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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 1980
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 1980
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 1980
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 1980
Selecting the target year
Biodegradation of and comparison of adaptability to dectergents
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 18, issue 4, 1980, Pages 155~160
Microorgansims utilizing anionic detergent as their carbon and sulfur sources were isolated from soils and sewages. Alkyl benzene sulfonate (Hiti) and sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS) were the detergent compound tested. Three of these isolated microorganisms were identified as Pseudomonas spp. and the others asKlbsiella, Enterobacter and Acinetobacter. Biodegradation rate of the detergents and growth rate of Acinetobacter Strain II-8, Pseudomonas strain H-3-1 and 554 among six isolated microorganisms were investigated with colorimetric, warburg manometric, and ultraviolet absorption analyses. By performance of 4 serial successive tranfer to new culture broth for the purpose of adaptation method, ABS and SDS could be degraded to far more than 40%-60% and 70%-75%, respectively. However the employment of nonadaptation method, ABS and SDS were degraded to 30%-45% and 45%-65%, respectively. In another words, detergents degradation ability was increased to a certain extent by successive transfer to the new minimal media. We would conclude that the development of adaptation was effective in the removal of recalcitrant compounds.
Further induction of amylase producing mutants from a highly proteolytic mutant strain of asppergillus flavus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 18, issue 4, 1980, Pages 161~171
A mutant strain having increased productivity of both enzymes, protease and amylase, was obtained from A. flavus KU 153, isolatd from South Korea for its high protease production by successive ultra-violet light irradiation, Two glucoamylases from the mutant strain selected were purified from wheat branculture by successive salting out, followed by dialysis and column chromatography, and their characteristics were compared with those of the wild strain. Glucoamylase production of the mutant selected was increased about 3.3 times compared with the wild strain, and 2.1 times compared with the parental strain,
activity of the mutant selected was about 2 times hugher than that of the wild strain or the parental strain. Protease and cellulase productivities of the muant selected were all alike compared with those of the highly proteolytic mutant, the parental strain. Therefore, it was considered that the back mutation on the protease production did not occurred in the formation process of the glucoamylase producing mutant. Total activities of glucoamylase I and II from the mutant selected were 2.86 and 3.65 times higher compared with those from the wild strain, respectively. Considering the optimal pH-thermal stability and Km-Vmax value of glucoamylase I and II from both strains, wild and mutant, it was deduced that the characteristics of glucoamylase I and II from the wild strain did not altered during the mutation process. Therefore, it was concluded that the selected mutant did not induce the formation of another glucoamylase isozyme, or the changes in the characteristics of the glucoamylase, but induce the productivity of the same glucoamylase I and II by the action of regulatory gene.
On the occurrence and control of the rhizome rot of the common ginger caused by fusarium oxysporum f. zingiberi
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 18, issue 4, 1980, Pages 172~179
The rhizome rot of ginger, caused by fusarium oxysporum f.zingiberi, gives a great deal of damages to the ginger farming in Korea. Main symptoms to the disease include the yellowing and blighting of the stems as the rotting of rhizomes. The infection rate was 20 percent in Bongdong, Jeonbug, whereas 10 percent in Susan, Chungnam. The rate was higher at the farm where gingers had been cultivated for many years. To control the disease, soil fungicides Dowfum MC-2 and Tolene C-17 were turned out to be more effective than Di-Trapex nad Daconil. Treatment of Benlate to the rhizome pieces, which were cut for propagation, also showed a better result as compared with that of Othocide. Dual treatment of both Dowfum MC-2 or Tolene C-17 to the farm soil and Benlate to the rhizome pieces was recommended for the best chemical control.
Characterization of Streptococcus mutans isolated from Human Dental Plaque 2. Streptococcal Polysaccharide.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 18, issue 4, 1980, Pages 180~187
Cariogenic Strptococcus mutans produces a constitutive extracellular enzyme dextransucrase or glucosyltransferase that is capable of hydrolying sucrose and synthesizing the glucose polymer dextran. In this work we investigated to the dextrans produced by eight strains of Strptococcus mutans. After, 30hours the synthesized polysaccharide is 1.86mg to 4.41mg per ml on sucrose medium, and the polysaccharide is similar. Polysaccharide syntheiezd by enzyme in cell free medium is 11.4 mgto 2.36mg per ml after 10 hours.
Studies on Mold Dextranases
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 18, issue 4, 1980, Pages 188~192
In search of dextran-hydrolyzing enzymes, approximately 500 strains of molds were checked for their ability to produce extracellular dextranase. Seven strains capable of producing dextranase were screened, and among them, one strain belonging to Aspergillus genus showed greater activity than the other. The strain was identified to be Aspergillus ustus and the most suitable culture conditions for the enzyme production were determined.