequencies has advantages in survey speed and cost despite of limitation on its depth of investigation. Therefore, small-loop EM surveys have been frequently used on various site investigations involving engineering and environmental problems. We have developed a subsurface imaging technique using small loop EM data. We used a one-dimensional (ID) inversion method to reconstruct a subsurface image from frequency EM sounding data. Tests using simulated data show that the method can reasonably recover the subsurface resistivity structure. Also, the method was tested on field data obtained with multiple frequency small loop EM system at a farm in Chunchon, Korea. The resistivity image obtained form field data compares favorably with the image from the dipole-dipole resistivity survey.
Development of 3D Visualization Program for Comparison of Core Log Data and Tomography Data in Subsidence Area
Ahn Jo-Beom ; Yoon Wang-Jung ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 195~198
In this study, we have developed a 3-D visualization program that is helpful in the interpretation or comparisons of geologic and geophysical data, which have been acquired to understand the cause of ground subsidence in the residential area and to establish reinforcement strategy. The visualization program was developed under the Windows operating system for convenient use and easy understanding. It uses Visual C++ for the Graphic User Interface and the OpenGL for graphic handling. Since this program is user-friendly, even users who do not have the basic idea about GIS or CAD can get very useful information with this program. The applicability of the program has been verified by visualizing the real core log and resistivity tomography images obtained from the ground subsidence area. These results have shown that the program is very useful for comparisons of these two data for the interpretation of subsurface structures.
Characteristics of Static Shift in 3-D MT Inversion
Lee Tae Jong ; Uchida Toshihiro ; Sasaki Yutaka ; Song Yoonho ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 199~206
Characteristics of the static shift are discussed by comparing the three-dimensional MT inversion with/without static shift parameterization. The galvanic distortion by small-scale shallow feature often leads severe distortion in inverted resistivity structures. The new inversion algorithm is applied to four numerical data sets contaminated by different amount of static shift. In real field data interpretations, we generally do not have any a-priori information about how much the data contains the static shift. In this study, we developed an algorithm for finding both Lagrangian multiplier for smoothness and the trade-off parameter for static shift, simultaneously in 3-D MT inversion. Applications of this inversion routine for the numerical data sets showed quite reasonable estimation of static shift parameters without any a-priori information. The inversion scheme is successfully applied to all the four data sets, even when the static shift does not obey the Gaussian distribution. Allowing the static shift parameters have non-zero degree of freedom to the inversion, we could get more accurate block resistivities as well as static shifts in the data. When inversion does not consider the static shift as inversion parameters (conventional MT inversion), the block resistivities on the surface are modified considerably to match possible static shift. The inhomogeneous blocks on the surface can generate the static shift at low frequencies. By those mechanisms, the conventional 3-D MT inversion can reconstruct the resistivity structures to some extent in the deeper parts even when moderate static shifts are in the data. As frequency increased, however, the galvanic distortion is not frequency independent any more, and thus the conventional inversion failed to fit the apparent resistivity and phase, especially when strong static shift is added. Even in such case, however, reasonable estimation of block resistivity as well as static shift parameters were obtained by 3-D MT inversion with static shift parameterization.
Analysis of Soil Properties in a Rice Field Using Small Loop EM Method
Yong Hwan-Ho ; Song Sung-Ho ; Kim Jin-Ho ; Cho In-Ky ;
Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 207~214
To analyze soil properties with depth in rice field, we compared resistivity distributions obtained from soil analysis with one dimensional inversion of small loop electromagnetic (EM) data. Although it didn't show consistency exactly between the two resistivity distributions, low resistivity zones in soil analysis, appeared to agree with low resistivity zones in EM result. Therefore, small loop EM method can be applied to obtain rapidly the soil properties such as salt accumulation in a rice field. If research on soil property and EM responses of unsaturated zone would be conducted consistently, small loop EM method can be used effectively to detect salt accumulated zone in agricultural area.