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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Serratia marcescens ATCC 21074 로 부터 순수분리한 Metalloprotease 의 자가분해성과 안전성
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 71~77
A 50 KD metalloprotease of Serratia marcesrens ATCC 21074 was purified by ammoniumsulfate precipitation. DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography, and sephadex ti-100gel filtration. Optimal pH and temperature of enzyme were pH 8.0 and 37"C, respectively.This enzyme was stable in the ranges of 10-37
C and pH 5.0--11.0. Thermal denaturationwas investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. Onset temperature of denaturationand endothermic peak temperature were 376
C and 43.2"C. re:,pectively. The denaturationenthalpy was -8.4mJimg. The purified metalloprotease was ri.sistant to autodigestion for24 hr at 30
C. Metalloprotease in culture supernatant was also resistant to autodigestionin this conditions. Heat-denatured enzyme. however. was rapidly digested by the nativeenzyme. The metalloprotease was stable to proteolytic digestion by mammalian proteasessuch as trypsin. a-chymotrypsin, and elastase. But the enzyme was easily digested bybacterial protease. thermolysin.bacterial protease. thermolysin.
Trimorphomyces papilionaceous 에서 laccase 의 catabolite repression 에 의한 조절
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 78~82
The dikaryon of Trimorphonzycc,.~ papilioncicc.ous, one of basidiornycetous yeast needed thiamine as a growth factor and required relatively simple nutrient components. This organism grem best at 25
C. anci showed broad pH range (pH 4.0-7.0). It was groM,n in liquid minimal media with various carbon sources and they could be classilied into 3 groups as follows. Glucose. fructose. mannose, sucrose and xylose (A gi.oup) supportecl good growth (>OD 0.8), and showed poor laccase activity (less than 1.5 u'mg protein). Galactose and gluconate (B group) showed moderate growth (01) 0.3-0.6). and hail moderatc crlzyrne activity (4-6u). Arabinosc. lactose. maltose ant1 pyruvate (C 5roup) showed poor growth (OD 0.1-0.2). and showed high enzyme activity (higher than 8 u). Kibosc, acetate. citrate. lactate and oxaloacetate showed no growth. When the yeast was grown in a medium which had two carbon sources (glucose and arabinose). laccase was regul;~tecl by the cutahoiitc repression.
Asymmetry of Cotransduction Frequency Occured When the Transposon Is Used as a Marker
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 83~87
When the transposon is used as a selectable marker. the cotransduction frequency depends on the selection order of the markers. In this study. we adopted a mathematical approach to explain this phenomenon. At first, the formation of transducing particles were considered in five different configurations. Then the probability functions indicating the possibilities for a marker to be fixed were mathematically formulated on the basis of probability density concept. After actual values and useful assumptions were integrated into the Formula. resulting frequencies from theoretical calculations were compared with actual data. Such analysis let us conclude that the asymmetry in the frequency arose from the lack of homology required for homologous recombination due to the transposon insertion and from the suppression of recombination around the region where the transposon is inserted.
유전공학적으로 변형시킨 R-plasmid 들의 전이에 미치는 균주와 pH 의 영향
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 88~95
The genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMS) could be released accidentally or ii)rexperimental purposes, as the genetic engineering, technique ha:. become very popular inany laboratories of biological sciences. But there have been littlt: informations on transkrbehavior of the genetically ~nodified genes in the natural en\ironmentx. In this stutly.antibiotic resistant bacteria were isolated from nat.ural waters. and then GEM strains wereconstructed i'rom the natural isolate (NI) by ~noclification oi' the Km' plasmitl. Thetransferability of the plasmids in the GEM and NI strains were examinetl by con-jugationin Luria-Bertani broth :it 30
C. Also the cff'ccts 01' mating strain and pH on their transferfrequency and rearrangement of the plasmids in tl-~ec o~ijugantsM ere comp:irati\ely stuclictl.I'hc transkr frequency of Km' plasmid in donor of GEM and N1 strains wah similar a.;about 10 ' when co~ljugation was conducted wit11 M'I'I strain is recipient at pH 7. butthat of 1)KCOOI was lowered to 1.2X 10 '. And when the lab. stlain was uhccl as recipient.the transfer tendency of the plasmid was about same in both (;EM and NI strains usedas donor. All thc tionor 5trains. except for I)KC601. showecl the Ilighcs~ frequency of about10 ' at pH 7 and the frequcncics were lowered at both pH 5 and 9. Hut the mocliliedKm' plasmid in the cloned strain of DKC601 was transferred hy very low frequency of10 "at pH 5 ant1 7 comparing to other GEM strains. especiall! any co~~.jugantws ere notobtained at pH 4 and 9 even after conjugation for 6 hours. Rearrangement of the plasmidstranskrred into the lab. strain was not found in the conjugants. I\ulcornerut a lot of rearrangclncntwas ohservecl nlhen they were transferred into the NI strain. Such a rearrangement wasmore severe when donor was GEM strain rather then NI strain Hut such ;r phenomenonwas less affected by p!-l values.r phenomenon was less affected by p!-l values.
Microbiological Degradation of the Phenoxy Herbicide MCPP [2-(2-Methyl-4-Chlorophenoxy) Propionic Acid]
Oh, Kye Heon ; Olli H. Tuovinen ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 96~100
The microbiological degradation of 2-(2-methyl-4-chloro-phenoxy) propionic acid (MCPP) was evaluated using mixed cultures of soil bacteria. The mixed cultures comprised Pseudomonas species, Flavobacterium species, and Achromobacter species. The bacteria used MCPP as the sole source of carbon and energy but only a partial degradation of the parent compound occurred MCPP degradation proceeded via the formation of 2-methyl-4-chlorophenol (2, 4-MCP) which was detected by high pressure liquid chromatography (PHLC) and confirmed by gas chromatography-mass sepctrometry. This intermediate occurred only transiently and no evidence was seen for the presence of other intermediates detectable by the reverse-phase HPLC or UV absorbance.
Purification and Characterization of Cytochrome c Oxidase from Photosynthetic Bacterium, Rhodopseudomonas gelatinosa
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 101~107
Cytochrome c oxida5e from chemotrophically grown R p , geliitinosu was purified by cytochrome c affinity chromatography and DEAE-Sephacel ion exchange chromatography. The molecular weight of the cytochrome c oxidase was approximately 110.000 Da by sephacryl s-300 gel chromatography and approximately 52, 000 Da by SDS-gel electrophoresis, respectively. Therefore. cytochrolne c oxidase of Rps. gehtinosu seems to be dimer. The cytochrome c oxidasc was very sensitive to temperature. It's Km and Vmax were 20 pM and 44 unitlmg protein for horsc heart cytochrome c as a substrate. respectively, and its optimum pH and temperature were 6.4 and 25
C. respectively. The absorption peaks of the reduced cytochrome c oxidase showed at 554 nm, 523 nm. and 422 nm. The activiiy of cytochrome c oxidase was inhibited by KCN, and NaN3, but not by CO, antimycir~ A. and myxothiazol. The cytochrome c-551 was produced either in phototrophically or chemotrophically grown Rps. gelaiinosci. The rcduced cytochrome c-551 was oxidized by b-type cytochrome c oxidase from Rp.v. gc.lrtino.sc~. Km and Vmax of cytochrome c oxidase was 26 pM and 31 unitlnlg protein For cytochrome c-551 as a substrate. respectively. Thercfore. thc electron transfer chain of chemotrophically grown Rps. glatinosa seems lo be ubiquinol cytochrome bc, complex -'cytochrome c-55lMb-type cytochrome c oxidase+02.
Expression and Secretion of Heterologous Protein in Yeast
Kim, Moo-Kyum ; Song, Moo-Young ; Yu, Myeong-Hee ; Yu, Myeong-Hee ; Park, Hee-Moon ; Kim, Jinmi ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 108~112
To investigate the expression and the secretion of heterologous proteins in yeast, we constructed an yeast secretion vector and produced a human secretory protein, .alpha.-1-antitrypsin (.alpha.-1-AT), from yeast cells. The secretion vector pGAT8 was constructed by inserting the signal sequence of yeast acid phosphatase gene (PH05) into the .alpha.1-AT expression vector pGAT6 which contained .alpha.-1-AT cDNA fused to GAL10-CYC1 promotor. The .alpha.-1-AT was produced efficiently in the yeast cells transformed with plasmid pGAT8, which was onfirmed both by the .alpha.-1-AT activity assay and by the immunoblot method using .alpha.-1-AT antibody. We also showed the secretion of .alpha.-1-AT into the culture media and into the periplasmic space by immunoblot.
소양호에서의 유기인산염 분해율
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 113~118
To elucidate a part of phosphorus cycle an'd the nutritional status of phosphorus. the degradation rates of organic phosphate by phosphatase activity (PA). were studied at the water column of Lake Soyang. from March 1900 to April 1991. Phosphatase activity showed the range of 1-2220 nMillhr. Its maximum value was recortled on August and minimum during October and November. The PA and chlorophyll u v~luess howed high correlation coefficent (0.69). and the values of specific astivity was highest during Winter, 45-12\ulcorner nMihripg chl. a, and lowest on October. 2 nMl hripg chl. 11. The values of PA and bioavailable dissolved inorganic phosphate (DIP) showed negative correlation in surface water. During destratification period (Oct. and Nov. 1990). the values of PA were about 11240 times lower than those during August albeit high concentration of chlorophyll a (1.7- 7.2 mglm'). Such results seem to be cause'd by DIP supply from the metalimnion. hypolimnion ant1 sediment. With these results. phosphate was sufficient to sustain the biomass in Autumn. and internal loading of phosphate shoultl accelerate the eutrophication in Lake Soyang.
국내 박쥐에서의 일본뇌염 바이러스 항체 조사
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 115~123
A total of453 wilci hats inhabiting in Korea were captured ancl .he IgG antibodies againstJapanese Encephalitis Virus(J1IV) were detected by the heniagglut:nation inhibition te5t. 35501' the 453 blood sera showecl positive reaction to JEV with titers of I0 up to 40. Positiverates of male and kniale hats were 70.0'%1 anel 78.1'k. rcspectivclv. Positive ratci accordingto area were 74.7%) in Chungnan~. 72.h'\ulcorner6 in Kangwon and 74.3'"; in C'hungbuk. the resultbof which indicated no dil'krencc in areii. Whereas positive ratus according to hats specie5were 87.5(% f i ~ rC i..cpc~rtilios upernns. fi~llowedb y 83 3'%, k)r Mpoii.\ i ~ ~ : t r u ~ i tci.i~lis~. ~75l.0. '\4 1 forRhitrolol~h.\ '||'&'||',rurn~uic,r~unal ncl 59.6'!41 for Minioprc,ru.s schrc~ibersii.I t was Ibund by incli rrctini~nunofluorosce~icae nd clectron microscope techniques that the virus particles 01. JEVcould infect the brain of a Korean wilcl bats and proliferatn ill the brain cells.he brain cells.
국내 박쥐에서의 한탄바이러스 및 리케차에 대한 항체 조사
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 124~128
A total of 275 wild hats captured in Korea here examined 011 the possibility that they will harhor and spread the inkctious pathog.cns of Hantaan virus and Rickettsia. They possessed ontihotlies in 3.6'K) blood sera against Hantaan virus by the indirect in~~nunofluoresccnctec hnique and showed relatively high serum titers with a range of 16 to 1014X. whereus 13.7\ulcorner0 of them were positive to Rickettsia. dividing into 3.3% against R. ~.sur,~ugc~rnusllr.Ri.1 k, against R. siht)ric.n tick ~vphus,a nd 4.4% against R. thai tick pphus. respectively. 11 was first confirmed in Korean wild hats that arc infccted with Hantaan virus and Rickettsia agents. and play a role as vector.
On the Feeding Behavior of Zooplankton in Lake Soyang
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 129~133
Zooplankton feeding was investigated with epilluorescence microscope in Lake Soyang in August 1991. Zooplankton. which ingested fluorescence bead or fluorescently labeled bacteria (FLB). was regarded as bacterivore. The algavores wert. easily distinguished with autofluorescence of chlorophyll in gut. Copepoda nauplius and Copepodids. 7'hermocyclop.s spp, Pleosomcl spp. Brachionus spp were algavores. and DuphnB hpp. Bosmincr spp. Kerutrlla spp and Hrxuthru spp werc identified as bacterivc~res.T he mixo\ory was not detected. The percentages of algavores and bacterivores in Lake Hoyang were 65 7% and 34.3%. respectively. The bacterivorous zooplankton had trend to ingcst the beads bigger than 0.5 pm. Use of 0.5 pm bead as grazing tracer gave similar estin~ates of ingestion to FLR.
Transduction of the Wild-type polA Gene of Escherichia coli K-12 in a ColE1-Derived Mini-Mu Plasmid
Parduez, Nagy-Gyorgy ; Choi, Yong-Keel ; Chung, Young-Sup ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 134~140
gene can be transducted in a multicopy mini-Mu plasmid, but not cloned because the product of this gene is lethal when overproduced. Although, we obtained one surviving cell, in which the ColEl-derived mini-Mu plasmid suffered a spontaneous deletion exactly at the region where the
gene was cloned. The
unstream flanking sequence containing the promoter and pribnow-box was delected in vivo ; consequently this gene is not able to be expressed.
Overexpression of the bacteriophase PRD1 DNA polymerase
Jung, Gu-Hung ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 2, 1992, Pages 141~148
In order to overexpress bacteriophage PRD1 DNA polymerase in E. coli cells, the 2 kb HaeII fragment was isolated from phage genomic DNA. This fragment was then cloned into pEMBL/sup ex/ 3-expression vector. A specific 57bp deletion was performed by using uracil containing ss DNA and oligonucleotide spanning each region to remove an unwanted non-coding region. After this deletion, the PRD1 DNA polymerase gene is totally under the control of the vector promoter and SD sequence. Upon heat induction, a protein with an apparent size of 68 kdal was overexpressed as an active PRD1 DNA polymerase. The expression of PRD1 DNA polymerase was about 1% of total E. coli protein.