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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Cloning and Expression of the Extracellular
-lactamase gene from streptomyces sp. SMF13 in streptomyces lividans
Rak, Choi-Sang ; Lee, Kye-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 149~153
Cloning of the gene encoding extracellular .betha.-lactamase from Streptomyces sp. SMF13 in a plasmid pIJ702 and expression of the gene in Streptomyces invidans were carried out. Optimal conditions for the formation of protoplasts of S.lividans and the regeneration of the protoplasts were evaluated. Streptomyces sp. SMF-13 was selected as a donor strain of .betha.-lactamase gene and totla DNA of the strain was partially digested with Sau3A I. DNA fragments ranged from 4kb to 10 kb were ligated to pIJ702 AT Bgl II site and then the ligated DNAs were transformed to the protoplasts of S, livivans. The transformation efficiency was
g DNA for the ligated DNA mixture. One colony among a thousand colonies regenerated showed extracellular .betha.-lactamase and the size of the inserted DNA fragment was estimated to be 3.94 kb. The .betha.-lactamase activity in the culture broth of the recombinant strain was maximum at 3 days culture to be 1.0 unit/ml.
Formation and Regeneration of Conidial Protoplast from Penicilliun verruculosum
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 154~159
Forniation ancl ~regcncration oi' conitlial pro1oplast of Pc, ti~i.rlli~in~~~ c~rr~~culo.hryupmel.- - czllulolytic Ihngus. were examined. By using Novozyme 134(1'!/0 w/c) as a cell wall lytic enzyme. the highest yield of protopl;~sts exceeding 501%, war obtained from the qwollen conidiosporcs preincubatrd in the minimal medium containing 2-tleoxy-D-glucose(2-UC;. 75 pglml) for 10-11 11. No protoplast were obtained horn dormant spores. The regeneration frequency of the protoplasts was 49.2'!11. which was higher than that of mycclium originated protoplast (4.6-17.X1X, . in 0.6 M MgS04. pH 5.6). 'l'lie best osmotic stahilizcr ror the isoaltion and regcueration of thc protoplast was 0.6 M iimmonium sulfatc and 0.6 M magnesiuni sulfhte. respectively. 'I'lie process of the protoplast isolaiton l'ro~n swollen cnnirliospore ancl regeneration ha\, ing two pattcrns from protoplast were obsen'etl through light microscope.
Killer 효모 융합주 FWKS 260 이 분비하는 Killer Toxin 의 정제
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 160~163
Killer toxin from killer yeast fusant FWKS 260 developed by protoplast fusion between the wild killer yeast and alcohol-fermenting yeast was purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation. Amicon PM I0 concentration. Sephadex G-200 and Scphadcx G-75 column chromatography. The purified killer toxin showed a single band by SIX-polyacvlamide gel electrophoresis. The protein part of killer toxin was active site. which was found by treating the proteolytic enzyme such as pronase E and pepsin to killer toxin. The killer toxin was stable at pH 2.0-5.0 and 20
C. but inactivated with increasing temperature. The molecular weight was determined to be approximately 13.000 according to the results obtained from the SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It was confirmed that the purified killer toxin is glycoprotein by showing a red single band after st'tining with Schiffs reagent.
Pathology of Ulcerous Disease in Cultivated Snakehead, Channa argus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 164~170
Haemorrhagic ulcer in cultured snakehead(Chann0 argus) is widespread in Korea during the summer season. Round haemorrhagic ulcers as the main symptom of this epizootic disease can be found on the skin of the head. body, as well as fins of this fish. This study was conducted to investigate the pathology of this disease. First. Aeromonas veronii. the dominant species. was isolated from diseased snakeheads. Then this bacterium was injected into healthy snakeheads hypodermically. Such injection was found to induce haemorrhagic ulcers very similar to those observed in naturally infected fish. One or two days afier the injection, a red spot developed around the injection site. and grew bigger to from a red area. This enlarged area then developed into haemorrhagic ulcer, accompanied by substantial skin loss. Within five days. muscle necrosis proceeded to the extent that a perforation was made between the injection site and the opposite side. The fifty per cent lethal dosage was found to be
CFU/0.25 ml by intraperitoneal injection. The results of this experiment lead us to conclude that Arromonas veronii is a major bacterium which causes haemorragic ulcer in cultured snakcheads.
Lipolytic Properties of Candida Cylindracea Lipase Toward Triacylglycerols with Different Fatty Acyl Chains
Park, En-Suk ; Yang, Chul-Hak ; Park, Myung-Un ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 171~186
Lipolytic characteristics of candia cylindracea lipase was studied by various triacylglycerols with different fatty acyl chains as substrate. The substrate was emulsified with gum arabic and the rate of hydrolysis was determined by pH stat method. The effects of gum concentration, pH, temperature, and
ion on the enzyme activities were examined. The results show that the effect of these factors are markedly depending on the structurla nature of substrates. The triolein was the best substrate among tested. Present study demonstrates that for characterization of lipolytic enzymes, it is critically important to select proper substrate and activator.r.
Molecular Biological Characteristics of Ustilago maydis Virus Isolated in Korea
Won, Yie-Se ; Choi, Hyoung-Tae ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 177~180
Among 120 U. maydis strains isolated in Korea 14 different strains containing specific viral dsRNA segments were analyzed for the distribution of dsRNA and the production of toxin protein. Several distinctive dsRNA patterns were identified, 9 cases of P type with typical H, M and L ds RNA and one case of non-P-type, the frequency of a specific isolate was decreased with increasing number of dsRNA segments. The presence of dsRNA had no effect on the cultural or morphological phenotype of the host. Two isolates containing P type dsRNA segments appeared to produce toxin protein (killer strains) which inhibited the growth of 4 isolates (sensitive strain) with different susceptibility. Two killer strains contain unique M dsRNA segment which may code for toxin protein. However, the presence of toxin-sensitive strains among dsRNA-free isolates was similar to that of ds RNA containing strains.
Some Properties on the Signal Transduction in Virginiae Butanolide C Binding Protein
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 181~186
Virginiae butanolide C (VB-C) binding protein binds to virginiamycin inducing factor and the protein may function as a possible pleiotropic signal transducer. To further understand signal transducing mechanism, some properties of VB-C binding protcin were investigated. VB-C binding activity was gradually increased during 60 hrs incubation: whereas the amount of produced VBs was not changed. However. VB-C hinding activity was decreased by 30-5096 in the presence of genome DNA. The binding protein could he phosphorylated by [
] ATP. These results suggest that the DNA binding and phosphorylation may be involved in signal transducing mechanism.
경기만에서 석유분해세균의 분포 및 석유분해능
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 187~192
The spatial and temporal distribution of petroleum-degrading bacteria(PDB) was studied at six sampling sites in Kyeonggi Bay of the Yellow Sea fiom March 1990 to October 1991. In addition, petroleum-degrading potcntial of natural ~iiai-ineb acterial population was studied at different culturc contlitions. During the period o f stutly. thc heterotrophic bacterial number and PDB number were n1e;rsured in the range of 7 000-108.400 CFU/nil. 0-2.800 MPN1100 mi. respectively. The spatial tlistribution of PDB wa\ highly affected by presence of petroleum hydrocarbon. In laboratory cxperirncnt. petrolcu~n biodegradation wac enhanced hy addition of yeast cxtracl. cell free cxtr:~ct. anti rnixctl culture of PI)B.
Analysis of Environmental Factors Affecting on the Physiological Characteristics of Heterotrophic Bacteria in Naktong River Estuary
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 193~198
Environmental parameters and physiological characteristics of heterotrophic bacterial isolates were compared by factor analysis to investigate the influences of river barrage construction on the ecosystem of Naktong River Estuary. Aftcr the construction of river barrage, the influence of seawater was no longer significant. ant1 the influences of nutrients loading were increased from 50.7% to 77.1% of the environmental variances before and after the construction, respectively. The interpretations of features of bacterial physiological characteristics were closely related to environmental parameters as the results of factor analysis. But. differing from the environmental variances. it was found that the halophilic feature was the third factor of bacterial characteristics after the construction of river barrage. This suggests that the stability of Naktong estuarine ecosystem and heterotrophic bacterial characteristics are not established till now.
Isolation and Characterization of Aniline-Degrading Bacteria
Kahng, Hyung-Yeel ; Kim, Seung-Il ; Woo, Mi-Jeong ; Park, Yong-Keun ; Lee, Yung-Nok ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 199~206
Six isolated strains degrading aniline were selected, identified and designated as pseudomonas putida K6, Pseudomonas acidovorans K82, Achromobacter gr. D. V. K24, Achromobacter xylosocidans K4, Moraxella sp. K21 and Moraxella sp. K22. All of them degraded 1000 ppm aniline completely within 30 to 36 hours. Most of these strains are resistant to antibiotics more than one, but Moraxella sp. has not any antibiotic marker tested. Most strains except for P. acidovorans K82 were shown to have resistance to the heavy metal ions such as Ni, Cu, Li, Ba, Co, etc. but not to Hg to which only P. putida K6 was resistant. M. sp. K21 was capable of degrading aniline to a maximum concentration of 2500 ppm without any repression. The incubation of the cell in limited pH ranges (4-8) had no great effect on aniline degradation. The addition of bactopeptone to the minimal media promoted the speed of aniline degradation, but the addition of glucose rather repressed the rate of aniline degradation. Through enzyme assay, A. gr. D. V. K 24 was shown to degrade aniline through artho-pathway and formed .betha.-ketoadipate as intermediate metabolite.
Improvement of the Strains Degrading Recalcitrant Aromatic Compounds by Cell Fusion Between Arthrobacter spp. and Pseudomonas putida
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 207~212
To develope the new strains of microorganisms having the degradative ability for various aromatic hydrocarbons. spheroplast cell fusions were performed with Arthrobacter spp. degrading phthalate ester and Pseudomonas putida degrading alkylbenzen sulfonate(ABS) and the characteristics of the fusants were investigated. The spheroplasts of P. putia KUD15 and Arthrobacter sp. were formed effectively by lysozyme-EDTA treatment and by Ampicillin-lysozyme-EDTA treatment. respectively. The Spheroplast formation frequency and the regeneration frequency of the strains were 98-99% and 5-8%, respectively. For cell fusion. 40% PEG6000 was used as a fusogenic agent and the formation frequencies of fusion product were
Most of the fusants, which were selected in complemented antibiotics media showed the degradative ability in minimal selective medium added phthalate ester or ABS as sole carbon source. ABS degradation by fusant strain was increased about 20% with compared with the parental strain, while the degradative ability of phthalate ester was simillilar to that of parental strain.
Purification and Characterization of Glucosyltransferase from Streptococcus mutans
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 213~217
Glucosyltransferase of Streptococcus mutans NCTC 10449 was purified and characterized. It relates with production of insoluble glucan in dental caries. The molecular weight was estimated to be 152.000. The optimum pH and temperature was 6.5 and
. respectively. The enzyme was stable in alkaline pH. The Michaelis constants of the enzyme for releasing of fructose were 48 mM. Hydrolysis rate of insolut~le glucan by tlextranase was higher in S. mutuns NCTC 10449 than that of strains isolated from saliva
Carboxydobacteria 를 위한 재조합 Plasmid 백터와 형질전환방법 개발
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 218~224
Recombinant plasmid shuttle vectors were constructed for genetic studies on the oxidation of carbon monoxide by carboxydobacteria. Two vectors. pYK322 (7.2 kb, Ap'. Tc') and pYK 324 (7.2 kb, Ap', Tc'), were constructed using pBR322 and pYK100. a small plasmid in Pseudomonas carbo,xydovorans. Four plasmids. pYK2IO (5.2 kb. Cm'), pYK220 (5.2 kb, Cmr), pYK230 (5.2 kb, Cm'), and pYK232 (5.2 kb. Cm'), were constructed using pACYC184 and pYK100. Transformation of several carboxydobacteria with pYK322 and pYK220 was round to be efficient when the cells were transformed by the methoti of Bagdasarian and Timmis (Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 96:47-67. 1982) with several modifications; cells growing on 0.2% succinate were harvested at the mid-exponential phase. 10 mM RbCl in transformation solution was substituted with 100 mM KCI. cclls in transformation solution were incubated for 12 h at 4'C before addition of DNA and heat shock was carried out for 3 min at 45
C. Plasmid vectors used for transformation, however. were not detected from antibiotics-resistant transformants, suggesting that the vectors may be integrated into the chromosomal DNA.
Properites of Purified Ascorbate Oxidase in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 225~231
l o identil) ;~nclc li~iracterize; In iiscorhate oxiililinp enzyme in ('/rItrn~i~rlon~ir~c~t~itr~~lr.o\ r(1rii. we studicil ;is li)llows. Ascorh;ric oxiiliring cn/;jme activit) f ~ o ~thne crude extract 01' ( ' / ~ l o n ~ ~ . c l o t ~1~~oit~rl~1oin~/.t\ii W;I\ dctccietl by 5pecific active 5ta1ning through nati\e gel cletrophorcsi\ and ~iltra\~iolestp eciroscopy. Ascorb~ttco xidizing c n ~ y m ew i15 partilly 1~1rilieJ by \;~riousp roccclurcs inclucli~lga rnmoniu~ns uIl';~tcp recipit;iion. aJ\orption ~111-om;~togrophy on Iiy~lroxyapaiitca nd Scphailcx <;-I50 gel lillration chrornatogral>liy. Plie ~nolecularw eight 01' the nativc cnrytiic was ahour 88.000 tlalton hy nativc gel elcciroplloresis anci subunit niolecul;ir ~rciglit 55,000 ol' this cnrymc w;~c determined hy SIIS-P.ASI!. The optimum tcmper~tture ii)r the cnrymc nos ahout 5j
C and pH 4.6 was the optimum. Moreover. ascorhaie oxi~losc in C: reinhardtii was confirmet1 by Ll1e\tcrn blotting technique.
Campylobacter jejuni 의 열충격 반응과 그유전자에 관한 연구
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 3, 1992, Pages 232~238
Canz~~j~lohuc;tc.~jurn i werc studied for their heat shock responses at several elevated temperatures and their heat shock genes were detected by the technique of Southern hybridization. (.. ,jc\ulcorneruni sy~>thesized the major heat shock proteins of hsp90. hsphh. and hsphO at 48
C . ant1 their w~u.ival rates were maintained as the same level at optimal temperature. '1-hc heat shock genes in chromosome of C ,jc:jutii werc determined to be homologous to the heat shock genes or E. t,oli. by showing strong signals in Southern hybridization analysis using clnaK and groESL- as DNA probe But the restriction sites for thc fragmcnts including heat shock genes were different betueen E. c,oli and C ,jtjuni.