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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Microbiology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Microbiological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Genetic Diversity of Korean Cyanobacteria determined by DNA polymorphisms within the Phycocyanin Locus
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 249~253
The genetic diversity among Korean cyanobacteria was assessed by restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) analysis of PCR products from the phycocyanin locus. Strains of all the genera tested were successfully amplified, and the size of amplified fragments was approximately 700bp. The restriction patterns generated by AluI, MspI, and HaeIII were conserved for strains within each of genera studied and were specific to the genus level. Intrageneric delineation of strains was revealed by the enzyme, CfoI for members of genera Anabeana and Synechocystis. Phenogram derived from the different RFLP patterns revealed a coherent cluster among Anabeana, Chlorogloea, and Synechocystis strains. PC-RFLP methods provided useful tools for classification of cyanobacteria.
Identification of Secretion Signals of Target Proteins in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Construction of Secretion Vector using this Signal
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 254~258
Invasion process of bacterial cell into intestinal epithelium is important in Salmonella infection. The invasion is induced by the proteins secreted by type III secretion appratus of Salmonella. It has been known that the proteins do not have N-terminal signal peptide existing in general secreted proteins. Recent studies on Yersinia reported that secretion signal of type III appratus may lie on 5'end secondary structure of mRNA of secreted protein. In this study, we constructed translational fusion of ompR and sopE, encoding type III secretion protein of Salmonella, and observed secretion of the fusion protein for investigating the secretion signal of Salmonella type III appratus. The sopE DNA fragments of the translational fusion contain the region of promoter and from start code to tenth or to fifth code. These translational fusions indicate that type III secretion signal of Salmonella is located on 5'end of mRNA encoding secreted protein. We constructed prototype of secretion vector using this signal to produce useful foreign protein.
Development of Fusant Degrading Aniline and 4-chlorobiphenyl by Spheroplast Fusion between Pseudomonas sp. and Flavimonas oryzihabitans
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 259~266
Spheroplast cell fusions were performed with Flavimonas oryzihabitans degrading aniline and Pseudomonas sp. degrading 4-chlorobiphenyl to develope the new fusant degrading aniline and 4-CBP and its characters were investigated. F. oryzihabitans was induced to antibiotic marker (
by NTG treatment for the fusants selection. The results of spheroplast formation and regeneration frequencies of the strains treated with lysozyme-EDTA were 99% and 5.0~6.6%, respectively. Fusion products were treated with 40% (v/v) PEG 6000 and fusion frequency was
. The DNA content of fusant, F22 was approximately 2-fold compared with parents. The fusant was stable, and showed the mixed biochemical characteristics of the parent strains. F22 was similar to parent for cell growth pattern and degrading capacity on 5 mM aniline but cell growth rate of F22 was 1.5-fold higher than that of the parent on 10mM aniline. However 4-CBP degrading ability of F22 was slightly lower than that of parental strain.
Cloning and Sequence Analysis of the nodD1 Gene from Bradyrhizobium sp.(Cassia) CN9135
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 267~272
A 1.7-kb fragment containing the nodD1 genes of Bradyrhizobium sp. (Cassia) CN9135 was amplified by PCR with primers based on B. japonicum USDA110. This fragment was cloned and sequenced. Analysis of the sequence showed open reading frames highly homologous to nodD1 from other bradyrhizobial sources. The sequence showed higher homology to nodD1 gene of B. elkanii than to those from b. japonicum. Our results suggest that Bradyrhizobium sp. (Cassia) CN9135 may be more closely related to B. elkanii than to B. japonicum.
Molecular Biological Detection of the Genes Encoding Aminoglycosise Acetyltransferases and Aerolysin in Water Samples from Juam Lake
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 273~278
The aacCl, aacC2, aacC3, and aacC4 genes, which encode aminoglycoside acetyltransferase AAC(3)-I, AA(3)-II, AAC(3)-III, and AAC(3)-IV, respectively, and aerolysin genes in water samples from Juam lake were surveyed by polymerase chain reaction. Surface water was collected from January 1996 to December 1998, and then bacterial DNA was extracted from the water. Twelve samples were tested by PCR to servey the genes for aminoglycoside acetyltransferase and aerolysin in the lake water. The aacC2 gene was detected in 9 of 12 DNA samples. Among 9 samples showing aacC2 positive, 7 samples were associated with Tn3 sequence. However, none of the twelve samples amplified the expected DNA fragment for aacC1, aacC3, and aacC4 genes. PCR primer to detect the aerolysin gene was designed using the conserved region of the genes for aerolysin and hemolysin of Aeromonas spp. This primer set successfully amplified the expected 414 bp PCR product with the DNA samples from the lake water. The aerolysin gene was detected in 7 of 12 DNA samples. When Southern hybridization of the gel with probe was performed, the aerolysin gene was detected in 10 of 12 DNA samples. However, the seasonal fluctuation of these genes was not found.
Simultaneous Removal of Phenol and Hexavalent Chromium by Rhodococcus sp. CP01
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 279~284
Simultaneous reduction of Cr(VI) and degradation of phenol was observed in batch and bench-scale continuous stirred tank reactors using Rhodococcus sp. CP01 isolated from leachate. The strain CP01, which was capable of utilizing phenol as a sole source of carbon and energy, completely reduced added hexavalent chromium (0.25 mM) to its trivalent form during 60 hr batch assay under optimal conditions (pH 7.0 and 1,000 mg/L of phenol concentration). The rates of Cr(VI) reduction and phenol degradation were estimated as 4.17
M Cr(VI) and 38.4 mg phenol.
, respectively. The continuous culture experiment was conducted for 46 days using synthetic feed containing different levels of chromate (0.0625 to 0.25 mM) and phenol(1,000 to 4,000 mg/L). With a hydraulic retention time of 100 hr, Cr(VI) reduction efficiency was mostly 100% for influent Cr(VI) and phenol concentrations of 0.125 mM and 3,000 mg/L, respectively. During quasi-steady-state operation, specific rate of Cr(VI) reduction was calculated as 0.34 mg Cr(VI).g
which was comparable to reported values obtained by using glucose as growth substrate. The results suggest the potential application of biological treatment for detoxification of wastewater contaminated simultaneously with Cr(VI) and pheonol.
Physicochemical Characteristics and Seasonal Distribution of Microbial Population in the Gangjin Bay Ecosystem
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 285~291
To investigate the variations of physicochemical factors and microbial populations in seven stations at water region of Gangjin bay, nutritive salts, water temperature, transparency, suspended solid, salinity, COD, DO, pH, heterotrophic bacteria, fungi and fecal coliform were analysed four times from February to October, 1999. Total fecal coliform and heterotrophic bacterial population during investigation periods ranged 16.1~166.0 CFU/ml and
CFU/ml, respectively. Stational mean values of these bacterial population showed higher densities at the inlet of fresh water inflow than those of other stations. When the aspects of abiotic and biotic parameters measured were analyzed, ecosystem of Gangjin bay was regulated by factors such as inflow of fresh water, nutrient salts, salinity and variation of water temperature during four seasons.
The Change of Attached Bacterial Community on Aggregates in Lake Paldang
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 292~298
For scrutinizing the changes of aggregated bacteria in Lake Paldang, the FISH method was applied by using the rhodamine labeled probes, and total bacteria, chloropyll a concentrations and nutrients concentrations were measured. The aggregates were collected with sediment traps. The T-N, T-P, chlorophyll a concentrations of aggregates were higher 5-15 times, 81-140 and 49-66 times than water samples, respectively. Also, the bacterial numbers of aggregates were 200 times higher than those of water smaples. The ratios of each groups of water sample were 2.1-7.4% for
-group, 4.5-8.3% for
-group, 2.1-7.4% for
-group, 2.1-6.1% for Cytophaga-Flavobacterium group and 0.1-2.5% for 'other'group, respectively. While, in aggregates, the ratios of
- and Cytophaga-Flavobacterium groups were very small and most abundant group was 'other' bacteria. With these results, the aggregated bacteria in Lake Paldang had a particular group composition of bacteria.
Biodegradation Characteristics of Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate,
by Soil Bacteria
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 299~305
Degradation behavior of the three commercial biodegradable polymers, namely poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) Sky-Green/sup R/ (SG) and Mater-Bi/sup R/ (MB) was investigated using bacteria isolated from activated sludge and farm soil. Three PHB degrading bacteria, three SG degrading bacteria and one MB degrading bacteria were isolated. The PHB degrading bacteria were identified to be Flavimonas oryzihabitans, Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum and Micrococcus diversus, while Pseudomonas vesicuraris, Pasteurlla multocida and Flavobacterium odoratum were identified as SG degrading bacteria. As for MB, Pseudomonas vesicuraris was isolated. The shake flask test for 28 days indicated that the rate of biodegradation of PHB, SG and MB in terms of weight loss were about 44∼69% 25∼32% and 29% respectively. The surface morphology of PHB, SG andMB films before and after degradation by microorganisms in an activated sludge soil was observed under SEM, demonstrating that the film surface had a very porous structure, and that microorganisms colonized heavily on the film surface. TOC and pH variation as a result of abiotic hydrolysis, or microbial growth in the absence of the polymers were compared to those due to degradation by F. oryzihabitans. Abiotic hydrolysis of PHB was three times as fast as that of SG and MB. Addition of yeast extract to the basal liquid medium accelerated the biodegradation of the polymers. Biodegradation of PHB was always faster than that of SG and MB irrespectively of the presence of yeast extract in the basal liquid medium.
The Change of Cytosolic Free Calcium Concentration Following Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 (HSV-1) Infection
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 306~311
Infection of Vero cells with herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) resulted in a series of changes in intra-cellular free calcium concentration
. A significant and maximal decrease
was observed at 4 hours postinfection (hr p.i.) in HSV-1-infected in Vero cells. Inactivation of HSV-1 with UV irradiation and heat treatment abolished HSV-1-induced decrease in
at 4 hr p.i. in Vero cells. And the degree of the decrease in
was dependent on the amount of input virus. Taxol, which stabilizes the polymerization of microtubule blocked HSV-1-induced decrease in
at 4 hr p.i., suggesting that microtubule may mediate the transport of HSV-1 nucleocapsid to the nucleus of infected cell. Treatment of HSV-1-infected Vero cells with metabolic inhibitors such as cycloheximide, cordycepin, or acyclovir partially reversed the decrease in
at 4 hr p.i.. Thus, it is suggested that HSV-1 induced decrease in
at 4 hr p.i. in Vero cells may play an important role in the multiplication of HSV-1.
Cytotoxicity Against Human Cancer Cell Lines by Paecilomyces tenuipes DUGM 32001
The Korean Journal of Microbiology, volume 36, issue 4, 2000, Pages 312~315
Paecilomyces tenuipes DGUM 32001, an entomopathogenic fungus, was examined to evaluate in vitro cytotoxicity against several human cancer cells. The fruiting bodies of P. tenuipes were extracted with methanol and fractioned with some organic solvents i.e. chloroform, ethyl acetate, and butanol. The methanol extracts of P. tenuipes showed significant cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines; HeLa, HeLa S3, and A-431. Among the fractions tested, the ethyl acetate fraction had the highest cytotoxicity against three cancer cell lines. The
values of ethyl acetate fraction against HeLa, HeLa S3, and A-431 were 13, 35, and 30
g/ml, respectively. However, cytotoxicity might not be due to apoptosis. The methanol extract of cultured mycelia showed high cytotoxicity against HeLa cell lines.