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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1986
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1986
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1986
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Isolation and identification of tumor-inducing (Ti) Plasmids
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 1~6
Tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid which may be used in genetic engineering of higher plants, was isolated from Agrobacterium tumefaciens in Korea. Among the 7 strains of A. tumefaciens isolated from various regions in Korea, KU12, KU13, KU14, and KU49 strains were confirmed to contain plasmid. The isolated Ti plasmids were digested with 4 kinds of restriction enzymes, respectively. According to the result of the cleavage patterns, we confirmed that these plasmids in the KU12, KU13, KU14 and KU49 strains are different.
Restriction map of a cryptic plasmid from Pseudomonas putida
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 7~11
We screened lysates of the laboratory strains of pseudomonads utilizing hydrocarbon by agarose gel electrophoresis and cesium chloride-ethidium bromide equilibrium centrifugation, to find an intrinsic plasmid as a vector and to examine the relationship between the plasmid and hydrocarbon degradation. Only one strain from the examined strains, Pseudomonas putida KU190, contained a plasmid. We named the plasmid pKU41. The molecular size of pKU41 was determined as 41kb, using covalently closed circular forms of RP4 and pSY343 as standard size markers. The restriction sites of pKU41 for BamHI, BglII, EcoRI, HindIII, and SalI were 3, 1, 3, 6 and more than 13, respectively. With double or triple digestion, restriction map of pKU41 was constructed for BamHI, BglII and HindIII. For elucidation on the biological function of the plasmid, test was conducted on the ability of hydrocarbon utilization of the host strain but no apparent relationship was observed.
Rapid plasmid mapping computer program
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 12~17
A new computer algorithm is described to order the restriction fragments of plasmid DNA which has been cleaved with several restriction endonucleases in single or double digestions rapidly with realistic error rates. The permutation and high weight on small fragments methods construct all logical circular map solutions. The program is written in Apple BASIC and run on an Apple II plus microcomputer with 64K memory. Several examples are presented which indicate the high efficiency of the profram in construction possible restriction map for YEp24.
Characterization of the Restriction Endonuclease Bki I from Brevibacterium divaricatum
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 18~23
A new type II restriction endonuclease, Bdi I, has been isolated from Brenibacterium divaricatum FERM 5948 by procedures of ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography and heparin agarose chromatography. The purified Bdi I restriction endonudlease had the same cleavage patterns of Cla I whose recognition sequence is 5' ATCGAT 3'. From the result that
I DNA frahment could be cloned in pBR 322 digested with Bdi I, it has been proven that Bdi I cuts between T and C(5' AT/CGAT3') within the recognition sequence and produces 5'pCG cohesive end. The optimal temperature for the Bdi I restriction endonuclease activity was
, and optimal salt (NaCl) concentration was 50-100 mM.
The Spheroplast Formation and Regeneration of Pseudomonas spp.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 24~31
The optimal conditions for the formation and the regeneration of Pseudomonas spheroplast were measured. Pseudomonas spp. cells were transformed to spheroplasts from 99.0% to 99.9% by treatment of
lysozyme and 10mM EDTA at room temperature. The optimal pH for the spheroplast formation was pH 8.0. Magnecium chloride, calcium chloride and streptomycin were effective on the stabilization of Pseudomonas spheroplast, while
ions were effective on the formation of Pseudonomas spheroplast. Rich Regeneration Medium was used for the regeneration of Pseudonomas spheroplast. To improve regeneration frequency, Bovin Serum Albumine and cationic ions were added to the spheroplast dilution beffer and regeneration environment respectively. Treatment of 20mM calcium chloride in ehr Rich Regeneration Medium could improve the yield of regenerants as much as 28-fold. Treatment of 1% Bovin Serum Albumine in the spgeroplast formation and dilution buffer increased the yield of regenerants to 10-fold. Also, the regeneration frequency was improved to 14-fold shen Rich Regeneration Meidum containing 0.5% Gelatin was used for regeneration as well as 1% Bovin Serum Albumine.
Regulation of extracellular alkaline protease biosynthesis in a strain of streptomyces sp.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 32~37
In fermentation studies it revealed that Streptomyces sp. SMF 3001 started to synthesize extracellular alkaline protease from early exponential phase of cell growth. The biosynthesis of the alkaline protease was greatly induced by skim milk as a sola nitrogen source and further stimulation was observed under inorganic sulphur limited culture. However, it was found that the biosynthesis was apparently repressed by
and free amino acids, specially by cysteine. It was considered that the strain SMF 301 of Streptomyces sp. would produce the alkaline protease for the uptake of sulphur compounds from protein contained in the culture broth.
Effect of Sodium deoxycholate and Sodium dodecy sulfate on Phospholipid Composition and Phospholiases of Rhizopus oryzae
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 38~45
Effect of sodium deoxycholate and sodium dodecyl sulfate on Rhizopus oryzae were investigated. Morphological change was obtained by supplement of these surfactants into culture media during the sumerged culture. In accordance with morphological changes, composition of phospholipid was changed. In case of surfactant-free culture, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylserine were measured more than 95% of total phospholipid. But cardiolipin and phosphatidylinositol were conspicuously increased by treatment of both sufactants. Presence of phospolipase A, C, and D were detected from mycelium. Phospholipase A and D were activated by supplement of sodium deoxycholate and C was activated by sodium dodecyl sulfate. These results were interpreted in respect of polymorphism of phospholipid and membrane stability against solubilization effect of surfactants.
Electron Transport System for Carbon Monoxide Oxidation in Acinetobacter sp.1
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 46~50
Experiments with particulate fractions of Acinetobacter sp. 1 revealed that coeuzyme
is not the physiolohical electron acceptor, and that cytochromes of a, b, c, and o types are found in cells grown with carbon monoxide (CO) as the sole source of carbon and energy. It was found that cytochromes of b and o types, but not the a and c types, are functional in CO oxidation. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) is not involved in CO oxidation.
Characterization of a salicylate-degrading strain of pseudomonas putida
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 51~56
Eight strains of the bacteria capable of growing on salicylate as the sole carbon source were isolated form soil and river water. Three of these isolates were identified as Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (AcBl), Pseuomonas putida biotype B (PpB2), and P. putida biotype A (PpB3). Effects of temperature, pH and C source concentration on biodegradation of salicylate by PpB3 were wxamined. The optimum conditions were as follows;
for temperature, 7.0 for pH, and 10mM for C source concentration. Ultraviolet scanning spectrum of the salicylate was measured. The spectrum has two peaks at 225nm and 292nm. The spectra of the culture filtrates indicate that ring degradation of salicylate is accomplished.
Characterzation of a Cadmium-ion Tolerant Strain of Hansenula anomala
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 57~61
In order to remove of cadmium from waste water an identification of a cadmium-ion tolerant yeast B-7 isolated from the sludge of zinc mining district was studied. By the taxonomecal characteristics of strain B-7 it was identified as Hansenula anomala B-7 or similar strain. The cadmium-ion tolerance of the strain B-7 was determined as
of cadmium-ion by density gradient agar plate method. The strain B-7 grew well in an aqueous medium containing
Characterization of a Hydrogen evolving strain of Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 62~66
Many photosynthetic bacteria capable of hydrogen production were isolated from samples of mud flats of paddy field collected in Kim Hae and Dae Jeo. A strain 230 was selected for the high capability of hydrogen evolution. As the results of examination in physiological, morghological and cultural characteristics, the strain 230 was identified as Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides.
Isolation of aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria and genetic characterization of their plasmid genes
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 67~72
Aromatic hydrocarbon degrading bacteria were isolated from industrial waste by using an agar plate method. The isolate DY-1 was identified as Acinetobacter sp. and found to utilize phenanthrene as tis sole carbon source. THe bacteria were proved to produce salicylic acid as an intermediate from phenanthrene through naphthalene pathway, when the products in the culture were wxamined by thin-layer chromatography. THe
genes were found to be involved in two plasmids of about 4 and 40kb which were lost and not detected in the DNA samples prepared from the mitomycin C-cured cells by a gel electrophoretic analysis.
Characterization of Isolated strains of Neisseria gonorrhoea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 24, issue 1, 1986, Pages 73~78
Eighty-one strains of Neisseria govorrhoeae were isolated, identified from 320 clinical specimens and further characterized on the effects of VCN and isovitalix, on the utilization of carbon sorurces, on the production of
, and on plasmid patterns. Out of the 81, seventy-two strains were identified as N. gonorrhoeae on chocolate agar, 80 on Thayer-Martin medium, and 55 on 2% isovitalex Thayer-Martin medium. Out of the 81, sixty-seven strains produced acid at 48-hour culture in glucose medium, and 10 did it at 72 hours, but 4 did not produce it at 72 hours. Fourty-one strains out of the 81 produced
, in which one strain (PL-118) contained 2.6, 4.5 and 24.5 Mdaltons plasmids.