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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1977
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1977
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1977
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 1977
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Factors Affecting the Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity of a Spore-forming Lactic Acid Bacteria
;Hah, Yung Chil;Hong Soon Woo;Lee, Jung Chi;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 15, issue 3, 1977, Pages 103~112
Several strains of spore-forming lacticacid bacteria were isolated from natural sources such as soils, cereals, and foods. The general morphological and physiological characteristics of the strain 6-4 were investigated nad compared with some other industrial strains. The effects of fructose-1,6-diphoshpate (FDP), adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and pH on the lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) activity of the strain were studied, and the changes in LDH activity and spore formation under various cultural conditions were researched. The results were as follows. 1. This strain was identified to Bacillus coagulans Hammer and distributed widely in natural sources. 2. The strain strongly converted various fermentation substrates in to L(+)-lacticacid in anaerobic conditioins, and many spores that were of great advantages to the industrial application were formed easily in the aerobic condition. 3. The LDH activity of this strain was activated by FDP and inhibited by ATP. The optimal pH for the enzyme activity was 6.0-6.5. 4. In the anaerobic culture condifion, the large amount of glucose added in the medium increased the LDH activity, but the cells were not committed to sporulate. 5. When none or a very small amount of glucose (less than 0.5%) was added to culture medium in the aerobic condition, the LDH activity was decreased and many spore were produced with final pH higher than 8.5. 6. The additioin of large amount of glucose (more than 2.0%) in aerobic culture increased the LDH activity and inhibited strongly the spore formation with final pH lower than 6.0.
Cellulase Activities of Aspergilli distributed in South Korea Acivelase, CMCase and Salicinase Activities of the Strains Surveyed in Taxonomical Viewpoint
Lee, Yung-Nok ; Park, Yong keun ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 15, issue 3, 1977, Pages 113~121
The 685 strains of Korean Sspergilli are isolated, cultured purely, and their Avicelase, CMCase and Salicinase activities are measured, in order to select the best strains exhibiting predominant cellulase activities, and to survey their cellulase activities in taxonomical and ecological viewpoints. Strains No.175, 255 and 254 are selected as the best Avicelase producing strains, strains No.131, 151 and 116 are selected as the best CMCase producing strains, and strains nO.456, 457 and 253 are selected as the best Salicinase producing strains. A niger group and A, clavatus group exhibited the highest activities of Avcelase and Salicinase, respectively. A.iniger group and A, clavatus groups are showed the highest activites of CMCase. Among the different species tested, the activities of Avicelase, CMCase andSalicinase are highest in A.phoenicis, A.clavatus, and A. japonicus and A.giganteus, respectively. Cellulase activities of Aspergilli from the inland regions of Korea are higher, more or less, than those of the strains from the other regions. Avicelase and CMCase activities of Aspergilli isolated from bread and Korean cake are relatively higher, and Salicinase activities of the strains isolated from the cereals are higher than those of the strains from the other habitat substrate.
Some Physiological Properties in Relation to the Growth of the Antibiotics Producing Streptomyces spp.
Seo, Yong-Man ; Min, Kyung-Hee ; Hong, Soon-Woo ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 15, issue 3, 1977, Pages 123~130
In previous paper, it was reported that antibiotic substance such as tetracycline and streptomycin were produced by S'. albus subsp. and S'. globosus. And increase of mycelial growth of two strains, antibiotic production, and changes of pH range are extended to approximately 110-130 hrs in fermenting medium, there-after they decreased with culture period exception of pH range. Two Streptomyces spp. required commonly 4-5% starch as carbon sources and 1.5-2.0% soybean meal as nitrogen sources. However, 0.005-0.01M potassium phosphate dibasic, calcium carbonate (6mg/ml in S.albus subsp. and 2mg/ml in S. globosus), 0.01-0.03M, magnesium sulgate and 0.01M ferric chloride showed as optimal concentration for the growth of 2 strains. Mineral compoments such as zinc, manganese, cobalt, sodium and copper at the level of 10/sup -4/ -10/sup -6/M were observed. Especially, zinc ion showed toxicity to the growth of 2 strains at 0.005M. In relation with pH, there is a little difference in mycelial growth with cultural initial pH.
Microbiological Quality Control in the Cosmetic Industry
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 15, issue 3, 1977, Pages 131~138
The effects of various nitrogen soruces on the expression of nif gene were investigated using nif-lac fusants of Klebsiella pneumoniae. K. pneumoniae UK 2979 was infected with Mudl lysate prepared by heat induction of K. pneumoniae UK 4482. About 80 nif-lac fusants were greatly repressed. Amino acids, such as serine, glutamine and asparagine, were found to support the growth of K. pneumoniae M5al quite well, and showed a repressive effect on .betha.-galactosidase activities of nif-lac fusants LX-9 and LX-22 in NFHM. Glutamic acid, histidine and arginine rendered poor growth but high activities of .betha.-galactosidase. Good cell growth and high enzyme activity were observed when complex nitrogen sources, such as casitone, proteose pepone, were employed. .betha.-Galactosidase activities of LX-9 and LX-22 in nitrogen free minimal medium increased sharply within first 4 hours.