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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 1978
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 1978
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 1978
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1978
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Studies on Cellulase Production by Trichoderma reesei (QM 9414)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 4, 1978, Pages 141~147
In order to increase the productivity of cellulolytic enzymes, medium composition and culture conditions were studied. When cellulose powder (Avicel) supplemented with rice straw was used as carbon source, productivity of
was increased by about 3 times compared with the runs with only cellulose powder as a carbon source. In this case no negative effects on the production of CMC enzyme activity and filter paper activity was found. For the production of celulolytic enzymes using T. reesei QM 9414, casitone was found to be a good nitrogen source compared with other sources studied, such as peptone, yeast extract, tryptone, and casein. The highest cellulase activity was attained when 0.3% glucose and 0.01% Tween 80 were supplemented to the standard medium of Rese. An adequate oxygen transfer rate was also found to be important to the cellulase fermentation and about 50 mmole of oxygen/liter/hour supported good cellulase biosynthesis during cellulase fermentation.
Sugar and Amino Acid Transport in Yeast
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 4, 1978, Pages 148~154
Saccharomyces cerevisiae J170, a mutant, was used for
uptake during the sporulation and vegetative stage.
uptake into yeast cells appeared the highest at pH 6.0, indicating the same result of glucose transport,
uptake in sporulation period was higher than in growth phase, showing the evidence that leucine is more required for protein synthesis. This tendency has the evidence tht leucine is more required for protein synthesis. This tendency has the evidence that leucine is more required for protein synthesis. This tendency has been also supported from the result of Km values of leucine uptake in two stages of yeast. Leucine uptake was inhibited by 2,4-dinitrophenol in two stages of yeast. This means that leucine transport system is associated with energy dependent in both stages. The contents of all amino acid in growth phase cells were higher than those of sporulation stge cells, and those of methionine and tyrosine were showed in trace during the sporulation stage. In contrast, the content of glutamic acid in sporulation stage was compared with those of other amino acids.
Nutritional Reguirements for Growth of Cellulomonas flavigena on cellulosic substrates
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 4, 1978, Pages 155~160
Nutritional requirements for the growth of Cellulomonas flavigena were studied. C. flavigena grew well on cellulose when 0.005% or more of yeast extract was present in the growth medium. The growth factor in yeast extrct was, in part, thiamine and biotin. Amino acids had little effect on the growth on the organism. The extent of growth on yeast extract was much higher than that obtained on those vitamins, which indicates the presence of growth factors in yeast extract besides the vitamins, among the carbohydrates tested, the organism grew best on glucose and galactose, and the optimum N/P ratio was within the range of 0.75~3.17.
A study on Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 4, 1978, Pages 161~169
Escherichiae-like organisms were isolated from rectal specimens of 56 children who were either in preschool age or in elementary school. The isolated strains were subjected to tests to screen enteropathogens producing heat-labile enterotoxin and susceptibility test to various antibiotics by disc diffusion method on agar plates. Production of heat-labile enterotoxin by the strains was assyed in the sensitive and reproducible cultured adrenal tumor cell system. The assay was sterodogenesis of the cell in the presence of heat-labile enterotoxin. Among 56 strains, gave positive reaction in the test of toxin production. This meant that about 10% of the children population objected to the study harbored the toxigenic strain of enteropathogenes. Some of these toxigenic strains were resistant to the antibiotics employed in the test. This study suggested that considerable population in Korea may harbor entertoxigenic E. coli as a part of intestinal normal flora. The toxigenic strains which are resistant to antibiotics may bring issue of public health in the future.
A Biological Study on the Methanol-Utilizing Bacteria
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 16, issue 4, 1978, Pages 170~179
By the successive enrichment culture, more than 250 methanol-utilizing bacteria were isolated from various samples such as soil, waste water and sewage. Two strains of which were selected and tentatively identified as Acinetobacter sp. and Pseudomonas sp. experiments were carried out to determine the growth conditions for the higher biomass yield and to demonstrate the difference to protein composition dependent upon carbon sources of these two species. the results were as follows ; 1. the optimum pH was determined as 8 in the both species. The optimum temperature in Acinetobacter sp. was
and pseudomonas sp. was
. The optimum initial concentration of mthanol was determined as 1-2% in Acinetobacter sp. and 2-3% in pseudomonas sp. 2. The optimum concnetrations of nitrogen source, micro-elements, and vitamins such as biotin and thiamine-HCl in Acnetobactar sp. were 1g
thiamine-HCl per liter medium. In the Pseudomonas sp., 2g
thiamine HCl per liter were effective. Maximum biomass yield was 2.5g/l in Acinetobacter sp. and 4.8g/l in Pseudomonas sp. 3. Protein composition of the two strains exhibited that alkai-labile protein was higher than alkali-stable protein. In Pseudomonas sp., the contents of acid soluble fraction and alkali-stable protein of the cells grown in the methanol medium were higher than in sucrose medium. On the other hand, in Acinetobacter sp., alkalilabile protein of the cells grown in sucrose medium was higher than in methanol medium.