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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 1978
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 1978
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1978
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1978
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A Study on Environmental Tolerances of Yeast
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 3, 1978, Pages 93~102
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain M was cultured in a molasses-containing media with repeated transplantations of the yeasts from one culture to another to adapt to molasses. After that only different amounts of phosphorous and nitrogen sources were added to the media. And then some variations during the culture time and the effects of consituents of cell mass on the functional activity and sensitivity of the cell were investigated. The results obtained were summarized as follows : 1. In the same culture condition of yeasts, the carbohydrates and trehaloses contents were more remarkably increased when small amounts of phosphate and nitrogen sources were added, then when alrge amounts were added, but yield percentage on assimilated sugars was lower. 2. The content of trehalose in yeast cells was reduced remarkably at the early stage in the culture, but this increased remarkably at later stage. When small amounts of nitrogen and phosphate were added to the culture medium, the amount of thehalose in the cells increased greasly. 3. The more protein content was present in the yeast cells, the smaller the carbohydrate and trehalose content, but more amino-N, RNA and moisture content were present in the cells. And in this case fermentability of the cells was stronger, but sugar tolerance was lower. 4. During the preservation period of compressed yeast cells at different temperature, the higher the temperature was, the more rapidly the amount of trehalose in the cells decreased. And in the cell where the amount of trehalose in the cells decreased. And in the cell where the amount of trehalose(carbohydrate) was large and the amount of protein was small, the amount of trehalose decreased at a slower rate during the preservation period.
A. study on Environmental Tolerance of Yeast S. cevevisiae
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 3, 1978, Pages 103~110
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain M. was cultured in a molasses-containing media with different amounts of phosphorous and nitrogen sources. The effects of constituents of the cell on the functional activity as well as sensitivity of it were investigated, the results obtained being summarised as follows : Both the thermotolerance and dry tolerance of the yeast cell were higher when the more carbohydrate and thehalose were present in the yeast cell. During the drying, the rate of dead cell was noted increasing and the fermentability decreasing, but it was more remarkable at early stage of the decreasing rate of drying, and at the same time increasing rate of dead cell and decrease of fermentability were more remarkable in the yeast cell containing much protein. In this case the speed of drying was slower. The trehalose content in the yeast cell increased during early stage of the drying and this increase was higher when content of trehalose and carbohydrate in the initial yeast cell was relatively high.
Isolation and Analysis of Temperature Sensitive Mutants in Aspergillus nidulans
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 3, 1978, Pages 111~121
About 40 temperature-sensitive mutants have been isolated as a preliminary step to study the spore germination, the cell cycle, and the control of macromolecular synthesis in Aspergillus nidulans. To obtain temperature-sensitive mutants rapidly and effectively, the selective enrichment method using antifungal antibiotic nystatin was developed. Based on the data which had applied to the concentration of auxotrophic mutants by the earlier investigators, the optimal concentration and the time of treatment at the nonpermissive temeprature were determined as 50 to 100 units per ml and 4.5 hr., respectively. Out of 41 ts mutants assigned to the strain symbol PK, thirteen that seemed to be arrested at the earlystage of spore germination were subjected to the further cytological and genetic analysis. Elght of these mutants are able to form germ tube and five not. Staining with acid fuchsin for the 5PK strains shows that one irreversible mutant, PK6 strain able to form germ tube, accumulate mitotic spindle, being arrested in mitosis. Another PK15 and PK23 strain have more than one intact nucleolus without germ tube formation at the restrictive temperature. the temperature-senstive mutation in PK12 strain, the onlystrain which is able occurred in certain gene specific for the germination of spore. All of the ts markers are recessive and complement each other in heterokaryon between two different ts markers at the restrictive temperature.
Sugar and Amino Acid Transport in Yeast I. Glucose Transport during the Sporulation Stage with Reference to the Vegetative Stage.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 3, 1978, Pages 122~130
During the sporulation stage in Saccharomyces cerevisiae J170, the incorporation of
C-glucose into starved cells of sporulation stage as well as the vegetative one is appeared higher at pH 6.0. Glucose transport system, in both the vegetative and sporulation stage, is associated with "energy dependent" as the result of repression by such a respiratory inhibitor as 2, 4-dinitrophenol. The Km value of glucose uptake in vegetative stage and sporulation stage was 2.1 mM and 2.5 mM respectively, indicating that the glucose is considerably reuqired for vegetative growth. Competition and countertranspoer of glucose by frutose and galactose are more distinct in vegetative stage, comparing with sporulation stage. The main sugar components of yeast cells consists of ribose, mannose, and
. Amounts of mannose is lower in the aporulation stage than that in the vegetative stage.
Effects of environmental factors on growth and morphology of mycoplasma pneumoniae
Kim, Chi-Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 3, 1978, Pages 131~139
Mycoplasma pneumoniae was examined for growth characteristics and morphology when cultivated in several media supplemented with a variety of sera and under different atmospheric conditions. different formula of the medium as well as different sources of lot numbers of the serum in the same medium exhibited varying effects on growth rate and adherence. When the organisms were cultivated in SSR-2 medium in a normal atmospheric environment or under a facultative anaerobic condition provided with carbon dioxide, they developed filamentous cells with heavy growth, whereas mainly round-shaped cells were produced under strict anaerobic conditions of hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Both morphologies of the organism were transformed by switching the incubation environments. An inverted phasecontrast microscopy using modified petri dishes was excellent to observe single cells and useful to follow the development of the cells. Growth, turbidity, and pneumoniae colonies developed on a solid medium and produced clear when overlaid with sheep blood agar.