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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 1973
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 1973
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 1973
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 1973
Selecting the target year
Nitrogen Fixation of Blue Green Algae (Nostoc pruniforme)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 11, issue 2, 1973, Pages 51~58
Three kinds of organic matter such as glucose, oxalic acid, and ethanol were added to the media(N-free or
-riched) and their effects on the nitrogen fixation of Nostoc pruniforme were measured by manometric technique through the experiments in vivo. 1) The organic matters used in this experiments showed effective results as a role of substrate for the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. 2) In the nitrogen-free medium treated with the both of flucose nad ethanol, the highest nitrogen uptakes were detected in the treated of low concentrations (glucose ; 0.1%, 0.5%, ethanol : 0.1%, 0.5%). On the contrary, the highest nitrogen uptakes in
-riched medium were measured at the treated of high concentrations (glucose ; 2%, 1%, ethanol ; 1.5%, 1.0%). 3) The highest nitrogen uptakes in N-free medium treated with oxalic acid were measured at the concentration of 2% and 1%, respectively. In the medium of
-riched, the nitrogen uptakes were in the opposite directions.
On the Production of L-Glautamic Acid from Acetate by Some Microbes
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 11, issue 2, 1973, Pages 59~62
Bacterium strain, K-173-10, which was isolated from waste soil of Korean brewing factories, could grow on acetate as the sole carbone source and accumulate a considerable amount of L-glutamic acid (24g/l) in the liguid culture medium. This strain was named by Brevibacterium ammoniagenes sp. by the standard method of taxonomy procedures given in the Manual of Microbiogical Methods.
Studies on the Population of Toxigenic Fungi Foodstuffs(5)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 11, issue 2, 1973, Pages 63~68
Thirtythree strains of the Aspergillus spp. isolated from foodstuffs were observed through some physiological characteristics for detection of identification key of Aspergillus spp. 1) Each strain of Aspergillus spp. had their specific characteristics and could be used for identification of species. 2) Excellent amylase-producing fungi were observed among the isolated strains of Aspergillus spp. 3) Amylase activities increased for one week incubation period. 4) In the tests of common characters of aflatoxin-producing fungi among the 33 strains of Aspergillus spp., for example, conidial size, presence of sclerotia, kojic acid, and pigment production, coloration of phenol, reduction of methylene blue, etc.
A study on Bacterical Leaching of Low-Grade Copper Mineral(III)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 11, issue 2, 1973, Pages 69~78
In order to investigate the distribution of an iron-oxidizing bacterium, Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans in Korea, the authors had carried out the chemical and microbiological analysis of mine water. The results obtained were as follows : 1. Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans concerned to leaching was isolated from 10 copper mine water out of 46 sites in Korea. 2. As the results of bacterial oxidation, the contents of sulfuric acid, ferric sulphate and copper in the bacteria-bearing solutions were higher than those in bacteria-free solutions.
-Ray on Salmonella typhi, Ty2 cell
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 11, issue 2, 1973, Pages 79~88
In order to investigate the effect of gamma radiation on Salmonella typhi, Ty2, the components of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates and lipids in irradiated cells were compared with those in unirradiated control cells respectively. The results obtained were as follows ; 1) The inactivation curves of Salmonella typhi with
.gamma.-ray irradiation were exponential over a wide range to the irradiated doses. 2) Dose for the inactivation factor of
was 94.0 Krad in physiological saline or in phosphate buffered saline, 104.2 Krad in nutrient broth, 220.4Krad in frozen state, 552.0 Krad in dried state, 88.3 Krad in the abundance of oxygen and 188.0 Krad in the deficience of oxygen, respectively. 3) Five consecutive irradiation of Salmonella typhi suspension at the dose of 90 Krad gave no additional increase in resistance. 4) Even at the smallest dose of 500 Krad, compositions of amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids were more or less decreased and the distinct banding patterns were also lost possibly due to degradation of the protein molecules.
Studies on the Amylase Rhizopus(II)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 11, issue 2, 1973, Pages 89~100
Dextrinogenic and saccharogenic amylase activities of Rhizopus isolated from various substrates collected throughout South Korea are measured, and their amylase activities are surveyed from taxnomical, ecological, and physiological viewpoints. Among the 151 strains of Rhizopus, strain number 49 exhibiting most prominent saccharogenic amylase activity is selected as a best strain, and strain number 17 is selected as a best strain for dextrinogenic amylase activity. Amylase activities of Rhizopus are so variable in different strains even in the same species. In general, however, R. japonicus, R. liquefaciens, and R. shanghaiensis show high saccharogenic amylase activities, and R.chiuniang, R.achlamydosporus, and R.bahrnensis show high dextrinogenic amylase activities, while R.nigricans exhibits lower activities for both amylase. The strains isolated from kneaded cereals, such as "meju" and "kockja", exhibited very strong dextrinogenic and saccharogenic amylase activities as compared with the strains isolated from other sunstrates. The mean value of dextrinogenic amylase activities of the strains from southern inland region and saccharogenic amylase activities of the strains from middle coast region are, more or less, higher than those of the strains from the other regions. In the culture at 30.deg.C, those strains which exhibit better mycelial and air mycelial growth than sporangial formation show very high dextrinogenic and saccharogenic amylase activities. amylase activities.
Microbial Differentiation and its Biochemical Bases
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 11, issue 2, 1973, Pages 101~106
The microwave of 2450 MHz, generated by a household cooking oven, was evaluated for its applicability to melt various rehydrated media and to remove dissolved oxygen from tubed media for anaerobic culture. The effect on the sterilization of E. coli in selective media was also evaluated. The following results were obtained. 10 The microwave oven was useful in saving time for melting media and in eliminating heat and combustion gas from the laboratory, which were inevitable by-products in the conventional flame method. 2) Dissolved oxygen could be removed without boiling over by exposing the tubes of anaerobic culture medium after putting them in a wire basket in a beaker with water. 30 The count of E. coli during the melting of MacConkey and EMB agar were similar to those treated with open flame. The microwave treatment was not considered a possible mean to replace autoclaving even in these selective media.