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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 1987
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 1987
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 1987
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 1987
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Purification and Properties of .
-1, 3-Glucanase from Pseudomonas stutzeri KF13
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 1~8
-1, 3-glucanase from Pseudomonas stutzeri KF 13 was purified about 390 with 26% recovery. The purified enzyme revealed a single band by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme was stable in a pH 6.0 to 9.0, and relatively thermostable. The optimal pH and temperature on the enzyme activity were found to be 5.8 and 45.deg.C, respectively. The activation energy was calculated to be 16,130 cal per mole. The Km value for laminarin was found to be 3ng per ml and the molecular weight was determined to be 28,000 by gel filtration and 26,000 daltons by SDS-acrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme was inhibited by 1.0mM of
, and strongly inhibited by 1.0mM of p-chloromercuribenzoic acid.
Characterization of SAL plasmid isolated from Pseudomonas putida
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 9~16
Three strains of bacteria utilizing salicylate, KU801(pKU5, pKU8), KU803(pKU6, pKU9), and KU806(pKU7, pKU10), were selected from the isolates and identified as Pseudomonas putida. By agarose gel electrophoresis, it was found that the strains had two plasmids each. All three strains were resistant to antibiotics such as ampicillin, tetracyclin, and chloramphenicol, and did not utilize other aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons examined except salicylate. The plasmids (pKU5, pKU6, and pKU7) of larger molecular weight were cured by treatment with mitomycin C and frequencies of curing were 0.4%, 1.67%, and 0.75%, respectively. Cured strains did not degrade salicylate and still had antibiotic resistances, which were identical with wild strains. The genes for salicylate degradation were proved to be enclded on thier plasmids. The molecular weights of pKU5 and pKU6 were estimated as 103.5Md, and that of pKU 7 as 101 Md. The new SAL plasmids, pKU5, pKU6, and pKU7 were transferred to P. putida and P. aeruginosa, but not to E. coli.
Characterization and biovar. cetermination of agrobacterium tumefaciens T7 isolated in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 17~22
For the purpose of securing of strains which can be usefully utilized to study symbiosis between Rhizobium and legume plant, A. tumefaciens T7 was isolated and characterized and then subgroup biovar was determined. A. tumefaciens T7 induced smooth tumor like nopaline type one and did not grow at
and in the presence of 2% NaCl on yeast extract mannitol medium. The strain was able to grow on the New and Kerr selective media and utilize erythritol but not phenylalanine, tryptophan, and tartarate as a sole carbon source. Negative results were obtained from 3-keto-lactose production and oxidase test. The strain produced alkalifrom malonate and citrate and showed acid litmus milk reaction At least two large plasmids were detected in the cell lysate. According to all of these results, it could be concluded that subdivision of isolated strain was biovar 2.
Electrophoretic Mobilities of the Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid RNA Molecules in the Urea-Gradient Gels
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 23~27
Low molecular weight plant ribonucleic acids including viroid-RNA molecules which are soluble in 2M lithium chloride were electrophoresed in the 0M to 8M urea-gradient polyacrylamide gel. Although the linear viroid-RNA molecules migrated at a similarrate across the urea-gradient gel under the denaturing temperature, the circular viroid-RNA molecules moved more rapidly at low urea-gradient region than at high urea-gradient region. Consequently, the migration of the circular viroid-RNA molecules showed a sudden shift across the band of linear forms in the midrange of the urea-gradient gels. Electrophoretic mobilities of the circular viroid-RNA molecules seemed to depend mainly on the concentration of urea in the denaturing urea-gradient gels.
Carbohydrate catabolism in cellulolytic strains of cellulomonas, pseudomonas and nocardia
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 28~33
Celluloytic bacteria, -Gram positive, Gram negative and actionmycetes-were used to study their catabolic pathways of carbohydrate. It was found that Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas(EMP) pathway and hexose monophosphate(MHP) shunt were operated in Cellulomonase sp. CS1-1, C. flavigena, and Pseudomonas fluorescens subsp. cellulosa when they were cultured in a glucose containing medium, whilst gluconate was catabolised mainly via Entner-Doudoroff(ED) pathway, and to some extend through HMP shunt. Enzymes of ED pathway in the orgamisms were induced by gluconate. On the other hand Nocardia cellulans catabolised glucose and gluconate via EMP pathway and HMP shunt. The growth rate of N. Cellulans on gluconate were much slower than that on glucose.
The Replication of Parvovirus KBSH DNA in the Embryonic Swine Kidney Cells
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 34~39
To study the replication process of the single-stranded DNA parvovirus KBSH-isolated from normal human cell cultures-in actively dividing embryonic swine kidney cells, amount of the synthesized viral hemagglutination (HA) antigen and the overall rate of viral double-stranded replicative form(RF) DNA synthesis were wxamined. The initiation of viral RF KNA synthesis and the decrease of host DNA synthesis rate in viral infected cells occurred almost same time at 15-16 hour post infection(PI). And the release of viral HA antigen to media followed at 24 hour PI, concurrently the overall rate of viral RF DNA synthesis reaching its maximum. Evidence is presented which indicates that successful performance of viral RF DNA replication requires proteins synthesized in viral infected cells at 10-14 hour PI.
Cloning and Expression of the Bdi Methylase Gene in E. coli
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 40~45
The gene for the Bdi I modification enzyme, which is one of Bdi I restriction-modification system, fromBrevibacterium divaricatum FERM 5948 was cloned and expressed in E. coli. For cloning of the Bdi I methylase gene, we have initially used three cloning site(EcoRI, BamHI and Sal I) of plasmid vector pBR 322 and adopted the retransformation method after Bdi I restriction endonuclease cleavage. Selection of transformants carrying the gene was based on the resistance of the modified plasmid encoding the enzyme to cleavage by Bdi I restriction enzyme, and the recombinant plasmid pBDIM 116 containing 5.6kb EcoRI insery was proved to carry the gene. Crude cell extracts prepared from strains carrying the plasmid pBDIM 116 contained an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase activity specific for the Bdi I recognition site, ATCGAT. The restriction map was constructed with 11 restriction enzyme, and the Bdi I restriction-modification system was also discussed.
Modigication of host cells and Expression of Recombinant E. coli trp plasmids for the increased Production of Tryptophan in Klebsiella pneumoniae
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 46~51
In order to increase the production of tryptophan by maximizing expression of recombinant trp plasmid, Klebsiella pneumoniae KC 105(pheA tyrA trpE trpR tyrR) was genetically modified. KC 107, inosine monophospate(IMP) auxotroph from KC 105 and KC 108, histidine(His) auxotroph from KC 107 were also derived respectively to increase phosphoribosylpyrophosphate(PRPP) production which is required for tryptophan biosynthesis. From KC 107 phosphoribosylpyrophosphate consumption which is required for tryptophan biosynthesis. From KC 107 and KC 108, KC 109 and KC 110, both arginine auxotrophs were derived respectively. To investigate the expression of recombinant trp plasmid in the selected K. pneumoniae mutants, the auxotrophic mutants were transformed with recombinant trp plasmids pSC 101-
, pSC 101-trpL(.DELTA.att)
(pSC 101-trp-AF). Amount of tryptophan produced and activities of tryptophan synthase of
mutant (KC 100) and
mutnat(KC 105) containing recombinant plasmid pSC 101-trp operon were increased by 30-40% as compared with KC 99(pheA tyrA trpE) containing recombinant plasmid pSC 101-trp operon. Activities of tryptophan synthase and production of tryptophan of KC 108 (
) and KC 109(
) containing recombinant plasmid pSC 101-trp operon were increase by two-fold as compared with KC 107 containing pSC 101-trp operon.
Studies on the receptor for bacteriophage N4 infection
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 52~56
The evidences that Lam B protein of E. coli is used as a receptor for infections of bacteriophage N4 as well as bacteriophage lambda were obtained from the following experimental results. First, all of the isolated lambda resistant dlones possessing foreign DNA fragments in the plasmids were also resistant to bacteriophage N4, but not to bacteriophage
80, T4 and T7. Second, when the plasmid DNA was treated with various restriction enzymes and ligated to delete the total or a portion of the foreign DNA fragments, the deleted plasmids lost the resistant activities to lambda and N4, simultaneously. Third, after amplification of Lam B protein about 200 times by inducing the protein using maltose as a sole carbon source, the host E. coli became sensitive to both lambda and N4.
E. coli Mutants sensitive to Alkylating agents and their Complementary Gene
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 57~66
Mutants of E. coli which showed increased sensitivity to MMS(methylmethane sulfonate)were isolated by MNNG mutagenesis and characterized by enzymatic assay, survival of simple alkylating agents and host-cell reactivation. E.coli mutant, 5-62, which showed absolute deficiency in 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase II activity and had low capability of reactivating MMS-treated phage charon 35 was very sensitive to MMS and MNNG. NNS gene which confered resistance to the lethal effects of MMS was cloned in 5-62 strain. 5-62 mutants carrying recombinant plasmid, pMRG 1, which acquired resistance to the lethal effects of MMS had normal sensitivity to MNNG. Resistance to MMS was somewhat increased after they were treated with 0.5.
g MNNG/ml for 2 hours at
. Although recombinant plasmid, pMRG 1, did not complement alk A mutation in 5-62 and ada mutation in 1-27 mutnat, mutnats transformed with this plasmid showed more capability of reactivating MMS treated phage than mutants.
Cellular fatty acid composition in comamonas terrigena
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 67~72
Cellular fatty acid composition of eight strains, indluding six strains of Comamonas terrigena, and two type strains of Pseudomonas acidovorans, and P. testosteroni was determined by gas-liquid chromatography. Almost the same composition was found in all the strains tested, and hexadecanoic acid, hexadecenoic acid, and octadecenoic acid were accounted more than 70% of total fatty acid. However, P. testosteroni differed from C. terrigena and P. acidovorans by the presence of comparatively large amonuts of 2-hydroxy-hexadecanoic acid, and C. terrigena contained three to eight times as much tetradecanoic acid in P. acidovorans and P. testosteroni. According to the similarity values calculated on the basis of fatty acid composition, C. terrigena strains were divided into three groups differentiated in the requirement of growth factors, and C. terrigena, P. acidovorans, and P. testosteroni strains occupied separate position each other in the dendrogram.
Isolation of kpn I restriction endonuclease from klebsiella pneumonia
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 73~79
A restriction endonuclease, Kpn I has been isolated from Klebsiella pneumonia. Cells were broken by sonication. After ultracentrifugation the supernatant containing Kpn I activity was further purified by Sepharose-6B gel filtration, DEAD-Cellulose, Heparin-Agarose, and Aminohexyl-Agarose column chromatography. Final enzyme preparation was essentially free of contamination exonuclease and phosphatase, as judged by ligation-recut test. Total activity of the enzyme recovered from 10 grams of cells was
Cell Viability and Fatty Acids Composition of Zymomonas mobilis grown at different Concentrations of Ethanol
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 25, issue 1, 1987, Pages 80~85
The aim of the present studies was to analyze the physiological background of ethanol inhibition in Zumomonas mobilis. The experiments were carried out with a number of continuous culture to give steady state concentration of ethanol. The domposition of fatty acids in the cells obtained from various conditions was analyzed and cell viability was also estimated. As results, it was found that vaccenic acid was the mafor fatty acid in the cell of Z. mobilis and the concentration was changed apparently to increase as increasing the concentration of ethanol produced from substrate utilization. Finally it was observed also that cell viability was decreased remarkably at the elevated ethanol concentration. Those changes might play important roles in the ethanol fermentation to give more complex phenomena observed at high concentration of ethanol.