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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
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Purification and gene cloning of .alpha.-amylase of neurospora crassa
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 73~81
-Amylase (EC.18.104.22.168) of Neurospora crassa (ATCC9279) was cloned in E. coli HB101 using shotgun method, and the enzymes isolated from both N. crassa and E. coli were compared. Chromosomal DNA isolated from the spores of N. crassa was partially digested with PstI restriction endonuclease and rejoined to pBR322 which had been digested with the same enzyme. The resulting recombinant DNA were introduced into E. coli HB101 which had competancy by treating with
. As the result, about 8000 colonies which showed tetracycline resistance were selected and two of the colonies which had 13.5Kb recombinant plasmid exhibit starch degrading activity on starch-containing plate when treated with D-cycloserine.
-Amylases from both N.crassa and E. coli were isolated by using ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-cellulose ion exchange column chromatography and Bio-Gel P150 gel foltration column. As the result, about 81.3 fold and 5.6 fold purifications in specific activities were obtained respectively, and specific activities of the gel filtrates were 6.1u/mg and 85u/mg respectively. The properties of both enzymes were compared and they showed quite the similar patterns in optimal temperature, optimal pH and had same molecular weight about 100,000 daltons on gel filtration method. Optimal temperatures for both enzymes were
and optimal pH were about 6 and 10.
Genetic analysis of protoplast fusants of candida pseudotropicalis
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 82~87
The genetic analysis and characterization of protoplast fusion hybrids between complementary auxotrophic mutants of Candida pseudotropicalis were carried out. Nuclear fusion appeared to occur in fusion hybrids (e.g., F15 and F33), as strongly suggested by isolation of recombinants after mitotic segregation of parental genetic markers. This was confirmed by KNA content, nuclear staining and comparison of survival rate to UV light. After keeping fusion hybrids for approximately one year, the frequency of spontaneous mitotic segregation was
while that of induced mitotic segregation was
. These results suggested that they maintained stable karyogamy state. It was also found that the production of
-D-galactosidase from F15, F33 and F158 was somewhat increased when compared with that from either auxotrophic parents or wild type.
Characteriaation of BmaI methylase from bacillus macerans
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 88~92
The isolation and characterization of a new type II methylase, BmaI methylase, from Bacillus macerans ATCC 8244 were described. BmaI methylase was isolated by procedures of ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography and phosphocellulose chromatography. Two types of methylases were present in this strain and only one of the two was a site specific BmaI methylase. The pBR322 DNA methylated by BmaI methylase was not cleaved by BmaI endonuclease, and pBR322 DNA cleaved by BmaI endonuclease was not methylated by BmaI methylase. The optimal pH for the BmaI methylase activity was 7.5, and optimal NaCl concentration was about 50 mM. BmaI methylase could methylate single-stranded M13mp18 DNA.
Isolation and characterization of glutamate dehydrogenase defective mutant of brevibacterium flavum
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 93~100
In order to understand the regulation of glutamate dehydrogenase(GDH) synthesis in Brevibacterium flavum, we have isolated a mutant lacking NADP-linked GDH activity by ethlmethane sulfonate treatment. The
mutant was grown on the minimal plate with 1mM ammonium chloride and not that with 300mM ammonium chloride. The cell-free extracts from
mutant and prototroph were also examined with glutamine synthetase(GS) and glutamate synthase (GOGAT) production by niteogen sources. The growth of
mutant in presence of 20mM ammonium chloride means that GOGAT synthesis is sufficient to allow growth in this condition. GS production of
mutant as well as parental strain was induced by 1mM urea and ammonium tartrate, but it was repressed by higher concentration of ammonia, and also induced by 20mM to 50mM glutamate as a substrate. It was special attention that GOGAT synthesis from
strain was more repressed by higher concentration of ammonia than prototroph as described in E. coli system.
3' end of putative sequences of the packaging signal in moloney-murine leukemia virus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 101~105
6M-MuLV mutants containing deldtions around the putative packaging signal were constructed by using recombinant DNA technique and transfected into NIH/3T3 cell. 2 of 6 mutants can not be packaged into virions even in the presence of the wild type helper virus. The boundary between the packagible and the non-packagible genome is located around Pvu I site, 421 nucleotide downstream from the 5' end of M-MuLV genome. 10 base pair inverted repeat sequence (GAGUCCAAAA) which can make stem structure around Pvu Isite could be the putative packaging signal.
The abundant presence of nonpolyadenylated SV40 late 19S spliced RNA in the nucleus of monkey cell
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 106~112
We have examined the structures and cellular distributions of the SV40 late RNAs present in monkey cells at late times after infection. One particular RNA species, spliced at residue 373(373-RNA), was found to be as abundant as the major late 16S RNAs. This result was unexpected since previous reports showed that the molecular ratio of the 373-spliced 19S RNA to 16S RNA is approximately 0.1 among either cytoplasmic polyadenylated or polysomal viral RNAs. Both sedimentation and electrophoretic analysis indicated that the 373-RNA was approximately 16S to 19S in size. Therefore, it was not a splicing intermediate or the product of premature termination of transcription within the late leader region. Whereas most SV40 late 16S RNA is polyadenylated and located in the cytoplasm, the majority of 373-RNA was found to lack poly A, and be located in the nucleus.
Ozone resistance of radiosensitive strains of escherichia coli K-12
Harvey, Michel ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 113~121
Ozone, an atmospheric pollutant, can damage similar UV and X-rays DNA and its components. It is possible then that the KNA damage produced by this gas are similar, to some extent, to those of radiations and that they could be repaired by the same DNA repair mechanisms. It has been observed in Escherichia coli that radiosensitive strains such as lex A, rec A and pol A, all deficient to some extent for DNA repair, are more sensitive to ozone than a wild type strain. We have thendetermined the ozone resistance and host-cell reactivation of ozone-damaged T3 phages for the E. coli double mutants pol A, lex A, uvr B, lex A, uvr A, rec A and rec A lox A. According to the results, the DNA polymerase 1 plays a key role in ozone resistance and Type 11 mechanism and/or shory patch excision repair are the most important for it. The interactions between the different DNA repair mechanisms are secondary. There is a strong correlation between ozone resistance and the capacity to reactivate T3 phages damaged by ozone.
Enzymatic Properties of Cellobiohydrolase immobilized in Soil
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 122~128
The enzymatic properties of soil cellobiohydrolase were examined and compared with those of cellobiohydrolase-active extracts from soil in the forms of enzyme-humic complex and humicfree enzyme, and cellobiohydrolase partially pruified from Aspergillus niger. The pH optima of soil cellobiohydrolase and cellobiohydrolase-humic complex were greater by 1.5-3.0 pH units than those of cellobiohydrolase in humic-free extract and from A. niger. Soil cellobiohydrolase and cellobiohydrolase-humic complex were remarkably resistant to thermal denaturation and proteolysis. These results confirm that cellobiohydrolase in soil is atable in conditions which rapidly inactivate microbial cellobiohydrolase and that its stability is due to the immobilization of this enzyme by association with humic substances. The Michaelis-Menten constants (Km) for soil, cellobiohydrolase-humic complex, humic free extract and cellobiohydrolase from A. niger were 22.1mg/ml, 11.3mg/ml, 10.6mg/ml and 4.5 mg/ml of Avicel, respectively.
Effects of Some Carbohydrates and Ammonium Sulfate on Lignin Degradation by Pseudomonas diminuta
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 129~136
To investigate the influence of cosubstrate supplement and ammonium sulfate on lignin degradation by Pseudomonas diminuta KM-4-2, isolated in the laboratory, the strain was cultured on the lignin media which contained lignin as a source of carbon and the culture filtrate was analyzed by Sephadex G-75 column chromatography. It was found that polymerization was not appeared unlike wood-rot fungi. When the carbohydrates were added, the peak of lignin at 280nm by UV scanning spectra of the filtrate, was significantly increased. In order to determine the effect of ammonium sulfate on the ligninolytic activity, the isolated strain was incubated in the media containing 0.1%, 0.25% and 0.5% of nitrogen concentration in the Warburg flask and the rate of oxygen uptake was esitmated by Warbuge Respirometer. As a result, the activity was maximum at 0.1% of nitrogen concentration and thereafter decreased in parallel with nitrogen concentration.
The change of ascorbate oxidase isozyme pattern during mycelial development of streptomyces lavendulae
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 137~142
pH decreased as the substrate mycelium developed,
pH was 1.05-1.15, but increased after the aerial mycelium formation. The lactic acid content in culture solution showed no difference between 0.2% and 5% glucose, at which the aerial mycelium formation was repressed. The growth and development of mycelium was delayed by the lactate treatment. The activity of catalase was maximum in 24 hours after inoculation, and the wuperoxide dismutase activity showed a constant level during the developmental phases. The ascorbic acid accumulated after the aerial mycelium formation. The ascorbate oxidase isozyme of Rf 0.44 appeared, while the isozyme of Rf 0.36 desappeared during the development.
The Effects of Ginseng Saponin on Aflatoxin Production and the Mutagenicity in Aspergillus parasiticus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 26, issue 2, 1988, Pages 143~147
The effect of ginseng saponin on aflatoxin(AF) production by Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL2999 and the mutagenicity of produced aflatoxin. The production of aflatoxin were decreased by the addition of ginseng saponin and the most effective concentration was 0.05%. The ratio of aflatoxin
were not changed by the addition of ginseng saponin. For the nutagenicity test, Ames method were adopted. Mutagenicity of mycelial aflatoxin was decreased by the addition of ginseng saponin on TA98, but not changed on TA100. Mutagenicity of excreted aflatoxin to broth was slightly increased by the saponin on TA98, but decreased on TA100.