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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 1975
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 1975
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1975
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1975
Selecting the target year
Ecology of Azotobacter in Bamboo Forest Soil
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 13, issue 1, 1975, Pages 1~23
This experiment was designed to elucidate the environmental factors in rhizosphers of bamboo forest that affect the distribution and the population size of Azotobacter, and also to estimate the annual productivities of nitrogen fixed by Azotobacter species. The results of this experiment can be summarized as follows ; The rhizosphere of bamboo forest contained high free sugars as of 3-8 times more than non-rhizosphere (Bacon, 1968), and the contents of organic matter and amino acids of that are reltively higher than this. Because of high content of potassium, average of soil pH is near at 7.0. As above-mentioned enviromental factors, the population sizes of Actinomycetes, general fungi, general bacteria and Azotobacters are larger than those of non-rhizosphere and the ofllowings are general fungi and general bacteria by turns. Azotobacter is dependent upon the antagonistic Actinomycetes. The main carbon source for Azotobacter in nitrogn flxation at the rhizosphere was glucose and minors were fructose, maltose and sucrose by turns. Annual gains of nitrogen by Azotobacters in soil of bamboo forest within 10cm from surface are estimated as of 88.94 kg/ha at site A, 60.4kg/ha at site B and 67.38kg/ha at site C, respectively.
Isolation and identification of rhodopseudomonas sp. in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 13, issue 1, 1975, Pages 24~30
this work was designed to study the species belonging to Family Rhodospirillaceae in Korea. The species of Rhodopseudomonas palustris and R. gelatinosa were isolated and identified. The utilization of various substrates such as malate, succinate, citrate, pyruvate, propionate and acetate were tested with isolated KS 007 and KS o16. Though there were some differences according to nitrogen source in media it was thought that he intermediates of TCA cycle were comparatively good substrates, Also it was confirmed that isolated strains have the ability of nitrogen fixation.
Effect of Macronutritional-element Deficiencies on the Growth and Photosynthetic Activity of Chlorella Cells
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 13, issue 1, 1975, Pages 31~36
Chlorella ellipsoidea cells were cultured in a phosphate, magnesium, sulfur or potassium-free medium. Some portions of cells were taken out at intervals during the culture, and physiological activities such as growth rate, reproduction, photosynthetic activity, and biosynthesis of cholorophyll of macro-element deficient cells were measured. 1) Generally, growth rate, reproduction, photosynthetic activities, and biosynthesis of chlorophyll of the macro-element deficient cells decreased more or less, compared with those of the normal cells. 2) The growth and reproduction of the algal cells in sulfur, or magnesium free medium were retarted severely with the chlorosis ; the photosynthetic activity and the content of chlorophyll showed the same tendency. 3) It is considered that the decrease in growth rate of macro-element deficient Chlorella cells is due to the decrease in photosynthetic activity owing to the decrease in chlorophyll content of the cells.
Rust Fungus Diferentiation on Host Leaves
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 13, issue 1, 1975, Pages 37~44
As a basic study to elucidate nutritional physiology and composition of synthetic medium of red rotting bacteria, Erwinia carotovora, of ginseng, the effects of hydrogen ion concentration, various kinds of carbon sources, nitrogen source, micrometallic salts and it's concentration on the gorwth of the bacteria were investigated and the results were as follows. Optimal pH in the basal medium for the growth of the bacteria was 6.5. After incubation the pH in culture media was neutralized. Among the various kinds of carbon sources, sucrose, glucose mannitol, but organic acids were not utilized effectively as nutrients. After incubation the pH turned acidic. Alanine as organic nitrogen sources nad ammonium sulfate as inorganic nitrogen promoted the growth, but L-valine and sodium nitrite were the least effective. Ferric chloride 1.0mg/dl and ferrous sulfate 100mg/dl were the most effective as micrometallic sources. Control and boric acid were the least effective. New synthetic medium based on the above results was follows ; Alanine 1.0g,
1.0g, sucrose 30.0g,
O 1.0mg thiamine 200.gamma.g, and distilled water 1000ml, pH6.5.