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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Microbiology
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Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Jan 1999
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Molecular Systematics of Rhizoctonia solani Isolates from Various Crops with RFLP and PCR-RFLP
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 173~179
As a result of PCR-RFLP, the isolates used in this study were classified into five groups. Isolates 1 and 3 were included in AG-5 with 97% genetic similarity. Isolates 12 and 13 were included in AG-1 wilh 100% genetic similarily. Isolates 10 and AG-2-2 showed 97% similarity Isolates 7, 8, 11. 13, and 15 were included in AG-1. When isolates of 4, 5, 7 and 8 were restricted with Hae I. there was a single 700 bp fragment matched with AG-1. A 517 bp restriction fragment of isolate 9 was matched with AG-2-1. Based on the result of southem hybridization of genomic DNAs, all isolates restricted with Msp I showed more variable restriction differences than those restricted with Hae Ill. Isolates AG-2-1 and 9 showed 200 bp restriction fragment, and isolates 3 and AG-1 showed 1 kb restriction fragments.
Phylogenetic Analysis of Agaricus blazei and Related Taxa by Comparing the Sequences of Internal Transcribed Spacers and 5.8S rDNA
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 180~184
Molecular spslemaucs of Agaricus species was investigated on the base of the sequences of the internal transcribed spaceriITS) regions in ribosomal DNA (rDNA). The sequences of the ITS region in 5 species and two group of Agaricus genus were resolved. In the phylogenetic trees. the species generally divided inlo two subclusters, refered to here as the group I and group 11. The group I consisted of Agaricus blazei ATCC 76739, Agarictrs blazei species cultivated in Korean hmings. Ago/-icus anmensis IMSNU 32049 and Agaricus can~pestris VPI-OKM 25665. Between Agaricus blazei NCC 76739 and the Agaricus blazei species cultivated in Korean farmings had the variation in lhe 5 nucleotide on the ITS regions. These varieties were presumed the variation by the geographic and cultivated conditions. In addition the subgroup of group I was formed by Agaricus arvensis LMSNU 32049 and Agaricus carnpests VPI-OKM 25665. The group IT included Agnrictrs bispoms CH 3004 and Agaricus pocillotor DUKE-J 173.
Identification of the Vibrios Isolated from a Shellfish, Sunset Shell, (Soletellina olivacea)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 185~191
This study was conducted to investigate the vibrio flora in an edible shellfish. sunset shelfish. Soletelliim olivacen. which were collected in the estuarine area. Dadaepo near Nakdong River in Korea lkoin January 1997 to November 1997. Including five pathogemc vibrios (Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio pamhaemol~~licz~s, Vibrio cholerae non-01. Vibrio vulnificus, and Vihrio jl~~vinlis), a lotal of eight species of vlbr~os (Vi61-io splendidrrs biovar I, Vibrio splendidus biovar 11, Vibrio snlrnonicida and Vibrio tr,~biasllii) were identified from the sunset shellfish by heir biochemical characters. The isolation of Vihrio pamhaemolyricns, which is known not to grow below
, in winter season indicates that the sunset shelllish is one oT the natural owl.- wintering hosts for Vibrio parahuemolyticus.
Study of Electrophoretic Karyotypes of Fusarium Section Liseola
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 192~196
CHEF-PFGE(Contour-Clarnped Homogeneous Electric field- Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis) was used to identify electrophoretic karyotype for eight strains belonging to the Fzisoriuni section Liseolo. Chromosome numbers were nine to thirteen bands, ranging in size Cram 0.75 to 6.45 Mb. The total genome size was eslimated to range from 38.19 Mb to 43.12 Mb and numerous chromosome-length polymorphisms (CLPs) were observed. For the chromosome localizalion of the gene, 1GS sequence(2.6 Kb) of rDNA from F: moniliforme, chs-2 gene(2.8 Kb) and 4 - 3 gene(3.8 Kb) from Neuuospora cmssa were wed as probes.
Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis and Monoclonal Antibody Analysis of Leptospira interrogans Isolated in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 197~204
A total of 22 Leptospiua inlermgans field isolates from the ~ a t s captured in 5 provinces of Korea in 1996, and 6 antigenically closely related relerence serovars of lai, yeonchon, birkini. gem, mwogolo. and canicola were analysed. When the antigenic characteristics were analysed by reactivity with 7 monoclonal antibodies prepared with sh.ains belongng to serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae. all 22 isolates showed the same reaction pattern with that of serovar lai. Large restriction fragment patterns obtained after cleavage of geno~nic DNAs with infrequently cuttimg restriction enzymes were analyzed by pulsed-field pel electrophoresis(PFGE). Identification of leptospira strains by PFGE with Nor I, Asc I or Iise I digests correlated with their antigenically typed serovars, silh a few exceptions. PFGE of isolates, except for JR89, digested wjth Nor I showed identical pattern w~th serovar lai, showing 13 Cragments between 940 kb and 63 kb. When PFGE pallerns of JR89 were compared with those of serovar lai, Not I digest showed additional two hands of 1000 kb and 460 kb, while Asc I digest showed 650 kb fragment and Fse I digest did not show the fragment of 280 kb. Whereas serovar yeonchon. which was isolated in Korea and identified as a new serovar previously. could be differentiated from serovar lai in antigenic reactivities with monoclonal antibodres. it showed the similar PFGE pattern with serovar lai includin~ reference and field isolates. It was suggested that Korean leptospiral field isolates are closely related in DNA level.
Cloning and Nucleotide Sequence Analysis of the Virulence Gene Cassette from Vibrio cholerae KNIH002 Isolated in Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 205~210
16brio cholerne is an important pathogenic organism that causes dimhea in human beings. V ciaoleroe KNIH002 was isolated from patients suffering with dian.heal disease in Korea. From Southern hybridization using the amplified PCR product of 307 bp as a probe. which was obtained from PCR reaction using primer detecting cholera toxin gene, we have found that the c b gene located in 4.5-kb fragmenl double digested with Pstl and BgllI of the chromosome. Therefore, we made mini-libraries of the isolate using PstI and Bgm restriction endonuclease and pBluescript SKU(+) vector. As a result. we cloned 4.5-kb PstI-BglII fragment containing the c a gene encoding a cholera toxin from the constructed mini-libraries of V olzolerae KNlH002 by colony hybridization using the same probes. This recombinant plasmid was named pCTX75. E. coii XL1- Blue harboring pCTX75 showed the cytotoxicity on Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. From the sequencing of he cloned recombinant plasmid, we confinned that it has virulence gene cassette consisting of ace, zot, ctx.4 and cf"~B gene. The ace and zot genes were composed of 291 hp and 1.200 bp with ATG initiation codon and TGA lennination codon, respectively. Nucleotide sequence of the ace gene exhibited 100% identity with that of V cholera E7946 El Tor Ogawa strains. But, nucleolide and amino acid sequence comparison of the zot gene exhibited 99% and 98.8% identity with that of V cholerae 395 Classical Ogawa stram, respectively. Specially. the Ala-100, Ala-272 and Ala-281 sites of Zoi polypeptide presented in V choleme 395 Classical Ogawa strain are replaced by Val in V cholerae KNIH002.
Effects of Substrate RNA Structure on the Trans-splicing Reaction by Group I Intron of Tetrahymena thermophila
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 211~217
Effects of subsh-ate RNA configuration on the tians-splicing reactcon by group I intron ribozyme of Tetralzynzena thern\ulcornerophila were analyzed with substrate RNAs which have been generated to have very stable structures with stem-loop. RNAinapping strategy was perfo~med in vivo as well as in virro to search the mosl accessible siles to the ~irms-splicing ribozymes in the substrate RNAs. Sequences present in the loop of the target RNAs have shown to be well recognized by and reacted with group I inlron ribozymes while sequences present in the stein do not. Thesc results were confirmed with the experiments of trans-cleavage and rmnssplicing reactmn with ihe specific ribozyines recognizing those sequences. Moreover, sequence analysis of the trans-splicing products have shown that irons-splicing reaction can proceed with high fidelity. In conclusion, the secondary structure of substrate RNAs is one of the most important factors to detemine the ribozyme activity.
Autonomously Mitochondrial Replicating Sequence of Aspergillus nidulans
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 218~225
We isolated the ANRI fragment from Aspergillus nidulons that could autononlously replicate and enhance transformation efficiency about
fold compared lo the integrative vector in Saccha,omgcer cerevisioe. In A. nidulans recombinant plasmid pLJ16-4.5 which carries the 4.5 kb EcoRI fragment of ANRI showed a 170-[old increase of transformation efficiency compared to the integrative vector pLJ16 and could be recovered from iransfonnants as an intact form. Estimated copy number of transforming plasmid pLJ16-4.5 was scored as 2 to 3 copies in transformed A. nidulans. Recoinbinant plasinid pILJ16-4.5 is inilotically unstable; being lost Irom 65% of aswual progeny of transformants on selective medium and 90% on complete medium. Southern analysis of transformant DNA showed that the pILJ16-4.5 is maintained in free form. The sequencing data showed that ANRl fragment was originated from mitochondiral DNA of A. nid~ilans and contained high AT content as much as 74.7%. One ARS consensus sequence (A/T)TTr4T(A/G)TTT(AiT). I I ARS-like sequence (agreement 10 of 11) and ABFl binding core consensus sequence (TCN7ACG). Also six gyrase binding core consensus sequence (YRTGNYNNY: y=C or T, R=A or G, N=A, G, C or T) of
X174 and SV40 DNA and one b site (CACTTTACC) combining with gyrase in ColEl are shown. ANRl can be developed as a repl&ng plasinid for lransfoimation system in A. nirlulmis.
Molecular Cloning and Nucleotide Sequence of the G protein of a Korean Isolate of Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 226~230
To characterize the Korean isolate of infeciious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV-PRT), a partial DNA fragment G gene of the MNV-PRT was amplified by RT-PCR. cloned inlo pGEM-T easy vector and analyzed for nucleotlde sequences. The size of the PCR pmduct was about 442 bp. The nucleotlde sequence homologies ofthe G gene of IHNV-PRT were 95%, 94%, 94% 94%, 93%, 53%. respectively. with those of foreign isolates of IHNV, IHNV-RB-76. IHNV-LR-73, MNV-K, IHNV-WRAC, Im-SRCV, IHNV-Col-85. However, it showed 81% homology with that of other fish rhabdovirus, hisame rhabdovirus (HRV). Frou~ the rcsults of deduced amino acid sequence homology analysis. G protein of IHNV-PRT showed 96% hornologies with those of foreign isolates of IHNV but 89% homology with that of HRV These results indicaled that, even though G gene of IHIW-PRT showed low homology with that of HRY it was highly conserved among different strains of THNV.
Characteristics of the Cell Wall Lytic Enzyme of Anabaena cylindrica from Penicillium oxalicum(HCLF-34)
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 231~236
The fuugus(Penicil1ium oralicum; HCLF-34) secreted the cyanobacteria lytic enzyme which had a molecular weight of about 22 kDa, a optimum temperature of
, a optimum pH of 3.5, and a temperature-stable up to
. The chemical ions such as sodium, potassium, barium, magnesium. and mangan ions appeared positive activity. but calcium, iron, copper ions, EDTA, and PMSF displayed negative activity: this results were the same as the characterilics of other cell wall lytic enzymes. This extracellular enzyme showed lytic aclivily against SDS-insoluble peptidoglycan of Anabaenrr cylinrlrica. The cell wall lylic enzyme of Penicilliurn oxalicum(HCLF-34) seemed to be glycosidase-like enzyme in the fact that ihe concentration of rcducing sugar was increased when the peptidoglycan of Anabaena qlinrlricn md Micrococcus luteus reacted with this enzyme
Treatment of Phenolic Resin Wasterwater by Candida tropicalis PW-51
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 237~241
Phenolic resin wastewater contained 41,000 mglI phenol, 2,800 mg/l fonualdehyde and various chlorinated phenolic compounds. Candida tropicalis PW-51 isolated [rom the natural enVlfooment was able to degrade 1,000 mg/l phenol in the presence of 100 mglI formaldehyde, but it took much time to degrade phenol with the increase of formaldehyde in phenolic resin wastewater. %en the phenolic resin wastewater was diluted to 1/40, the initial concentration of phenolic compounds (phenols) was 882 mglI and degraded to 81 mglI by C tfVpicalis PW-51 in batch culture. In a continuous biological treatment, the phenolic resin wastewater was diluted to 40 (745 mglI), 20 (1,356 mglI), or 10 (2,875 mglI) times. The removal efficiency of phenols in 1/40- and lI20-diluted phenolic resin wastewater was about 92%, but the phenols in 1!1O-diluted wastewater were not degraded. The remained phenols in wastewater were absorbed by a mixture of activated carbon and rice bran (1:1, v:v) in the process of absorption which was connected to the biological treatment. The total removal efficiency of phenols in 1!40~ and l/20-diluted phenolic resin wastewater was 99.9%.
Seasonal and Vertical Change of Bacterial Communities in Lake Soyang
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 242~247
This sludy was conducted to investigate the change of bacterial co~munities with season and depth in Lake Soyang. Korea, using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The oligonucleotide probes used in this study were EUB338, ALF I b. GAM42a, and CF, The percentage of h e Proleobacteria a
-group ranged from 0.70 to 33% the
-group from 1.0 to 26% they -group from 2.4 Lo 37% and Cytophagn and Flavobactefin groups from 4.7 to 24% duing the study period (April Lo November, 1998). They
-group was dominant in spring when Asterionella was dominant. and a
-group was dominant in summer when the organic content was low and Dinobryon was dominant. However, a specific group was not dominant in ？dl when cyanobacteria group was dominant and the ratio of eubacleria to total bacteria was very low. Therefore, the bacterial communities in Lake Soyang changed with season and depth, which seems to be associated with the telnporal succession of phytoplanlaons.
Distribution of Virulence Factors of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 and non-O139 Isolated from Korea
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 35, issue 3, 1999, Pages 248~252
The PI-oduction of virulence factors such as cholera toxin, heinolysin and hemagglutinin in V cliolerae non-01 and non-0139 were examined. Among 65 strains isolated from environmental and clinical blood sources, 29 (14.6%) strains produced hemolysin only, 35(53.9%) sh.ains produced both hemolysin and hemagglutinin. From one 037 slrain isolated from environmenl, cholera toxin, ctx gene, hemolysin, and hemagglutinin were detected. All of the strains isolated from clinical and environmental sources showed hemolytic activity against human 0 group e~ythrocytes. In inhibition patterns of heinagglotination, 5 of 18 clinical strains (27.8%) were inhibited by less than 1% mannose and galactose, while, among the 47 environmental isolates. hose paltems by less than 1% mannose and galactose 55.4% wel-e inhibited. Thel-ehre, exohamagglutinin positive rate was high in clinical blood isolates but in environnlental sources, the rate was almost similar lo ihe rate or endohemagglutinin positive. These results indicaled that V cholerae non-01 and non-0139 produced various virnlence factors such as cholera toxin, hemolysin, and hemagglutinin but not a single factor. Further studies are need for epidemiological or bacteriological shtdies of V cholerae 037 isolated from environment.