Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Organization of 10-nm Filament Ring in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 333~338
Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains 10-nm tilament ring which lies just under the inner surface of the plasma membrane within the mother-bud neck. Although H)-nm filaments may he involved in cellular morphogenesis. their role and organization are not clear. Here we report the production of antihodies specific for the CDel2 protein hy use of gene fusion techniques. and studies on the organization and function of IO-nm filaments using these antibodies. The CDCl2 protein arc translated through the whtlle cell cycle and present in the cytosol. 'They are polymerized just before bud emergence and unpolymerized alier cytokinesis. and do not have organizational relationship with actin. Thc possible role of 10-nm filaments is the determination of bud emergence site and completion of cytokinesis.
Studies on Bacterial Characteristics of Bacillus cereus Group LS-1 Isolated from Suyeong Bay
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 339~346
These studies were carried out to identify Bacillus cereus group 1..5-] strain isolated from 5uyeong Bay. This strain was differentiated from B. cereus group using conventional, API system and fatty acid composition analysis. Colony characteristics were opague. mucoid, entire margin. convex. circular and non hemolysis on sheep blood agar plates, and were observed with central spore forming positive bacilli in a Gram stained preparation. and had no motility. The carbohydrates tested; glucose.maltose, and sucrose were assimilated but neither trehalose nor salicin were assimilated. This strain ultilized gelatin and was also inhibited by 6.5% NaCI. The results of biochemical examination were differented from B. cereus group LS-1 compared with others B. cereus group. The fatty acid composition contained major amounts of branched chain acids. iso
and the range of chain length was
, acid was not detected. Automated fatty acid computer profile indicated "B. mycoides GC subgroup B of 0.312 similarity index." The results agreed with other research cases. On the other hand. A TB computer prolile index of API system (API 50 CHB & API 20E) identified" Doubtful profile of 99.7% B. firmus" . These results were presented with considerable discrepancies between API system and fatty acid analysis. With 67 biochemical characters. the similarity matrix of B. mycaides (KCTC 1033). B. thuringiensis (KCTC 1033). B. cereus (5-3) and B. mycoides (S-12) showed 42%. 42%. 59%, and 52%. respectively. Through the key tests and fatty acid analyses. we could notice the appearance of B. mycoides of the B. cereus group and this leads us to suspect the existence of a new biotype B. mycoides.
Regulatory Mutations for Anaerobic Inducible Gene Expression in Salmonella typhimurium
Soo, Bang ; Lee, Yun-Joung ; Koh, Sang-Kyun ; An, Chung-Sun ; Lee, Yung-Nok ; Park, Yong-Keun ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 347~354
New regulatory, loci which participate in the regulation of anaerobic inducible gene expression in Salmonella typhimurium were identified. We observed the regulatory network of new regulator mutations to various anaerobic inducible gene (1). Some anaerobic inducible lac fusions were also induced at low pH condition which was severe environment to withstand for its virulence at the place like phagolysosome. Sic oxygen-regulated regulatory mutants (oxr) isolated by Tn10 mutagenesis were divided into two groups. Five of them were found to show negative effect on the regulation of anaerobic gene expression, while on e showed positive effect on the regulation. Genetic loci of four oxr were identified with 54 Mud-P22 lysogens covering the whole chromosome of S. typhimurium, in the nearby region of map unit 87 min (oxr101), 63 min (oxr104), 97 min (oxr 105), and 57 min (oxr 106), respectively. Two oxr mutants were subjected to two-dimensional polyacrylamide electrophoretic analysis of anaerobic inducible proteins for searching the control circuitry of our oxr mutants.
Ethanol Production from Lactose by Immobilized Reactor System Using a Fusant Yeast Strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces fragilis
Lee, Chu-Hee ; Bang, Jeong-Hee ; Hyun, Nam-Doo ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 355~359
Yeast cells of a fusant strain constructed by protoplast fusion of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces frugilis were immobilized on calcium alginate beads. The increment of the ethanol tolerance of this strain to 8.0%, when compared with the parent K, fragilis, was confirmed. Based on the results from jar fermentation, a packed-bed reactor of theh immobilized yeast cells was operated. The optimal performance of the immobilized yeast reactor for ethanol production was achieved when supplying 10% lactose (suplemented 1.0% yeast extract) at a temperature of 30.deg.C. The maximal ethanol productivity was obtained as 13.3 g/I/hr at a dilution rate of
The mechanism of quinolone resistance in staphylococcus aureus
Lee, Youn Yeong ; Kong, Jaeyang ; Youngha Rhee ; Kim Eun Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 360~365
Clinical isolates of 8 ofloxacin resistant Staphylococcus auresu (ORSA) were subjected to MIC test, Southern analysis on gyrA locus and nucleotide sequence analysis of 290 bp of gyrA gene (gyrA-290) spanning amino acid 26 to 121 in order to understand the mechanism of quinolone resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. ORSAs showed highlevel resistance against quinolones (8-250 fold increase of MICs) and also significant resistance agianst
(2-32 fold increase of MICs). However, ORSs did not show any change in sensitivity agianst vancomycin. Southern analysis of ORSAs with HindIII, PstI and AluI revealed RFLPs on gyrA locus. In order to further analyze the gyrA gene, gyrA-290 was amplified by PCR and cloned to pTZ vector. Subsequent nucleic acid sequence analysis of gyrA-290 demonstrated a point mutation of C to T resulting amino acid change of Ser-84 to Leu-84 in all 8 ORSA strains. The substitution at 84th amino acid of tyrase A might confer one mechanism of high level quinolone resistance in Staphylococcus aureus.
Regional Distribution of Hydrocarbon Degrading Bacteria in the Sediment of South Sea, Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 366~370
Sediment samples were collected from the stations 0101-0921 located between N
30' and E
30' during July 31-August lO. 1988. The distributions of total heterotrophic bacteria, freshwater bacteria and hydrocarbon degrading bacteria were studied. Each bacterial distribution was in the range of
sediment. respectively. The percent of hydrocarbon degrading bacteria against total heterotrophic bacteria was 0.7-73,2 % which was much higher than other marine sediments reported. These values were statistically analyzed with the percent of freshwater bacteria against total heterotrophic bacteria. These two parameters were well correlated with the correlation coefficient r= 0.60058 (n=34) and P=0.OOO2. This means that the distributions of hydrocarbon degrading bacteria and freshwater bacteria in the research area were affected together by the fresh water discharge into the sea environment. Therefore it can be concluded that the distribution of hydrocarbon degrading bacteria in the sediment of South Sea was affected by petroleum hydrocarbon input from terrestrial region through rivers.
Expression of mue Gene on Plasmid pKM101 and pSL4
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 371~376
Plasmid pSL4 of plasmid pKM 101 mutant have high protection effects and mutagenecity for UV and methyl methanesulfonate, The mucA gene and a pan of mucE gene of pKM 101 and pSL4 were sucloned onto lacZ' fusion vector pMC874 and the hybrid plasmids pBH31 and pBH30 were selected. These plsmids were intrduced into
strains and determined the activity of
-galactosidase for UV. In
-galactosidase activity of pBH30 included mue region of pSL4 was higher thall pBH31 inclued muc region of pKM 10 I and the tf-galactosidase of two plasmids was not induced in reeA and leeA mutants with or without UV illumination. Without UV illumination. the .
-galactosidasc of pBH30 was expressed a little higher level than that of pBH3L We suggest that the functional difference of pKM 10l and pSL4 are due to the variety of mue regulatory region. Also. a plasmid pBH 100 earring umuC' -lacZ' gene fusion was constructed in vitro to study the regulation of the umu operon. It was shown that the umu operon is induced by UV and is regulated by the reeA and lexA genes.
Ethanol Tolerance of Campylobacter jejuni by Ethanol Shock
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 377~382
The responses of C. jejuni to ethanol shock were studied for their survival. synthesis of ethanol shock proteins, and increased survival at higher concentration of ethanol upon prior treatments of ethanol. When C. jejuni were shocked with ethanol at 1. 3. and 5% for 60. 30 and 10 minutes, respectively. those cells synthesized the ethanol shock proteins of 90, 66, 60, 45, and 24 kd in molecular weight. When the C. ,jejuni shocked with 1 and 3% ethanol were exposed to 3 and 5% ethanol for 30 minutes. their survival rates were increased by
as compared with those of the cells without ethanol-shock. In the same way. C. ,jejuni shocked with 5% ethanol for 10 minutes :.bowed about 102 times higher survival rates than the cells without ethanol-shock. This result suggests that C jejuni shocked with I-5% ethanol for 10-30 minutes synthesized five kinds of ethanol shock proteins. and that the shock proteins contributed to increase ethanol tolerance for their survival at the higher concentrations of ethanol.
Distribution of Heterotrophic Bacteria and Extracellular Enzyme Activities of Bacteria in the Sediment of South Sea, Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 383~390
In the periods of July 31 to August 10. 1988 and March 9 to 13. 1989. sediment samples were collected from the South Sea stations (010] to 092]) located in the area from
/30', of latitude and from E
30' of longitude. These samples were analyzed for the number of total heterotrophic bacteria and extracellular digesting enzyme activities. In the 1989 spring period the number of heterotrophic bacteria in the sediment surface layer was increased more than 100 times at the maximum compared to that in the 1988 summer period. The proportion of fresh water bacteria to total heterotrophic bacteria was also higher in the spring period than the summer period. The extracellular digesting enzyme activities were higher in spring season than summer. Although the water content of sediment in the spring period was lower than that the summer period. the ash weight indicating organic material content was higher. These results means that the diameters of sediment particles were larger in spring than summer but the input of organic material into the sediment was greater. Based on these results bacterial distributions in the sediment layer of South Sea depend greatly on the season due to the effect of fresh water. During the spring season plankton could grow extensively owing to the inorganic nutrients input by the vertical mixing in the water column, then be precipitated into the sediment. Organic nutrients supplied from enzymatic degradation of polymeric particle from plankton can increase the bacterial number, too.
Factors Regulating the Nitrogen Fixation Activity and Growth of Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 391~396
Anabaena variabilis A TCC 29413. a photoautotrophic and nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria. was investigated on the environmental factors regulating the growth and nitrogen lixation activity. A good growth of cyanobacteria] cells was observed due to nitrogen t1xation by the heterocyst differentiation in nitrogen free Allen and Arnon (]/8) medium. The nitrogenase activity was appeared to be in proportion to the cell growth lor 6 days then drastically decreased in the later growth period when the nitraTe was accumulated to high level in the culture to cause the inhibition. The optima] conditions lilr the cell growth and nitrogenase activity of A. varillbili.l were anaerobic. IO.OO0 lux.
and pH 8 with the nitrogen Cree minimal medium. The activity was significantly inhihited by the low concentrations of ammonium and nitrate. but was stimulated b) the ]ow Ieve] of phosphate and carbonate sources. The treatments of several toxic heavy metals showed strong inhibition of the cell growth and nitrogenase activity by O.3~10 ppm in the order of
, and the concentrations for 50% inhibition of the maximum activity were 0.41. 0.47. 0.5 L 0.66 and 8.1 ppm. respectively. The addition of carbohydrates (0.5~ 1.0%) in the dark condition stimulated the growth and activity in the order of sucrose > fructose > glucose.
cDNA Cloning and Nucleotide Sequence Determination for VP7 Coding RNA Segment of Human Rotavirus Isolated in Korea
Kim, Young Bong ; Kim, Kyung Hee ; Yang Jai Myung ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 397~402
The cDNA of RNA segment coding for VP7 of human rotavirus isolated from patient's stool at Seoul area was synthesized, amplified by polymerase chain reaction, field in with Klenow fragment of DNA polymerase I and cloned into pUC19. The cDNA sequence was determined and compared with that of VP7 coding RNA segments of group A rotaviruses isolates in foreign country. Over 90% sequence homology was found with serotyppe I sepcific WA1 and RE9 strains. Comparative analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences within the two variable regions (amino acid residue 87 through 101 and 208 through 221) with WA1 and RE9 strains also showed high degree of sequence similarity with each other.
Secretion of Bacillus subtilis Endo-1,4-
-D-Glucanase in Yeast Using Promoter and Signal Sequence of Glucoamylase Gene
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 403~409
For the development of a glucanolytic yeast strain. the seceretion of endo-1.4-
-D-glucanase (CMCase) of Bacillus subtilis was performed in yeast using glucoamylase gene (STA1) of Saccharomyces diastaticus. A 1.7 kb-DNA fragment of STA1 gene containing authentic promoter, signal sequence, threonine serine-rich (TS) region and N-terminal region (98 amino acids) of mature glucoamylase was ligated to YEp 24. E. coli-yeast shuttle vector. And then. CMCase structural gene of B. subtilis was fused in frame with the 1.7 kb-DNA fragment of STA1 gene, resulting in recombinant plasmid pYES('24. Yeast transformant harboring pYESC24 had no CMCase activity. So. we deleted TS region and N-terminal region of mature glucoamylase existing between signal sequence and CMCase structural gene in pYESC24. consequently constructed recombinant plasmid pYESC11. The yeast transformed with the newly constructed recombinant plasmid pYESC11 efficiently secreted CMCase to extracellular medium. After 4 days culture. total CMCase activity of this transformant was 44.7 units/ml and over 93% of total CMCase activity was detected in culture supernatant.
Pseudomonas sp. 의 균주개발에 유용한 클로닝 백터 pKU11 의 조립
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 410~414
Numerical identification was carried out for an isolate of Streptomyces strain producing the extracellular p-lactamase inhibitor. Fifty taxonomic unit characters were tested and the data were analyzed numerically using the TAXON program. The isolate was identified to the major cluster 5 of Streptomyces and it was best matched to Streptomyces omiyaensis which is a synonym of Streptomyces exfoliatus. Therefore, it was concluded that the isolate was identified to be a strain (SMF 19) of Streptomyces exjbliatus.
Numerical Identification of a Streptomyces Strain Producing
Kim, Myung-Kuk ; Kim, Hyoung-Tae ; Kim, Tae ; Yang, Doo-Suck ; Alan C. Ward ; Michael Goodfellow ; Hah, Yung-Chil ; Lee, Kye-Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 5, 1992, Pages 415~420
Numerical identification was carried out for an isolate of Streptomyces strain producing the extracellular .betha.-lactamase inhibitor. Fifty taxonbomic unit characters were tested and the data were analyzed numerically using the TAXON program. The isoalte was identified to the majro cluster 5 of Streptomyces and it was best matched to Strepstomyces omiyaensis which is a synonym of Streptomyces exfoliatus. Therefore, it was concluded that the isolate was identified to be a strain (SMF19) of Streptomyces exfoliatus.