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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 1991
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Nov 1991
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Sep 1991
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jul 1991
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 1991
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
Selecting the target year
Effects of Cloned Genes on the Stability of Shuttle Vectors between Escherichia coli and Corynebacterium glutamicum
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 149~154
Escherichia coli/Corynebacterium glutamicum shuttle vectors, pECCG1 and pECCG2 were constructed by joining a 3.00 kb cryptic plasmid pCB 1 from C. glutamicum and a 3.94 kb plasmid pACYC 177 from E. coli. By trimming unessential parts and introducing mulitiple cloning site into the plasmid pECCG 1, a plasmid pECCG122(5.1kb) was constructed. All the shuttle vectors were stably maintained in C. glutamicum up to about 40 generations irrespective of kanamycin addition in the medium. Threonine operon (homoserine dehydrogenase/homoserine kinase) and dapA gene (dihydrodipicolinate synthetase) of C. glutamicum were cloned into the plasmid pECCG122, and the resultant plasmids were designated pTN31 and pDHDP19, respectively. They were used to study the effect of cloned foreign gene on the stability of the plasmid pECCG122. Plasmids pTN31 and pDHDP19 were segregated rapidly from C. glutamicum when cultured in the medium without kanamycin. In medium with
of kanamycin, their segregation rates were much slower than those in medium without kanamycin, but the danamycin addition didn't guarantee the complete maintenance of the plasmids in C. glutamicum.
Cloning of Catechol 2,3-dioxygenase Gene from Pseudomonas putida
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 155~159
Four strains of Pseudomonas putida (NAH), Pseudomonas sp.(TOL), Achromobacter xylosoxidans, and Alcaligenes sp. were compared with their degradative capability of aromatic compounds. All of the bacterial strains were utilized catechol as a sole carbon source for growth, but signigicantly different in degradative properties for 5 other aromatic compounds. Catechol 2, 3-dioxygenase gene from P. putida (NAH) has been cloned and expressed in E. coli. The DNA clone designated pCNU101 contains NAH-derived 6 Kb insert and its physical map was characterized. A subclone (pCNU106) for the catechol dioxygenase gene in pCNU101 contained 2.0kb-DNA insery fragmented by HpaI and ClaI.
Regulation of Tubercidin Biosynthesis in Streptomyces tubercidicus by Adenine and Histidine
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 160~166
The regulatory mechanism of tubercidin biosynthesis in Streptomyces tubercidicus was studied. In a wild type strain, addition of adenine and histidine into the medium decreased the tubercidin production by 60-65% and 40%, respectively. The effects of adenine and histidine were alleviated by the addition of inosine monophosphate and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribotide. The production of tubercidin in S. tubercidicus K115 strain (
) was nearly shut off by histidine. In contrast with K115 strain, adenine inhibited the tubercidin biosynthesis in S. tubercidicus K412 strain (
. In S. tubercidicus F667 strain (
), tubercidin production was increased by adenine and histidine. From the effects of adenine and histidine on tubercidin biosynthesis in S. tubercidicus wild type and mutant strains, it became known that feedback control by adenine and histidine of biosynthetic pathwat for purine ribonucleotide and histidine are involved in the regulation of tubercidin biosynthesis.
Purification and Characterization of an Intracellular Protease from Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 167~171
An intracellular protease from cells of Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena grown on nutrient broth was purified to better than 95% homogeneity in five steps using azocaseine as a substrate. The molecular weight of the native enzyme was determined to be 125, 000. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis revealedat least two non-identical subunits of molecular weight 70, 000 and 56, 000. The enzyme activity was completely ingibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride and diisopropyl fluorophosphate. The enzyme was also inhibited by
, but was stimulated by iodoacetamide. Maximal reaction rate of the enzyme was observed at pH8.0 and 30.deg.C. The isoelectric point of the enzyme was found to be 7.5. The enzyme was unable to hydrolyze carbon monoxide dehydrogenase.
Partial Purification and Characterization of Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 172~178
Intracellular purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was partially purified using ammonium sulfate fractionation, heat treatment, a DEAE-Sephadex A-50 anion exchange chromatography and a Sephadex G-100 gel filtration chromatography. The enzyme was purified 20 fold with 3% recovery. The stability of enzyme was kept by addition of inosine and dithiothreitol. The pH optimum was found to be from 6.3 to 7.3 PNP was sensitive to 10mM of
, and was inactivated completely by 2 mM of p-chloromercuribenzoate and 5,5'-dithiobis (2-nitrobenzoate). The enzyme was capable of catalyzing the phosphorolysis of inosine, deoxyinosine, guanosine, deoxyguanosine and adenosine.
Studies on the Differentiation of Protein Patterns from Saccharomyces species by Isoelectric Focusing in Polyacrylamide Gels
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 179~183
The whole proteins from 10 different Saccharomyces species were separated by isoelectric focusing, which was carried out in pH gradient polyacrylamide gels with the carrier ampholytes of various pH ranges. About 25 protein bands were found in the gel using pH 3.0-10.0 carrier ampholytes. In gel using pH 4.0-7.0 carrier ampholytes, the protein band of pI 6.3 was found in Sacch. cerevisiae NCYC 478, ATCC 26787, Sacch. rosei and Sacch. uvarum, but it was absent in Sacch. cerevisiae ATCC 24903, ATCC 42949, ATCC 36029, Sacch. steineri var hara, Sacch. bayanus, and Sacch. diastaticus.
Isolation of Clostridium thermocellum Producing High Activity of Cellulase
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 184~188
Three strains of Clostridium thermocellum, JH01, JH20 and JH30 which are capable of producing ethanol directly from cellulose were isolated from composts. The morphological, cultural and physiological properties of the strains were similar to the ATCC type strain, except for carbon source utilization and degree of ethanol tolerance. All of the three isolates could use glucose and maltose as a sole carbon source and two of them, strains of JH01 and JH20 were three times more tolerant to ethanol than the ATCC type strain. Cellulases secreted by the isolated strains had higher activities than those of the ATCC type strain.
RFLP(Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) by Ribosomal RNA and M13 Probes of Clostridum thermocellum Strains
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 189~194
The degree of the genetic variations among Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405 and the wild type strains was investigated by the mehtod of GC ratio, DNA-DNA hybridization and RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) patterns by ribosomal RNA and M13 probe. GC ratio and KNA homology values of th three isolates were approximately equal to those of ATCC type strain. The RFLP patterns by the rRNA and M13 probe showed some differences among C. thermocellum ATCC 27405, wild type strains and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum ATCC 33223, indicating that the two probes can be useful in subspecies- and apecies-identification.
Microbial Distribution in Refrigerated Beef
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 195~198
Isolation and identification of mesophilic and psychrotrophic bacteria distributed in Korean refrigerated beef were attempted. Total isolated colonies were 192, and identified as 5 genera and 10 species. Among them, mesophilic bacteria were Enterobacter aerogenes, E. agglomerans, Serratia liquefaciens, Proteus mirabilis, and "psychrotrophic" bacteria were Pseudomons fluorescens, P. putida, P. pickettii, P. mendocina, P. stutzeri, Alcaligenes faecalis. Dominant species was Serratia liquefaciens as mesophiles, and Pseudomonas putida as psychrotroph.chrotroph.
O serotypes of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Isolated in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 29, issue 3, 1991, Pages 199~202
The O serotypes of uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated in Korea were studied using a complete set of rabbit O antisera raised with reference O antigen type strains of E. coli. The distribution of "O" serotypes found in this survey was grossly similar with the prevalence of "O" types observed in other parts of the world, and some differences were also noted. A total of 31 "O" serotypes were identified and the most frequent serotype associated with urinary tract infections was O75(11.5%), which was followed by O6(7.4%), O10 and O40(5.7%, respectively).0 and O40(5.7%, respectively).