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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 1982
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 1982
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 1982
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 1982
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Studies on the mechanisms of suppression in Aspergillus nidulans
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 20, issue 1, 1982, Pages 1~10
From Aspergillus nidulans, six suppressor mutants, MSI-MS6, were isolated, and their characteristics were analysed. These were the suppressor mutants for acriflavin resistant and nicotinamide auxotrophic mutant phenotypes. MS1, MS2, MS5 and MS6, were linked to the chromosome IV, I, II respectively, and MS2 was linked to one of the rest chromosomes, MS3 and MS6 mutants had both suppressors for acriflavin resistant marker and for nicotinamide auxotrophic marker. In order to know the stability and efficiency of the suppressors, their reversion frequencies, that is, frequencies of losing the suppressibility, were analysed. Only MS3 and MS5 were reversed with high frequency. The four mutants didn't lose their suppressibilities, and this meant that the suppressors of these four were very stable and highly effcient. The suppressor specificities of these mutants were tested for other mutant's phenotype marker. One of the six suppressors, MS1, had the suppressor specificity for acriflavin resistant marker of 163 strain.
Curing and segregation of pSL100 and recombination of its segregants
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 20, issue 1, 1982, Pages 11~20
A study was undertaken to examine the effect of curing agents on the stability, curing and segregation of R plasmid pSL100. And also the stability, transfer frequency, and recombination of its segregants obtained from curing agent treatment were studied. Ethidium bromide, acridine orange, and mitomycin-C were used as curing agent. The results obtained were as follows ; 1. The curing agent ethidium bromide, acridine orange, and mitomycin-C were not effective for curing the multiple antibiotic resistant determinant of pSL100 in Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli. However, they induced plasmid segregation with high frequency in S.typhimuruim LT-2strains. TcApSmCm, TcSmCmKm, TcApCm, TcAp, TcKm, Tc segregants were obtained. 2. The resistant markers of the segregents were transferred to S.typhimurium LT-2 strains with high frequencies whereas they were transferred to E.coli K-12 only with low frequencies. 3. The transconjugants obtained from conjugation between two different S.typhimurium segregants were similar to the phenotype of the original R factor pSL100 and the resistant markers were transferred to the S.typhimurium LT-2 or E.coli strain with equal frequencies, indicating that they are recombinants. 4. The transconjugants obtained from conjugation between pSL100 segrgants and pKM101, or pBR322 possessed the resistant markers of the two parental plasmids and they were transferred to both S.typhimurium and E.coli K-12 strains with the same frequencies and maintained stably, suggesting that they are also recombinants. 5. The recombinant pSL100 could be also obtained in rec A-strains of E.coli, suggesting that the gene function of rec A is required for the recombination of pSL100 segregants in E.coli.
Effects of sunlight and predacious microorganisms on survival of enteric bacteria in sewage water
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 20, issue 1, 1982, Pages 21~26
The disinfection effects of sunlight and predacious microorganisms on enteria of Escherichia coli and Proteus vulgaris were examined in sewage water at 22 to
. The test prganisms were disinfected by 4 to 5 logs during 6-hour a day exposure to sunlight for seven days. The effect was proportional to the light intensity and was proved to be dur to the action of the visible light of short wavelength which can transmit the soft glass of a flask glass. The predacious microorganisms decreased trhe test organisms by about 3 to 4 logs during 7 days. The complex actions of sunlight and predacious microorganisms were variable depending upon the test organisms, but the total effects of those enviromental factors were yet completely understood.
Effects of heavy metals on contents of various phosphate compounds and organic compounds in chlorella cells
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 20, issue 1, 1982, Pages 27~40
The effects of heavy metals on the growth rate and phosphate metabolism of Chlorella elliposidea cells were investigated. Chlorella cells were cultured in the media treated with Hg(0.3, 0.7, 0.9 ppm), Cd(1, 5, 15ppm), and Zn(1, 5, 50ppm) for 6days. Aliquots cells were taken out at the inoculation and at intervals during the culture, and measured packed cell vlolume and optical density. The inhibitions of heavy metals on the growth rate and chlorophyll contents were traced. Also after 6 days culture, the amounts of inorganic phosphate and organic compounds of various fractions in Chlorella cells were observed. The turbid effects of heavy metals on the growth rate and chlorphyll contents of Chlorella cells were in order of Hg>Cd>Zn. Because heavy metals depressed the biosynthesis of inorganic polyphosphates and nucleic acids and turn over of inorganic phosphates, the amounts of various phosphate compounds were decreased. The inhibitory effect of photosynthesis by heavy metals resulted in lower contents of carbohydrate. Due to the turbidity of biosynthesis of amino acids by heavy metals, contents of protein were reduced in comparison with those of control. It is suggested conciusively that the minimum concentrations affected by heavy metals on the growth rate and phosphate metabolism of Chlorella cells were 0.7 ppm Hg, 15ppm Cd, 50ppm Zn.
Fungus flora of paddy fields in Korea. II. Fungal flora of paddy fields.
Kyung Hee MIN ; CHUN Kyung Sook ; Tadayoshi ITO ; Tatsuo YOKOYAMA ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 20, issue 1, 1982, Pages 41~51
The soil microfungal flora of the paddy fields in Korea was investigated at four different seasons. The fungi were isolated by the dilution plate method from soil samples of two selected sites around Seoul. A total of 85 isolates was obtained as pure cultures and 30 species 13 genera were identified and 11 isolates were unidentified. Among these, 6 species of Deuteromycetous fungi, Penicillium spp., were found to be dominant in paddy field soils. Penicillium funiculosum, P. piceum, P. roqueforti and P. verruculosum were described as new to Korea. P. piceum has remarkable characteristics of the typical columnar head similar to a compact spruce-like evergreen tree. P. requeforti has penicilli variable in pattern with compactly branched metulae and appressed or Paecilomyces variotii were also described. In addition, Zygorhynchus moelleri, a remarkably dominant Zygomycete in Korean paddy soils, produces subglobose sporangia with oval columella and dark colored zygospores of about