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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Escherichia coli GroEL was Induced by the Expression of the Cloned Bacillus megaterium ATCC14945 Pencillin G Acylase Gene
Hyun, Kang Joo ; Kim, Sung Sun ; Yoo, Ook Joon ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 421~424
Escherichia coli JM83 harboring penicilin G acylase gene of Bacillus megaterium ATCC14945 produced a protein in large amount (>20% of the total protein). The protein was identified as GroEL, one of the E. coli heat shock protein, by N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis. It was found that GroEL was induced by the expressed foreign penicilin G acylase at both 27 and
Oxygen-dependent Respiration and Proteon Extrusion in Wolinella Succinogenes
Han, Yeong-Hwan ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 432~437
was provided as the electron donor, optimum
levels for growth of Wolinella succinogenes ATCC 29543 were 2% and 8% on brucella agar and in brucella broth, respectively. No growth occurred under 21%
, and scant or no growth occurred under anaerobic condition.
uptake was inhibited by cyanide and 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide. Protons were translocated out of the cell when oxygen was used as the terminal electron accetor. The
/O ratio with
and formate as an electron donor were 1, 97 and 1.49, respectively. Proton translocation was inhibited by the protonophore carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone.e.
Insecticidal Characterization of Thirteen Bacillus thuringiensis Isolates from Soil (III)
Lee, Hyung H. ; Lee, Kwang Y. ; Kim, Tae-J ; Sun B. Sim ; Joong G. Cho ; Sun I. Kwon ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 438~443
Thirteen strains of Bacillus thuringiensis were isolated from soil in Korea and characterized. The all strains produced parasporal crystals and spores in their cells. Two strains had bipyramidal crystals, seven strains contianed round ones and four strains had unregular ones. Only minor biochemical characteristics of the thirteen isolates were different and distinctive, however general characteristics were similar to the known serotypes of B. thuringiensis. Two strains were resistant to ampicilin. Three strains were resistant to bacitracin, six strains were resistant to cephalothin, two strains were resistant to colistin, HL-68 strain was resistant to gentamycin, HL-67 strain was resistant to kanamycin and HL-71 was resistant to tetracycline. Two strains were resistant to penicillin G. Four strains were toxic to Bombyx mori larvae and eleven strains were toxic to Culex pipiens larvae.
Characterization and Numerical Taxonomy of Heterotrophic Bacterial Community in Naktong Estuarine Ecosystem
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 444~449
A total of 858 heterotrohic bacteria were isolated and analyzed hy numerical method to investigate the heterotrophic hacterial community structure in Naktong Estuary. Although the values of H' (Shannon's diversity index). ranged between 1.54 and 3.49. were similar with those of the data hefore the construction of Naktong River barrage, however J' (evenness index. 0.31-0.80) was reduced. Physiological tolerance index for water temperature (
) was high at St.l and 2 whose depthes arc shallower than the other stations. and indices for pH (
) and salinity (
) were high at St. 2. 3. 4 where freshwater and seawater arc mixed. The predominant clusters were identified as Aeromonas. Vihrio. Pseudomonas. Acinelobacter-Morexella. Alcaligenes. Flavobacterium. Micrococcaccae. and Enterohacteriaceae. The kinds nf the isolates were similar with the previous result. hut the dominant genus was changed. These results suggest that the environmental changes in Naktong Estuary affect the hacterial physiological adaptation rather than the composition of heterotrophic hactcrial community.
Isolation and Characterization of Ilhizobium loti from Lotus corniculatus var. japonicus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 450~455
Five strains of the fast-growing endosymbionts were isolated from the nodules of Lotus eorniculatus var. japonicus inhabited in Taejeon. From morphological and physiOlogical characteristics and nodulation test, the isolated strains were identified as Rhizobium loti. Compared to the control plant, both Lotus cornieulatus var. japonieus and Lotus corniculatus seedlings inoculated with the isolated strains. grew normally due to effective root nodule. The reisolated endosymbiont from the induced root nodule was confirmed identical to those of the first isolates by investigating antibiotic resistance and morphological characteristics. Three strains among the isolates. R. loti TUS I. TUS5 and TUS6 produced a ca1cof1uorbinding exopolysaccharide.
Reverse Transcription and Amplification of Halobacterial gvp Genes with Polymerase Chain Reaction Method
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 456~459
The genes of Halohacteria. gvpD and gvpE. take part in formation of gas vesicle. These mRNA cause a lot of experimental prohlems due to its eharacteristic instahility in the analysis of transcripts. This study allowed easy cloning and sequencing of RNA hy substituting a stable complementary DNA for the mRNA of the genes for an analysis. The weak 111 RNA was reverse transcribed to DNA using reverse transcriptase. and was amplified using PCR method. The transcripts confirmed in this ~,tudy have not heen round in the northern hybridization covering almost all ranges of ORF of the gene. gvpD.
Effects of Gene Expression of Photobacterium leiognathi CuZn Superoside Dismutase (PSOD) by lacZ Promotor Control under Oxidative Stress
Kim, Young-Gon ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 460~465
The effect of PSOD expression on lacZ-sodP fusion (pYK4) was explored in Escherichia coli sodA sodB mutants (QC774) under oxidative stress. In this system, although .betha.-galactosidase activity was not fully induced by isopropyl-1-thio-.betha.-galactosidase (IPTG) and was inhibited by glucose, functional PSOD was under lacZ promotor control and was induced by IPTC, lactose, PQ and copper isons, finally, the results show that higher PSOD expression leel was consistently importnat in defending against superoxide radicals.
Construction of Recombinant DNA for Purification of the Gag-Pro Transframe Protein of Human T-cell Leukemia Virus Type I (HTLV-I)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 466~471
To determine the site at which -1 ribosomal frameshifting occurs within the gag-pro overlap of HTL V-I. DNA fragment corresponding to a portion of the gene overlap was cloned into a SP6 vector. The resultant plasmid harbors the hybrid gene consisting of a synthetic gene encoding 5 amino acids derived from chick prelysozyme including the initiator methionine plus 141 nucleotides of gag-pro overlapping region followed by Staphylococcus aurcus protein A gene fragment. In vitro transcription by SP6 RNA polymerase with this DNA template made an abundant amount of single species mRNA. Cell-free translation programmed with the RNA transcribed in vitro yielded a polypeptide of 21 kDal in size. which could be purified into homogeneity by IgG-Sepharose affinity chromatography. In vitro system described in this study must be useful for rapid purification and sequencing of the Gag-Pro transframe protein. allowing to determine the exact frameshift site on mRNA and to identify the tRNA involved in frameshifting event for the expression of pro gene.
Effects of Higher-order RNA Structure on Ribosomal Frameshifting Event for the Expression of pol Gene Products of Human T-cell Leukemia Virus Type I (HTLV-l)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 472~478
Synthesis of the pol gene products of HTLV-I requires rihosomes to shift frame twice in - I direction while translating genome-size mRNA. We havc made a lI1utagcni/cd RNA in which the gag and pro genes are aligned to allow synthe,.is of a largcr amount of the Gag-Pro-Pol polyproteins by a single frameshifting. Using this mutant, wc could examine the questions whether the predicted RNA secondary or tertiary structure downstream of the shift site is operative as a determinant for - I frameshifting. Deletion analysis showed that the stem-loop structure is essential for efficient frameshifting in the pro-pol overlap, but formation of a pseudoknot is less important.
5S rRNA Sequence of Trimorphomyces papilionaceus
Her, Yong ; Kang, Young-Won ; Park, Yong-Ha ; Jung, Hack-Sung ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 479~482
The sequence of the cytoplasmic 5S-rRNA from Trimorphomyces papilionaceus, a basidiomycetous yeast, was determined by the direct chemical method for sequencing RNA and compared to known 5S rRNA sequences of 19 basidiomycetous fuungi. There were 26 nucleotide differences between T. papilionaceus and Tremella mesenterica both of which belong to the Tremellaceae of the Tremellales. Based on Knuc values, the closest fungus was Tilletiaria anomala, another basidiomycetous yeast which belong to the Sporbolomycetaceae of the Sporobolomycetales. T. papilionaceus did not show any significant phylogenetic relationship with other fungi.
Physicochemical Characters of Ultra Violet Ray Resistant Deinococcus sp. Isolated from Air Dust
Nalae, Yun ; Lee, In-Jeong ; Lee, Young-Nam ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 483~487
Among a few number of UV-resistant isolated form various environmental sources (10), we made a comparative physio-chemoanalytical study on one of spherical bacteria isolated from air dust, presumably Deinococcus sp. (CM strain 29) with an UV resistant bacterium, Deinococcus radiophilus ATCC 27603 as the reference strain. Our isolate of UV resistant coccus, Deinococcus sp. CM 29 and D. radiophilus ATCC 27603 showed more than 75% matching coefficient in metabolic activity of various substrates. The most predominant cellular fatty acid of both strains was palmitoleic acid (C 16 :1, cis 9), but the detail fatty acid profiles were slightly dissimilar to each other. Cell-bound arange pigment seemed to be an identical chemicals on spectrophotometric analysis. L-ornithine was detected as cell-wall amino acid in both strains. Galactose was detected as cell-wall sugar in D. radiophilus ATCC 27603, whereas glucose in Deinococcus sp. CM 29. G-C molar ratio of both strains was comparable, 63-65%.
Isolation of CD4 Genomic Clones and Role of Its 5' Upstream Region in CD4 Expression
Youn, Hyun-Joo ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 488~494
Three clones containing mouse CD4 gene were prepared using AKR genomic cosmid library. The role of 6, 500 bp 5' flanking region of the first exon of the AKR CD4 gene in tissue or developmental stage specific expression of CD4 has been studied. The deletion constructs containing various amounts of CD4 5' flanking sequences were prepared, and they were transfected into the cell lines representing different cell types or developmental stages of CD4 expression. Study of the reporter gene expression revealed that at least 1, 700 bp of 5' flanking region did retain promoter activity for CD4 expression. This area did not seem to contain enhancer activity for a full expression of CD4. However, the putative promoter interacted with other tissue specific enhancer sequence and showed the tissue specificity of the enhancer element.
Characterization of the purple nonsulfur bacterium, rhodopseudomonas palustris strain P-1, degrading ferulate
Hee, Hong-Duck ; Kim, Kyung-Hwan ; Lee, Jai-Youl ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 495~500
Photosynthetic bacteria which can utilize ferulate as a sole carbon source for their metabolic activities were isolated from soils by liquid enrichment culture technique. The strain P-1 was selected by the highest capability of degrading ferulate in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The strain P-1 was rod-shaped with its motility, strained gram negatively and could not utilize sulfur compounds. This strain has the bacteriochlorophyll a group I carotenoid and membrane structures like lamellae. As the results of physiological, morphological and cultural charactderistics, the isolate was identified as Rhodopseudomonas plaustris, one of the purple nonsulfer bacteria. The strain P-1 utilized 2mM/day in aerobic condition and 0.86 mM/day in anaerobic condition.
Characterization of extracellular proteases from alkalophilic vibrio sp. strain RH 530
Kwon, Yong-Tae ; Moon, Sun-Young ; Kim, Jin-Oh ; Kho, Yung-Hee ; Rho, Hyune-Mo ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 501~506
An alkalophilic Vibrio sp. RH530 showing high proteolytic activity was isolated form soil samples by enrichment culture. The activity staining using gelatin SDS- polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE ) revealed that the strain produced an alkaline major protease (Apr B) with a size of 27 kDa, and at least six minor proteases. The apparent sizes of four of the minor proteases were approximately 45, 28, 22 and 19 kDa. Apr B and five of the minor proteases were inhibited by serine protease inhibitors including PMSF and DFP, suggesting that they are serine proteases. One of the minor proteases was inhibited by metalloprotease inhibitors, not by serine protease inhibitors, indicating it to be a metalloprotease. Furthermore, the activities of Apr B and Prt 3 were not inhibited by SDS in the reaction mixture. The production of Apr B and some of the minor proteases was specifically affected by culture temperature (30 to 37.deg.C) and pH (7 to 10). The production of Apr B. Prt 2, Prt 5 and Prt 6 was mainly affected by culture temperature, while Prt 4 by culture pH. Prt 1 and Prt 3 were not affected by neither of these factors.
Cloning, Sequencing and Expression of an Extracellular Protease Gene from Serratia marcescens RH1 in Escherichia coli
Lee, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Jeong-Min ; Kwon, Young-Tae ; Kho, Young-Hee ; Rho, Hyune-Mo ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 507~513
Serratia marecescens RH1 isolated from soil samples produced large amount of extracellular proteases. One of the genes encoding an extracellular protease form S. marcescens RH1 was cloned in Escherichia coli by shot gun cloning method. The cloned protease, SSP, was stably expressed by its own promoter and excreted into the extracellular medium from E. coli host (ORF) of 3.135 nucleotides corresponding to 1.045 amino acids (112 kDa). The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of SSP showed high overall homology (88%) to one of the S. marcescens protease (27), but low homology to other serine protease families. The optimal pH and temperature of the enzyme were pH 9.0 and 45.deg.C respectively. The activity of protease was inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), which suggests that the enzyme is a serine protease.
Isolation and Regeneration of P0rotoplast in Streptomyces antibioticus
Myeonggu, Yeo ; Koh, Hancheol ; Park, Kyoungsu ; Park, Yeal ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 514~518
The present study has been perromed to investigate the optimal conditions for protoplast formation and regeneration of oleandomycin-producing Streptomyces antibioticus (S. antibioticus) KCTC 1081. Mycelia were grown in YME medium containing 0.2% (w/v) glycine and converted into the protoplast by incubating at 35.deg.C for 60 minutes in protoplast buffer (P buffer) containing 4 mg/ml lysozyme. The reversion of protoplasts to the normal filamentous state was examined by the growth on various synthetic agar media. A high reversion rate was obtained by incubating the protoplasts on a hypertonic agar medium containing 20 mM
, 5 mM
and 0.3 M sucrose at 28.deg.C for 5 days. From these experiments, we established the improved regeneration medium and a protocol which supports higher and more consistent levels of regeneration of S. antibioticus protoplasts. The regenerant showed an increased antimicrobial activity compared with that of the initial strain.n.n.
Purification and Properties of Glucoamylase form Yeast Candida tsukuaensis
Kim, Sanga-Moon ; Bai, Suk ; Chung, Hee-Young ; Park, Jong-Chun ; Lee, Jin-Jong ; Kim, Dong-Ho ; Song, Myoung-Hee ; Chun, Soon-Bai ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 519~523
The glucoamylase of Candida tsuubaensis was purified to homogeneity form culture filtrate by means of ultrafiltration, Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration and Sp-Sephadex C-50 chromatography. The purified enzyme was a glycoprotein with a molecular mass of approximately 50 kDa, which was a monomeric protein. Km values were 5.8 mg/ml for soluble starch and 0.04 mM for maltose. Glucoamylase also released only glucose from both pullulan and isomaltose. The analysis of amino acid composition revealed that the enzyme contained a high content of acidic and polar amino acids. In addition, Western blotting analysis indicates that C. tsukubaensis glucoamylase is resistant to glucose repression.
Isolation and Identification of Cyanophage from Eutrophic Water
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 524~527
Synechococcus sp. cyanophage was isolated from Baekwoon reservoir located in KyonggiDo. The cyanophage was purified by employing ultrafiltration. differential centrifugation. and sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Electron microscopic observation indicated that the sizes of its isometric head and contractile tail are 89 nm and] II nm. respectively. which means that the isolated cyanophage is included in the group. Myoviridae. The cyanophage maintained the stability of more than 50 percent from
and from pH 5 to 8. and had the maximal infectivity at
and pH 9 implying its ecological significance.
Stability and Characterization of the ATP-dependent Clp Protease from Escherichia coli
;Michael R. Maurizi;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 528~532
The ATP-dependent protease. Clp P from Esehaichia coli has been increase the stahility with or without detergent as Triton X-100 and NP-40 in the Clp P. The C]p P proteolytic activity was remained to 0.1 M salt by
but was inhihited by
. An active ATPase site in Clp A is required for A TP-dependent proteolysis by Clp protease as
Polyamine, Cytochrome c and Enzymes Related to the Utilization of Methanol in Methylobacterium extorquens AMI Growing at Different pHs
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 533~538
The generation time of Methylobacterium extorquens AMI growing on methanol at pH 5.5 and 7.0 was found to be 23 hand 8.3 h. respectively. The bacterium grown at pH 7.0 were found to contain more amounts of spermidine and putrescine than the cell grown at pH 5.5. Cells grown at both conditions exhibited strong methanol dehydrogenase (MDH) activity at the mid-exponential growth phase. The amounts of MDH. however. were found to be almost equal through all gro~1h phases. Cells growing at the stationary phase contained large amounts of cytochrome c. The cytochrome c content was higher in cells growing at pH 7.0 than the cells growing at pH 5.5. Cells growing at pH 5.5 in the presence of putrescine or spermidine contained increased amounts of putrescine. The level of spermine, however. was decreased and that of spermidine was not changed. Spermine added into the medium was found to have no effect on the level of cellular polyamines. Putrescine or spermidine added into the medium stimulated MDH and hydroxypyruvate reductase activities. but did not affect the contents of MDH and cytochrome c. It was found that preincubation of cell-free extracts with polyamines does not stimulate MDH and hydroxypyruvate reductase activities.
Mapping of Gene Encoding Phospho-
-galactosidase from Lactobacillus casei and its Expression in Escherichea coli
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 539~545
Recombinant plasmid pPLac15 determined both phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase uptake of lactose and phospho-
-galactosidase (Moon et al., 1989). A restriction mapping of the pPLac15 was compiled with several restriction enzymes and a seriese of sub clones into pUC18 was constructed. From an analysis of the proteins produced by Escherichia coli cells of transformants containing each of the recombinant subclone plasmids, it was found that the gene for phospho-
-galactosidase in pUCI8 was expressed about 1.8-folds in E. coli.
Construction of Starch-assimilating and Ethanol-fermenting Yeast by Protoplast Fusion
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 546~552
Ethanol-tolerant strain, S. eerevisiae BUI a26 (
) and gJucoamylase-producing strain, S diastatieus AI5a6 (STA+ hom-) were prepared by means of genetic manipulation, Protoplast fusion was carried out to introduce STA gene from AI5a6 strain to BUla26 strain, Protoplast formation was shown at 0,8 M sorbitol and 200 Jig/ml to 400 Jig/ml zymolyase treatment for 2 hours incubation, Fusion frequency was
to the regenerated protoplast number using PEG 6000 for 90 min incubation. The excellent fusants with genotype of STA-
hom- (2n), F7 and FIO, were selected by ethanol-tolerant, ethanol fermentation, and glucoamylase production tests, Glucoamylase production of AI5a6 showed 2,7 units, but 4.2 or 8.4 units for F7 or FIO fusant at
, Ethanol fermentation from 32% glucose by BUla26 was 14,0%(v/v) in fermentaion medium for 5 days incubation, but 14.5% or 15,0% for F7 or FIO strain, respectively. Ethanol fermentation from 5% starch was 2,0% by F7, or 1.8% by FIO strain in fermentation medium for 5 days fermentation,
Factors Afecting Hydrogen Evolution in Chlorobium limicola f. theosulfatophilum NCIB 8327
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 553~557
Hydrogen produced by cells of grown Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum NCIB 8327 on modified Pfennig's medium containing glutamate as a major nitrogen source, was measured by amperometric method. In this system, oxygen, light. ammonia, methionine sulfoximine, NADPH, ATP, methyl viologen and benzyl viologen are affected. The production of hydrogen in intact cells depends on light intensity. It is also inhibited by adding ammonium ions, but restores immediately by adding methionine sulfoximine. Considering these results, the production of hydrogen in this strain can be mediated by nitrogenase.
Light-dependent Hydrogen Production in Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum NCIB 8327: A Possibility of Regulation via Glutamine Synthetase
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 558~563
Chlorobium liimicola f. thiosulfatophilum NCIB 8327 was grown on modified Pfennig's medium using ammonium chloride. glutamine. glutamate, or dinitrogen gas as nitrogen sources. Except for the case of dinitrogen gas. the extent of gro\\1h was almost the s~me. The specific activity of glutamine synthetase in crude extracts is the highest in the cells which were grown on the medium containing glutamate. hut that of glutamate synthase is uniform for all four nitrogen sources. When the concentration of ammonium ions increases in the reaction mixture. the specific activity of glutamine synthetase in crude extract from the cells grown on glutamate decreases. hut that of glutamate dehydrogenase increases. whereas that of glutamate synthase remains unchanged. When the concentration of methionine sulfoximine increases, the activity of glutamine synthetases decreases rapidly. On the other hand. when the concentration of ammonium ions increases in the reaction mixture gradually. the activity of glutamine synthetase from the cells grown on higher concentration of ammonium ions less decreases. In the presence of light. the activity of glutamine synthetase increases. hut in the dark it decreases gradually. The production of hydrogen in intact cells depends on light. It is inhihited by adding ammonium ions. hut restores immediately hy adding methionine sulfoximine. The produclion of hydrogen in this strain can he mediated by nitrogenase only. and regulated hy glutamine synthetase.
Purification and Some Properties of Glutamine Synthetase lsolated from Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum NCIB 8327
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 30, issue 6, 1992, Pages 564~569
A green sulfur bacterium, Chlorobium limicola f. thiosulfatophilum NCIB 8327, was grown in modified Pfennig's medium including glu1amate as a nitrogen source. Glutamine synthetase was isolated through a series of ultracentrifugation. DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B ion exchange chromatography. Sephacryl S-300 gel permeation chromatography, and preparative HPLC. The recovery and purification fold of the enzyme were 2% and 46.3. respectively. The isolated enzyme was homogeneous on UV-Visible spectrum and polyacrylamide gel electrophoretogram. The relative molecular mass of the native enzyme was estimated to be 280,000 by gel permeation chromatography. The enzyme consisted of ten subunits with relative similar molecular mass. 30.000. which was estimated by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimal temperature and pH of the enzyme were
and 7.0. Km values were 27.9 mM for L-glutamine and 0.92 mM for hydroxylamine-HCr. The enzyme activity was inhibited by alanine. glycine. and tryptophan considerably, but was not affected by asparagine, lysine. leucine. and valine.