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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 1993
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 1993
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 1993
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
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Isolation and Characterization of Acetobacter sp. CS Strains from Haenam Vinegar
Lee, Byung-Kwon ; Chun, Hong-Sung ; Kim, Sung-Jun ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 99~104
Two strains of the gram-negative acetic acid bacteria, Acetobacter sp. strain CS2- AND CS5, were isolated form the traditional raw rice wine vinegar of Haenam area. The strains oxidized ethanol to acetic acid and over-oxidized acetate and lactate to
O. They produced 2-ketogluconic acid from glucose but did not produce .gamma.-pyrones from glucose and dihydroxyacetone from glycerol. The CS strains possessed ubiquinone-9 as a major isoprenoid quinone and contained straight-chain
fatty acids. The DNA base composition of the CS2 and CS5 strains was 56.2 and 57.3 mole% G + C, respectively. The isolates were grown well on methanol, gluconate, erythritol, raffinose, dulcitol and xylitol as sole sources of carbon and energy which are different from those of other Acetobacter species and producedd acid from sucrose, glycerol, fructose, inositol, mannitol, and ribose.
Bacteriological Characteristics of Plesiomonas shigelloides Isolated from the Aquatic Environments and Diarrheal Patients in Pusan Area
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 105~112
Plesiomonas shigelloides distributed in the aquatic systems was isolated and identified in this study and compared with the c1inica] isolates in view of their physiological characteristics, Biochemica] charactristics of the isolates of P. shigelloides one sample taken from Gupo and two samples taken from Mu]gum, were studied. However, none was isolated in Haeundae, Dadaepo, Kangdong and Nakdong estuary. The isolated bacteria had an optimum growth condition in peptone water of
, pH 7.5-8.0 and 1% NaCI concentration. The cell grew most properly on the selective enrichment media which were made from adding inositol to peptone water. DNase was s]owly produced and the results were different from those of other studies. The components of the fatty acid were 3% of 3-hydroxy]ated fatty acid containing
. 0-10% cyclopropane (
), 25~30% hexadecanoic acid (
), 32~43% hexadecenoic acid (
), 1~2% octadecanoic acid (
), and 9~14% octadecenoic acid (
). Bacterio]ogica] characteristics, susceptibility of antibiotics, and the components of fatty acid of the c1inica] isolates were similar to those of the strains isolated from the aquatic systems. The strains isolated from c1inica] sources degraded lactose more fast than those isolated from the aquatic systems. There existed resistant bacteria to chlorampenicol in the strains from patients, but there were no resistant bacteria in the strains from the aquatic systems. The components of fatty acid of the clinical isolates were 0~2%
, but those of the strains from the aquatic systems were 2~10% and 1~2%, respectvely, which showed the quantitative difference between both components.
Histopathogenic Characteristics of Haemorrhagic Ulcer in Cultivated Snakehead Channa argus Artificially Infected with Aeromonas veronii
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 113~122
Aeromonas veronii was isolated from the haemorrhagic ulcer of the snakehead that had been infected in natural condition, This bacterium was injected hypodermically into the healthy snakeheads and the effect was compared to the naturally infected fish. Both groups showed severe necrosis, falling off of epidermal tissue and hypodermal muscle. In both groups, severe histophathological changes were observed in gill, digestive tract and kidney just before death. Artificially injected fish showed necrosis of tissue in skin, gill and digestive tract from 2 days after injection. Then it showed necrosis or cell atrophy of tissue in kidney from 5 days after injection, and in liver and spleen just before death. Snakehead infected with haemorrhagic ulcer died within 9 days after infection, showing the symptom of skin damage and metabolic inhibition in respiration" digestion, excretion, etc. It was concluded that Aeromonas veronii (CA26) that was isolated from the naturally infected fish is the main bacterium causing haemorragic ulcer in the snakehead.
Molecular Cloning of nifHD from Rhizobium sp. SNU003
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 123~128
Genes for dinitrogenase reductase (nifH) and dinitogenase a subunit (nifD) were found to be located on 7.9 kb of EcoRI, 6.5 kb of Sail, 7.3 kb of HindlII and 4.4 kb of Pstl fragments of the genomic blot of Rhizobium sp. SNU003. a symbiotic strain from root nodule of Canavalia lineata. Nine recombinant phage nif-clones were selected from the genomic library constructed by using EMBL-3 BamHI arms of bacteriophage lambda. Among them. Rnif-6 had insert DNA of 15.3 kb. in which 7.6 kb of BamHI!SacI fragment contained nifHD region. Therefore, the 7.6 kb fragment was subcloned into pUC19 and partial restriction map was constructed. As the results, nifH and nifD were found to be located continuously on 4.5 kb of BamHI/BglIl in the genome of Rhizobium sp. SNU003 strain.
Cloning and Expression of pcbAB Genes from Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12 in Escherichia coli
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 129~134
The pchAB genes of Pseudomonas sp. DJ-12 produce the enzymes of 4-chlorobipheny] (4CB) dioxygenase and dihydrodiol dehydrogenase which act on the first and second steps in degradation of 4CB and biphenyl. The genes were cloned in E coli XLI-Blue. The pcbAB genes of about 2.2 kb in size were contained in the pCUlO1 hybrid plasmid in the cloned cell of CUIOI. The genes were found to have their own promoter and three restriction sites for HindlII. 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl was detected by the resting cell assay, as the metabolite transformed from biphenyl by the cloned cell of CUIOI. This means that the pcbAB genes are well expressed in E. coli. But dechlorination was unlikely involved in the pchAB gene expression but was believed to occur by functioning on 4CBA produced after ring-cleavage of 4CB.
Expression of Aspergillus awamori Glucoamylase Gene in Asperillus nidulans
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 136~140
The A. nidulans expression vector which contained trpC marker gene from A. nidulans was constructed to produce glucoamy]ase. The recombinant plasmid was introduced into auxotrophic mutant A. nidulans B17. Southern blot analysis of the genomic DNA from transformant showed that pKHG2 DNA had integrated into the A. nidulans chromosomes. Northern analysis of the total RNA from transform ant showed that mRNA of glucoamylase gene was synthesized in induction condition. Specific activity of glucoamylase was increased in transform ants. G]ucoamylase was shown to be active in non-denaturing acrylamide gel.
Characterization of Mitochondrial Plasmids from Pleurotus spp.
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 141~147
Plasmid DNAs were detected from the mitochondrial fraction of four strains of whiterot fungus, Pleurotus ostreatus. The size of the plasmids were 10.2 and 7.2 kb in strain NFFA 2, 10.2 kb in NFFA 4001, 11.2 kb in NFFA 4501, and 10.2 and 11.2 kb in KFCC 11635. The two strains,NFFA 2ml and NFFA 2m2, which are mutant derivatives of NFFA 2, did not contain any plasmids. The cleavage by proteinase K indicated that these plasmids have DNA ends associated with proteins. In digestion with proteinase K all the plasm ids remained resistant to lambda exonuclease which hydrolyzes DNA from 5' ends and were sensitive to exonuclease III which hydrolyzes DNA from 3' ends. This suggests that the plasmids are linear double-stranded DNA and the terminal proteins are covalently linked to 5' ends of plasm ids. In order to find relationship between these plasmids, hybridization of plasm ids by each separate plasmid DNA was done. The result indicated that the plasmids can be classified into at least 3 groups. Plasmids of group I were present in all the P ostreatus. More mitochondrial plasmids were detected in P cornucopiae. P ,florida, P pulmonarius, P sajor-caju, and P spodoleucus. The size of plasmids ranged between 7.2 kb and 14 kb. All the species except P cornucopiae contained plasmids of approximately 10 kb which hybridized with the 10.2 kb plasmid (group I) of P ostreatus NFFA 2.
Kinetic Analysis of Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Choi, Hye-Seon ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 148~156
Kinetic parameters of purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were measured. The Michaelis constants determined for substrates of the enzyme were
M for inosine,
M for deoxyinosine,
M for guanosine and
M for deoxyguanosine. According to the ratio of relative
Km, substrate specificity of each nucleoside was in the order of guanosine or deoxyguanosine, inosine and deoxyinosine. Cosubstrate, phosphate, revealed downward curvature in Lineweaver-Burk plot at high concentrations, indicating a negative cooperativity between subunits. The inhibition constants for purine analogs were measured to be
M for formycin B as the competitive inhibitor of inosine,
M for guanine as the competitive inhibitor of guanosine,
M for hypoxanthine as the non competitive inhibitor of guanosine and
M for 6-mercaptopurine as the non competitive inhibitor of guanosine. Alternative substrates, guanosine, deoxyguanosine and adenosine were found to act as competitive inhibitors with Ki values o
M, respectively, when inosine was the variable substrate. Guanosine and deoxyguanosine were also observed as competitive inhibitors with the Ki values of
M, respectively, when deoxyinesine was the variable substrate. The results of alternative substrate sstudies suggested that a single enzyme acted on different nucleosides, inosine, deoxyinosine, adenosine, guanosine and deoxyguanosine.e.
Purification and Characterization of Xylanase II from Trichoderma koningii ATCC 26113
Kim, Hyun-Ju ; Kang. Sa Ouk ; Hah, Yung-Chil ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 157~165
A 1, 4-.betha.-D-xylanase, designated as xylanase II, was purified from the culture filtrate of Trichoderma koningii ATCC 251131 by column chromatography on Sephadex G-75, SP-Sephadex C-50, DEAE-Sephadex A-50 and Sephadex G-50 with an overall yield of 6.97%. It has a molecular weight of 21.000 and an isoelectric point of 9.4. The enzyme activity is optimal at pH 5.0 and at a temperature of 50.deg.C. Xylanase II is stable up to 50.deg.C, while 40 and 90% of its activity are lost after the incubation for 30 and 60 min at 60.deg.C. The enzyme degrades xylan with relatively high activity, as well as carboxymethylcellulose and Avicel. Its
values for oat-spelt xylan, larchwood xylan and Avicel are 7.48, 1.98 and 13.33 mg/ml, respectively. The hydrolysis products of oat-spelt xylan by xylanase II are xylose, xylobiose, xylotriose and arabinoxylotriose, while the reaction products of larchwood xylan are xylose, xylobiose, xylotriose and small amount of higher oligomers. The action paterns of the enzyme demonstrate that xylanase II is endo-enzyme.
Profile Analysis of Proteins Related with Hydrogen Peroxide Response in Strep-tomyces coelicolor (Muller)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 166~174
Streptomyces coeUc%r (Muller) cells were treated with
M hydrogen peroxide for I hour and proteins synthesized during hydrogen peroxide stress were labeled with L-[
]-methionine. Total cellular proteins were extracted and analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In exponential growth phase, synthesis of about 100 proteins was increased by hydrogen peroxide treatment. These proteins were named as Pin (£eroxide-inducib]e) proteins and classified into 4 subgroups according to their induction time after hydrogen peroxide treatment. About 60 of them were found to be induced within 20 minutes and maintained throughout I hour of treatment. In stationary growth phase. synthesis of 62 proteins was increased by hydrogen peroxide and 21 of them were the same Pins found in exponential growth phase. Proteins from the mutants which are resistant to hydrogen peroxide were obtained in exponential growth phase and compared with those from the wild type on two-dimensional gel. The three mutants, N7, N9. and N24, were found to have higher constitutive leve]s of ]5, 17, and 15 Pin proteins respectively, than the wild type. 9 of these Pin proteins (D74.7a, E76.0c, E23.3. F50.7, F47.2a. F25.5, G39.6b, G24.0, H39.6a) increased in two of the three mutants and 3 proteins (F39.7, H6I.7. 120.8) increased in all of the three mutants. These proteins might play important roles in the response of S. coelic%r to hydrogen peroxide.
Terminal Amino Acid Sequences of Alkaline Amylase from Alkalophilic Bacillus sp. MB 809 and Their Homology
Moo, Bae ; Kang, Kyung ;
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 31, issue 2, 1993, Pages 175~178
Alkaline .alpha.-amylase expressed in the transformant, Baciollus subtills MB809, containing alkaline amylase gene cloned from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. AL-8, was purified through for step separation processes. The purified alkaline .alpha.-amylase had molecular weight of app[roximately 59, 000 daltons on SDS-PAGE and Sephaex G-100 gel filtration. Amino acid sequence of terminal portion of the enzyme was analyzed with pure amylase eluted form the SDS-PAGE gel. N-terminal amino acid sequence of .alpha.-amylase was determined by the Edman degradation method and resulted in
-ser-thr-ala-pro-ser-(ile)-lys-ala-gly-thr-(ile)-leu. For C-terminal amino acid sequencing, purified .alpha.-amylase was digested with carboxypuptidase A and B, and reverse-phase HPLC gradient elution system resulted in -thr-trp-pro-lys-COOH.