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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1974
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1974
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1974
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1974
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Electron Microscopec Observations on the HeLa Cells treated with culture Filtrates of Mycotoxin-Producing Fungi
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 12, issue 3, 1974, Pages 101~114
The fine structure of HeLa cells treated with several mycotoxin-producing fungi (Aspergillus flavus ATCC 15517, Aspergillus parastiticus RIB 1037, Penicillium toxicarium RIB 4002, Penicillium cirinum SWU)238, Penicillium islandicum IFO 5235, Penicillium tadum IFO 5787 and Pencillium brunneum RIB 1172) has been examined and some details have been descried. The normal HeLa cell have numerous microvilli, large ovoid nucleus, pleomorphic mitochondria, electron-dense body, Golgi complex, mid-body and endoplasmic reticulum etc. Certain specific structural changes induced by culture filtrates of several mycotoxin-producing fungi have been noted. These alterations induced disappearance of Golgi complex, rER vacuolization, nucleolus attachment to the nuclear envelope nad appearance of certain vacuoles. There were not any changes by the treatment of culture filtrates of non-toxic fungi and only cell debris of some specimens can be observed by the injury of culture filtrates. The experimental animals treated with mycotoxin-producing fungi (Aspergillus flavus ATCC 15517, Aspergillus parasilicus RIB 1037, Penicillum citrinum SWU 238, Penicillium toxicarium RIB 4002, and Penicillium islandicum IFO 5235) were mal cells treated with culture filtrates.
Studies on L-Glutamic Acid-Producing Bacteria(II)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 12, issue 3, 1974, Pages 115~130
Searches for the nutrition requirements of three strains of Brevibacterium ammoniagenes reported in the previous paper were carried out with an aim of achieving the striking accumulation of L-glutamic acid and the large multipication of cells. It was recognized that all three strains required both biotin and thiamine, together with amino acids such as histidine or cysteine, for their good growth and extracellular L-glutamic acid accumulation. The quantity of biotin required for remarkable growth of these microorganisms was quite different from that for the maximum production of L-glutamic acid. This result, however, did not apply in the case of thiamine. It was also confirmed that, of 18 amino acids, histidine and cysteine were the msot effective organic nitrogen sources, while the most available inorganic ammonium salt resulting in a large amount of L-glutamic acid-production and considerable cell gorwth was found to be only urea. Maximum accumulation of extracellular L-glutamic acid, more than 50%(w/w) of the initial sugar content, could be obtained from fermentation in the medium containing wheat-bran extract(Brev. ammoniagenes T-1 and Brev.ammoniagenes Y-2) or rice-bran extract(Brev. ammoniagenes YR-2), which confirmed us a possibility that these bacteria might be employed for industrial fermentation of L-glutamic acid.
Comparative Studies of Steel Wool Method and Gaspak Method for the Culture of Anaerobic Bacteria
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 12, issue 3, 1974, Pages 131~137
It is a well-known fact that an isolation of non-sporeforming anaerobes, considered normal flora in man ordinarily but causes serious infections sometimes, is a dificult procedure because of their great oxygen sensitivity. Among the many techniques employed in clinical laboratories, despite of its high expenses, the GasPak method has been most widely used because of its relative simplicity. On the other hand, the steel wool method has gained a good reputation recently. This technique makes it possible to treat individual plate so that any single specimen can be promptly cultured anaerobically. The procedure is quite simple and the expenses are negligible. In the present study it is to compare these two methods as to their efficiency of anaerobic cultivation using 13 VPI strains of non-sporeforming amaerobic bacteria. Among the 13 species the following 11, Bacteroides fragilis ss. fragilis, B. fragilis ss. thetaiotaomicron, propionibacterium acnes, Eubacterium limosum, E. lentum, peptococcus asaccharolyticus, Pc. prevotii, Pc. magnus, peptostreptococcus anaerobius, Ps. intermedius nad Veillonella parvula, grew well with the steel wool method whose colony numbers reaching 57 to 119% of those with GasPak method. The remaining two species, Fusobacterium nucleatum and F.necrophorum, did not grow well with the steel wool method showing the colony numbers were only 0.4% of those with GasPak method in the case of Fusobacterium nucleatum. In the case of Fusobacterium necrophorum, very few colonies developed even with a heavy inoculation. As to the size of colonies, there were no significant difference between these two methods.
Electrophoretic Comparison of Mycelial Protein and Enzyme Patterns in Three Interspecies of Some Edible Fleshy Fungi
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 12, issue 3, 1974, Pages 138~146
Taxonomic relations among three species of some edible fleshy fungi(Lentinus edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus, Flammulina velutipes) in the family Tricholomataceae were examined by using polyacrylamied gel disc electrophoresis. The soluble, crude extract of mycelium grown on potato sucrose broth was subjected to electrophoresis. Similarities in the protein bands for each isolated of one species were compared with those for others. In the banding patterns there was a closer relationship between isolates within one species than among isolates of different species. However, the isozyme patterns obtained from each isolate of Peurotus ostreatus (esterase, peroxidase, tyrosinase) were appeared to represent the degree of geographical variability within one species.
Preparation of Leaf Epidermal Surfaces for Microscopic Examination
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 12, issue 3, 1974, Pages 147~148
A small amount of Duco cement or Elmer's clear cement was dropped on a slide glass and immediately spread with a glass rod or woden stick a thin film on the surface. After approximately 1 minute a small amount of rubber cement was spread on the top of the film of Duco cement using the same method as described earlier. It was important that the rubber cement be smeared before the Duco cement dried out. These two kinds of cements must not be mixed. It was better to make the film of the rubber cement slightly thicker than the film of Duco cement. This composite film may be used up to several months after preparation. The sample leaf was placted on the slide, prepared with adhesive and the leaf surface was passed on the film with the thumb. The pressing was done so the leaf surface was completely in contact with the film. Then the leaf was peeled from the slide.