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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
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Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Oct 1964
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Studies on the Phosphate Metabolism in Chlorella, with Special Reference to Polyphosphate
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 2, issue 1, 1964, Pages 1~11
Yung Nok Lee (Dept. of Biology, Korea University) : Studies on the phosphate metabolism in Chlorella, with special reference to polyphosphate. Kor. J. Microbiol., Vol.2, No.1, p1-11 (1964). 1. Uniformly
-labeled Chlorella cells which were irradiated with Cobalt-60 gamma-rays of about 70, 000
dose, were further grown in a standard "cold" medium ("hot".rarw."cold"), and some portions of the algae were taken out at the begining of, and at intervals during the culture, and subjected to analyze the contents of
- and total P in various fractions of the cell materials. Results obtained were compared with those of nonirradiated normal cells. 2. Amounts of phosphate in various fractions of the nonirradiated normal Chlorella cells were measured using uniformly
--labeled cells. Analysis of the
--labeled algal cells showed that the highest value in P-content was the fraction of RNA followed by those of lipid, polyphosphate "C" polyphosphate "B", DNA, nucleotidic labile phosphate compounds, polyphosphate "A" and protein. It was observed that content of total polyphosphates in a single Chlorella cell was almost equal to RNA-P content in the cell, and the amount of RNA-P was almost equal to ten times of DNA-P content. 3. When the
--labeled algae which were irradiated with gamma-rays were grown in a normal "cold" medium, phosphate contents in the fraction of DNA, nucleotidic labile phosphate compounds and protein decreased markedly, while the contents of phosphate in the fractions of polyphosphate "C" and potyphosphate "B" increased in comparison with those of unirradiated normal cells. So, it was considered that the pretreatment of above mentioned dose of gamma-ray inhibited DNA and protein synthesis from polyphosphate in Chlorella cells. 4. Proceeding the culture of
--labeled Chlorella in a "cold" standard medium, whose synthetic activity of DNA and protein from polyphosphate was disturded by gamma-ray irradiation, the amounts of
-in the fraction of polyphosphate "C" increased, in contrast with those of polyphosphate "B" fraction. According to these experimental results, it was inferred that polyphosphate "B" could transform into polyphosphate "C" in normal growing Chlorella cells.sults, it was inferred that polyphosphate "B" could transform into polyphosphate "C" in normal growing Chlorella cells.ing Chlorella cells.
Action of Ascorbic Acid and Indoleacetic Acid on the Oxidation of Succinate and Coupled Phosphorylation in Chlorella Mitochondria
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 2, issue 1, 1964, Pages 12~16
Lee, Yung Nok and Chin, Pyung (Dept. of Biology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea) : Action of ascorbic acid indoleacetic acid on the oxidation of succinate and coupled phosphorylation in Chlorella mitochondria. Kor. Jour. Microbiol., Vol.2, No.1, p12-16 (1964) Mitochondria were isolated from Chlorella ellipsoidea and the action of ascorbic acid and indoleacetic acid on the succinate oxidation and coupled phosphorylation in mitochondria suspension were examined. Oxidation of succinate used as substrate, and phosphorylation coupled to oxidation were strikingly enhanced by the addition of ascorbic acid, while in case of indoleacetic acid it were a little. In a view of phosphorylative efficiency, P/O ratio resulting from the addition of ascorbic acid was decreased and it may be considered as the result of a partial oxidation of ascorbate in mitochondria.
Studies on Koji for Optimum Conditions of Growth and Idenfication of Aspergillus spp.(Part2)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 2, issue 1, 1964, Pages 17~18
Ke Ho Lee and Kun Hyung Chang (Army Research and Testing Lab.): Studies on koji for optimum condition of growth and identification of Aspergillus spp. Cpart 2). Kor. J. Microbiol. Vol. 2, No. 1, p. 17-18 (1964). The experiments reported in this paper are concerned with the identifications, the growth conditions and lethal temperatures of the three strains of Aspergillus spp. which have been isolated from the soils and Meju (fermented soy bean in Korea). The results obtained in the light of the manual of Raper and Thom for identification of the Genus, Aspergillus, have been shown that the three strains of Aspergillus spp. are pertained to Aspergillus flavusoryzae group. The optimum temperature, pH and the lethal temperatures of the Aspergillus spp. have been measured.
Studies on the Amylase Producing Bacteria. (partI)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 2, issue 1, 1964, Pages 19~24
1. Three hundred and twenty four strains of amylase producing bacteria were isolated from various sources and a high amylase producing new strain, which was isolated from MEJU, M-181, was selected for further investigations. 2. The new strain M-181 was similar to Bacillus subtilis in the characteristics. 3. Wheat bran medium was the best one for production of amylase so for as the investigations had been done. The amylase activity of M-181 was measured D
25,000 to 26,800 on the medium of wheat bran. 4. The strain M-181 did not demand phosphate for production of amylase.
Identification of the Causal Organism of Cereal Scab in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 2, issue 1, 1964, Pages 25~27
Lee, Bae Ham, Rha, Min Keun and Choi, Tae joo (Dept. of Biology, Kon Kuk University). Identification of the causal organism of cereal scab in Korea. Kor. J. Microbiol. Vol. 2, No. 1, p. 25-27 (1964) Head blight or scab occurred in barley, wheat, rye and some other cereals widely in this country during the spring of 1963. The causal organisms were collected from 34local areas and isolated purely. All isolates identified as Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch. and Fusarium graminearum Schw. as conidial stage.